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The National Adaptation Plan

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Introduction and quick guide to the formulation and implementation of national adaptation plans

The National Adaptation Plan

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Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG)
LEG regional training workshop on national adaptation plans (NAPs)
for Anglophone Africa
27 February to 03 March 2017
Bingu International Convention Centre
Lilongwe, Malawi
Introduction and a quick guide to the formulation
and implementation of national adaptation plans
(NAPs)
COP decisions on NAPs
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Decision 1/CP.16
Establishment of the
process to formulate and
implement NAPS
Decision 5/CP.17
 Objectives
 Guiding principles
 Guidelines
 Support (technical, financial)
Decision 3/CP.17
 Includes mandates relating
to GCF support for NAPs
Decision 12/CP.18
 GEF to support LDCs through
the LDCF for activities to
enable NAPs
 GEF to consider how to
support non-LDCs through
the SCCF
 To take stock of progress at
COP20
Decision 18/CP.19
UN, specialized, bilateral
and multilateral agencies
to consider establishing or
enhancing support
programmes for non-LDCs
Decision 3/CP.20
 Communication of NAP
documents and outputs
through NAP Central
 AC & LEG in collaboration
with GCF to consider how to
best support developing
countries in accessing the
GCF for NAPs
Decision 1/CP.21
GCF to expedite support for LDCs and other dev.
countries for formulation of NAPs, and
subsequent implementation
Decision 19/CP.21
LEG to provide technical guidance and advice on
accessing the GCF for NAPs
Decision 4/CP.21
LEG & AC to consider how to provide more info.
for accessing the GCF for NAPs
Decision 6/CP.22
 Appreciates progress (by
Parties, GCF, GEF) and notes
challenges (NAP proposals
waiting for funds from LDCF)
 Invitation to Parties to
access the USD 3 million
allocation for NAPs by GCF
 LEG & AC to continue
engagement with the GCF
National adaptation plans
1) Established under the CAF (decision 1/CP.16, paras 15 to 18)
As a process to enable LDCs to formulate and implement NAPs,
building upon their experience in preparing and implementing
NAPAs, as a means of identifying medium- and long-term
adaptation needs and developing and implementing
strategies and programmes to address those needs. Other
developing country Parties are invited to employ the modalities
formulated to support the NAPs.
National adaptation plans (con’t)
3. Under the Lima decision 3/CP.20
• NAPs recognized as fundamental for building adaptive capacity and
reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change
• Recognized that NAPs can serve as an important tool for ensuring a
common understanding and for communicating progress made
towards both reducing vulnerability and integrating climate change
adaptation into national and development planning
• Acknowledged the importance of communicating, in a flexible manner,
what the process to formulate and implement national adaptation
plans involves, as well as the outputs and outcomes of that process;
• Invited LDC Parties and other interested developing country Parties, to
forward outputs, including NAP documents, and outcomes related to
the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, to
NAP Central;
Objectives of NAPs and the PA global goal on adaptation
1) Objectives of the NAP process (decision 5/CP.17) are:
a) To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by
building adaptive capacity and resilience;
b) To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a
coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies,
programmes and activities, in particular development planning
processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at
different levels, as appropriate.
2) Global goal on adaptation (Article 7 of the Paris Agreement)
• Enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and
reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to
contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an
adequate adaptation response in the context of the global
temperature limit of less than 2C.
Guiding principles for NAPs (decision 5/CP.17)
Continuous planning process at
the national level with iterative
updates and outputs
Country-owned, country-driven
Not prescriptive, but flexible and
based on country needs
Building on and not duplicating
existing adaptation efforts
Participatory and transparent
Enhancing coherence of
adaptation and development
planning
Supported by comprehensive
monitoring and review
Considering vulnerable groups,
communities and ecosystems
Guided by best available
science
Taking into consideration
traditional and indigenous
knowledge
Gender-sensitive

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The National Adaptation Plan

