SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 70
Download to read offline
mergency Medical Services in E A/Prof Marcus Ong Consultant, Senior Medical Scientist & Director of Research Department of Emergency Medicine Singapore General Hospital Adjunct Associate Professor Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Office of Research INGAPORE S
Country Information Regional Map Showing: Singapore
History of Singapore 14th century: Singapore was a fishing village known as Temasek or Sea Town. End of 14th century, the Sanskrit name, Singapura (Lion City), become commonly used. 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
History of Singapore 29 January 1819, Stamford Raffles landed on Singapore 6 February 1819,  formal treaty concluded with the Sultan Hussein of Johor and the Temenggong 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
History of Singapore Malaysia formed on 16 September 1963, and consisted of the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo (now Sabah).  Singapore separated from Malaysia on 9 August 1965, and became a sovereign, democratic and independent nation. Admitted to the United Nations on 21 September 1965, member of the Common Wealth of Nations on 15 October 1695. On 22 December 1965, it became a republic. 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Facts of Singapore
Percentage of Singapore Resident Population www.singstat.gov.sg, June 2002 7.5%
[object Object],Socio - Economics ,[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Burden of Disease
Health Status of Singapore - good by International Standards ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Healthcare Delivery System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Healthcare Delivery System US$ 1   = S$1.75 Euro $1  = S$1.96
Healthcare Delivery System Bed to population ratio : 3.6 beds per 1000 population
Healthcare Delivery System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Hospitalisation Co-payment
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Medical Education
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Postgraduate Training Program - 1989
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Postgraduate Training Program - 1991
Ministry of Medicine (MOH) Singapore Medical Council Specialist Accreditation Board Joint Committee or Specialist Training (35 STC) MRCP M MED (Int Med) Cardiology Dermatology Endocinology Gastroenterology Geriatric Medicine Haematology Infectious Diseases Internal Medicine Medical Oncology Neurology Renal Medicine Respiratory Medicine Rheumatology MRCS M MED (Surgery) Cardiothoracic Surgery General Surgery Hand Surgery Neurosurgery Orthopaedic Surgery Paediatric Surgery Plastic Surgery Urology Anaesthesiology Diagnostic Radiology Emergency Medicine Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics Gynaecology Occupational Med Ophthalmology Otorhinolaryngology Paediatric Medicine Pathology Psychiatry Public Health Med Rehabilitation Med Therapeutic Radiology
SINGAPORE GENERAL HOSPITAL An Overview
186 Years of History Sixth General Hospital opens at Sepoy Lines 29 March 1926   Opening of SGH, the seventh in line of general hospitals.  12 September 1981   Opening of a new and rebuilt SGH. 1821 The First General Hospital is located at the cantonment for troops at Stamford Road 1882
Facilities Service No. of beds 1,389 No. of clinics 169 No. of procedure rooms 26 Operating theatre suites 47
31 Clinical Specialties Diagnostic Radiology Emergency Medicine Nuclear Medicine  Pathology Therapeutic Radiology  (NCC) Dermatology Endocrinology Gastroenterology Haematology Internal Medicine Neonatology Psychiatry & Behavioural Medicine Rehabilitation Medicine  Renal Medicine Respiratory & Critical  Care Medicine Rheumatology Cardiology  (NHC) Medical Oncology (NCC) Anaesthesia & Surgical  Intensive Care Colorectal Surgery General Surgery Hand Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology Orthopaedic Surgery Otolaryngology Plastic Surgery / Burns Urology Ophthalmology (SNEC) Cardiothoracic Surgery  (NHC) Medical Surgical   Ambulatory & Clinical Support Services   Research Neurology  (NNI) Neurosurgery (NNI) Clinical Research Clinical Trials &  Resource Ventures Experimental Surgery
Hospital Statistics  (2001)   SGH  NHC  NCC   Total Admissions   Number 64,405 9,224 3,725   77,354 %   83   11   5   100 Outpatient  Attendance 594,076 73,973 99,735 767,784 %   77   10   13   100 A&E Attendance 112,713   -   - 112,713
Department of Emergency Medicine ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Department of Emergency Medicine ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Department of Emergency Medicine ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Local Emergency Medical  Services (EMS) System ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Ministry of Home Affairs (Home Team)   Singapore Police Force Central Narcotics Bureau Internal Security Department Singapore Civil Defence Force Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation  Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises Prisons Department Immigration & Checkpoints Authority Emergency Ambulance Services
SCDF Annual Report 2005 Yearly volume of SCDF Ambulance Calls
Total Emergency Ambulance Service (EAS) Calls Table 1: Number and Types of Ambulance Calls + 7343  96,006  88,663  Total + 143  2,865  2,722  False Alarms - 584  5,462  6,046  Non- Emergency Calls + 7784  87,679  79,895  Emergency calls Absolute Change 2006 2005 TYPE OF CALLS
Total Emergency Ambulance Service (EAS) Calls Table 2: Breakdown of Emergency Ambulance Calls 0.4% 29.8% 69.8% + 7, 784  87,679  79,895  Total + 84  315.00  231  Others + 609  26,143.00  25,534  Trauma + 7, 091  61,221.00  54,130  Medical Absolute Change 2006 2005 DESCRIPTION
SCDF Annual Report 2005
Emergency Medical Services
Medical Oversight ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Quality Medical Oversight ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Dispatch Mechanism
DESPATCH SYSTEM: AMBULANCE Control Room Caller Incident Site Hospital Fire Stn
Emergency Medical Dispatch ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
 
