Unit 1 News Basics


Published on

Mrs. P.J. Middle School Keynote Presentation (Incomplete)

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 1 News Basics

  1. 1. NEWS BASICS Unit One Tuesday, September 3, 13
  2. 2. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT THE NEWS? Unit 1: 1 News Qualities Tuesday, September 3, 13
  3. 3. News Is... ★ clear ★ easy to understand ★ concise ★ to the point ★ relevant ★ what is happening in the world TODAY. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  4. 4. What makes news... news? ★News is written in ACTIVE voice ★Active voice uses the structure of Subject-Verb- Object ★Subject always comes before the verb and object Tuesday, September 3, 13
  5. 5. What is unique about the news? ★News is written in ACTIVE voice ★The opposite of active voice is passive voice ★In passive voice, the subject is last in the sentence ★The person, place, or thing (noun) who performed the action is placed at the end of a sentence as if he received the action rather than caused it. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  6. 6. Active Voice ★ACTIVE Example: The businessman (subject) hit (verb) the envelope (object) ★PASSIVE: The envelope (object) was hit (verb) by the businessman (subject) Tuesday, September 3, 13
  7. 7. News is about facts The SOURCE of the facts is always identified ★Identifying the source is called attribution ★Reporters find and identify authentic sources Tuesday, September 3, 13
  8. 8. Opinion Opinion in a news story: ★ Never that of the reporter ★ Clearly attributed to a person involved in the event Example: John Smith, 43,1234 Oak Lane,Clarksville, said, “The accident was one of the worst I have ever seen in my life.” Tuesday, September 3, 13
  9. 9. Objective ★It is OBJECTIVE ★All sides of an issue are equally presented ★The reporter takes great care to present all sides of an issue without favoring one or the other Tuesday, September 3, 13
  10. 10. Writing News ★News is written in THIRD person ★Never uses “I, me, or my” (FIRST person) ★Never uses “you” (SECOND person) ★Uses names of sources and avoids the use of pronouns Tuesday, September 3, 13
  11. 11. Third Person vs. First/Second Person ★Correct: Third Person ★Assistant Principal John Garza estimated that about 50 students attended the fall dance. The school gym capacity is 1500. Marcella Johnson said “the music is boring and that is why no one came.” ★ Incorrect: First or Second Person I don’t think there were more than 50 students at the fall dance. You could have easily found a place to sit and “enjoy” the boring music. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  12. 12. NEWS ELEMENTS Unit 1: 2 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  13. 13. News Elements ★ The news elements are used to determine if an activity or event is newsworthy. ★ Is this event valuable enough to get space in our newspaper or on our broadcast? Tuesday, September 3, 13
  14. 14. Proximity ★Events that happen in the same place or location as the news organization are more valuable to the people who live there ★LOCAL news/events Tuesday, September 3, 13
  15. 15. Prominence ★Events that involve very important people have more news value ★Celebrities, elected officials, millionaires ★People who are famous Tuesday, September 3, 13
  16. 16. Timeliness ★Events that are happening NOW are far more interesting than those that happened a long time ago ★The attention span of the public is very short Tuesday, September 3, 13
  17. 17. Consequence ★How MANY people will be interested in this story? ★The greater NUMBER of people affected or involved, the greater the value of the story Tuesday, September 3, 13
  18. 18. Human Interest ★Stories that evoke strong reactions or feelings ★Stories of human triumph and tragedy ★Stories that lift our spirits ★Stories that bring us to the depths of human feelings Tuesday, September 3, 13
  19. 19. Strong News Stories Will Have ★Several of the news elements ★Many news elements (especially front page or lead broadcast stories) ★(News elements help editors make decisions) Tuesday, September 3, 13
  20. 20. The News Questions ★The 5 W’s and the H ★Must be answered in every news story ★WHO ★WHAT ★WHEN ★WHERE Tuesday, September 3, 13
  21. 21. The news questions ★The reporter should get the answers to these questions first: ★Who was involved? ★Full name spelled correctly ★What happened? ★When did it happen or when will it happen? Tuesday, September 3, 13
  22. 22. The News Questions ★The reporter should get answers from those in the event. ★Where? Get the exact address ★Why? Retrieved from witnesses ★How? Provide quotes from several viewpoints. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  23. 23. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT THE NEWS? Unit 1: 3 Copy Editing Tuesday, September 3, 13
  24. 24. News Style ★News must be written in a consistent style ★Stylebooks provide guidelines for news writers and editors ★The Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual is the most common Tuesday, September 3, 13
  25. 25. Copy Editing ★Copy - The word used in journalism for printed words ★Stories ★Captions ★Sidebar information Tuesday, September 3, 13