The Greening of Reusable Textiles


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The American Reusable Textile Association shares how the textile service industry can further green its operations and promote the environmental benefits of its service and products — providing reusable textiles to the heatlhcare, hospitality and manufacturing industries.

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The Greening of Reusable Textiles

  1. 1. The “Greening” of Reusables and How to Leverage Green in Your Marketing American Reusable Textile Association <ul><li>Presented by ARTA Officers and Directors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steve Tinker, Gurtler Industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brad Bushman, Standard Textile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike Dineen, Pellerin Milnor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brendan O’Neill, London Hospital Linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ed McCauley, United Hospital Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Howard Zins, Howard Zins & Associates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nancy Jenkins, ARTA </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Situation <ul><li>Marketing always a challenge for the industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile maintenance industry unknown to most </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current focus on Green provides unique opportunity — we are already Green! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers are now more receptive to Green message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We can market our Greenness and create greater awareness and appreciation for reusable textiles </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Challenge <ul><li>How do we maximize the Green efficiencies of our operations and, in doing so, </li></ul><ul><li>How do we leverage Green in our marketing? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our Goals Today: <ul><li>Outline ways to maximize the Greenness of your operations in key areas </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Green messages to leverage in your marketing outreach </li></ul>
  5. 5. Overview of Key Areas <ul><li>Chemicals — Steve Tinker </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles — Brad Bushman </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery — Mike Dineen </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Operations — Ed McCauley and Brendan O’Neill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fleet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government Regulations Ref Marketing — Howard Zins </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Foundation for Today’s Talk ETSA study demonstrates that reusables are more Green than disposables
  7. 7. Environmental Studies – Life Cycles <ul><li>Analysis of total environmental impact of reusables vs. disposables. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes water, energy and chemical impact of laundering . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Life Cycle Comparison* <ul><li>Reusable -Polyester/FC </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 8.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 11.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 1.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable - Pulp/PET/FC </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 30.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 43.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 13.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.8 </li></ul>*Life Cycle Assessment of Surgical Gowns, Anders Schmidt, Ph.D, dk-TEKNIK Energy & Environment, April, 2000
  9. 9. Life Cycle Comparison* <ul><li>Reusable –Polyester/Laminate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 13.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 17.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable – Pulp/PE/PES/Laminate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 31.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 22.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 13.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.8 </li></ul>* Life Cycle Assessment of Surgical Gowns, Anders Schmidt, Ph.D, dk-TEKNIK Energy & Environment, April, 2000
  10. 10. Green Chemistry How to Green up your chemicals By Steven J. Tinker Vice President Research & Development Gurtler Industries
  11. 11. Laundry Chemistry Chemistry affects all aspects of the laundering process…
  12. 13. Chemical Environmental Issues <ul><li>Surfactants – Biodegradability </li></ul><ul><li>Phosphates – Eutrophication </li></ul><ul><li>Solvents – Biodegradable/Renewable </li></ul><ul><li>Bleaches – Chlorinated organics in wastewater </li></ul><ul><li>Water and Energy Usage – How chemicals can affect </li></ul>
  13. 14. Surfactants <ul><li>APE Surfactants </li></ul><ul><li>Alkyl Phenol Ethoxylates or Nonyl Phenol Ethoxylates (NPEs) </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly biodegradable </li></ul><ul><li>Some products of biodegradation have been suspected of harming aquatic life. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Surfactants <ul><li>APE Surfactants </li></ul><ul><li>Europe has eliminated APEs. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is phasing out APEs by 90% by 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>US EPA has set up a voluntary program: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SDSI: Safer Detergent Stewardship Initiative </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Surfactants <ul><li>APE Surfactants </li></ul><ul><li>USA: State and Community initiatives to ban APEs are gaining political acceptance. </li></ul><ul><li>USA: Sierra Club and UNITE Here (textile/laundry workers union) are promoting environmental pressure to change. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Surfactants <ul><li>APE Surfactants </li></ul><ul><li>Most consumer laundry detergent manufacturers have already eliminated APEs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Industrial Laundry Chemical manufacturers have non-APE detergent formulations available. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Surfactants <ul><li>APE Surfactants </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Replacing APEs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most replacements are 10-20% more costly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APEs work very well on oily soils – so additional detergent or additives may be required to achieve equivalent quality in the laundry with non-APEs. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Biodegradable Surfactants <ul><li>SDSI - Safer Detergent Stewardship Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of detergents that are not completely biodegradable. </li></ul><ul><li>Detergent formulators have alternative formulas available now. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry conversion has begun, and will progress over the next few years. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Phosphates Phosphates cause premature eutrophication of lakes…
