Lahore Resolution 1940 and
Aftermath
1. Lahore Resolution passed on 24th
March, 1940 in Lahore at then Minto
Park and now know as Minar-ePakistan.
2. Backgroun...
4. Cripps Mission of March 1942.
5. Arrival of Cabinet Mission in 1946
6. Failure of Cabinet Mission and
passage of 1947 A...
1. Lahore Resolution passed on 24th
march, 1940 in Lahore at then Minto
Park and now know as Minar-ePakistan
2.

•

i.
ii.

Background of the passage of The Lahore
Resolution
Quaid-e-azam made several attempts
during 1935-39 to mak...
iii. He exchanged letters with newly
elected Congress President Subhas
Chandra Bose, which had no eventful
result.
iv. The...
v. Consequently, it showed that
congress attitude reinforced Muslim
separatism showing oppression in
Hindu majority provin...
•

Ideologically speaking Muslims had
not lived under the sovereignty of
non-Muslim rulers and believed in the
Darul-Harb ...
•

•
•

Western education had given them
the concept of nationalism which they
redefined on the basis of Islamic
nationali...
a) Coalition ministries in he provinces
b) No legislation affecting Muslims if 2/3
of the Muslims opposed it
c) No congres...
•

Congress did not agree with Quaid-eazam proposal

•

AIML met in Patna for annual
convention in1938 and created a
Commi...
•

In 1939, congress resigned from it
government due to political issues
emerging between Gandi and British
government on ...
•

Thus, in the 1940 annual section
Lahore Resolution was passed on 24 th
March which declared the demand of
an independen...
3. In October 1940, Gandhi announced
his plan of individual Satyagrah
which led oven 600 person including
top Congress lea...
4. The Cripps Mission, 1942
•

•

•

The British were in trouble in the
geographical area of subcontinent in
the world war...
5. The Cabinet Mission, 1946
•
•

•

General election were held in 1946 .
The election showed how the
assembly was divided...
• Finally, the British Government sent a
mission of British Cabinet member
called Cabinet Mission.
• It comprised secretar...
• The mission declared Union of India
with British India and the states with of
foreign
affairs,
defense
and
communication...
• However, it failed although an interim
government was formed but the out
break of violent communal riots led to
the divi...
6. Indian Independence Act,1947
• The bill was drafted and introduced in
the House Of Commons by the British
PM, Attlee on...
• The Act provided for the partition of
India and the establishment of two
Dominos of India and Pakistan on the
Midnight o...
• The Act also provided:
o The legislative supremacy of the two
Dominions
o the Legislators were given full powers
to make...
• Separate
provisional
governments
setup for India and Pakistan on July 20.
• On August seven Mr.Jinnah as QA left
India f...
• The Constituent Assembly met on
august 11 and elected QA as its
President. On August 15th 1947 Pakistan
officially becam...
Conclusions
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Pakistan studies pak301 power point slides lecture 15

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Pakistan studies pak301 power point slides lecture 15

