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Fbr ppt


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Fbr ppt

  1. 1. Order of Presentation• INTRODUCTION• HISTORY• Vision, Mission & Values• P ESENT CULTUR R E• Recruitm and Selection ent• SW ANALY OT SIS• Current Status• CONCLUSION:
  2. 2. Vision, Mission &Values Statement • VISION To be a modern, progressive, effective and credible organization for optimizing revenue by providing quality service and promoting compliance with tax and related laws • MISSIONEnhance the capability of the tax system to collect taxes through application of modern techniques, providing taxpayer assistance and by creating a motivated, dedicated and satisfied, professional work force • VALUES Integrity – Professionalism – Teamwork – Courtesy – Fairness – Transparency - Responsiveness
  3. 3. Organizational Structure FBR CCFR Secretary General/ Chairman PRAL Line Members Support Members Functional Members Direct Taxes Tax Policy & Reform HRM Sales Tax & Audit Federal Excise Legal Fiscal Research Customs Administration and Coordination Information Management SystemNote: Various DG Positions are also included in the top Management Facilitation & Taxpayers Education
  4. 4. Strengths of FBR• A Critical State Institution  Collecting nearly 90% of tax revenue of the State  Contribution towards federal and provincial total revenue (tax and non-tax) is around 65%  Revenue collected is sufficient to meet 75% to 80% of Government expenditure needs  Generation of resources for smooth economic management of Federal as well as Provincial and Local Governments  Keeping the economy vibrant  Monitor Fiscal Policy through tax incentives to encourage flow of FDI
  5. 5. Tax Reform Initiatives in Chronological Order• May 2001: Syed Shahid Hussain’s Committee Report• Aug 2001: IMF Mission Report• Nov 2001: The Strategy Document on Tax Reform• Nov 2001: Presentation to the President of Pakistan• Dec 2001: Approval of the Strategy Document• Feb 2002: Establishment of Supervisory Council• Jul 2002: Establishment of Cabinet Committee for Federal Revenues (CCFR)
  6. 6. Recommendations• CBR to have greater autonomy within the Government structure• Supervisory Council (now CCFR) to monitor & review CBR performance• Reorganize CBR and its field offices on functional lines• Merger of Income Tax, Sales Tax & Excise functions – a step towards co-location and integration of internal taxes• Separate handling of Large Taxpayers• Improve HRM strategy with respect to induction, promotion, training and compensation of Employees• Improve physical infrastructure and introduce One- window operation• Greater stress on taxpayers’ education, service and facilitation
  7. 7. Need For Reforms• Stagnant Tax Revenue• Narrow Tax Base• Primitive and antiquated tax administration (cylindrical instead of functional)• Complexity of tax laws and arbitrariness in their application• Relationship between tax payer and tax collector largely adversarial
  8. 8. Objectives of the Reforms• Mobilize resources as per budgetary projections for improved economic management• Widen taxpayers base• Streamline tax and tariff rates• Improve voluntary compliance and strive to minimize adversarial relationship between taxpayers and tax collectors through:  Simplification of tax laws and procedures  Taxpayer friendly environment  Making the system more transparent and efficient  Honest Tax Administration
  9. 9. Structure of Field Offices Prior to Reforms• Direct Taxes (Income Tax Etc.)  5 Regional Commissioners with 34 Zonal Commissioners• Sales Tax and Federal Excise  6 Collectorates• Customs  10 Collectorates• Composite Collectorates  3 Collectorates
  10. 10. What had to be done under TARP• Policy Reforms  Simplification of laws  Universal self assessment across all taxes coupled with effective selectivity and risk based audit of taxpayers  No immunities, fixed taxes and amnesties  Minimize dependence on withholding taxes  Elimination of exemptions  Tax Rates and Tariff reduction and rationalization  Effective Dispute Resolution Mechanism
  11. 11. What had to be done under TARP• Administrative Reforms  Re-structuring the top structure of FBR  Transform HQ and field offices on functional lines  Re-organize and upgrade infrastructure of field offices (for domestic taxes – Federal excise Duty, Income Tax and Sales Tax) i.e.,-  Large Taxpayer Units (LTUs) to deal with major revenue spinner cases  Regional Tax Offices (RTOs) in major cities to deal with all other taxpayers  Medium Taxpayer Units (MTUs) as pilot projects to test the functional working of Income Tax  Taxpayers’ Facilitation Centers (TFCs) in small towns and cities
  12. 12. What had to be done under TARP• Administrative Reforms - continued  Re-organize and upgrade infrastructure of field offices (for international taxes – Import Taxes) i.e.,-  Model Customs Collectorates (MCCs)  Trade and Passenger Facilitation Centers (TFCs) at international borders and dry ports  Extensive Business Processes Re-engineering (BPR)  Improved Human Resource Management  Concept of e-government  Automation and optimum use of latest IT Technology  Restructuring and training of Human Resources
