Learnings from the White House Delegation


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Here is a recent presentation I've given to the Institute For The Future in Palo Alto and the Alliance of CEOs. The focus was to share learnings from the White House delegation in September that helped prepare for President Obama's visit this week.

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Learnings from the White House Delegation

  1. 1. INDIA/US COLLABORATIONS OBAMA NOVEMBER VISIT Institute of Future 20 October 2010 Naren Bakshi
  2. 2. AGENDA  My Journey in US  Background US/India  Historical context, since independence, SV, and Presidential visits  Preparation for Obama Visit: White House delegation to India in September  What was the focus: Renewable Energy, IT infrastructure, Education  What did we see: Some examples  Continued impact of SV  Roadmap for future: Next decade
  3. 3. MY PERSONAL JOURNEY  BS in India  Came to Berkeley in 1966 with $ 8: MS, MBA  Seventies: Proved as professional  Eighties as Managers, Executives, CIO  Nineties as Entrepreneurs; Created Versata as public company which reached $ 1 Billion Valuation  Now; very actively involved citizen making a difference in adopted country as well as in the Country of birth  2010: Great honor and privilege to be asked by White House to represent US interests in India
  4. 4. BACKGROUND US/INDIA: HISTORICAL  Columbus Voyage  British heritage, US independence  India Independence: Parliamentary, Secular democracy  Questionable start: Would democracy survive?  Illiterate population, was not a united country for 2 millennium  Diverse in every dimensions: Languages, religions, races, income, education, culture, etc., etc.,  Has only survived due to democracy! Deep rooted now  Sikh prime minister, Women president, Muslim vice president, Roman catholic women from Italy is heading the ruling congress party
  5. 5. BACKGROUND US/INDIA: SINCE INDEPENDENCE  Bad start with India’s division: Blamed UK for this.  Nehru wanted non-alignment and socialism  Cold war and Kashmir drove India to USSR  But, Kennedy was very inspiring and opening happened for immigration in 1960’s  From few Indians in 60’s to now 3 Million Indo- Americans in US  Major contributions to US and opened the channel of communications and collaborations
  6. 6. BACKGROUND US/INDIA: SILICON VALLEY AND ITS IMPACT  Silicon Valley has had deep impact around the world to promote innovation and merit based, inclusive culture: Inspires people around the world  TiE: Created in SV in 1992 to Foster Entrepreneurship around the World: now in 13 countries with 55 chapters. In India TiE  help create Bangalore as SV of India  Helped in Opening Telecom, VC, and Economic Freedom ( Free trade)  Tremendous continued opportunities to impact the world:  Two way flow of capital, trade, human capital  Bottom of Pyramid innovation
  7. 7. BACKGROUND US/INDIA: PRESIDENTIAL VISITS  Eisenhower 59, Nixon 69, Carter 78  Clinton was a big hit: Big PR impact  Bush made a big impact:  Decouple relations equality between Pakistan and India: Pushed Pakistan to fight terrorism  Pushed for Nuclear treaty  Deeper trade : Trade Policy Forum  Was highly accepted in India  Obama continues the push for synergy  Separate AF/Pak team from India team  Visiting India and not Pakistan  Looking for deepening synergistic relations within the democratic framework
  8. 8. WHITE HOUSE DELEGATION: SEPT., 2010  US/India view bilateral relations to be highest importance: What can be done besides Defense, Terrorism/Foreign Policy to boost synergy? 1. Identify highest leverage opportunities that are going to be perceived good for both countries 2. Narrowed down Focus to Education, Renewable Energy, and IT during this visit 3. Selected team of six US business leaders along with White House CTO, Hillary Clinton Senior Advisor, and Embassy leaders 4. Visited many projects and had discussions with the highest levels of Indian leaders ( Government, Political and Business) 5. Identify specific projects: Some examples, and work in progress Aneesh Chopra First CTO of US Promoting technology, Innovation, Connectivity to SV
  9. 9. RENEWABLE ENERGY IN VILLAGES: TILONIYA BAREFOOT COLLEGE  The entire village is solar powered  All work is being done by village people  Educate rural children  Preservation and accessibility for water  Run their own Radio network to teach in local languages  Producing solar lanterns in the village all by women with no college education  Training women from 6 countries in Africa
