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RUSNANO project


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RUSNANO project

  1. 1. ContentsMaking investments 4Creating financial infrastructure 6How a request becomes a project financed by RUSNANO 8Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs 10Production facility locations 12Solar energy and energy conservation 13Nanostructured materials 20Medicine and biotechnology 34Mechanical engineering and metalwork 41Optoelectronics and nanoelectronics 51Infrastructure projects 68
  2. 2. Having developed its vision for the role the Russian Federation could play in thegrowing global nanotechnology industry, in 2007 the Russian government createdstate corporation Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies to execute its strategiesand to build infrastructure for innovation. In March 2011, for transparency andeffectiveness within the global high-tech investment community, the corporationwas reorganized as open joint-stock company RUSNANO and the non-commercialFund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs.The primary goal of RUSNANO is to commercialize nanotechnology advances throughco-investment in projects with substantial economic potential. The Governmentof the Russian Federation owns 100 percent of the shares in RUSNANO. The Fundfor Infrastructure and Educational Programs is aimed at creating infrastructure forinnovation in the country.The most important objectives in RUSNANO’s work remain unchanged: by 2015 thevalue of nano-enabled products manufactured by companies in which RUSNANOinvests is to reach or exceed 300 billion rubles; the aggregate worth of the entireRussian nanoindustry’s output is to reach 900 billion rubles. State corporation Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies OPEN JOINT-STOCK FUND FOR INFRASTRUCTURE COMPANY RUSNANO AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS Business entity Noncommercial organization Investment projects: Innovative infrastructure: Stimulation Infrastructure projects and programs Selection Foresight, road maps Business structuring Standardization, certification, metrology Cofinancing Education, popularization Implementation Nanotechnology International Forum RUSNANOTECH 3
  3. 3. MakingInvestments In building a business model for its investment modernize existing production. To win approval projects, in investing its own financial resources, for RUSNANO cofinancing, a project must satisfy and in attracting monies from private co-investors the following criteria: to finance projects, RUSNANO has found an • be technically feasible approach that transforms scientific advances with • be economically effective commercial potential into functioning, productive • be related to nanotechnology businesses. • establish production within Russia • have forecasted annual income in five years RUSNANO finances of 250 million rubles or greater projects whose annual income in five years is RUSNANO uses various forms of investment: forecasted at 250 million investment in owner’s equity of the project rubles or greater. company, loans, credit guarantees, and leasing operations. The company co-invests in a broad range of projects—from solar energy and energy conservation to biotechnology and medicine, to electronics and mechanical engineering. It gives priority to projects that will establish new manufacturing facilities or broaden and 4
  4. 4. RUSNANO has developed a unique, multistage Plants with co-investment system for selecting the projects in which it will co-invest. One important component is the from RUSNANO began analysis of how proposed products would fair manufacturing nano-enabled as competitors at home and in international products in 2010. markets. Many of the projects approved by RUSNANO will produce goods at the forefront of global technology. These will have export The first plants with co-investment from potential. RUSNANO began manufacturing nano-enabled products in 2010: • A plant in Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Oblast, beganAnalysis of product producing solid-cast, hard-alloy monolithiccompetitiveness in domestic metal-cutting instruments with nanostructuredand international markets is coatings. There is no other production like it in important consideration in • A plant in St. Petersburg began manufacturingchoosing projects. ultrabright LEDs and LED modules. Lighting systems derived from these LEDs are comparable in brightness to the world’s best Here are examples of our highly competitive models. This is the first plant of its kind in Russia projects manufacturing goods for export: and the largest in the CIS. • Technology for new materials. The VIRIAL metal • A plant in Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, ceramics project uses silicon carbide to obtain began producing precision electrochemical highly durable ceramic composites that are units for manufacturing components of without analogue elsewhere in the world. nanostructured materials. The units can process • In the Microbor project, material is virtually any current-carrying metal and alloy, synthesized from powder containing up to including the hardest of them. The equipment 25 percent nanosized cubic boron nitride. Its surpasses global