  13. 13. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Simplification of Tax Laws  New Income Tax Law – Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 and Income Tax Rules, 2002 introduced  New Federal Excise Law – Federal Excise Act, 2005 and Federal Excise Rules 2005 introduced  Customs and Sales Tax Law and Rules updated and improved  Introduction of GST in VAT Mode to minimize cascading  Zero-rating of five major export oriented sectors to address the problems of processing of sales tax refund claims and settlements and governance
  14. 14. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Universal Self-Assessment  Successfully implemented in Income Tax and Federal Excise  Further streamlined in Sales Tax  Partly implemented in Customs• Effective Risk Based Taxpayers Audit  All corporate and non-corporate taxpayers (income above certain threshold) are subject to Desk Audit and if warranted by the facts followed by a detailed audit• Elimination of Exemptions  To a large extent exemptions have been eliminated and is an on-going process
  15. 15. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Tax Rates reduction and rationalization – Income Tax  Uniform Corporate tax rate of 35% for Public, Private and Banking Companies (From 35%, 43% and 47% respectively)  Introduction of low tax rate of 20% for small companies  Personal tax rates for salaried individuals reduced and rationalized to 0.25% to 20% from 3.5% to 30%  Non-corporate tax rates reduced and rationalized to 0.50% to 25% from 7.5% to 35%
  16. 16. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Tax Rates reduction and rationalization – Income Tax  Introduction of fixed/final tax of 5% and 10% on rental and interest income  Withholding tax rates rationalized  Gradual enhancement of tax-free threshold to Rs. 150,000 for salaried taxpayers and Rs. 100,000 for non-corporate taxpayers
  17. 17. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Tax Rates reduction and rationalization – Sales Tax  Additional Sales Tax of 3% on sales made to un-registered person withdrawn  Threshold of turnover subject to Sales Tax raised from Rs.0.5 million to Rs.5.0 million  Aberrations like turnover scheme and enlisting scheme abolished
  18. 18. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Tariff reduction and rationalization – Customs  Maximum standard rate reduced to 25%  Number of slabs reduced to five –0% 5%, 10%, 20%, 25%  Clear distinction between primary and secondary raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods  Special incentives for capital goods including plant, machinery, and equipment – reduced rate of duty of 5%  Tariff protection to locally produced goods
  19. 19. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Dispute Resolution Mechanism – All Taxes & Duties  Withdrawal of all frivolous appeals by the department before Tribunals, High Court and Supreme Court of Pakistan  All first level appeals (within the department) disposed off within two years (80000 appeals). Now only (3000 appeals) are pending  At the Apex Court level special benches were constituted at the request of FBR and a large number of appeals on legal issues decided (1650 out of 1950) and the remaining are under process (300)
  20. 20. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Dispute Resolution Mechanism – All Taxes & Duties  At the High Court level the cases are being grouped by issues and taken up for hearing for speedy disposal of appeals  Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism - Introduced  A unique system for speedy disposal of disputes between the taxpayers and tax collectors in an un-conventional manner;  By honorary professionals and related business experts  Without any cost; and  Without foregoing the right of regular appeal process
  21. 21. Current Status Of Policy Reforms• Others  Gradual phasing-out of Federal Excise Duty on goods  Bringing services into tax net (Sales Tax) through Excise Duty, due to constitutional constraint
  22. 22. Current Status Of Administrative Reforms• Functional Members  Five Members from Private Sector engaged specializing in their respective fields i.e. Audit, Facilitation and Tax Education, Fiscal Research and Statistics, Human Resource Management and Information Management System• Re-structuring the Top Structure of FBR  First Phase has been completed and Second Phase is to be completed by December 2009
  23. 23. Current Status Of Administrative Reforms• Transformation On Functional Lines  FBR (HQ) is working on functional lines i.e. Line Members of Custom, Income Tax and Sales Tax/Federal Excise and Support Function Members of Audit, IMS, FRS, FATE, HRM and Legal since 2001  Income Tax department has also started working on functional lines since July 2006  Audit & Inspection, Training, Intelligence, and Valuation Directorates have also started working on functional lines  Sales Tax department is also working on functional lines
