Fossil fuels

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Fossil fuels

  1. 1. Green Science: Fossil Fuels Narcis Ardelean Period 7/8
  2. 2. What Are Fossil Fuels? <ul><li>From coal oil and natural gases </li></ul><ul><li>Were created around the Carbonifeous period </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Fossil Fuels <ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Oil/Petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gases </li></ul>
  4. 4. Coal <ul><li>Made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and different amounts of sulfur </li></ul><ul><li>Is a hard, black, and rock-like substance </li></ul><ul><li>Three major coal formations: Anthracite, Bituminous, and Lignite </li></ul>
  5. 5. Coal Formations <ul><li>Anthracite- hardest coal, has more carbon, meaning more energy is given off </li></ul><ul><li>Bituminous- in between the anthracite and lignite formations </li></ul><ul><li>Lignite- softest, has high hydrogen and oxygen content </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are Fossil Fuels Used For? <ul><li>Coal- bring energy to buildings and factories </li></ul><ul><li>Oil/Petroleum- was used to treat things like frostbites, but is now used to make things waterproof like canoes, also used for car gas </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gases- used for cooking, heating, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are Refineries <ul><li>Refineries are am industrial place where fossil fuels are processed and filtered to make more fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>It helps make more fossil fuels such as oil </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the oil usable, can be made into gasoline, diesel fuel, and heating oil </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill <ul><li>Oil was spilled in the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>People tried putting “booms” or barriers to protect the coast of the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>The oil effected the animals and the fish and leave our water damaged </li></ul>
  9. 9. Deep Water Horizon <ul><li>Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Obama sent help to help clean it up </li></ul><ul><li>The damage and the clean up processes are costing billions of dollars </li></ul>

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