120717 group assigment on cambodida agriculture strategic plan por narith

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120717 group assigment on cambodida agriculture strategic plan por narith

  1. 1. BUILD BRIGHT UNIVERSITY Stung Treng Campus, Cambodia MBA Program, Promotion ICambodia Agriculture Development Strategic Plan 2013-2015 Lectured by Pro Meas Renrith Prepared by Second Group Members
  2. 2. Second Group Members and RolesContents Roles in Presentation Roles in GroupI. Iintroduction Por Narith Team LeaderII. Vision and Mission Mr. Seng Ratanak MemberIII. Goal Mr. Seng Ratanak MemberIV. Objectives Mr. Seng Ratanak MemberV. Strategies Mr. Chor Menglong MemberVI. Action Mr. Khan Sophan MemberVII. Logical Framework Mr. Por Narith Team LeaderVIII Operational Plan Mr. Por Narith Team LeaderIX. Budget Mr. Por Narith Team LeaderX. Resources Mr. Mov Poly MemberXI. Conclusion Mr. Ngan Rachana Member
  3. 3. I. IntroductionMost of Cambodia’s population depends on agriculture for itslivelihoods, including sub-sectors such as livestock rearing, fishingand forest exploitation.Cambodian farming systems are largely subsistence oriented andmost agricultural activity is based on low-input, rain-fed productionsystems, especially paddy rice production.Between 20 and 30 percent of landowners hold 70 percent of thecountry’s land, while 40 percent of rural households occupy only 10percent. Approximately 20 percent of rural households are landlessand 25 percent own less than 0.5 ha.Slow growth rate (3% per annum) leading declining share in theeconomyAgriculture development for sustainable growth and effectivepoverty reduction (World Bank 2006)
  4. 4. I. Introduction (Con’t)
  5. 5. I. Introduction (Con’t)• Irrigation network: small irrigated area (7% of arable land)• Land: many landless (20%) and idle land• Cropping know-how: poor extension service (500 extension officers nationwide)• Agriculture Inputs: counterfeits (70%, WB 2003), high input costs• Tools and machinery: Obsolete tools (5,000 tractors nationwide)
  6. 6. I. Introduction (Con’t)
  7. 7. I. Introduction (Con’t)• Demand Constraints- Large imports, Lack of investment in agro- industry, Poor Export Performance
  8. 8. I. Introduction (Con’t)• External Demand• Market access under MFN tariff rate-148 WTO member countries• Market access under preferential treatment-ASEAN: exports under CEPT rate, China: duty free export of 297 agricultural products under Early Harvest Agreement, EU: duty free exports under EBA Initiative• Poor Export Performance
  9. 9. I. Introduction (Con’t)•Poor export performance because of •Strong seasonality and volatile yield •Inefficient export procedure •Poor trade-related institution (ex. Sanitary inspection office)•Livestock Production Issues-outbreak of diseases and lack ofresources and capacity to effectively prevent the spread of diseases andprotect the livestock-Climate Change•The reluctance of some investors to invest in poultry projects after theincidence of bird flu.•Lack of market competition for meat and animal feed.
  10. 10. II. Vision, Mission2.1 Vision“The agriculture sector in Cambodia delivers 30 percentages ofannual economic growth rates of Cambodia.”2.2 Mission“Transforming traditional agriculture to an innovative agricultureand economy orientated agriculture”
  11. 11. III. Goal• “The Cambodian people ensured food security and increased incomes and improved their nutrition status through improving productivity and diversification, and commercialization of agriculture.”
  12. 12. IV. Objectives1. To improve agriculture productivities and diversify agriculture and build farmers’ resilience to adapt to climate change.2. To promote market access of agriculture products;
  13. 13. V. Strategies• Strategy 1.1 Improving farmers’ capacities to raise productivity and diversify toward higher-value products;• Strategy 1.2 Increasing cultivation more than one time and expand their cultivation areas.• Strategy 1.3 Mainstreaming genders in agriculture sectors;• Strategy 1.4 Improving capacities of farmers to adapt to the climate change;• Strategy 2.1 Enhance economic cooperation with other countries to attract private investment in agriculture;• Strategy 2.2 Improving standard agriculture product qualities;
  14. 14. VI. Action• Activity 1.1.1 Provide capacity buildings for farmers on livestock production;• Activity 1.1.2 Provide capacity building for farmers on rice and crop techniques;• Activity 1.2.1 Provide agriculture means and inputs for agriculture;• Activity 1.2.2 Construct in agriculture irrigation system.• Activity 1.2.3 Provide capacities of agriculture techniques for farmers;• Activity 1.2.4 Provide the capacity building on idle land use for crops, paddy cultivated area.• Activity 1.3.1 Provide capacities building on gender concepts for farmers• Activity 1.3.2 Integrate gender in agriculture sectors including government agencies and community based organisation.• Activity 1.4.1 Provide capacity building on climate change concepts
  15. 15. VI. Action• Activity 1.4.2 Conduct climate change impact assessment.• Activity 1.4.3 Develop plan to adapt climate change impacts;• Activity 1.4.4 Introduce new agriculture techniques that could adapt to the climate change impacts.• Activity 1.4.5 Integrate climate change in cross cutting issues.• Activity 2.1.1 Promote export and domestic markets for agricultural products;• Activity 2.1.2 Promote agro-industry including post-harvest processing;• Activity 2.1.3 Increase private sector investments• Activity 2.2.1 Develop legal and institutional framework for seed industries to increase to deliver quality seed to famers;• Activity 2.2.2 Improve the regulatory system to ensure the quality of agrochemicals traded in the market.• Activity 2.2.3 Provide training provincial staff and private traders, and strengthening the quality inspection system.• Activity 2.2.4 Establish local mechanisms of providing techniques and services to farmers;
  16. 16. VII. Logical Framework• Please link Logical Framework
  17. 17. VIII Operational Plan (2013-2015)• Please link to Operation Plan
  18. 18. IX. Budget (2013-2015)• Please link to Budget
  19. 19. X. ResourcesResources AmountsFinancial Resource 18,900,000 USDHuman Resources: Specialist in 5000 peopleagriculture, agro-industry, laws, policydevelopment, system development,development, climate change,genders...etc, labour.Materials or assets: buildings,technologies...etc.
  20. 20. XI. Conclusion• It is concluded that the agriculture sectors of Cambodia contribute 30 percentages of annual economic growth rates through transforming traditional agriculture to an innovative agriculture and economy orientated agriculture.• Cambodian people ensured food security and increased incomes and improved their nutrition status through improving productivity and diversification, and commercialization of agriculture covering to short term of the two objective with improve agriculture productivities and diversify agriculture and build farmers’ resilience to adapt to climate change and promoting market access of agriculture products. To achieve proposed objectives, we need to apply the strategies of improving farmers’ capacities to raise productivity and diversify toward higher-value products; increasing cultivation more than one time and expand their cultivation areas, mainstreaming genders in agriculture sectors; improving capacities of farmers to adapt to the climate change; enhancing economic cooperation with other countries to attract private investment in agriculture; improving standard agriculture product qualities. To be implemented the strategies, large amount of financial resources, human resources and materials needed that the Cambodia in particular MoAFF cooperates with other countries.
  21. 21. Thanks for Your Attention!!!

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