Control Room  LAYOUT Fire (Monitoring) Amb 3&4 Div (Monitoring) Amb 1&2 Div (Monitoring) CallTaker CallTaker Police / Trg Console Police / Trg Console DECAM  monitoring r CallTaker CallTaker CallTaker Supervisor CCTV (Monitoring)
 
 
 
 
Systems Status Management ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Demand Analysis ,[object Object],[object Object]
System Status Plan ,[object Object],[object Object]
 
 
 
(Numbers correspond with posting points)
SCDF Paramedics ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Early defibrillation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
1995: First Five Years of Pre-Hospital Automatic Defibrillation Project in Singapore
Fast Response Paramedic (FRP) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Early basic andadvanced care ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],It is hypothesized that this system will significantly reduce D2B times. Positive experience of similar trials in USA/Europe SCDF ambulance does 12 lead ECG & transmits to DEM (activate standby) On-duty Emergency Physician reviews ECG Emergency physician activates PCI team and catherisation lab or standby for thrombolytics
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
LIFEPAK  ®   12 defibrillator/monitor series Technical and Functional Features ,[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object]
What would it take to improve EMS in Asia? ,[object Object]
Organised by:
Conference Secretariat: Tel: (65)  6 379   5261/ 6 379 5259 Fax: (65) 6 475 2077  Email: admin@ icem2010.org
Visit our website :
See You in Singapore!

More Related Content

What's hot

Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgis
Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgisHotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgis
Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgisBadal Mohanty
 
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALA
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALACURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALA
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALAJOSIN MATHEW
 
Study of Planning of Public Buildings
Study of Planning of Public BuildingsStudy of Planning of Public Buildings
Study of Planning of Public BuildingsVikas Ubale
 
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptxDeendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptxJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
A visit to a Blind Home
A visit to a Blind HomeA visit to a Blind Home
A visit to a Blind Homebhaviparikh
 
Public awareness - India's cleanest city Indore's Model
Public awareness  - India's cleanest city Indore's ModelPublic awareness  - India's cleanest city Indore's Model
Public awareness - India's cleanest city Indore's ModelKhyatiTongia
 
From shipping container to medical clinic: The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can
From shipping container to medical clinic:  The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can   From shipping container to medical clinic:  The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can
From shipping container to medical clinic: The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can Clinic In A Can
 
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case Study
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case StudyPetrol Pump : Standards and Case Study
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case StudySunayana Miglani
 
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control pb laws
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control  pb lawsDevelpment contols chandigarh, periphery control  pb laws
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control pb lawsJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
Case Study of Changi Airport,Singapore
Case Study of Changi Airport,SingaporeCase Study of Changi Airport,Singapore
Case Study of Changi Airport,Singaporeeileen_0692
 
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro One
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro OnePPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro One
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro Onekopila
 
Hospital Ambulance Bay Design
Hospital Ambulance Bay DesignHospital Ambulance Bay Design
Hospital Ambulance Bay DesignDon Sharpe
 
Report of parking problem
Report of parking problemReport of parking problem
Report of parking problemMukesh909081
 
Transport for London - Low Emission Zones
Transport for London - Low Emission ZonesTransport for London - Low Emission Zones
Transport for London - Low Emission ZonesSTEP_scotland
 

