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Header                          No Accident Design for a Safe,Healthy, Sustainable        City                Caption     ...
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers       Action Comics #12, May 1939
The 2011 Dodge Charger: Watch out Metropolis!
Accidents happen.
This is the indicator species of a healthy urban habitat.
Designers have a major role to play in solving the problem.
Is it really still an “accident” when you run someone over intentionally?          intentionally         accident         ...
We weren’t always so blasé about “accidents.”      The Brooklyn Death-o-Meter, 1927.
A 3,000 percent increase in U.S. auto fatalities from 1901 to 1923.                                                    Sou...
Most of the people being killed by cars were pedestrians.                City of Philadelphia, 1928.                      ...
And most of those pedestrian fatalities were children.                                             Source: Peter Norton, “...
City streets weren’t always the sole domain of motor vehicles.   Mulberry Street, Manhattan’s Lower East Side, circa 1900....
“Blood, grief and anger in the American city… a violent revolution.”   Memorial to Child “Accident” Victims. Baltimore, Ma...
1.3 million peopledie each yearas a result of roadtraffic crashes.
1.3 million peopledie each yearas a result of roadtraffic crashes.20 to 50 millionmore people suffernon-fatal injuries.
Traffic crashes arethe leading cause ofdeath among youngpeople, ages 15-29.
Over 90% of fatalities occur in poorercountries though they own less than half ofthe worlds cars.Poor Country             ...
Nearly half of fatalitiesare pedestrians,cyclists andmotorcyclists.
The number of U.S.             soldiers killed in the              Korean war, 1950-2010                1953.33,000U.S. Ro...
A September 11th                   once                 a month.201033,000U.S. RoadFatalities
201033,000U.S. RoadFatalities             A pair of 747’s             crashing each                 week.
2010              A daily death toll33,000        equal to all of theU.S. Road    people in this roomFatalities
The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
“No criminality suspected.”
Crane Topples in Manhattan, Killing at Least 4 People.                   “This is an absolute disgrace. We                ...
My grandparents: Clara and Abe Naparstek
An car is a weapon.
Blaming the victim: The Matthieu Lefevre case.                    Caption
“All we know is what we have read in the papers”         Matthieu’s mother, Erika Lefevre.
Security camera footage.You can just make out Matthieu Lefevre’s bike at the very top left.
The Lefevre case is not unique.                                                  Marilyn DershowitzAileen McKay-Dalton    ...
4-year-old A.J. Nelson: Killed by bad urban design?          Marietta, Georgia, April 10, 2011
The good news: Urban designers are saving lives.30% reduction   in trafficfatalities from 2001 to 2010   in NYC.
The good news: Urban designers are saving lives.            Brooklyn’s Prospect Park West
The good news: Urban designers are saving lives.Before                                     Ninth Avenue                   ...
Sweden’s Vision Zero: We know how to solve this problem.
It’s all about speed.
Conclusion: Save Metropolis. Be a Super Designer.
No Accident: Urban Design & Motor Vehicle Violence
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No Accident: Urban Design & Motor Vehicle Violence

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A presentation by Aaron Naparstek, delivered at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design

If you ever want to kill someone New York or just about any other American city, use a car as your weapon. As long as you are sober, licensed and do not flee the scene of the "accident," it is virtually guaranteed that you will get away with murder. Around the world, 1.3 million people die in road traffic crashes and 20 to 50 million more are injured each year. It is a massive global health crisis that, for the most part, we ignore. Streetsblog founder and Harvard Loeb Fellow Aaron Naparstek discusses emerging new perspectives on motor vehicle violence and the critical role that urban planners, designers, police and public health practitioners must play in solving the problem.