  • 1. Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) LEG regional training workshop on national adaptation plans (NAPs) for Anglophone Africa 27 February to 03 March 2017 Bingu International Convention Centre Lilongwe, Malawi Introduction and a quick guide to the formulation and implementation of national adaptation plans (NAPs)
  • 2. COP decisions on NAPs 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Decision 1/CP.16 Establishment of the process to formulate and implement NAPS Decision 5/CP.17  Objectives  Guiding principles  Guidelines  Support (technical, financial) Decision 3/CP.17  Includes mandates relating to GCF support for NAPs Decision 12/CP.18  GEF to support LDCs through the LDCF for activities to enable NAPs  GEF to consider how to support non-LDCs through the SCCF  To take stock of progress at COP20 Decision 18/CP.19 UN, specialized, bilateral and multilateral agencies to consider establishing or enhancing support programmes for non-LDCs Decision 3/CP.20  Communication of NAP documents and outputs through NAP Central  AC & LEG in collaboration with GCF to consider how to best support developing countries in accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 1/CP.21 GCF to expedite support for LDCs and other dev. countries for formulation of NAPs, and subsequent implementation Decision 19/CP.21 LEG to provide technical guidance and advice on accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 4/CP.21 LEG & AC to consider how to provide more info. for accessing the GCF for NAPs Decision 6/CP.22  Appreciates progress (by Parties, GCF, GEF) and notes challenges (NAP proposals waiting for funds from LDCF)  Invitation to Parties to access the USD 3 million allocation for NAPs by GCF  LEG & AC to continue engagement with the GCF
  • 3. National adaptation plans 1) Established under the CAF (decision 1/CP.16, paras 15 to 18) As a process to enable LDCs to formulate and implement NAPs, building upon their experience in preparing and implementing NAPAs, as a means of identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs. Other developing country Parties are invited to employ the modalities formulated to support the NAPs.
  • 4. National adaptation plans (con’t) 3. Under the Lima decision 3/CP.20 • NAPs recognized as fundamental for building adaptive capacity and reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change • Recognized that NAPs can serve as an important tool for ensuring a common understanding and for communicating progress made towards both reducing vulnerability and integrating climate change adaptation into national and development planning • Acknowledged the importance of communicating, in a flexible manner, what the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans involves, as well as the outputs and outcomes of that process; • Invited LDC Parties and other interested developing country Parties, to forward outputs, including NAP documents, and outcomes related to the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, to NAP Central;
  • 5. Objectives of NAPs and the PA global goal on adaptation 1) Objectives of the NAP process (decision 5/CP.17) are: a) To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience; b) To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate. 2) Global goal on adaptation (Article 7 of the Paris Agreement) • Enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the global temperature limit of less than 2C.
  • 6. Guiding principles for NAPs (decision 5/CP.17) Continuous planning process at the national level with iterative updates and outputs Country-owned, country-driven Not prescriptive, but flexible and based on country needs Building on and not duplicating existing adaptation efforts Participatory and transparent Enhancing coherence of adaptation and development planning Supported by comprehensive monitoring and review Considering vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems Guided by best available science Taking into consideration traditional and indigenous knowledge Gender-sensitive
  • 7. Guidelines • Initial guidelines are contained in decision 5/CP.17, annex • Technical guidelines for the NAP process, developed by the LEG in response to decision 5/CP.17 paragraph 15 are available at <http://unfccc.int/7279> • Supplements to the guidelines are available on NAP Central <http://www4.unfccc.int/nap/Guidelines/ Pages/Supplements.aspx> The guidelines provide the basis for the formulation and implementation of NAPs
  • 8. Laying the groundwork and addressing gaps • Initiating and launching of the NAP process • Stocktaking: identifying available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation and assessing gaps and needs of the enabling environment for the NAP process • Addressing capacity gaps and weaknesses in undertaking the NAP process • Comprehensively and iteratively assessing development needs and climate vulnerabilities Preparatory Elements • Analysing current climate and future climate change scenarios • Assessing climate vulnerabilities and identifying adaptation options at the sector, subnational, national and other appropriate levels • Reviewing and appraising adaptation options • Compiling and communicating national adaptation plans • Integrating climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning Implementation Strategy • Prioritizing climate change adaptation in national planning • Developing a (long-term) national adaptation implementation strategy • Enhancing capacity for planning and implementing adaptation • Promoting coordination and synergy at the regional level and with other multilateral environmental agreements Reporting, Monitoring and Review • Monitoring the NAP process • Reviewing the NAP process to assess progress, effectiveness and gaps • Iteratively updating the national adaptation plans • Outreach on the NAP process and reporting on progress and effectiveness Elements of the process to formulate and implement NAP