What's hot (20)

Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgis
Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgisHotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgis
Hotspot analysis of accident spots in bhubaneswar using qgis
 
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALA
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALACURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALA
CURRENT SCENARIO OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING SCHEMES IN KERALA
 
Study of Planning of Public Buildings
Study of Planning of Public BuildingsStudy of Planning of Public Buildings
Study of Planning of Public Buildings
 
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptxDeendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM.pptx
 
A visit to a Blind Home
A visit to a Blind HomeA visit to a Blind Home
A visit to a Blind Home
 
Public awareness - India's cleanest city Indore's Model
Public awareness  - India's cleanest city Indore's ModelPublic awareness  - India's cleanest city Indore's Model
Public awareness - India's cleanest city Indore's Model
 
From shipping container to medical clinic: The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can
From shipping container to medical clinic:  The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can   From shipping container to medical clinic:  The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can
From shipping container to medical clinic: The new 20 ft. Clinic In A Can
 
Borivali market
Borivali marketBorivali market
Borivali market
 
Capacity at intersection
Capacity at intersectionCapacity at intersection
Capacity at intersection
 
Managing Urban Expansion
Managing Urban ExpansionManaging Urban Expansion
Managing Urban Expansion
 
Clubhouse
ClubhouseClubhouse
Clubhouse
 
Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers
Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban CentersIntegrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers
Integrating Informal Settlements in Urban Centers
 
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case Study
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case StudyPetrol Pump : Standards and Case Study
Petrol Pump : Standards and Case Study
 
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control pb laws
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control  pb lawsDevelpment contols chandigarh, periphery control  pb laws
Develpment contols chandigarh, periphery control pb laws
 
Case Study of Changi Airport,Singapore
Case Study of Changi Airport,SingaporeCase Study of Changi Airport,Singapore
Case Study of Changi Airport,Singapore
 
type of housing
type of housing type of housing
type of housing
 
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro One
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro OnePPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro One
PPP in Transport - Mumbai Metro One
 
Hospital Ambulance Bay Design
Hospital Ambulance Bay DesignHospital Ambulance Bay Design
Hospital Ambulance Bay Design
 
Report of parking problem
Report of parking problemReport of parking problem
Report of parking problem
 
Transport for London - Low Emission Zones
Transport for London - Low Emission ZonesTransport for London - Low Emission Zones
Transport for London - Low Emission Zones
 

Viewers also liked

MI1 Reality TV in Asia
MI1 Reality TV in AsiaMI1 Reality TV in Asia
MI1 Reality TV in AsiaDiana Tjoa
 
Geography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedGeography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedBeberly Fabayos
 
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์Junjira Wuttiwitchai
 
20 countries and flag history
20 countries and flag history20 countries and flag history
20 countries and flag historyAyesha Fari
 
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An Overlook
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An OverlookMass Media - The Media of Singapore: An Overlook
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An OverlookJason Devolta
 
Singapore politics and economics
Singapore politics and economicsSingapore politics and economics
Singapore politics and economicsRajendra Ojha
 
My_Presentation_2010
My_Presentation_2010My_Presentation_2010
My_Presentation_2010keelin
 
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & SingaporeBilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & SingaporeGurmin Hans
 
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshare
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slidesharePower of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshare
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshareJessWongHuiJuan1
 
Port of Singapore Final !!
Port of Singapore Final !!Port of Singapore Final !!
Port of Singapore Final !!Quentez Hodge
 
S3 SS Slides - Bonding Singapore
S3 SS Slides - Bonding SingaporeS3 SS Slides - Bonding Singapore
S3 SS Slides - Bonding SingaporeLEEENNA
 
Culture of australia & malaysia
Culture of australia & malaysiaCulture of australia & malaysia
Culture of australia & malaysiaNorAinz Matahari
 

Viewers also liked (20)

MI1 Reality TV in Asia
MI1 Reality TV in AsiaMI1 Reality TV in Asia
MI1 Reality TV in Asia
 
Geography and religion revised
Geography and religion revisedGeography and religion revised
Geography and religion revised
 
All about of malaysia
All about of malaysiaAll about of malaysia
All about of malaysia
 
Singapore
SingaporeSingapore
Singapore
 
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์
powerpoint ประเทศสิงคโปร์
 
20 countries and flag history
20 countries and flag history20 countries and flag history
20 countries and flag history
 