competitors by exactitude of microhardness is twice that of the best foreign processing, productivity, and surface quality. and domestic rivals, and its abrasion resistance is three- to fourfold greater. • The Connector Optics project produces a RUSNANO USA, Inc. new generation of receiver-transmitters RUSNANO subsidiary RUSNANO USA, Inc. using vertical laser beams for optical represents the interests of the company, communications links. These optical modules its project companies, and the Fund for surpass competitors in maximum modulation Infrastructure and Educational Programs in the frequency, continuous wave, range of working United States and Canada. It promotes, as well, temperature, and breadth of spectral line. Russian nanotechnology products in global In photodetectors, take-up speed, range markets. of working temperature, and operating RUSNANO USA, Inc. seeks projects for technology wavelengths are all superior. transfer to Russia, collaborating with American • RMT’s thermoelectric cooling venture capital and direct investment funds, micromodules for optics and high-technology companies, universities, and microelectronics outstrip similar centers for commercializing technology that are products in the nomenclature of interested in implementing joint projects with its standard microsystem, minimal RUSNANO. overall dimensions, power density, The US subsidiary is building a network of North and meantime between failures. American partners in all areas of the company’s activities, In addition to market viability combining its energies analyses, projects are evaluated with the dynamism for their ability to replace of other Russian imports, transfer technology with institutions for implementation in Russia, and make development— significant social contributions. Skolkovo Foundation and Russian Venture Company. 5
  5. 5. CreatingFinancial Infrastructure RUSNANO participates in founding venture investment fund. All are directed toward entry capital funds that foster the emergence of into global capital markets, gaining access nanotechnology and innovative companies, to innovative foreign developments through promote commercialization and transfer of international partnerships, and drawing on technologies, and encourage a culture of foreign experience to manage and improve innovative entrepreneurship in Russia. infrastructure for innovation. The venture funds take a variety of forms, reflecting the diversity of the companies with which RUSNANO works: small-budget, sector- specific, and international funds. By establishing regional small-budget funds, we expect to impact the evolvement of nanotechnology in the subjects of the Russian Federation and encourage nanotech dispersal across our large country. In the international arena, RUSNANO and international leader Draper Fisher Jurvetson have created an international venture capital fund. There are, as well, the Russian-Kazakh and the Russian-Israeli funds, the EuroTech Transfer fund and RUSNANO Capital—RUSNANOs global 6
  6. 6. Investment funds in nanotechnologyTECHNOLOGY TRANSFER INTERGOVERNMENTAL FUNDSTypical project size: Typical project size:500 million rubles 200 millionto $300 million to 350 million rublesRUSNANO Capital: 32 billion rubles Russian-Kazakh Fund:EuroTech Transfer: 15 billion rubles 3.0 billion rublesDFJ-VTB Aurora: 3.3 billion rubles Russian-Israeli Fund: 3.0 billion rublesSECTOR PROJECTS SMALL-BUDGET PROJECTSTypical project size: Typical project size:300 million 100 millionto 400 million rubles to 250 million rublesNanomet: metallurgy sector fund Skolkovo-Nanotech:3.0 billion rubles 2.0 billion rubles Kama Fund First: 2.0 billion rubles Fund for Small-Budget Projects: 1.98 billion rubles A marketplace for innovation and investment In cooperation with RUSNANO, the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange has created a new exchange sector, MICEX Innovation and Investment Market—a transparent mechanism for attracting investments to the high- technology sector of the Russian economy. Investors may enter the market at any point along the investment chain, from financing the company engaged in innovation in its earliest stages to the period of preparation for an initial public offering. This project with the MICEX serves small and medium-sized high-tech companies that are taking their first steps in capital markets. 7
  7. 7. How a Request Becomesa Project Financed by RUSNANO RUSNANO has developed a multistep process STEPS IN EVALUATING A REQUEST of expert review that enables us to choose A request to RUSNANO for cofinancing will go technically realizable and economically through seven steps: substantiated projects from the hundreds of Step 1. requests we receive each year. The company Request for project review finances projects whose annual earnings in five The applicant must register a private cabinet on years will reach or exceed 250 million rubles. RUSNANO’s official website,, As soon as a project functions independently, after which he will complete the following forms, RUSNANO sells its shares to invest proceeds in which are presented on the site: other projects. • project application BY SUBMITTING AN INQUIRY • applicant’s form FOR PROJECT COFINANCING, • project specifications THE APPLICANT: • scientific and technical feasibility of the project • receives professional expert evaluation of the • business plan with information on key project proposal participants • brings to light new applications for innovative products Step 2. • if successful, establishes a promising business Entry review During this stage, the application is assessed for completeness. The project office notifies the applicant of results of entry review. If it satisfies RUSNANO’s requirements, the application is allocated to one of our investment teams for continuation. If an application is incomplete, the applicant will be invited to make corrections or additions. 8
