What is space technology?
Space technology is the technology, related to
Entering, retrieving objects or life forms from
Space technology has several applications . It is used in
4.LONG DISTANCE COMMUNICATION
6.EARTH SCIENCES VIA REMOTE SENSING
Space technology was vastly developed
Mainly because of cold war between USA and
RUSSIA. The other countries includes our INDIA
are who showing tremendous development in
Top 10 countries in space technology are;
• My presentation is mainly confined to
space technology in India.
• In India space technology has been growing
through IRSO i.e INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH
ORGANISATION, established in 1969, AUGUST
• Its headquarters is located in BANGLORE.
• Its Chairman is K.RADHA KRISHNAN.
• Its primary objective is to advance space
technology and use it Applications for national
• ISRO is the largest government space agency in the
ISRO is under the administrative control of the
Department of Space, Government of India.
ISRO has achieved numerous milestones.
1. It built India's first satellite, Aryabhatta, which
was launched by the Soviet Union in 1975.
2. In 1980, Rohini, became the first satellite to be placed in
orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3.
3. ISRO subsequently developed two other rockets: the
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for launching
satellites into polar orbits.
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) for
placing satellites into geostationary orbits.
5. These rockets have launched numerous
communications satellites and earth observation
satellite. In 2008, Chandrayaan-1, India sent its first
mission to the Moon.
6. In 2008, Chandrayaan-1 India sent its first
mission to the Moon.
7. In 2013, ISRO launched its Mars Orbiter Mission,
which is currently on-route to Mars.
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai considered the the father of
India's Space Programme as indian space
programme was driven by the vision of Dr. Vikram
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV)
Comparison of Indian carrier rockets. Left to right: SLV, ASLV , PSLV, GSLV
, GSLV III
Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV)
•During the 1960s and 1970s, India initiated its own
launch vehicle programme for geopolitical and
•In the 1960s–1970s, the country successfully developed
a Satellite Launch Vehicle, SLV .
Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV)
The Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle, usually
known by its abbreviation ASLV was a 5-stage solid
propellant rocket with the capability of placing a
150 kg satellite into orbit.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, usually known
by its abbreviation PSLV, is an expendable launch
system developed to allow India to launch its Indian
Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites into sun
synchronous orbits .
It has launched 55 satellites / spacecraft ( 26 Indian
and 29 Foreign Satellites) into a variety of orbits so
far with a 95 percent success rate.
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
•It is an expendable launch system developed to enable India
to launch its INSAT -type satellites into geostationary orbit
and to make India less dependent on foreign rockets.
• In a setback for ISRO, the attempt to launch the GSLV, GSLVF06 carrying GSAT-5P, failed on 25 December 2010.
•On 5 January 2014, GSLV D5 successfully launched GSAT-14
into intended orbit.
•India is the sixth country to have this technology in the world.
Development of crew vehicle
GSLV Mk III payload fairing assembly mockup
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III (GSLV III)
•The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III is
a launch vehicle currently under development by the
Indian Space Research Organisation. It is intended to
launch heavy satellites into geostationary orbit.
• According to latest information available maiden flight
is scheduled to take place in April 2014.
•INSAT (Indian National Satellite System) is a series of
multipurpose geostationary satellites launched by ISRO to
satisfy the telecommunications, broadcasting,
meteorology and search-and-rescue needs of India.
Commissioned in 1983,
•INSAT is the largest domestic communication system in
the Asia-Pacific Region.
The IRS series
•Indian Remote Sensing satellites (IRS) are a
series of earth observation
satellites, built, launched and maintained by
ISRO. The IRS series provides remote sensing
services to the country.
Radar Imaging Satellites
•ISRO currently operates two Radar Imaging
Satellites RISAT-1was launched from Sriharikota
Spaceport on 26 April 2012 on board.
• India also operates RISAT-2 which was launched
The IRNSS series
•ISRO on 1 July 2013, at 23:41Hrs IST launched from Sriharikota
the First Indian Navigation Satellite the IRNSS-1A.
• The IRNSS-1A was launched aboard PSLV-C22.
•The constellation would be comprising 7 satellites of I-1K
bus each weighing around 1450 Kilograms, with three satellites
in the Geostationary Earth Orbit(GEO) and
4 in Geosynchronous Earth Orbit(GSO).
•The constellation would be completed around 2015.
ISRO has also launched a set
known as the GSAT series.
ISRO has also successfully
launched the Indo-French
satellite SARAL on 25
Satellites launched by INDIA during 2012-2014
Type of Satellite
GSLV-D5 Geo-Stationary Satellite
PSLV-C25 Space Mission
PSLV-C22 Navigation Satellite
PSLV-C20 Earth Observation Satellite
PSLV-C19 Earth Observation Satellite
•Indian scientists have been working in space technology in
competent with other developed countries.
•Let us hope in future India will stand in first position in