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Plenary session NAP Expo 2019 KN 10

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Keynote 10 Korea's experience on adaptation and lesson learned

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Plenary session NAP Expo 2019 KN 10

  1. 1. April 2019 Korea’s Experience on Adaptation and Lessons Learned
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  3. 3.  FrameworkActonLowCarbonGreen Growth(April,2010) Article 48 (Assessment of Impacts of Climate Change and Implementation of Measures for Adaptation) (4) The Government shall exert itself preferentially for preventive management to reduce damage that may be caused by climate change and shall establish and implement countermeasures for mitigating impacts of climate change or for coping with health and natural disasters, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. (5) The Government may provide citizens and business entities, who conduct activities in response to measures for adaptation, with technical and financial support as may be necessary. (3) The Government shall research and assess impacts of climate change on ecosystem, biodiversity, atmosphere, water resources, water quality, public health, agricultural produce, fishery products, foodstuffs, forest, oceans, industries, and prevention of disasters and weakness therein and shall announce results therefrom to the public. 3
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  5. 5. * In December 2012, the 1st National Climate Change Adaptation Plan was revised based on impact analysis with Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP)scenario, which is used in the 5thIPCC Assessment Report. Vision Periods To build safe society and support green growth through climate change adaptation 2009-2030 (22years) 2011-2015 (5years) 2016-2020 (5years) Implementing Ministries 13 ministries 20 ministries Features • The first nation-wide official master plan for responding to climate change • Suggest a national vision and directions toward adaptation policy • Key action plan for low-carbon green growth, which is the national long-term vision • Develop key indicators for climate change adaptation • Suggest an adaptation plan to achieve a long-term vision • Limited to the effects for climate change adaptation • Prepare a plan based on existing adaptation issues • Regular monitoring of the implementation status • Differentiate mid and long-term goals for climate change adaptation at the national level • Aim at creating co-benefits of mitigation and adaptation • Harness science-based approach with impact and risk assessment of climate change • Enhance monitoring on climate change impact and integrated performance assessment <Key Changes> National Climate Change Adaptation Master Plan (2008.12) 1st National Climate Change Adaptation Plan* (2010.10) 2nd National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2015.12) 5
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  7. 7. Vision Goal Pathways towards Safe and Happy Society for the Public through Climate Change Adaptation Implement- ing Basis Active Public Participation Policy Sector Principles Climate Change Risk Reduction and Opportunity Realization Integrated Approach Science-based Measures Climate Resilience for the Vulnerable Sustainable Development Science-Based Risk Assessment • Establishing monitoring & prediction system on climate change • Developing Korean climate scenario • Monitoring on climate impact • Conducting vulnerability assessment & risk assessment • Providing integrated information system Building a Safe Society • Reporting the vulnerable to the climate change • Preventing and controlling public health threat • Managing the vulnerable areas and facilities • Responding to climate disaster Strengthening Competitiveness of the Industrial Sector • Enhancing adaptive capacity in industrial sectors • Building a foundation of adaptation infrastructure • Developing climate change adaptation technologies • Supporting Foreign Market Entry Sustainable Natural Resources Management • Securing biodiversity • Managing climate change risk for ecosystem • Restoring ecosystem and managing habitats Building an Internal/External Implementing Basis • Strengthening effectiveness of adaptation policies • Promoting local-level adaptation activities • Enhancing international cooperation • Promoting public relations and education on adaptation 7
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  9. 9. 9 1st National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2nd National Climate Change Adaptation Plan Composed in 9 areas and 67 detailed projects Integrated adaptation system by sectors; Economic, social , environment Broad and long term visions and plans limited to adaptation measures Mid-longterm & short-term goals for CC adaptation at the national level Identified and implemented adaptation measures only Considered the co-benefits of mitigation and adaptation of CC Prioritized the adaptation measures mainstreamed in evolved ministries CC impacts & risks evaluated for policies to be science proof and reflect the public demands Suggested sectoral adaptation measures without priority Set the priority of sectoral adaptation measures and key strategies Secured the correlation with the govt keynote and higher-level plans Secured the consistent direction with the value of policies by setting the adaptation principles Regularly checked the implementation of adaptation measures Strengthened the Monitoring and Evaluation system