  8. 8. Step 3. Step 7.Science and technology expert evaluation Project financingThe science and technology expert evaluation Once a project has been approved, participantsascertains whether project content is relevant sign the legally binding documents and theto nanotechnology and assesses the scientific parties proceed to project financing.validity and technical feasibility of the proposal. The term from the moment a request isEach project is evaluated by three to five Russian submitted to the signing of the investmentand foreign experts accredited by RUSNANO agreement is 240 days.for this purpose. Experts work independent of At all stages of project implementation,one another and of the company. If the experts’ RUSNANO controls the expenditure of financialopinions diverge at the conclusion of the resources invested in the project by participatingevaluation, an intramural review is scheduled and in management bodies of the project companynew experts are appointed. and through a treasury mechanism that ensuresStep 4. fulfillment of the budget.Investment evaluationDuring this stage, analysts conduct detailedassessments of the business plan, the marketin which products would have to compete, the Aggregate budgetsproject’s attractiveness to investors. Discussions of the 112 projects approvedare held with potential co-investors in preparation for cofinancing by RUSNANOfor the investment agreement for the project. are 371.1 billion rubles.Step 5. Of this sum, RUSNANO willProject review: Science and Technology Board co-invest 167 billion rubles.The Science and Technology Board, which iscomposed of prominent scientists, studies theconclusions that have been drawn from theearlier evaluations by experts. The board thenissues a recommendation to the Executive Boardand the Board of Directors of RUSNANO on thesuitability of cofinancing the project or suggeststhat the application be declined.Step 6.Project approvalAfter favorable recommendation fromthe Science and Technology Board, theproject goes through the InvestmentCouncil and enters Executive Boardreview. If the proposed co-investmentis between 300 million rubles and 1.3billion rubles and less than one percentof the book value of RUSNANO’s assets, theExecutive Board may decide independently onfinancing. If the proposed co-investment exceeds1.3 billion rubles or is equal to or exceeds onepercent of the book value of RUSNANO’s assets,the project must go to the Board of Directorsfor approval. Likewise, the Board of Directorsapproves participation in small-budget (less than300 million rubles) projects and in all investmentfunds. 9
  9. 9. Fund for Infrastructureand Educational Programs The Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Nanocenters are distinguished for the level of Programs is a noncommercial organization private capital they are able to attract. They offer established during the reorganization of the opportunities for profitable investment thanks to Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies. The the division of each into independent business fund fosters advances in the nanoindustry by units: creating infrastructure, educational programs, • a center for technology transfer and standards and encourages development in • a property asset —building markets for nano-enabled products. • a property asset—equipment The Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs will invest up to 19.6 billion rubles toNanotechnology centers establish 19 nanocenters between 2010 and 2015. Interdisciplinary nanotechnology centers are By May 2011 two tenders had already been held at the heart of infrastructure for growing the for nanocenters and six proposals had been nanoindustry. Nanocenters take on several approved: important functions: • Nanotechnology center Idea, Kazan, Republic of • applied development of nano-enabled Tatarstan products, experimental design and • Multifunctional nanotechnology center Dubna, preproduction technical work for commercial Moscow Oblast customers • Nanotechnology center Nano- and • protection of a company’s intellectual property Microsystem Technology, Zelenograd, Moscow • management and marketing support for small • Multidisciplinary nanotechnology center Sigma, innovative companies Tomsk and Novosibirsk in Siberia • incubation of startups, including packaging of • Nanotechnology center Technopark, Troitsk, small innovative companies Moscow Obast • product testing and certification • Nanotechnology center Ulyanovskiy, Ulyanovsk Oblast 10
