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"Better Streets, Better Cities, Better World." A presentation by Aaron Naparstek

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A presentation by Aaron Naparstek, Providence, Rhode Island, September 19, 2014, "A Better World By Design" conference, Brown University and Rhode Island School of Design.

http://www.abetterworldbydesign.com

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"Better Streets, Better Cities, Better World." A presentation by Aaron Naparstek

  1. 1. Better Streets -> Better Cities -> Better World Aaron Naparstek @Naparstek aaron@naparstek.com A Better World By Design Providence, Rhode Island September 19, 2014
  2. 2. Downtown San Francisco, September 2005.
  3. 3. They called it: Park(ing)
  4. 4. An explosion of urban design innovation was underway "I promise to fight, with all the means at my disposal, against the harmful, ever-increasing and unacceptable hegemony of the automobile." -- Mayor Bertrand Delanoë, 2001
  5. 5. Paris: Le Mobilien bus rapid transit system. Local merchants hanged the mayor in effigy before deciding they loved it.
  6. 6. Paris: The Vélib' bike-sharing system.
  7. 7. Bike-sharing goes viral Washington D.C. Minneapolis London Montreal
  8. 8. London: Make motorists pay a fee to drive into Central London. And use the funds to improve mass transit, biking and walking.
  9. 9. London: Removed motor vehicles from Trafalgar Square Before: After:
  10. 10. London: Car-free holiday shopping day on Oxford and Regent Streets
  11. 11. London: Turning Exhibition Road into a "Shared Space." Before After
  12. 12. Seoul: Urban expressway removal Before After
  13. 13. Bogotá, Colombia: Bus Rapid Transit
  14. 14. Bogotá, Colombia Ciclovia: Car-free streets every Sunday. Essentially transforming the entire city into a park.
  15. 15. Copenhagen: More than forty percent of commuters travel by bicycle.
  16. 16. Copenhagen: Design Innovations for the Biking City http://www.streetfilms.org/journey-around-copenhagens-latest- bicycle-innovations
  17. 17. Meanwhile, back in New York City… "We like traffic, it means economic activity, it means people coming here." -- Mayor Michael Bloomberg, August 2, 2006
  18. 18. Eighty years of car-oriented design, planning and policy $13 billion per year in lost productivity. Source: Partnership for New York City
  19. 19. City streets weren't always just for cars Mulberry Street, Manhattan’s Lower East Side, circa 1900. Source: Library of Congress Photocrom Collection
  20. 20. Streets were once vibrant, mixed-use public spaces Today, kids often have to be driven to their play areas.
  21. 21. Park Avenue was once… Looking north from E. 50th Street circa 1996.
  22. 22. …A Park! Looking north from E. 50th Street circa 1922.
  23. 23. "Erosion of cities by automobiles entails so familiar a series of events that they hardly need describing. The erosion proceeds as a kind of nibbling." -- Jane Jacobs 1913 2005
  24. 24. Design your city for cars and traffic… …You'll get cars and traffic.
  25. 25. Design your city for people and places… …You'll get places filled with people. The Strøget in Copenhagen, Denmark.
  26. 26. Sometimes a good design idea is worth a thousand policy papers.
  27. 27. Our first "Parking Spot Squat" in Brooklyn, 2006
  28. 28. 2006 47 parks 13 cities 3 countries Midtown Manhattan
  29. 29. 2007 200 parks 50 cities 9 countries Athens, Georgia
  30. 30. 2008 600 parks 100 cities 13 countries Indianapolis, Indiana
  31. 31. 2009 700+ parks 140 cities 21 countries Krakow, Poland
  32. 32. 2010 800+ parks 183 cities 30 countries Buenos Aires, Argentina
  33. 33. 2011 1,000 parks 162 cities 35 countries Ahmedabad, India
  34. 34. 2011 Park(ing) Day World Map The on-street metered parking space is now an open platform.
  35. 35. Today is Park(ing) Day!
  36. 36. Park(ing) becomes policy in San Francisco
  37. 37. Parklets and Plazas Today there are more than 40 projects.
  38. 38. New York City launches the Pop-Up Café
  39. 39. Park(ing) becomes official city policy in NYC Fifty seat Pop-Up Cafe in Lower Manhattan's Financial District
  40. 40. Livable Streets are good for business Source: NYC DOT