Singapore
SingaporeSingapore
Singapore
 
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An Overlook
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An OverlookMass Media - The Media of Singapore: An Overlook
Mass Media - The Media of Singapore: An Overlook
 
Singapore ppt
Singapore pptSingapore ppt
Singapore ppt
 
Malaysia
MalaysiaMalaysia
Malaysia
 
Singapore
SingaporeSingapore
Singapore
 
Singapore politics and economics
Singapore politics and economicsSingapore politics and economics
Singapore politics and economics
 
Singapore Country Presentation Slides
Singapore Country Presentation SlidesSingapore Country Presentation Slides
Singapore Country Presentation Slides
 
My_Presentation_2010
My_Presentation_2010My_Presentation_2010
My_Presentation_2010
 
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & SingaporeBilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore
Bilingualism in Malaysia, Brunei & Singapore
 
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshare
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slidesharePower of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshare
Power of nutrition for the first 1000 days by jess 06082016 slideshare
 
IE APPLICATION
IE APPLICATIONIE APPLICATION
IE APPLICATION
 
Port of Singapore Final !!
Port of Singapore Final !!Port of Singapore Final !!
Port of Singapore Final !!
 
S3 SS Slides - Bonding Singapore
S3 SS Slides - Bonding SingaporeS3 SS Slides - Bonding Singapore
S3 SS Slides - Bonding Singapore
 
Culture of australia & malaysia
Culture of australia & malaysiaCulture of australia & malaysia
Culture of australia & malaysia
 

Similar to EMS In Singapore

Ems Busan
Ems BusanEms Busan
Ems Busannhliza
 
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singapore
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in SingaporeNational Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singapore
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singaporezybernav
 
Liv Hospital Turkey
Liv Hospital Turkey Liv Hospital Turkey
Liv Hospital Turkey Liv Hospital
 
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan Hassan
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan HassanMicrosoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan Hassan
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan HassanMarwan Assakir
 
Kayseri City Hospital
Kayseri City HospitalKayseri City Hospital
Kayseri City HospitalMustafaArkMD
 
County perspectives 2018 health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...
County perspectives 2018   health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...County perspectives 2018   health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...
County perspectives 2018 health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...Emmanuel Mosoti Machani
 
need_for_medical__device_for_older_people
need_for_medical__device_for_older_peopleneed_for_medical__device_for_older_people
need_for_medical__device_for_older_peopleYasoba Atukorale
 
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptx
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptxDistrict Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptx
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptxVigneshvaraprabhuAyo
 
Central Hospital/South Central Railway
Central Hospital/South Central RailwayCentral Hospital/South Central Railway
Central Hospital/South Central RailwayShanmukh Rao
 
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meeting
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meetingRegional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meeting
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meetingInnovation Agency
 
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015,
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015, Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015,
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015, Criterion Conferences
 
Chapter 13 national health information system
Chapter 13 national health information systemChapter 13 national health information system
Chapter 13 national health information systemnaranbatn
 
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.taofiq yinka
 

Similar to EMS In Singapore (20)

Ems Busan
Ems BusanEms Busan
Ems Busan
 
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singapore
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in SingaporeNational Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singapore
National Strategy for Improving Outcomes for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Singapore
 
Cardiac Arrest Strategy
Cardiac Arrest StrategyCardiac Arrest Strategy
Cardiac Arrest Strategy
 
23 jun2014 uhc_mandalay
23 jun2014 uhc_mandalay23 jun2014 uhc_mandalay
23 jun2014 uhc_mandalay
 
Liv Hospital Turkey
Liv Hospital Turkey Liv Hospital Turkey
Liv Hospital Turkey
 
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan Hassan
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan HassanMicrosoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan Hassan
Microsoft Word - Curriculum Vitae-Marwan Hassan
 
Phil ems system
Phil ems systemPhil ems system
Phil ems system
 
MEDICAL CODING
MEDICAL CODINGMEDICAL CODING
MEDICAL CODING
 
MEDICAL CODING
MEDICAL CODINGMEDICAL CODING
MEDICAL CODING
 
Kayseri City Hospital
Kayseri City HospitalKayseri City Hospital
Kayseri City Hospital
 
County perspectives 2018 health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...
County perspectives 2018   health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...County perspectives 2018   health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...
County perspectives 2018 health workforce dr. nelson muriu. director, depar...
 