  10. 10. Educational programs International forum To continue its growth trajectory, the Russian RUSNANOTECH nanoindustry will need more than 100,000 highly qualified specialists whose knowledge The Nanotechnology International Forum and skill in their areas are coupled with an RUSNANOTECH began in 2008 as an annual interdisciplinary professional perspective. The forum for discussion of the most topical issues fund has already begun meeting this challenge in the nanoindustry, in Russia and worldwide. through educational programs contracted with The forum has become a valued venue for universities and other educational institutions. To scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, investors and date, training has centered on raising professional government leaders engaged in processes of qualifications and retraining, foremost, of innovation. employees of the project companies in which RUSNANO has invested. More than 10,000 people from 75 regions of the Russian Federation and 50 foreign By May 2011 more than 1,300 individuals had countries attended the Third Nanotechnology completed or were in training in 43 educational International Forum in 2010. There were 400 programs of two types: programs with speakers—international experts, scientists, engineering and technology focus and programs and heads of large international and Russian that train managers and entrepreneurs in skills companies. President of the Russian Federation particular to managing in environments of Dmitry Medvedev and 2010 Nobel Prize winners innovation. Konstantin Novoselov and Zhores Alferov The educational programs are taught by spoke during the forum. As in previous years, instructors who have trained at universities in the program included business and science Russia and abroad, and by foreign specialists and technology sections, stand presentations, recognized for contributions to their fields. The and reports from contestants in the Third fund has established joint programs with some of International Competition of Scientific Papers the best universities in the world. in Nanotechnology for Young Researchers. Hundreds of Russian and foreign companies The educational programs of the fund draw presented their advances during the exhibition on leading Russian scientific and educational that accompanied the forum. centers and foreign universities and companies, among them: Stockholm School of Economics The Fourth Nanotechnology International Forum Russia, MIT and Babson College (USA) , Feng Chia RUSNANOTECH will take place on October University (Taiwan), Technical University of 26–28, 2011, at the Expocentre in Berlin (Germany), Kember Associates Moscow. (United Kingdom), Alcatel-Lucent (Ireland), Bell Labs and Skylight Navigation Technology (USA), OMMIC (France), and Optogan’s Dortmund research center (Germany). Concerned that future generations should find work as nanoindustry professionals, in 2010 the fund initiated the RUSNANO School League for students at pre-university levels who are in early stages of professional orientation and for teachers who need methodological support. The project is taking place in 20 schools from 10 regions of the Russian Federation. Together with Moscow State University, the fund conducts the annual all-Russia olympiad Nanotechnology—Breakthrough to the Future! In 2010 nearly 5,500 students from 81 regions of the Russian Federation and 29 foreign countries took part in the contest. 11
  11. 11. Production facility locations Moscow, Khimki, Zelenograd Dubna Khotkovo, Fryazino, Pereslavl-Zalessky Troitsk Vladimir Nyagan Sudogda Izhevsk, Perm Rybinsk Nizhny Novgorod St. Petersburg Kazan Surgut Podolsk Dolgoprudny SerpukhovKarachev Belgorod Usolie-Sibirskoe Kursk, Voronezh Krasnoyarsk Ufa Tomsk Kaluga Almetevsk Novosibirsk, Berdsk Novomoskovsk Tyumen Saransk Stavropol Aramil Novocheboksarsk Volograd Kamensk-Uralsky Nevinnomyssk 12
  12. 12. energy conservation RUSNANOs financing (equity capital and loans) exceeds 35.1Solar energy and billion rubles Aggregate budgets for projects in this area exceed 77.2 billion rubles 13
  13. 13. Cathode material for lithium-ion batteries• Production of nanosized composite cathode material from lithium iron phosphate for use in lithium-ion batteries Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 1,577 million rubles • Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant RUSNANO financing • TVEL-Leasing 785 million rubles Areas of application Competitive advantages • Lithium-ion batteries for electrotransport • Low production costs • Low cost of raw material (carbothermal Project stages reducton of Fe2O3) • Accelerated synthesis • Fewer stages in production process Market share Market share Market share 4% 5% 7% • Improved surface conductivity Market Project Production Design capacity initiation Q2 start up Q3 Q1 • Primary customer—LIOTECH, a project company cofinanced by RUSNANO that produces lithium-ion batteries for electric 2011 2013 2014 2015 vehicles • Manufacturers of lithium-ion batteries Production locations Novosibirsk Creation of 162 new jobs The project will produce nanosized composite cathode material from lithium iron phosphate using a mechanical activation method developed by scientists at the Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. To develop the technology, the scientists drew on the experience of specialists at the Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant. During preparation of the cathode material, a nanosized carbon electroconducting coating will be applied to raise the electron and ion conductivity of the substance—another innovation in the project. 14