  1. 1. Lahore Resolution 1940 and Aftermath
  2. 2. 1. Lahore Resolution passed on 24th March, 1940 in Lahore at then Minto Park and now know as Minar-ePakistan. 2. Background of the passage of The Lahore Resolution 3. October 1940 Gandhi’s announcement of Satyagagrah ( Resistance)
  3. 3. 4. Cripps Mission of March 1942. 5. Arrival of Cabinet Mission in 1946 6. Failure of Cabinet Mission and passage of 1947 Act.
  4. 4. 1. Lahore Resolution passed on 24th march, 1940 in Lahore at then Minto Park and now know as Minar-ePakistan
  5. 5. 2. • i. ii. Background of the passage of The Lahore Resolution Quaid-e-azam made several attempts during 1935-39 to make the Congress leaders to understand the Muslim point of view. Such as: He started in 1935 with Rejinder Prasad (then congress president) but failed In 1937, he exchanged letters with Gandi and Nehru and both refused to understand him.
  6. 6. iii. He exchanged letters with newly elected Congress President Subhas Chandra Bose, which had no eventful result. iv. Then again he exchanged letters with Nehru in 1939 who adamantly believe that there was no Hindu-Muslim problem existed
  7. 7. v. Consequently, it showed that congress attitude reinforced Muslim separatism showing oppression in Hindu majority provinces by the congress government.
  8. 8. • Ideologically speaking Muslims had not lived under the sovereignty of non-Muslim rulers and believed in the Darul-Harb and Darul-Islam. • In history they passed through many ups and downs since the birth of Islam but always revived
  9. 9. • • • Western education had given them the concept of nationalism which they redefined on the basis of Islamic nationalism with reference to tradition, religion and society. However., Quaid-e- Azam made a last attempt to reach at agreement with congress in1939 He promised to agree for the duration of War if the congress accepted his five points:
  10. 10. a) Coalition ministries in he provinces b) No legislation affecting Muslims if 2/3 of the Muslims opposed it c) No congress flag to be hoisted on public buildings d) No Bande-Matran as national song e) To stop Congress affect to destroy Muslims League
  11. 11. • Congress did not agree with Quaid-eazam proposal • AIML met in Patna for annual convention in1938 and created a Committee headed by Mr.S.M.Sharif to examine and report the government towards Muslims in Congress majority provinces.
  12. 12. • In 1939, congress resigned from it government due to political issues emerging between Gandi and British government on the question of War. • Same year (1939) the Sharif Committee submitted its Report in the AIML convention showing negative attitude oppressing Muslims in Congress majority provinces.
  13. 13. • Thus, in the 1940 annual section Lahore Resolution was passed on 24 th March which declared the demand of an independent, sovereign state for the Muslims of subcontinent by dividing India into two states of India and Pakistan.
  14. 14. 3. In October 1940, Gandhi announced his plan of individual Satyagrah which led oven 600 person including top Congress leaders in to prison. Gandhi provoked a mass movement but failed because it was not for the freedom of India but for British government to recognize Congress as only representative of the Indian people.
  15. 15. 4. The Cripps Mission, 1942 • • • The British were in trouble in the geographical area of subcontinent in the world war II as Japanese had advanced in Burma. The British Government sent a mission led by Sir.Stafford Cripps in 1942 to Delhi to set-up an elected body in India after the war. Mission failed with the out brake of Quit India Movement in 1942 by
  16. 16. 5. The Cabinet Mission, 1946 • • • General election were held in 1946 . The election showed how the assembly was divided between League and the Congress. Provincial election were also held in 1946. Here also the League-Congress division became obvious.
  17. 17. • Finally, the British Government sent a mission of British Cabinet member called Cabinet Mission. • It comprised secretary of State for India Lord Pathic Lawrence as its head with Cripps and Alexander as Members.
  18. 18. • The mission declared Union of India with British India and the states with of foreign affairs, defense and communications • Other powers should be rested in provinces.
  19. 19. • However, it failed although an interim government was formed but the out break of violent communal riots led to the division of India. • On 3rd June 1947, Lord Mountbatten a new viceroy of India announced his plan but his plan failed.
  20. 20. 6. Indian Independence Act,1947 • The bill was drafted and introduced in the House Of Commons by the British PM, Attlee on 4th July and passed on 15th July by House of Commons and on 16th July by House of Lords. • Without amendment received the Royal assent on 18th July.
  21. 21. • The Act provided for the partition of India and the establishment of two Dominos of India and Pakistan on the Midnight of 14-15th August, 1947
  22. 22. • The Act also provided: o The legislative supremacy of the two Dominions o the Legislators were given full powers to make laws. o The British government had no control over the affairs of Dominions. o The Act terminated British authority over India.
  23. 23. • Separate provisional governments setup for India and Pakistan on July 20. • On August seven Mr.Jinnah as QA left India for the Last time and flew to Karachi the Capital of New Dominion of Pakistan.
  24. 24. • The Constituent Assembly met on august 11 and elected QA as its President. On August 15th 1947 Pakistan officially became free when QA was sworn as GG and new Pakistan Cabinet took office.
  25. 25. Conclusions

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