  10. 10. AADHAR, UNIQUE ID PROJECT: IT/E- GOVERNANCE  Unique ID Project ($ 6-30 Billion Project) : Far reaching implications on use of IT  Impact 1.2 Billion people database, unique in the world  Bio-metric state of the arts, cloud computing, easy to use, multi language, highly secure  Impact on broadest set of services for all citizens, social, political impact  Provides for large scale business and technological opportunities  Entrepreneurial volunteer lead the work  Success will have role model effect around the world! Nandan Nilekani, co- Founder of Infosys and lots of volunteers from SV
  11. 11. E-PANCHAYAT: IT/ E-GOVERNANCE  Connecting 230,000 villages  Technologies: Most modern mostly from US: Fiber, Wi-Max, SAN, Large scale data bases, open architecture, Linux, Oracle, IBM servers  Large opportunities for Entrepreneurs in US and India  Multi-layer: Village, District, State, and Central  Services: Administration, Taxes, Welfare, Civic, Disaster support, education, entertainment and communications  Tremendous social, and political impact: Transparent and open government Delegation Visit: Kanpura Village
  12. 12. IT INFRASTRUCTURE : AFFORDABLE INNOVATION FOR NEXT 2 BILLION  Many attempts to reach the bottom 2 Billion with affordable computing and communication  In India Cell Phone has reached masses bypassing land lines: 670 million phones  lower cost and higher quality  core technology is US, manufacturing China but application innovation in India with global  Many attempts to bring the cost of computing device to below US 100 essential to reach masses  Novatium as one example  US VC Funded company  Using Cloud computing thin client, SaaS concept  Much easier to use  Proven and now funded by Ericsson for global expansion
  13. 13. EDUCATION REVOLUTION IN BOTH COUNTRIES NEEDED  Paradigm shift from teacher centric rigid learning paradigm to Learner centric flexible 24x7 paradigm with life long learning  Web 2.0 applications in learning: YouTube, collaborative, peer to peer,  Open content initiative : eg., Khan Academy, MIT, Curriwiki  Major Structural issues in both countries  Accountability, Unions, rigidity, teacher training, standards?, employability, decentralized decision making ( 15000 school districts)  US; motivation for STEM  Not reaching bottom of the pyramid  Technology must play a more important role for quality, accessibility and costs
  14. 14. SKILLS DEVELOPMENT FOR MASSES: EXAMPLE: RKCL  Trained 150,000 people at the Bottom of Pyramid in 2 years through 1200 centers through entrepreneurial model at $ 70 per student with no subsidy or brick and mortar infrastructure  Using MKCL, Cambridge and other partners  E-learning, video on demand, testing, certification, administration all on line  Employability skills: Computer literacy, retail, financial, accounting, English, and even soft skills  Local languages
  15. 15. EXAMPLE OF A NEW START UP : EDUBRITE  Started in SV by highly qualified IT team  Focus: Next generation of Social collaborative learning platform  Have audacity to challenge likes of Kaplan, Princeton review, Blackboard  Creating Universally accessible assessment platform for teachers and students  Experimenting in both in India and US with early customers: Where would be early success first?  Running a community site Tenplustwo.com for test preparation in India being experimented  Who would be investors: US based VC’s in SV or US based VC’s in India or Indian angels?
  16. 16. TIE RAJASTHAN: IMPACT OF ENTREPRENEURS ON ECOSYSTEM  Started in 2002 with inspiration from SV  From 7 IT companies to 250 with presence of many large companies like Infosys, Genpect, Wipro, Deutsche Bank with large impact on professional jobs  Impact of IT on all traditional industries including jewelry, carpets, handicrafts, mining, tourism, healthcare  Big increase in IT sales with US companies like Cisco, Intel, Microsoft as beneficiaries  Connectivity of Entrepreneurs with Valley White House Delegation Town Hall meeting with Entrepreneurs
  17. 17. OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEXT DECADE  Much stronger collaboration would have taken place  Many US Universities and companies will be in India  Many more joint ventures between US/India companies will be serving in the emerging and underdeveloped World  Many more US people and businesses will be in India  India would become much larger trade partner with many more reforms in India: Five fold increase in 10 years to $ 45 Billion  Technology: US will remain leader in core technologies with India focused on affordable innovations  Mobile computing and Tablets would be everywhere  Serious breakthroughs in Renewable energy  Biotech, and healthcare breakthroughs with Eastern medicine  Further flattening of the world with crowd-sourcing, telemedicine, health and wellness initiatives  India would have more clearly emerge as the South Asian regional power with new UN and IMF structures in place helping ease situation for US