  14. 14. Thunder Sky lithium-ion batteriesProject company Li-ion Technologies (LIOTECH)• Russia’s first large-scale manufacturer of new generation lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and power supply systems Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 13,580 million rubles • Thunder Sky Group (China) RUSNANO financing • Sberbank 7,590 million rubles Market share* Russia 60% Competitive advantages worldwide 5% Project stages • High-capacity batteries (600 Ah for electric transport) Exports • Rapid battery charging (70% in 10 minutes) 80% • Safe batteries • Low production costs Sales volume Project Production Design initiation start up capacity 13,114  June Q4 December million rubles annually Market • Producers of electric buses, trucks, and other 2010 2011 2012 2015 electric vehicles • Electric grid systems * Electric vehicle battery market Production location Novosibirsk Creation of 500 new jobs Under a project with Chinese company Thunder Sky, which is also project co-investor, manufacturing facilities will be built in Novosibirsk with four of Thunder Sky’s production lines. Thunder Sky is a leading mass producer of rechargeable batteries for mini- and electrobuses. This will be the first Russian-based enterprise to produce lithium ferro-phosphate batteries used in electric vehicles, primarily buses with electric motors. The batteries have the great advantage of being free of “memory effect” after numerous charge and discharge cycles. When used in public transportation, the batteries guarantee a 350-kilometer energy reserve after one charge. These batteries can be given a quick recharge in only 30 minutes. In the future, new technologies will expand the energy reserve to 600 kilometers after one charge. 15
  15. 15. Solar modules using Oerlikon thin film technologyProject company Hevel• Solar modules based on thin film technology from Oerlikon Solar Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 20,128 million rubles • Renova Group RUSNANO financing 13,525 million rubles Products Competitive advantages • Building-integrated • Low production costs and building-applied photovoltaics • Proprietary science and technology center • Environmentally safe production and exploitation Project stages Market share >85% in Russia • Solar photovoltaic up to 5% Southern Europe power stations Sales volume Project Production initiation start up Design capacity 9,000   Q4 December million rubles annually Production locations 2009 2011 2012 2015 Novocheboksarsk, Chuvash Republic Creation of 300 new jobs This project for large-scale production of solar modules will have capacity of one million solar units per year, an annual output of 130 MW. In its full-cycle solar module manufacturing, the project company will employ state-of-the-art thin film technology—micromorph silicon thin film photovoltaic cells developed by Swiss company Oerlikon Solar, world leader in the solar energy market. The project will stimulate production of allied goods, particularly domestic production of ultrapure industrial gases and special glass. The markets for the solar modules are mainly Italy, Spain, Greece, and Germany. In the long term, the company expects to sell a substantial share STANDARD CELL MICROMORPH TANDEM STRUCTURE CELL of the solar modules in the Russian market. Front glass ZnO front contact a-Si a-Si ZnO back contact μc-Si Reflector Back glass 16
  16. 16. Nano-enabled concentrator solar power unitsProject company Sunny Stream• Production of nanoheterostructured photo converters, highly efficient solar modules, and power plants that incorporate these elements Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 5,430 million rubles Exports • Private co-investor 95% RUSNANO financing 1,290 million rubles Project stages Design capacity Q2 Competetive advantages Project Production Sales volume • Greater efficiency of multi-cascade initiation start up 5,500   photoconverters compared with other solar Q4 Q4 million rubles annually technolologies 2011 2012 2016 Area of application • Solar power generation Concentrator solar power plants in this project employ new-generation cascading solar Production locations elements based on nano-heterostructures that photoelectrically convert concentrated light, St. Petersburg, Stavropol Fresnel lenses that provide up to 900-fold solar power concentration, and high-precision sun- tracking systems. In these concentrator photovoltaic modules, direct solar radiation falling on the surface of a Fresnel lens (e.g., 50 mm x 50 mm) is focused on a SOLAR INSTALLATIONS USING NANOTECHNOLOGY highly efficient cascade solar cell of less than four Photoelectrical Nanoheterostructual square millimeters. Specially designed naturally modules semiconductor cooling heat sinks protect the solar modules from Section (2 lenses) Structure of cascade overheating. of concentrator module photoconverter optimized for The cascade solar photo elements that are comprising 144 Fresnel use with 1000x solar radiation mini-lenses and cascade concentrations; efficiency