  24. 24. Current Status Of IT Initiatives• Pakistan Customs Computerized System (PaCCS)  After Extensive Business Process Re-engineering, the pilot project of (PaCCS) has been launched  PaCCS is a fully automated (state of the art) system whereby WEB based electronic goods declaration is processed and cleared without any human interface  Average clearance time reduced to four hours from five days for imports and one hour for exports  PaCCS at present is handling clearance of imported containerized full cargo load only  PaCCS fully operational and functioning smoothly at KICT, the pilot site of MCC Karachi
  25. 25. Current Status Of IT Initiatives• Pakistan Customs Computerized System (PaCCS)  PaCCS rolled out to PICT & QICT as additional pilot sites  Customs automation and business process re- engineering reforms in the rest of the country to be completed by December 2007. Technical Business Requirements and bidding documents for acquiring automated system are being prepared  In the interim period, homegrown automated system by the name of ‘One-Customs’ has been introduced at major customs stations pending PACCS full implementation to improve the present manual system of clearance
  26. 26. Current Status Of IT Initiatives• Tax Management System (TMS) – A home grown system  Deployed in all LTUs and RTOs in place for efficiency and transparency• Sales Tax Management System (STMS) – A home grown system  Deployed in all LTUs and RTOs in place for efficiency and transparency• The two systems – TMS and STMS will eventually be taken over by Integrated Tax Management System (ITMS) to ensure international standards
  27. 27. Current Status Of IT Initiatives• Integrated Tax Management System (ITMS)  Bidding documents under two-stage bidding procedure forwarded to World Bank for their final approval  It is expected that the invitation to bid will be floated before the end of the calendar year  The final delivery of the ITMS is expected by June 2009• e-filing of Returns/W.Statements (Income Tax, Sales Tax ) has been successfully launched• Computerized System of Tax Payment Receipts (CPR) developed in collaboration with NBP and SBP endorsed by MOF, AGPR and CGA and implemented
  28. 28. Current Status Of IT Initiatives• Other projects in hand  Data Warehouse  Human Resource Information System  Inventory Management System  Wide Area Net Work (WAN) – Independent for FBR  Procurement of Hardware
  29. 29. Outcome of Reforms• Gaining Stakeholders’ Respect• Substantial reduction of corruption - Transparency International Report• Improved performance – Revenue targets not only achieved but surpassed• Creating business friendly environment• Introducing professionalism, integrity, teamwork, courtesy, responsiveness, transparency and fairness• Facilitating and providing service to the taxpayers• Reducing the cost of doing business• Adversarial relations to mutual trust and confidence
  30. 30. Outcome of Reforms• Infused confidence among taxpayers through regular facilitation and tax education which has bridged the gap between taxpayers and tax collectors• Creation of an enabling environment for various stakeholders which is:  Promoting Economic Activity  Encouraging Investment  Spreading Out Commercial Activities  Expanding Exports
  31. 31. Outcome Of Reforms In Terms Of Change In Tax Mix Direct Taxes Sales Tax Customs Excise Indirect Taxes % % % % %1990-91 18.0 15.4 45.7 20.9 82.01995-96 29.2 18.6 33.2 19.1 70.81997-98 35.1 18.4 25.4 21.1 64.999-2000 2.5 33.6 27.8 16.1 67.52000-01 31.8 39.1 16.6 12.5 68.22001-02 35.3 41.2 11.8 11.7 64.72002-03 32.9 42.3 15.0 9.8 67.12003-04 31.7 42.1 17.5 8.7 68.32004-05 30.9 40.6 19.5 8.9 69.02005-06 31.0 41.0 19.5 8.5 69.02006-07 39.4 36.5 15.6 8.5 60.6
  32. 32. Outcome Of Reforms In Revenue Collection (Rs. Billion) Budget Revised YEARS Estimates Estimates Collection Achievement (%) B.E. R.E 1990-91 123.3 120.6 110.5 89.6 91.6 1991-92 149.5 145.0 139.8 93.5 97.8 1992-93 174.8 160.0 153.2 87.6 95.8 1993-94 190.7 180.3 172.6 90.5 95.7 1994-95 259.9 225.0 226.6 87.2 100.7 1995-96 270.5 264.8 268.0 99.1 101.2 1996-97 328.0 286.0 282.1 86.0 98.6 1997-98 324.0 297.6 293.6 90.6 98.7 1998-99 354.0 308.0 308.5 87.1 100.2 1999-00 362.5 351.7 347.1 95.8 98.7 2000-01 430.0 406.5 392.3 91.2 96.5 2001-02 457.7 414.2 404.1 88.3 97.6 2002-03 458.9 No Revision 460.2 100.3 NA 2003-04 510.0 No Revision 518.00 101.7 NA 2004-05 580.0 590.0 591.085 100.2 NA 2005-06 690.0 690.0 712.6 102.1 NA 2006-07 835.0 835.0 847.2 101.5 NANA means Not Applicable
  33. 33. Broadening of Tax Base Taxpayers Population Number of Taxpayers filing the returns up to December, 2007 is 2.04 million. FBR has already taken some far reaching measurers to expand the tax base, under which number of taxpayers and revenue are continuously increasing such as : • Universal Self Assessment Scheme • Reduction in tax rates • Enforcement of filing of statements by exporters, importers, contractors, suppliers & salaried class
  34. 34. Strategy Conducting sectoral studies for thepurpose of detecting leakages and for tax gapanalysis etc. Providing incentives / benefits to those whoduly pay taxes and file returns to encouragefilling.
  35. 35. Thank You