  41. 41. San Francisco: Pavement-to-Parks http://www.streetfilms.org/people-parklets-and-pavement- to-parks
  42. 42. May 2007: Change comes to New York City. Janette Sadik-Khan takes over NYC DOT.
  43. 43. Parking lot to plaza Before After Pearl Street, DUMBO, Brooklyn
  44. 44. Livable Streets provide substantial bang-for-the-buck. Source: NYC DOT
  45. 45. Dangerous intersection transformed into a public plaza. Ninth Avenue at 14th Street, Manhattan.
  46. 46. Dangerous intersection transformed into a public plaza. Ninth Avenue at 14th Street, Manhattan.
  47. 47. Highway-like avenues transformed into "complete streets." Before After Ninth Avenue, Manhattan redesign: Reduced injuries to all users by 56%
  48. 48. Herald Square, Broadway and 34th Street. Before
  49. 49. Herald Square, Broadway and 34th Street. After
  50. 50. Projects that had been "impossible" for 40 years… Broadway at Times Square, Before
  51. 51. … started happening Broadway at Times Square, After
  52. 52. Car-Free Broadway at Times Square Before
  53. 53. Car-Free Broadway at Times Square After
  54. 54. After the Times Square redesign: Largest increase in ground-floor retail rents in NYC in 2010 21% Increase in ground-floor retail rents in Times Square 4% Citywide average Source: Crain's New York
  55. 55. Summer Streets Giving New Yorkers a taste of more humane streets.
  56. 56. Summer Streets Dumpster swimming pool in front of Grand Central Terminal
  57. 57. A street can be… a yoga studio? Midtown Manhattan street scene, 2012
  58. 58. Livable Streets are also happening in outer borough neighborhoods Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn. "Williamsburg Walks."
  59. 59. Street space reallocated to more efficient modes of transportation Dedicated bus lanes, off-board fare collection, signal priority
  60. 60. New transit-oriented streets are also improving retail sales. Source: NYC DOT
  61. 61. Building a citywide bike network. Protected bike path on Prospect Park West in Brooklyn.
  62. 62. Building a citywide bike network. Protected bike path on Prospect Park West in Brooklyn.
  63. 63. Streets with bike lanes are safer, better for business. Source: NYC DOT
  64. 64. Putting it all together: Complete Streets First Avenue and E. 6th Street, Manhattan.
  65. 65. New York City: Streets Metamorphosis http://www.streetfilms.org/nyc-streets-metamorphosis
  66. 66. New street designs are creating a boom in bicycling. A 4x increase in bike commuting since 2000
  67. 67. Biking is becoming much more mainstream Increasingly viewed as "real" transportation.
  68. 68. Biking is increasingly seen as fashionable, cool, sexy, liberating.
  69. 69. All the cool kids are doing it Leonardo DiCaprio and Blake Lively Tom Brady, Giselle (and kids) Lebron James Beyoncé
  70. 70. "I'm 90-years-old and I ride this thing around everywhere." Streets should be safe and comfortable for people ages 8 to 80.
  71. 71. Families are ditching the minivan. "My sons would rather go on a bike than any other form of transportation.” -- Liev Schreiber Liev Schreiber, Naomi Watts and their Workcycles Fr8 in NYC
  72. 72. It's not just a New York City phenomenon. Streetsblog Network ≈ 450 blogs High-frequency local blogs ≈ 125 Monthly unique visitors > 390,804 Monthly pageviews > 1,375,909
  73. 73. Indianapolis: Bike Lanes and Bioswales https://vimeo.com/66131674
  74. 74. "Tactical Urbanism" is a powerful tool for design innovation
  75. 75. But will I get arrested? Guerilla Wayfinding in Raleigh, North Carolina
  76. 76. Dallas, Texas: Build a Better Block Before After
  77. 77. Dallas: Build a Better Block http://www.streetfilms.org/the-better-block-celebrates- four-years-transforming-communites
  78. 78. The old model… Robert Moses New York City's 20th century master planner
  79. 79. The old model… IBM Mainframe: Today you have this much computing power in your pocket.
  80. 80. A new model for urban design: Lean. Agile. The "Lean Startup" Feedback Loop
  81. 81. Cities are the original social media.
  82. 82. Better Streets -> Better Cities -> Better World Aaron Naparstek @Naparstek aaron@naparstek.com A Better World By Design Providence, Rhode Island September 19, 2014

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