factor to be used in tandem with the concentrators photoconverters of 33% to 45%. will be produced with a chemical vapor deposition method which has been modified to accommodate different semiconductor materials Ag/Au contact n-GaAs on a germanium substrate. Front sheet of silicate ARS InGaP – top element 1.86 eV glass The project will establish Silicon Fresnel lense n-AlInP opening Tunnel junction full-cycle production: grow n-InGaP emitter (20 nm) Solar element p-InGaP base nanoheterostructures, (cascade p-AlInP BSF GaAs – middle p-AlGaAs/n-InGaP produce chips, assemble photoconverter) n-InGaP opening element 1.40 eV Back sheet n-GaAs emitter modules, produce sun-tracking of silicate glass p-GaAs base Tunnel junction systems, and assemble solar Top bus p-InGaP BSF p-GaAs/n-GaAs (20 nm) Copper base photovoltaic units. (heat remover) n-GaAs n-InGaP Buffer layers Production volume for the units n-Ge emitter has been targeted at about Channel for silica gel p-Ge base Ge- bottom Ag/Au contact element 0.65 eV 75 MW per year. 17
  17. 17. Nanoheterostructured LEDs and energy-savingLED lightingProject company Optogan• Development and production of ultrabright nanoheterostructured LEDs• Production of lighting devices based in such LEDs Total budget Project participants 4,643 million rubles • RUSNANO RUSNANO financing • RIK 2,282 million rubles • ONEXIM Group and Optogan founders Competitive advantages The project has established high-technology • Proprietary patented technology for the industrial production of lighting systems based production of LEDs with efficiency exceeding on gallium nitride semiconductor chips. Light- • Vertically integrated production emitting diodes, LEDs, are semiconducting units • Competitive prices that emit light when electric current passes through them. They have neither glass bulbs nor filaments, making them mechanically stable Areas of application and reliable; with neither heat emission nor • Industrial and home lighting high voltage, the lights are electrically and fire • Backlighting in mobile devices, laptops, and TVs safe. Their super-small size and built-in light • Car lighting distribution promote flat, compact, easy-to- install lighting devices. Production locations The company produces LED chips and lamps St. Petersburg as well as lighting systems comparable in Creation of 1,350 new jobs brightness to the best LEDs in the world. By using technology with record-low defects in semiconductor layers, these devices work Project stages Sales volume with high-density current without losing 14,500  million rubles effectiveness, yielding a high ratio of brightness annually to price for LED chips. Project Production Design Energy savings The unique chip production technology initiation start up capacity 10,000  July Q4 Q4 was developed by the founders of the million rubles German-Finnish company OptoGaN, Maxim Odnoblyudov and Vladislav Bougrov—once 2009 2010 2011 2015 students of Nobel Prize winner and Russian Academy of Sciences member Zhores Alferov. By creating this new business, these scientists LIGHT-EMITTING STRUCTURE OF LED CHIP DIODE bring to Russia one of the most promising Semitransparent developments made by Russian scientists in p-contact recent years. p-GaN layer Lighting based on semiconductor Nanoheterostructures active layer nanoheterostructures has already begun to replace incandescent, fluorescent, and other n-GaN layer traditional light sources. Using LEDs will reduce Substrate significantly electric power consumption and costs for electric energy and exploitation of lighting systems. 18
  18. 18. Polysilicon and monosilane productionProject company Usolie-Sibirsky Silicon• Russia’s first large-scale manufacturing of polysilicon and monosilane— 5,000 tons and 200 tons, respectively Project participants NITOL companies Usolie-Sibirsky Silicon and Usoliekhimprom in Usolie-Sibirskoe, Irkutsk • RUSNANO Oblast, are setting up high-tech complexes where • NITOL Group they will manufacture polycrystalline silicon and • Sberbank monosilane. • Eurasian Development Bank Polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon) is the basic semiconductor material used in modern Project stages Design capacity microelectronics, electric power, solar energy, polysilicon production and micromechanics. More than 80 percent of production of the world’s solar cells is based on Sales volume polysilicon. Five countries provide most of the Project Production Design capacity initiation start up monosilane 12,891 polysilicon production: the United States, Japan, Q2 Q2 production million rubles annually Germany, Italy, and China. Monosilane is used widely in microelectronics 2009 2010 2012 2015 and, increasingly, in photovoltaics for thin film solar modules. The new plants in Irkutsk Oblast will produce Areas of application raw materials for further development of Russian • Solar power generation microelectronics. They are a meaningful step • Microelectronics toward forming a new industry in Russia— solar energy engineering. Production location Usolie-Sibirskoye, Irkutsk Oblast Сompetitive advantages: Creation of 1,000 new jobs • Project implementation at integrated industrial complexes in proximity to deposits of metallurgical grade silicon • Previous experience of the NITOL Group in successfully implementing integrated projects in the chemical industry • Proprietary production of trichlorosilane—the main raw material for polysilicon production 19