  20. 21. Phosphates <ul><li>Phosphates in laundry products: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequester water hardness ions, preventing them form interfering with detergent action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspend soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance detergent efficacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Since the early 1970s “P” has been regulated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States developed limits and bans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No national standard </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Phosphates <ul><li>Laundry chemical manufacturers have limited phosphate and non-phosphate formulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic polymers have good performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA: Avoid NTA and EDTA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Research is continuing, as “green” issues intensify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable and biodegradable alternatives are available </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Solvents Hydrocarbon solvents do not biodegrade, plus can pollute air…
  23. 24. Solvents <ul><li>Traditional solvents include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Odorless mineral spirits – aliphatic hydrocarbons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyclical hydrocarbons – more aggressive, more odiferous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D-Limonene – extracted from oranges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Butyl Cellosolve” solvent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All have negative environmental or health issues. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Solvents <ul><li>Safer solvents currently available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DPM: More environmentally friendly, according to EPA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New research on “renewable” solvents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Derived from plant sources, not petroleum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soy and corn-based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodegradability is a plus </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Chlorine Bleach <ul><li>Chlorine reacts with organics in wastewater – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates organo-carbons/chloroform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer-causing agents </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Chlorine Substitutes <ul><li>Oxygen Bleaches – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen peroxide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as effective as a sanitizer or stain remover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires hot (>170°F) water for greatest effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not react with Chlorhexidene gluconate (Hibiclens) </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Chlorine Substitutes <ul><li>“ Activated” Oxygen Bleaches – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peracetic Acid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective at lower temperatures (120-140°F) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More effective sanitizer than peroxide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high cost impact </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Water and Energy Considerations <ul><li>Water and energy conservation and reuse requires special considerations for chemical usage. </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse of water can cause chemical imbalances. </li></ul><ul><li>Soils loads will be higher, calling for more effective rinsing. </li></ul><ul><li>Water reuse can cause a build-up of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids). </li></ul>
  29. 30. Water and Energy Considerations <ul><li>Water Reuse – Chemical Considerations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutral and low alkaline detergents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved soil suspension agents and additives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of water conditioners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reuse of water allows for reuse of chemicals. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebalance chemical usage </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Low Temperature Washing <ul><li>Published reports by TRSA (Textile Rental Service Association) and AAMI indicate that a well designed wash formula will provide &quot;hygienically clean&quot; textiles, even at lower wash temperatures. </li></ul><ul><li>CDC: “Studies have shown that a satisfactory reduction of microbial contamination can be achieved at water temperatures lower than 160°F if laundry chemicals suitable for low-temperature washing are used at proper concentrations .” </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. Low Temperature Washing <ul><li>Veteran’s Administration sponsored a research study that investigated the effect of low temperature and chemical oxidation on the “hygienically clean” aspects of the laundering process used in their laundry facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>This study is entitled “Killing of Fabric- Associated Bacteria in Hospital Laundry by Low Temperature Washing” (Blaser, et al., Journal of Infectious Diseases , Vol. 149, No. 1, Jan. 1984, 48-57). </li></ul><ul><li>The article concluded that there was sufficient reduction of pathogenic bacteria, even in low temperature washing (22ºC, 72ºF). </li></ul><ul><li>It also noted that even with the elimination of chlorine bleach , adequate reduction in pathogens was observed when compared to traditional high temperature (71ºC, 160ºF) washing processes. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Laundry ESP <ul><li>Industry initiative – </li></ul><ul><li>partnered with EPA </li></ul><ul><li>Over a ten year period: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced carbon footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15% reduction of CO 2 emissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced pollutants discharged to waste stream by 43% </li></ul></ul>