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No Accident: Urban Design & Motor Vehicle Violence

  1. 1. Header No Accident Design for a Safe,Healthy, Sustainable City Caption Aaron Naparstek
  2. 2. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  3. 3. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  4. 4. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  5. 5. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  6. 6. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  7. 7. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  8. 8. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  9. 9. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  10. 10. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  11. 11. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  12. 12. Superman Declares War on Reckless Drivers Action Comics #12, May 1939
  13. 13. The 2011 Dodge Charger: Watch out Metropolis!
  14. 14. Accidents happen.
  15. 15. This is the indicator species of a healthy urban habitat.
  16. 16. Designers have a major role to play in solving the problem.
  17. 17. Is it really still an “accident” when you run someone over intentionally? intentionally accident accident
  18. 18. We weren’t always so blasé about “accidents.” The Brooklyn Death-o-Meter, 1927.
  19. 19. A 3,000 percent increase in U.S. auto fatalities from 1901 to 1923. Source: Peter Norton, “Fighting Traffic.”
  20. 20. Most of the people being killed by cars were pedestrians. City of Philadelphia, 1928. Source: Peter Norton, “Fighting Traffic.”
  21. 21. And most of those pedestrian fatalities were children. Source: Peter Norton, “Fighting Traffic.”
  22. 22. City streets weren’t always the sole domain of motor vehicles. Mulberry Street, Manhattan’s Lower East Side, circa 1900. Source: Library of Congress Photocrom Collection
  23. 23. “Blood, grief and anger in the American city… a violent revolution.” Memorial to Child “Accident” Victims. Baltimore, Maryland, 1922. Source: Peter Norton, “Fighting Traffic.”
  24. 24. 1.3 million peopledie each yearas a result of roadtraffic crashes.
  25. 25. 1.3 million peopledie each yearas a result of roadtraffic crashes.20 to 50 millionmore people suffernon-fatal injuries.
  26. 26. Traffic crashes arethe leading cause ofdeath among youngpeople, ages 15-29.
  27. 27. Over 90% of fatalities occur in poorercountries though they own less than half ofthe worlds cars.Poor Country Rich Country
  28. 28. Nearly half of fatalitiesare pedestrians,cyclists andmotorcyclists.
  29. 29. The number of U.S. soldiers killed in the Korean war, 1950-2010 1953.33,000U.S. RoadFatalities
  30. 30. A September 11th once a month.201033,000U.S. RoadFatalities
  31. 31. 201033,000U.S. RoadFatalities A pair of 747’s crashing each week.
  32. 32. 2010 A daily death toll33,000 equal to all of theU.S. Road people in this roomFatalities
  33. 33. The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
  34. 34. The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
  35. 35. The aftermath of a bike “accident” in New York City.
  36. 36. “No criminality suspected.”
  37. 37. Crane Topples in Manhattan, Killing at Least 4 People. “This is an absolute disgrace. We need better inspection and more resources.” -- Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer.
  38. 38. My grandparents: Clara and Abe Naparstek
  39. 39. An car is a weapon.
  40. 40. Blaming the victim: The Matthieu Lefevre case. Caption
  41. 41. “All we know is what we have read in the papers” Matthieu’s mother, Erika Lefevre.
  42. 42. Security camera footage.You can just make out Matthieu Lefevre’s bike at the very top left.
  43. 43. The Lefevre case is not unique. Marilyn DershowitzAileen McKay-Dalton Michele MatsonMargaret Myers Dashane Santana Stefanos Tsigrimanis Rasha Shamoon
  44. 44. 4-year-old A.J. Nelson: Killed by bad urban design? Marietta, Georgia, April 10, 2011
  45. 45. The good news: Urban designers are saving lives.30% reduction in trafficfatalities from 2001 to 2010 in NYC.
  46. 46. The good news: Urban designers are saving lives. Brooklyn’s Prospect Park West
  47. 47. The good news: Urban designers are saving lives.Before Ninth Avenue redesign: Reduced injuries to all users by 56%After
  48. 48. Sweden’s Vision Zero: We know how to solve this problem.
  49. 49. It’s all about speed.
  50. 50. Conclusion: Save Metropolis. Be a Super Designer.

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