  19. 19. RUSNANOs financing (equity capital and loans) exceeds 18.6 billion rubles Aggregate budgets for projects in this area exceed 42.4 billion rublesNanostructuredmaterials 20
  20. 20. Nanomodified PET fiberProject company VLADPOLYTEX• Production of nonwoven materials of noncombustible PET fiber modified with a crazing technology Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 899 million rubles • TEMBR-BANK RUSNANO financing • Kurchatov Institute • Chemistry Department, 102 million rubles Moscow State University Competitive advantages Areas of application • Non-combustible • Environmentally sound • Thermal insulation for dwellings • Non-hazardous to health and commercial buildings • Service life exceeding 50 years • Manufacturing of automobiles and railway cars • Furniture making Production locations Market Sudogda, Vladimir Oblast Creation of 120 new jobs • Construction companies • Furniture manufacturers Russia’s burgeoning construction industry Social impact by 2015 needs new thermal insulation solutions. Thermal insulating materials based on PET fiber • Improvement in the environment through address many current concerns: they are non- recycling of PET products (bottles, packages, etc.) combustible, environmentally safe, have long that are now mostly burned, releasing poisonous service lives, and reduce energy use. (Properly substances and greenhouse gases into the insulated dwelling facades require 30% less atmosphere energy for heating.) The materials are simple to use—may be cut with ease, taped, or stapled. Project stages They are biological and bacterially stable. The Domestic materials do not rot, crumble, or mold; they are Project initiation market impervious to rodents and insects. The products October 1.3% in which the fibers are used are recyclable, and that will give further impetus to the secondary Domestic Domestic Domestic Production Design market market market PET market. start up capacity October December 1.6% 2.9% 3.2% 2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 21
  21. 21. Nanostructured ultradurable cable with highelectrical conductivityProject company NANOELECTRO• Production of electrical cable with unique characteristics derived from nanotechnology Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 1,020 million rubles • Joint-stock company VNIINM RUSNANO financing Areas of application 450 million rubles • Aircraft engineering • Shipbuilding Competitive advantages • Electronics • High-speed rail • Combination of sturdiness and electrical conductivity Project stages • Proprietary production technology Products Market share 0.14% • Wound cable with rectangular intersection for high power impulse magnets and magnet- Production Market share pulse inductors start up October 6.3% • Compositional contact cables for high speed railway transport • Wire and cable of greater reliability for aviation Project Market share Market share Design Market share and space equipment, fleet, and defense initiation March 1.6% 4.2% capacity December 6.5% industry • Particularly durable microcable for electronics, mini-electric motors, and highly flexible cable 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Production locations Moscow Creation of 75 new jobs The project company will produce ultradurable, highly conductive, nanostructured electrical cable. Niobic nanowire of ten-nanometer thickness in the cable lends particular durability, while the electrical conductivity of the copper- niobic conductor is only slightly below that of pure copper conductors. Products will be used in powerful impulse magnets and magnetic- pulse inductors in industry, in contact cable for high-speed rail, aircraft and space equipment, shipbuilding, electronics, and in other applications where particularly durable cable is required. 22
  22. 22. Colloidal quantum dotsProject company Nanotech-Dubna• Production of quantum dots obtained with colloidal synthesis Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 71.5 million rubles • Nanotech-Dubna RUSNANO financing • Scientific Research Institute for Applied 35 million rubles Acoustics Competitive advantages Areas of application • Flexibly variable fluorescent spectrum • LEDs • High photostability • Labelling • Low cost • Medicine • Solar batteries Production locations • Future use in flexible electronics Dubna, Moscow Oblast and optoelectronic devices Creation of 20 new jobs Market • LED producers • Producers of biomedical markers Project Production stages start up • Electronics manufacturers Q2 Project Market Design share STRUCTURE OF COLLOIDAL QUANTUM DOTS initiation capacity Quantum dots—semiconducting crystals with sizes ranging Q1 10%  from one nm to ten nm. The size of the nanoparticles provides the capabilities that distinguish the crystals from volume semiconductors. 2011 2014 2015 Quantum dots produced under this project will be in demand, foremost, by producers of white LEDs, Core — CdSe, CdS as quantum dots reduce the product’s cost and increase brightness of the lights. They may be used Shell — ZnS, CdS, ZnSe in future medical applications, including oncologic Amphiphilic surface treatment. Colloidal quantum dots are nanosized semiconducting crystal with florescent properties, which, because of their small size, also exhibit quantum properties that are characteristic of individual molecules and not inherent to macroscopic semiconductors. Absorbing radiant energy in the broadband, they emit a narrow spectrum of light waves whose length depends upon the size of the particle. Quantum dots from one material but of different sizes glow with different colors. In comparison with traditional florescent materials, the quantum dots possess greater photostability, and their color does not deteriorate over several years. 23