  33. 34. Green Textiles Consider Green in textile manufacturing and selection By Brad Bushman Vice President Research & Development Standard Textile
  34. 35. The Greening of Reusables: Textile Manufacturing <ul><li>Textile manufacturers are building upon the historic environmental and cost per use benefits they offer in their reusable products. Areas of strategic focus include: </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Product Design and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Use – Thinking Out of the Box </li></ul>
  35. 36. Manufacturing Operations <ul><li>Though many of the activities of the textile manufacturing industry may go unnoticed by the average consumer, these actions are none the less important to cost containment and overall environmental Stewardship. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Energy Use </li></ul><ul><li>Water Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Reclamation </li></ul><ul><li>Handling and Packaging </li></ul>
  36. 37. <ul><li>Alternative Energy Options: </li></ul><ul><li>— Cogeneration (combined heat and power, CHP) </li></ul><ul><li>— Hydroelectric </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental impact from conversion to hydroelectric power at healthcare blanket and towel manufacturing facility: </li></ul>Alternative Energy 18,805,000 pounds of carbon dioxide and 33,750,000 grams of sulfur dioxide which would be created by an equivalent amount of conventional power generation are avoided.
  37. 38. <ul><li>Union Carolina Healthcare and Hospitality Finishing Facility for flat goods – sheets, pillowcases, top covers, etc. Nearly $1,000,000 was invested to upgrade wastewater treatment facility to provide the following benefits. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,200,000 gallons of sludge converted to agricultural fertilizer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>200,000 pounds annually of suspended solids removed from waste stream </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>490,000 pounds annually of organic pollutants removed from waste stream </li></ul></ul></ul>Water Reuse
  38. 39. Waste Reduction <ul><li>Maximizing fabric utilization (cut waste) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing markers to utilize as much of the fabric spread on the cutting table as possible. Cut waste percentages should be monitored and efforts should be made to ensure 95% or more of the fabric is utilized. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Recycling waste fiber </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Waste fiber/fabric created by selvage trimming, cut and sew, and miscellaneous manufacturing operations should be recycled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,898,260 pounds of landfill waste can be avoided each year from a typical cut and sew operation. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Handling <ul><li>Pallets used for yarn transport should be reusable </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pallets used for shipment of yarn cones should be returned and reused for subsequent shipments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,371,300 pounds of landfill waste can be avoided each year by the average mill. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Yarn cones should be reusable </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yarn cones can be returned and reused by spinning operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,008,780 pounds of landfill waste can be avoided each year by the average mill. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>Customer should specify the use of recycled corrugate. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, it is estimated that over 20% of shipping corrugate used is comprised of recycled fiber </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,710,224 pounds of recycled fiber utilized each year in U.S. alone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>26.91% less corrugate by weight used in the packaging of terry products vs. historic industry standard </li></ul></ul></ul>Packaging
  41. 42. Product Design and Development <ul><li>Enhancing Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficient Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Room-Ready Products </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Recycled Fibers </li></ul>
  42. 43. Product Durability <ul><li>Products can be made that last longer </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger products = Longer product life </li></ul><ul><li>Precise Control of Yarn Spinning </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long staple fibers, carding and amount of twist can impact the strength and durability of a finished product. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A plain weave (1:1) is generally the most durable construction as compared with double pick yarns, twill weaves or knitted products. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Selective Use of Synthetic Yarns </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terry Products can be designed to be 40%-70% higher in tensile strength </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sheeting Products can be designed to be as much as 100% higher in tensile strength </li></ul></ul></ul>
  43. 44. Energy Efficient Textiles <ul><li>Selective use of synthetic fibers that can increase product strength and decrease drying times/energy consumption. </li></ul>
  44. 45. Energy Efficiency (Spreads) Synthetic spread/blanket dries 50% faster Synthetic spread/blanket is 82% stronger
  45. 46. Room Ready Products <ul><li>Sheets and Towels can be made “Room Ready” </li></ul><ul><li>Cost can be avoided at the laundry if the supplier can provide a product that is ready to use right out of the box. </li></ul>
  46. 47. Recycled Fibers <ul><li>Products made with recycled materials are becoming better and more available </li></ul>