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  11. 11. • Target: 341 projects of the 2nd NAP (based on the 87 prioritized climate change risks) • Evaluation Points: Timeliness and effectiveness of the projects, Perspectives of the public • Methodology: Quantitative and qualitative methods including perception surveys Result ✓ Close connectivity needed between the identified risks and projects ✓ Possibility of reducing the 87 risks: 70% ✓ Need to strengthen the adaptation platform and its governance ✓ Mainstreaming of policy awareness needed (from government to the general public) 11
  12. 12. 12 • (Title) Local Adaptation Action Plan • (Legal Basis) Article 38 Clause 2 of the ‘Enforcement Decree of Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth’ • (Establishing Entities) Regional(Metropolitan Cities/Do) and municipal(Si/Gun/Gu) governments • (Period / Spatial scale) 5-year / Administrative district • (Description) Comprehensive measures including directions and strategies for the changes by climate change and adaption sector-specific action plans. ▪ 1st Adaptation Plans at local governments ▪ 2nd Adaptation Plans at local governments
  13. 13. 13 ▪ Current Status • (Title) Support for the key public corporations and organizations managing infrastructure • (Establishing Entities) Public corporations and organizations • (Description) - Support the initiation of the legislation of public sector climate change adaptation reporting - Enhancement of adaptation reporting system and improvement of its effectiveness - Strengthen the effectiveness of public institution's policy enforcement - Enhance awareness of adaptation capacity of public institutions and adaptation to climate change
  14. 14. 14 • (Title) Support program for the private company’s adaptation to climate change. • (Sector/ Establishing Entities) Private companies • (Projects) - Establishment of guidelines on adaptation measures - Promotion of education and to strengthen adaptation capacity for climate change - Customized consultation on adaptation and climate risks strategies ▪ CRAS (Climate Change Risk Assessment System) Based on each corps.’ financial statements, the diagnostic system identifies, analyzes and evaluates the potential risks and derives the required stage of management and its priorities. The outcome risks are converted into the amount of costs(money) expected.
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  16. 16. 16 • Comprehensive Policy Framework - Korea is one of the few countries of which climate change adaptation plans are initiated at all levels, including the national &local governments and public, private sectors. - The National Climate Change Adaptation Plan also covers a wide range of related sectors including water, agriculture, etc
  17. 17. 17 • Designated Organization for Adaptation - Support nationwide climate change adaptation policies development and implementation - Establish and manage global and regional climate change adaptation networks - Develop climate change vulnerability and risk assessment frameworks and tools - Raise public awareness of climate change adaptation Main roles of KACCCC Korea Adaptation Center for Climate Change - KACCC was established on July 1, 2009, based on MOE Instruction No. 850 - The items on the operation of KACCC was legalized by “the Clean Air Conservation Act” (revised on May, 2012) - The center collaborates closely with the Ministry of Environment
  18. 18. 18 • Rolling Plan - Period oriented planning which helps to control and solve challenges with uncertainties - In consideration of the characteristics of Climate Change and Korea’s structural system, regularly checking and modifying the system has chosen to be the most suitable method.
  19. 19. 19 • Mainstreaming Adaptation Policies for the Transition to -Climate-Safe Society • (Strengthening the evaluation system) - (Pre-Evaluation) Pre-evaluation system of adaptation factor, Internalization of adaptation policy - (Implementation Evaluation) Input focused→ Impact focused • (Open Information/Facilitate Implementation) Reviewing the announcements of the outcome per steps on the vulnerability assessments to promote voluntary climate change adaptation efforts in all socio-economic sectors * * expert liability review-> pre announcement and feedback for local govts-> announcement per issues (heatwaves, coldwave) • (Accelerate Performance) Dig and push on participatory CC adaptation flagship projects for the visualization of the policy achievement * Climate Safety City Project(since 2019: The Packaging of individual projects to cope with climate change, total support project to the selected city)
  20. 20. 20 • Enhancing participation of CC adaption agencies • (MoE) Focused on promoting interest and facilitating implementation through strengthening evaluation, feedback and provision of the participation of the civil society & improvement of research conditions of research institutions • (Research Institutes) Build a governance platform between the national govt & regional research institutes- enhance policy development and monitoring and evaluation roles • (Ministries and local govts) Highlight the roles of policy initiating agencies on each CC adaption sectors * extend the implementation monitoring, announcement of vulnerability indicators, etc • (Civil Society) Take part as a major participant in the policy finding/ initiation (including education and PR) evaluation/ feedback process
  21. 21. 21 • The 3rd National Climate Change Adaptation Plan - The climate change risk assessment is being conducted, and the national climate change risk list will be completed this year. - The 3rd National Climate Change Adaptation Plan will be developed in 2020.
  22. 22. Thank You! 22

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