Community based Information Network for Disaster Risk Reduction


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Presented at the 5th Ministerial Conference ASIAN ON DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Yogyakarta, Indonesia ~ October 22-25, 2012. This presentation consist of 4 sections. First, I will explain Combine's experience in disaster issues, in Aceh, Mentawai, Bantul, and Merapi. Secondly, I will share the findings and lessons from our activities in the field. Third, I will propose a recommendation for disaster risk reduction's program, through information management and communications strategy. Fourth, I will describe some of the potential that exists in Indonesia, to be developed into a program together.

Related links:
1. : JALIN Merapi website
2. : Information-Communication Emergency Situation Team (TIKUS DARAT)

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  • Community based Information Network for Disaster Risk Reduction

    1. 1. Community-basedInformation Network communicating knowledges empowering
    2. 2. Community-based Information Networkfor Disaster Risk Reduction
    3. 3. In January 2005, operated information network, connected 10 on-site information nodes and 5 emergency radio broadcasting. In time of rehabilitation and reconstruction (2006-2009), AERNet conducted community monitoring. AERNet program was supported by Japan Social Development (JSDF)
    4. 4. 2006:Bantul-KlatenEarthquake SAKSI Gempa is a media that bridge information-communication gap between survivors and aid provider groups/individual. SAKSIGempa employed media convergence strategy (website, community radio, two-way communication radio, SMS gateway, print buletin) to reach wider public
    5. 5. 2007: Mentawai’s Earthquake & Tsunami’sInformation Center was initiated to distribute earlywarning information to community. BMG (Badan Meterologidan Geofisika) warning in the website, was circulated throughbroadcast radio, two-way communication radio and SMSgateway
    6. 6. Dissaster Management Audio Material (DMAM) Workshop In 2009, disaster awareness and preparedness through community radio was initiated in Bantul (Yogyakarta) and Merapi(Central Java), by tested DMAM. It was supported by JICA Hyogo and AMARC (The World Community Radio Association) Japan Working Group & COMBINE.
    7. 7. 2006 & 2010:JALIN Merapi Connecting 5 community radio in Merapis slope with online media, as disaster awareness Radio Komunitas MMC FM Selo and preparedness media in normal situation. Boyolali When crisis occur, JALIN Merapi was utilized as early warning system and multi-parties Radio Radio Komunitas coordination (local community member, Komunitas K Lintas Merapi volunteer, donatur, media, etc). In fact, in 2010 FM Dukun MGL Deles Klaten mainstream media used JALIN Merapis information as main reference on Mt. Merapis eruption. Radio Komunitas Gema Merapi FM Radio Komunitas Cangkringan LAHARA FM Sleman Jumoyo MGL
    8. 8. JALIN Merapi’s Media Convergence:Community Radio + Two-way Communication Radio +CCTV + Fixed Telephone+ SMS Gateway + Website +Instant Messenger + Live Audio Streaming + SocialMedia
    9. 9. @JalinMerapi > 44.000 follower 4.000 volunteers Yogyakarta 25%Indonesia 55% Jakarta 14%From Outside Indonesia 45% Other 61%
    10. 10. Sistem Informasi Desa(Village Information System) Information Board Community Internet User Buletin Local (village) Community Government Radio Office Public Touch Screen computers Mobile Phone Radio set
    11. 11. Village Information SystemSpecific software wasdeveloped to keep populationdatabase and residents assets,so that local government andcommunity could easilyaccess, plan, analyze, and makedecision especially in disaster
    12. 12. Findings & Lessons1. Information-communication system managed by community, play important role in strengthening community resilience of disaster.2. However, Info-comm system has not been officially acknowledge as part of Disaster Risk Reduction strategy by the Government.3. Disaster Information System will be more effective if the Government & community collaborate and develop the system all together.
    13. 13. Recommendations1. Set up Disaster- community based information network in disaster-prone location.2. Integrate the community-based information system with official/governmental disaster information system.3. Involve multi-parties in the information network, such as: community radio, blogger, journalist, amateur radio- activists, etc4. Indonesian Government and Aid agency play role in initiation process, organizational support and policy.5. Financing can be taken from the government, from the companys CSR programs and public donations
    14. 14. Indonesia’s Existing Potential: Community Radio + Social Media Aceh (40) East Kalimantan Central Kalimantan (9) (6) North Sulawesi North West Kalimantan (20) Sumatra (13) Papua (10) (25) West Sumatra (30) South East Sulawesi (13) Jakarta (15) Lampung (15) East Java (90) South Sulawesi (40) Banten (20) West Java (108) Bali (6) NTT (8) Yogyakarta (50) NTB (34) Central Java (68)Data :Agustus 2006 49 million users 29 million users
    15. 15. There are 1.900 units M-PLIK (Kecamatan MobileInternet Service Centre)from Information-Communication Ministry (cost At the same time, local initiatives,approximately 400-500 millions/unit). Info-Comm Information-Communication Team forMinistry use M-PLIK for mobile computer and internet Emergency Situation (TIKUS DARAT)training. With full facilities and support, M-PLIK should develop a low-cost multifunctionbe more useful in disaster. communication vehicle (approximately 50- 150 millions/unit). This communication vehicle is proven to be useful in certain situation of disaster (earthquake, eruption, flood etc) and normal situation (internet training for women, rural and specific community).
    16. 16. Thank You! Akhmad NasirEmail: Twitter: @anasir