  47. 48. Chemical Use – Thinking Out of the Box <ul><li>On site generation of chemicals required to “finish” fabrics can provide enhanced quality, reduced costs and an environmentally beneficial process. The same electrochemical process that is used to produce industrial alkalis and bleaches, is available for textile finishing and laundering operations. </li></ul>
  48. 49. PDD: Energy Efficiency <ul><li>Two paths to savings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Process same quantity of product more quickly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less machine run time (and/or increased capacity) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Process at lower temperatures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced thermal damage to textiles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Both methods reduce energy consumption and associated energy/processing cost. </li></ul>
  49. 50. End of Life Disposition <ul><li>Single-use products become medical waste and are incinerated or put in landfills. </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable products – after 75-100 cycles of use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Items are “downgraded” for use in non-critical areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Items are donated for use in other countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Textile recycling: Polyester textiles are now being recycled and used to produce new polyester fibers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When all of the use-life is completed some textiles end up in landfills. </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. Maximize the Green in Your Machines Considerations in purchasing equipment and maximizing Green of existing equipment By Mike Dineen Vice President Sales Pellerin Milnor
  51. 52. Information Is Key <ul><li>Cannot make any GREEN decisions if you do not know the facts </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of management systems include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DataFusion™ Protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHILinc™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JENVIEW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PulseNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NETLink Control Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MilData ® and MilMetrix™ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washnet ® </li></ul></ul>
  52. 53. Information Is Key <ul><li>Information helps you measure against a baseline </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on top of government regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New administration WILL result in changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TRSA’s LaundryESP ® (Laundry Environmental Stewardship Program) </li></ul>
  53. 54. What is LaundryESP ® <ul><li>Cost-effective, flexible program designed to raise environmental performance </li></ul><ul><li>Allows large and small companies to choose from a variety of initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing these initiatives will result in more efficient operations </li></ul><ul><li>See the TRSA booth for more details. </li></ul>
  54. 55. Preventative Maintenance <ul><li>One of the cheapest ways to get GREEN </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain the equipment you already have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaskets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steam leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ducting leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine tune wash, dryer formulas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine tune ironer temperatures and speeds </li></ul></ul>
  55. 56. Power <ul><li>Most new equipment today uses inverters to reduce power consumption </li></ul><ul><li>NEMA Premium Motors will eventually become the norm </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery sequencers to keep machines from “starting up” simultaneously — reduces peak demand </li></ul>
  56. 57. Water Reduction <ul><li>Saving water also saves energy (to heat water) </li></ul><ul><li>New technology to eliminate a rinse step </li></ul><ul><li>Individual machine water reuse systems </li></ul><ul><li>Tunnel systems to replace banks of washers </li></ul><ul><li>Options such as press water surge tanks to reduce water consumption of tunnel systems </li></ul>
  57. 58. Water Recovery/Reuse <ul><li>Investment involves: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trenches and piping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse inlet valve on washers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reprogramming wash formulas </li></ul></ul>
  58. 59. Heat Usage and Recovery <ul><li>Dryer seals to channel energy through goods </li></ul><ul><li>Low BTU/lbs of water removed </li></ul><ul><li>Low NOx burners </li></ul><ul><li>Heat exchangers for use with discharged water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shell and tube and plate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coaxial ducting on dryers </li></ul><ul><li>Stack economizers on boilers </li></ul>
  59. 60. Solid Wastes <ul><li>City sewer systems are moving to requiring micron-level screening of suspended soils </li></ul><ul><li>Wastewater collection pits can be set up for automatic cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Shaker screens remove solid waste before discharge to the sewer </li></ul>
  60. 61. Thinking Outside of the Box <ul><li>Drill your own water well </li></ul><ul><li>Solar panels </li></ul><ul><li>Natural light panels instead of bulbs </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate lights (on-off) to reduce electricity usage </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal water heating (Vogue Linen, Elko) </li></ul>
  61. 63. Green Plant Operations: Facility & Fleet How to make your plant and fleet Green By Ed McCauley, General Manager, United Hospital Services and Brendan O’Neill, Manger Logistics and Marketing London Hospital Linen Services
  62. 64. Green Plant Operations By Ed McCauley General Manager United Hospital Services
  63. 65. Understand the Basics “Reduce – Reuse – Recycle” <ul><li>Reduce – To use less of something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less water/lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less btu’s/lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less kwh/lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reuse – To use a product several times before discarding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All laundries reuse textiles, they are Green to start with </li></ul></ul>