need_for_medical__device_for_older_people
need_for_medical__device_for_older_peopleneed_for_medical__device_for_older_people
need_for_medical__device_for_older_people
 
Unleashing the Benefits of a National EHR
Unleashing the Benefits of a National EHRUnleashing the Benefits of a National EHR
Unleashing the Benefits of a National EHR
 
Call 108
Call 108Call 108
Call 108
 
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptx
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptxDistrict Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptx
District Public Health Laboratories in Tamil Nadu.pptx
 
Central Hospital/South Central Railway
Central Hospital/South Central RailwayCentral Hospital/South Central Railway
Central Hospital/South Central Railway
 
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meeting
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meetingRegional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meeting
Regional Emergency Laparotomy Collaborative - quarterly meeting
 
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015,
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015, Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015,
Examining data trends in NSW emergency departments from 2010-2015,
 
Chapter 13 national health information system
Chapter 13 national health information systemChapter 13 national health information system
Chapter 13 national health information system
 
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.
Pre hospital care of acutely injured patient by mohd taofiq et al.
 

More from Narenthorn EMS Center

CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstances
CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstancesCPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstances
CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstancesNarenthorn EMS Center
 
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aid
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aidCPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aid
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aidNarenthorn EMS Center
 
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผน
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผนการอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผน
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผนNarenthorn EMS Center
 
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklist
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklistTeam dynamic for Advanced life support checklist
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklistNarenthorn EMS Center
 
Trauma Initial assessment and Resuscitation
Trauma Initial assessment and ResuscitationTrauma Initial assessment and Resuscitation
Trauma Initial assessment and ResuscitationNarenthorn EMS Center
 
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วย
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วยการยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วย
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วยNarenthorn EMS Center
 
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิด
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิดNeonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิด
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิดNarenthorn EMS Center
 

More from Narenthorn EMS Center (20)

First aid by Narenthorn 2016
First aid by Narenthorn 2016First aid by Narenthorn 2016
First aid by Narenthorn 2016
 
CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstances
CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstancesCPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstances
CPR2015 update: ACS and Special circumstances
 
CPR2015 update: PBLS
CPR2015 update: PBLSCPR2015 update: PBLS
CPR2015 update: PBLS
 
CPR2015 update: Adult ACLS
CPR2015 update: Adult ACLSCPR2015 update: Adult ACLS
CPR2015 update: Adult ACLS
 
CPR2015 update: PALS
CPR2015 update: PALSCPR2015 update: PALS
CPR2015 update: PALS
 
Neonatal resuscitation 2015
Neonatal resuscitation 2015Neonatal resuscitation 2015
Neonatal resuscitation 2015
 
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aid
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aidCPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aid
CPR2015 update: BLS, CPR Quality and First aid
 
CPR2015 update: Ethical issues
CPR2015 update: Ethical issuesCPR2015 update: Ethical issues
CPR2015 update: Ethical issues
 
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผน
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผนการอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผน
การอำนวยความสะดวกการจราจรระหว่างการซ้อมแผน
 
Acute coronary syndrome 2010
Acute coronary syndrome 2010Acute coronary syndrome 2010
Acute coronary syndrome 2010
 
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklist
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklistTeam dynamic for Advanced life support checklist
Team dynamic for Advanced life support checklist
 
Acute Stroke 2010
Acute Stroke 2010Acute Stroke 2010
Acute Stroke 2010
 
ACLS 2010
ACLS 2010ACLS 2010
ACLS 2010
 
Trauma Initial assessment and Resuscitation
Trauma Initial assessment and ResuscitationTrauma Initial assessment and Resuscitation
Trauma Initial assessment and Resuscitation
 
PALS 2010
PALS 2010PALS 2010
PALS 2010
 
EKG in ACLS
EKG in ACLSEKG in ACLS
EKG in ACLS
 
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วย
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วยการยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วย
การยกและการเคลื่อนย้ายผู้ป่วย
 
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิด
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิดNeonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิด
Neonatal resuscitation การช่วยฟื้นชีวิตทารกและทารกแรกเกิด
 
Airway workshop Reading material
Airway workshop Reading materialAirway workshop Reading material
Airway workshop Reading material
 