  • 9. Sample process to formulate and implement a NAP • A representation of how the main activities could be carried out, and the outputs of each step; • Provides a logical flow of activities from the launch of the process to compilation of the NAP and subsequent implementation and reporting on progress; • In practice, many activities would run in parallel, building on relevant past and ongoing activities, taking into account the modus operandi of each country, and, where relevant, aligning with timetables of national planning milestones; • The sample NAP is the basis of various tools being used by the LEG to guide countries for their work on NAPs.
  • 10. Sample process to formulate and implement a National Adaptation Plan
  • 11. Packaging activities into workstreams • The activities and steps of the sample process to formulate and implement NAPs can be clustered into workstreams which will be managed by different actor groups; • These workstreams may be a sound basis for packaging proposals in accessing support.
  • 12. Possible thematic workstreams Laying the groundwork, stocktaking, capacity- building, systematic observation Policy and institutional arrangements Technical group to assess climate vulnerability and risk Technical group on climate risk analysis Project management: planning and implementation strategies Multi-stakeholder and cross-sectoral visioning and appraisal Multi-sectoral implementation
  • 13. Essential functions for the process to formulate and implement NAPs • Activities that a country would undertake and support under the process to formulate and implement NAPs; • Represent essential characteristics of an effective process that is useful at national level, and leads to tangible outcomes; • Provide the expected impact in the long-term; • The essential functions can be applied to: o Guide national goals and vision for adaptation; o Provide a basis to examine national adaptation capacity; o Guide the development of monitoring and evaluation protocols.
  • 14. Essential Function 1: Helping governments to provide national leadership and coordination of adaptation efforts at all levels and to act as the main interface with regional and international mechanisms Example with essential function 1 Initiate and launch the process Policies, regulations, legislation and mandate for the process; climate policies Stakeholder consultation and engagement Institutional arrangements, coordination mechanisms (governance structure) Develop road maps for the process Complete road maps Building blocks / key components:
  • 15. Essential Function 1: Helping governments to provide national leadership and coordination of adaptation efforts at all levels and to act as the main interface with regional and international mechanisms Example with essential function 1 Expected outcomes • The process to formulate and implement NAP creates and maintains governance structures that lead work on adaptation at the national level through appropriate mandates and institutional arrangements • It facilitates the coordination of adaptation across scales, actors and levels within the country to ensure coherence and effectiveness of adaptation • It is used to mobilize and manage technical and financial support for nation adaptation efforts from local, regional and international mechanisms
  • 16. Listing of the Essential Functions of the NAP process (LEG, 2015) 1. Helping governments to provide national leadership and coordination of adaptation efforts at all levels and to act as the main interface with regional and international mechanisms 2. The collection, compilation, processing and dissemination of data, information and knowledge on climate change and relevant development aspects in support of adaptation planning and implementation 3. Identifying and addressing gaps and needs related to capacity for the successful design and implementation of adaptation 4. Assessing climate-development linkages and needs, and supporting the integration of climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning (through policies, projects and programmes) 5. Analysing climate data and assessing vulnerabilities to climate change and identifying adaptation options at the sector, subnational, national and other appropriate levels …
  • 17. Listing of the Essential Functions of the NAP process (LEG, 2015), contd. 6. Appraising adaptation options to support decision-making on adaptation investment plans and development planning 7. Promoting and facilitating the prioritization of climate change adaptation in national planning 8. Facilitating the implementation of adaptation at all levels through appropriate policies, projects and programmes, taking into account opportunities for synergy 9. Facilitating the monitoring, review and updating of adaptation plans over time, to ensure progress and effectiveness of adaptation efforts and to demonstrate how gaps are being addressed 10. Coordinating reporting and outreach on the NAP process to stakeholders nationally, internationally and formally on progress to the Convention
  • 18. Progress made in NAPs Countries have initiated the process and are at different stages, and most are at stages that require concrete funding to advance the work such as vulnerability, risk and adaptation assessments Key challenges include: accessing funding from GCF (where to start, engagement of appropriate implementing partners); technical capacity for comprehensive assessments; 6 countries have completed their NAPs (Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Sri Lanka, State of Palestine and Sudan) and more are expecting to complete theirs soon Primary function of the LEG to provide status on NAPs to the SBI/COP (covers progress made and support provided) Current findings More information can also be found in the report on progress in NAPs (FCCC/SBI/2016/INF.11)
  • 20. LDC Expert Group Vision of the LEG – to guide its support to the LDCs on adaptation Support provided by the LEG by 2020 of the achievement of: • The existence of a well-structured adaptation planning process in the LDCs; • Formulation of robust and good-quality NAPs; • Implementation of priority adaptation needs identified in the NAPs with funding from the GCF and other sources; • Demonstrable results in building adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change in the LDCs.
  • 21. Contact: The Chair Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) leghelp@unfccc.int