  64. 66. Understand the Basics <ul><li>Recycle – Taking products at the end of it’s useful life and remanufacturing them into other products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grind down tires to make benches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle old plastic bags so that they can be remanufactured into new bags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aluminum cans, newspapers, cotton linens </li></ul></ul>
  65. 67. Creating a Green Culture <ul><li>Establish a Green Team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee based work groups that will meet regularly to identify Green opportunities within the company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowers the employees to take green responsibility in the day-to-day operations of your facility </li></ul></ul>
  66. 68. You Cannot Manage What You Do Not Measure <ul><li>Start measuring your utility usage per pound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculate fuel btu’s / lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculate kwh / lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculate gallons of water / lbs of linen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a report to track and monitor your progress </li></ul></ul>
  67. 69. Utility Report Snapshot
  68. 70. Utility Report Snapshot
  69. 71. Waste Streams <ul><li>Start measuring your waste streams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pounds of linens ragged out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pounds of plastic bags discarded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pounds of cardboard boxes discarded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of pallets discarded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of dumpster loads of trash picked up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sell any waste stream that carries residual value to recyclers – ragged out linen, plastic, cardboard, pallets, scrap metal, etc </li></ul>
  70. 72. Employee Participation <ul><li>Encourage your employees to be Green at work and at home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle aluminum cans, plastic, and newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage car pooling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the use of mass transit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the use of programmable thermostats, window insulation, and hot water heater/pipe insulation </li></ul></ul>
  71. 73. Turning Your Operation Green <ul><li>Mechanical room </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly sized boilers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat reclaimer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fix all air, water and steam leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stack economizer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vent condenser for boiler H 2 0 make up tank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper insulation of all hot H 2 0 and steam lines </li></ul></ul>
  72. 74. Turning Your Operations Green <ul><li>Plant equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water reuse systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inverter driven pumps and motors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate plant on 2 nd or 3 rd shift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly working steam traps on ironers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly maintain equipment – PM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure switch controls for water volume </li></ul></ul>
  73. 75. Turning Your Operations Green <ul><li>Facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficient light bulbs and fixtures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof – Use sunlight reflecting materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rain water cistern – 1” of rain on one acre is 27,154 gallons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install sky lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White paint on walls and ceiling to increase efficiency of lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto on/off lighting instead of light switches </li></ul></ul>
  74. 76. Turning Your Operations Green <ul><li>Office and administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize conference calls versus face to face meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommuting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle paper and toner cartridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go paperless and when you must print use both sides </li></ul></ul>
  75. 77. The Green Fleet How to make your fleet Green By Brendan O’Neill Manager, Marketing and Logistics London Hospital Linen Services
  76. 78. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Transportation is a key element of the textile rental industry </li></ul><ul><li>Significant opportunity to improve our collective environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. EPA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27% of 2003 GHG Emissions came from transportation Industry in US (up from 24.8% in 1990) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA estimates a 48% increase in Transportation energy use and related GHG emissions between 2003 and 2025, despite improvements in engine efficiency and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We can do more… </li></ul>
  77. 79. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>New engine technology in heavy duty vehicles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2007 Diesel Particulate Filters, reducing the impact of the emissions from HD vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 EPA Emissions Requirements continue to improve the emissions from HD Vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continued pressure on the auto industry to improve MD and LD vehicle fuel economy, therefore lowering emissions </li></ul><ul><li>But this is not enough… </li></ul>
  78. 80. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Logistics technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS Tracking Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fleet optimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Route optimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driver performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery cost analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase ROI </li></ul></ul>