APHLS & EMS director 2011 Exam
APHLS & EMS director 2011 ExamAPHLS & EMS director 2011 Exam
APHLS & EMS director 2011 Exam
 

Recently uploaded

Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxPrince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxprincebieber28
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurNavdeep Kaur
 
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptRheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptraviapr7
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptxTina Purnat
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!ibtesaam huma
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPrerana Jadhav
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranTara Rajendran
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxDr Bilal Natiq
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxpdamico1
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledgeassessoriafabianodea
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxAkshay Shetty
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Classmanuelazg2001
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdfDolisha Warbi
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxEx WHO/USAID
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..AneriPatwari
 
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxChronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfSGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfHongBiThi1
 
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdf
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdfAditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdf
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdfAditi Jagtap Pune
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptxPrince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
Prince Paulraj W HERBAL DRUG TECHNO.pptx
 
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaurMETHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
METHODS OF ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE IN NURSING.pptx by navdeep kaur
 
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.pptRheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
Rheumatoid arthritis - Musculoskeletal disorders.ppt
 
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
Wessex Health Partners Wessex Integrated Care, Population Health, Research & ...
 
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptxThe next social challenge to public health:  the information environment.pptx
The next social challenge to public health: the information environment.pptx
 
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
Biomechanics- Shoulder Joint!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdfPULMONARY EDEMA AND  ITS  MANAGEMENT.pdf
PULMONARY EDEMA AND ITS MANAGEMENT.pdf
 
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous SystemPresentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
Presentation on Parasympathetic Nervous System
 
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara RajendranMusic Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
Music Therapy's Impact in Palliative Care| IAPCON2024| Dr. Tara Rajendran
 
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptxL1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
L1.INTRODUCTION to ENDOCRINOLOGY MEDICINE.pptx
 
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptxPresentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
Presentation for Bella Mahl 2024-03-28-24-MW-Overview-Bella.pptx
 
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-KnowledgeGiftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
Giftedness: Understanding Everyday Neurobiology for Self-Knowledge
 
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptxHypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
Hypersensitivity and its classification .pptx
 
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience ClassNutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
Nutrition of OCD for my Nutritional Neuroscience Class
 
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdfPNEUMOTHORAX   AND  ITS  MANAGEMENTS.pdf
PNEUMOTHORAX AND ITS MANAGEMENTS.pdf
 
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptxWorld-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
World-Health-Day-2024-My-Health-My-Right.pptx
 
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN HEART TRANSPLANTATION..
 
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptxChronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
Chronic-Fatigue-Syndrome-CFS-Understanding-a-Complex-Disorder.pptx
 
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdfSGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
SGK HÓA SINH NĂNG LƯỢNG SINH HỌC 2006.pdf
 
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdf
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdfAditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdf
Aditi Jagtap (Daughter of Ranjit Jagtap).pdf
 