  23. 23. Flame retardant of nanostructured magnesiumhydroxide with modified surfaceProject company NikoMag• Production of nanostructured magnesium hydroxide (fire-retardant additive) Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 3,083 million rubles • NIKOCHEM Group RUSNANO financing Areas of application 1,280 million rubles • Nuclear energy Competitive advantages • Defense and rocket equipment • Lower combustibility of polymer materials • Residential buildings • Considerable reduction in loss from fires • Transportation • Advanced production method • Less danger for people and pets when fires occur Exports Production locations Project stages 70% Volgograd Creation of 150 new jobs Design capacity Q3 Russia will soon be able to rely on its own Sales production of halogen-free flame retardants Project initiation Production start up 2,491   (fireproofing and smoke suppressant additives) of million rubles annually nanostructured magnesium hydroxide. Ministry of Civil Defence, Emergencies and Disaster 2010 2013 2015 Relief of the Russian Federation reports that fires in the country cause damages of 12 billion rubles annually. It is imperative to reduce the flammability of products and lower smoke and poisonous gases from polymers used in construction, electronics, and many other industries. Flame retardants will decrease mortality, as most deaths during fires are caused by poisoning from toxic combustion. To date, Russia has not had its own production of high-quality flame retardants. The entire amount of aluminum trihydrate and magnesium hydroxide—5,000 tons to 6,000 tons—is imported. A portion of the goods produced will be sold as exports and are expected to garner a strong position in the market for halogen-free flame retardants. Other magnesium-base chemicals will also be produced: ultrapure magnesium oxide for steel transformers and industrial rubber goods and magnesium chloride for oil and gas production, building materials manufacturing, and ice formation remediation. 24
  24. 24. High-barrier polymer film for flexible packagingProject company DANAFLEX-NANO• High-barrier polymer films and flexible packaging materials Project participants Total budget • RUSNANO 2,450 million rubles • DANAFLEX RUSNANO financing Areas of application 1,200 million rubles Packaging: Competitive advantages • Food products • Household cleaning products • Reduces preservatives in foodstuff • Cosmetics • Extends product shelf life • Food for animals • Lowers cost and weight of packaging • Reduces production cycle to 1/7th Production locations of traditional methods • Environmentally sound materials Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan replace damaging ones Creation of 500 new jobs Flexible packaging is lightweight, safer for the Exports consumer, uses less energy to produce, and to 20% requires less space during transportation and warehousing in comparison with traditional Market share Project stages in Russia packaging materials like metal and glass. 9.9% Barrier properties of the film prevent penetration Sales volume of moisture, oil, fat, petroleum products, most Project initiation Production start up Design capacity 4,230   household chemicals, gases, microbes, and UV million rubles annually radiation, maintaining the product’s quality. Flexible packaging is usually produced from 2009 2010 2013 2015 polymer film, aluminum foil, and paper, which are used separately or combined. The main products in this segment are thin-layer polymers (monofilms) or compounds for multilayer structures containing plastics, cellulose (paper or HIGH-BARRIER PACKAGING MATERIALS cardboard), or thin layers of aluminum. Polymer films containing nanocomposites (in particular, silicon The new project company will manufacture nanoclay) that improve barrier characteristics of packaging high-barrier polymer film and flexible packaging materials based on the film. This material is designed mainly for packaging of food, household chemicals, cosmetics, and pet food. High-barrier flexible film is heat resistant, making it possible to process contents in hot or cold temperature regimes and to heat products in microwave ovens without unwrapping them. Because of its barrier characteristics, preservatives can be significantly Al Si O H reduced and shelf life extended for products packed with this film. Gas permeation, primarily Nanoclay monolayer Flexible high-barrier film is being introduced in oxygen, blocked inside the film structure by composite layer structure many industries worldwide, but Russia has not had domestic production to date. 25