Presentation skill mpdd 29.02.2008


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Presentation skill mpdd 29.02.2008

  1. 1. Presentation Skills <ul><ul><li>Jamshed Khan Quaid-i-Azam university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islamabad Pakistan </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Sequence of Lecture <ul><li>What is presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Need of Presentation Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of Effective presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance and body language of presenter. </li></ul><ul><li>Best practices of effective presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for preparation of power point slides </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a Presentation? <ul><li>The process of presenting the context of a topic to an audience. </li></ul><ul><li>A performance, as a drama. </li></ul><ul><li>Something, such as a lecture or speech, that is set forth for an audience: e.g., giving a presentation on Environment Degradation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Need for Presentations skills <ul><li>Situations in the Punjab Public Service require effective presentation skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Seniors </li></ul><ul><li>Field work </li></ul><ul><li>Trainers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elements of an Effective Presentation <ul><li>Appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Body Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Language and Humour </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of presentation </li></ul><ul><li>90 Second Rule. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Appearance Do Do not <ul><li>Dress neatly and tidily – first impressions are important. </li></ul><ul><li>Carry yourself in a confident and professional manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress to distract – no loud and outlandish outfits. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Attention grabbing accessories. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Eye contact Do Do not <ul><li>Keep eye contact. This will: </li></ul><ul><li>i. Keep audience alert. </li></ul><ul><li>ii. Make them feel that they are being directly spoken to. </li></ul><ul><li>iii. Make them feel part of the presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor the audience’ reactions. </li></ul><ul><li>You can adjust your talk accordingly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stare. </li></ul><ul><li>Move your eyes from side to side. </li></ul><ul><li>Look out the window or at the clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Look only at the training aids or chalk board. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at your feet or at the ceiling. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Body Movements </li></ul>Do Do not <ul><li>Be natural – don’t move around too much or too little. </li></ul><ul><li>Relax when talking from behind a desk , this creates some intimacy with a group. </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly and on occasion move from side to side to engage all parts of the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Move forward for emphasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Stand rigid. </li></ul><ul><li>March. </li></ul><ul><li>Slouch back toward audience </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gestures <ul><li>Play with keys or coins in your pocket. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your hands too much, touching your nose or ears and excessive coughing. </li></ul><ul><li>Use gestures that indicate you are washing your hand or wringing your hands because of frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a praying gesture as some may find this offensive or foot tap as this may be perceived as patronizing. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a pointer, pen, pencil or chalk to point at an individual may be perceived as offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Put hands in pockets. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Voice and Articulation </li></ul>Do Do not <ul><li>Power / volume: Speak loudly enough to be heard. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch: Use effectively to convey meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Pace / Rate: Speak more quickly to convey enthusiasm. Speak more slowly to emphasize key points or issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronounce – Speak clearly, pronouncing words carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak so quickly that no one can understand. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak so quickly that materials are glossed over rather than well explained so that they are understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak so slowly that people become bore or drowsy. </li></ul><ul><li>. Control your lips, teeth and tongue to assist you. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Language and Humor </li></ul>Do Do not <ul><li>Use humour but only appropriately. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid “pet” expressions (e.g., “O.K.”, “Like”, “You know”). </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use profanity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The first 90 seconds of any presentation are crucial. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience will scan for every personal detail </li></ul><ul><li>about you for clues to character and temperament. </li></ul><ul><li>Is taking notice of you and forming an impression. </li></ul><ul><li>Every thing you say and do in the presentation will be considered but the first 90 seconds are critical. </li></ul>90 Second Rule
  13. 13. Engaging Audiences – Reading Audience Gestures Body Language / Behaviour Interpretation <ul><li>Nodding </li></ul><ul><li>Leaning Forward </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking Head </li></ul><ul><li>Frowning </li></ul><ul><li>Yawning </li></ul><ul><li>Looking out of Window </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing arms </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Talking </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement or approval </li></ul><ul><li>Interest, Pay attention </li></ul><ul><li>Despair or disbelief, disagreement or disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Not following your line of thought, confused </li></ul><ul><li>Tired or board </li></ul><ul><li>Board, disinterested, avoiding/eye-contact </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreement or feeling defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreement or feeling defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Disinterest </li></ul>
  14. 14. Best practice of Effective Presentations <ul><li>Be prepared. </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in your message is important. </li></ul><ul><li>Know your purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Be focused, have a central theme and core points. </li></ul><ul><li>Know your audience and address their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Make visuals that aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice and get good feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Be alert and flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate and manage questions well </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy yourself. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Establishing Rapport with your Audience <ul><li>Never tell jokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress a little better. </li></ul><ul><li>Look them in the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Smile. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak the language of the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Help them laugh. </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about things they can relate to. </li></ul><ul><li>Be comfortable. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Effective Power Point Slides – Some Guidelines Back Ground Simple Colors. Complex Templates should be avoided. Use cool colors for backgrounds. If room is bright, use dark text on light background. Type of Fonts, Use of CAPS and Italics CAPS symbolize shouting at people – so avoid that. Italics should be used sparingly as it is hard to read. Use easy to read fonts i.e SANS-SERIF (Aril, Tahoma).
  17. 17. Back Ground Simple Colors. Complex Templates should be avoided. Use cool colors for backgrounds. If room is bright, use dark text on light background. Font Sizes: The minimum font size that should be on a slide is 24 point. Title Font – 36 to 44 point. Main Body Font – 28 to 32 point Sub-Point Font - 24 to 28 point
  18. 18. Contd… Font Colour Depending on the background colour, ensures that it Has a good contrast White Space Rule Have lots of it so that the slide looks simple and clean Visuals, Pictures Use Professional Images and photographs. Photographs create a more emotional connection than clip arts. Sounds, Transitions and Animations Avoid using them if it distracts people. If used purposefully can be very effective. Slide Structure Always write in point Never write full sentence Background of slide <ul><li>Use dark background if room is light </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid background that are distracting or difficult to read them </li></ul>
  19. 19. Contd… Font Type <ul><li>Which font is easier to read </li></ul><ul><li>Sons serif type size 34 </li></ul><ul><li>Script font </li></ul><ul><li>Serif type font </li></ul><ul><li>Red words are considered rude for chinease. </li></ul>Animations & Training <ul><li>Show one point at a time: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use distracting animation </li></ul><ul><li>Do not go overboard with animation </li></ul><ul><li>Be consistent with animation that are used </li></ul><ul><li>Customs animation and slide transitions have been classified by UN as weapons of destruction </li></ul>
  20. 20. Contd… Field work Trainers Graphs <ul><li>Don’t use tables </li></ul><ul><li>Use charts /bars </li></ul><ul><li>Colum may be logical </li></ul>Spelling & Grammar <ul><li>Proof reading your slides. </li></ul>Final Point Keep it simple & Short Your are the message
  21. 21. THANKS