EMS In Singapore

  • 1. mergency Medical Services in E A/Prof Marcus Ong Consultant, Senior Medical Scientist & Director of Research Department of Emergency Medicine Singapore General Hospital Adjunct Associate Professor Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Office of Research INGAPORE S
  • 2. Country Information Regional Map Showing: Singapore
  • 3. History of Singapore 14th century: Singapore was a fishing village known as Temasek or Sea Town. End of 14th century, the Sanskrit name, Singapura (Lion City), become commonly used. 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
  • 4. History of Singapore 29 January 1819, Stamford Raffles landed on Singapore 6 February 1819, formal treaty concluded with the Sultan Hussein of Johor and the Temenggong 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
  • 5. History of Singapore Malaysia formed on 16 September 1963, and consisted of the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo (now Sabah). Singapore separated from Malaysia on 9 August 1965, and became a sovereign, democratic and independent nation. Admitted to the United Nations on 21 September 1965, member of the Common Wealth of Nations on 15 October 1695. On 22 December 1965, it became a republic. 1300 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 1500 1400
  • 6.
  • 7. Percentage of Singapore Resident Population www.singstat.gov.sg, June 2002 7.5%
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Healthcare Delivery System US$ 1 = S$1.75 Euro $1 = S$1.96
  • 13. Healthcare Delivery System Bed to population ratio : 3.6 beds per 1000 population
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Ministry of Medicine (MOH) Singapore Medical Council Specialist Accreditation Board Joint Committee or Specialist Training (35 STC) MRCP M MED (Int Med) Cardiology Dermatology Endocinology Gastroenterology Geriatric Medicine Haematology Infectious Diseases Internal Medicine Medical Oncology Neurology Renal Medicine Respiratory Medicine Rheumatology MRCS M MED (Surgery) Cardiothoracic Surgery General Surgery Hand Surgery Neurosurgery Orthopaedic Surgery Paediatric Surgery Plastic Surgery Urology Anaesthesiology Diagnostic Radiology Emergency Medicine Nuclear Medicine Obstetrics Gynaecology Occupational Med Ophthalmology Otorhinolaryngology Paediatric Medicine Pathology Psychiatry Public Health Med Rehabilitation Med Therapeutic Radiology
  • 20. 186 Years of History Sixth General Hospital opens at Sepoy Lines 29 March 1926 Opening of SGH, the seventh in line of general hospitals. 12 September 1981 Opening of a new and rebuilt SGH. 1821 The First General Hospital is located at the cantonment for troops at Stamford Road 1882
  • 21. Facilities Service No. of beds 1,389 No. of clinics 169 No. of procedure rooms 26 Operating theatre suites 47
  • 22. 31 Clinical Specialties Diagnostic Radiology Emergency Medicine Nuclear Medicine Pathology Therapeutic Radiology (NCC) Dermatology Endocrinology Gastroenterology Haematology Internal Medicine Neonatology Psychiatry & Behavioural Medicine Rehabilitation Medicine Renal Medicine Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine Rheumatology Cardiology (NHC) Medical Oncology (NCC) Anaesthesia & Surgical Intensive Care Colorectal Surgery General Surgery Hand Surgery Obstetrics & Gynaecology Orthopaedic Surgery Otolaryngology Plastic Surgery / Burns Urology Ophthalmology (SNEC) Cardiothoracic Surgery (NHC) Medical Surgical Ambulatory & Clinical Support Services Research Neurology (NNI) Neurosurgery (NNI) Clinical Research Clinical Trials & Resource Ventures Experimental Surgery
  • 23. Hospital Statistics (2001) SGH NHC NCC Total Admissions Number 64,405 9,224 3,725 77,354 % 83 11 5 100 Outpatient Attendance 594,076 73,973 99,735 767,784 % 77 10 13 100 A&E Attendance 112,713 - - 112,713
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28. Ministry of Home Affairs (Home Team) Singapore Police Force Central Narcotics Bureau Internal Security Department Singapore Civil Defence Force Commercial and Industrial Security Corporation Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises Prisons Department Immigration & Checkpoints Authority Emergency Ambulance Services
  • 29. SCDF Annual Report 2005 Yearly volume of SCDF Ambulance Calls
  • 30. Total Emergency Ambulance Service (EAS) Calls Table 1: Number and Types of Ambulance Calls + 7343 96,006 88,663 Total + 143 2,865 2,722 False Alarms - 584 5,462 6,046 Non- Emergency Calls + 7784 87,679 79,895 Emergency calls Absolute Change 2006 2005 TYPE OF CALLS
  • 31. Total Emergency Ambulance Service (EAS) Calls Table 2: Breakdown of Emergency Ambulance Calls 0.4% 29.8% 69.8% + 7, 784 87,679 79,895 Total + 84 315.00 231 Others + 609 26,143.00 25,534 Trauma + 7, 091 61,221.00 54,130 Medical Absolute Change 2006 2005 DESCRIPTION
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37. DESPATCH SYSTEM: AMBULANCE Control Room Caller Incident Site Hospital Fire Stn
  • 38.
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41. Control Room LAYOUT Fire (Monitoring) Amb 3&4 Div (Monitoring) Amb 1&2 Div (Monitoring) CallTaker CallTaker Police / Trg Console Police / Trg Console DECAM monitoring r CallTaker CallTaker CallTaker Supervisor CCTV (Monitoring)
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48.
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52. (Numbers correspond with posting points)
  • 53.
  • 54.
  • 55. 1995: First Five Years of Pre-Hospital Automatic Defibrillation Project in Singapore
  • 56.
  • 57.
  • 58.
  • 59.
  • 60.  
  • 61.
  • 62.
  • 63.
  • 64.
  • 65.
  • 66.
  • 68. Conference Secretariat: Tel: (65) 6 379 5261/ 6 379 5259 Fax: (65) 6 475 2077 Email: admin@ icem2010.org
  • 70. See You in Singapore!