  79. 81. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Installation of GPS systems to aid in fleet management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Route efficiency = fuel economy (reduce out of route miles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor braking efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor speed variances, and set speed policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(every mph above 50 mph, reduces fuel mileage by 0.1 mph) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote use of cruise control </li></ul></ul>
  80. 82. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Route optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce left Turns (3 min penalty for each left turn) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximize delivery Windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure Driver performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximize asset productivity = reduced costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce miles / kms driven = reduced emissions, and costs </li></ul></ul>
  81. 83. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Fleet optimization through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative maintenance on all vehicles to increase fuel economy, and lower operating costs – 1.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driver training and incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-trip and post-trip inspections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regular tire pressure checks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  82. 84. The Green Plant: The Fleet <ul><li>Reduction of vehicle idling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation of APU (Aux Power Units) to help reduce excessive idle time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idling can cost up to 0.75 gal/hr (2.84 L/hr) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also emits 10.23 lb of CO2/gal (2.7 kg of CO2/L ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every minute counts </li></ul></ul>
  83. 85. <ul><li>Enhanced aerodynamics improve fuel efficiency and reduce GHG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full roof faring – 5-10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cab extenders – 1-4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chassis fairings – 1-2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air cleaners – 1-2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerodynamic mirrors – 1-2% </li></ul></ul>The Green Plant: The Fleet
  84. 86. Government Regulations Concerning Green Marketing Guidelines <ul><li>Points to consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before making Green claims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In refuting claims by the competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Howard Zins, Principal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Howard Zins & Associates </li></ul></ul>
  85. 87. Claims and Guidelines <ul><li>Many claims being made </li></ul><ul><li>Some factual </li></ul><ul><li>Some not based on good science </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) initiates points to consider </li></ul>
  86. 88. FTC Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims <ul><li>Is there a continuing need for the Guides? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of the Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Deceptive environmental marketing claims </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul>
  87. 89. Continuing Need for the Guides <ul><li>Claims made should be based on facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages to the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs, including hidden costs, should be identified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority of a government agency </li></ul></ul>
  88. 90. Benefits of the Guides <ul><li>Benefits to the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits to the health of society </li></ul><ul><li>Health of children </li></ul><ul><li>Health of the elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Lower healthcare costs </li></ul>
  89. 91. Evidence <ul><li>The utilization of factual data and studies </li></ul><ul><li>E.T.S.A. Impact on the Environment Report </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages to environment shown </li></ul>
  90. 92. ETSA Environmental Study — Advantages of Reusable Textiles <ul><li>Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification (of water and soil) </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication </li></ul><ul><li>Post-consumer waste </li></ul>
  91. 93. Deceptive Environmental Marketing Claims <ul><li>Deception — Up to four gallons of water to launder one surgical gown or drape </li></ul><ul><li>Reality — Modern tunnel washing systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical gown and most drapes – Under 0.5 gallons of water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large drapes – Up to one gallon of water </li></ul></ul>
  92. 94. Sustainability <ul><li>U.N. Bruntland Commission on Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>ASTM International Subcommittee E06.71 </li></ul>
  93. 95. Regulation Summary <ul><li>The reusables industry should support the FTC Green Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Support evidence-based conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Oppose deceptive claims </li></ul><ul><li>Support sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the health of society and a sound environment </li></ul>
  94. 96. Our Green Marketing Messages Messages for use in your marketing and sales outreach
  95. 97. Textile Services Industry Green Messages <ul><li>We are green businesses offering a green product — reusable textiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We manage operations and resources to reduce our carbon footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment, product and energy managed to maximize the 3Rs — reduce waste, reuse and recycle </li></ul></ul></ul>
  96. 98. Green Machinery: Tunnel Washing <ul><li>Water use – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0.5-0.7 gallons of water per pound of processed textile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vs. 3.0+ gallons of water with traditional washing methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under 2500 btus per pound </li></ul></ul>
  97. 99. Plant Operations: LaundryESP <ul><li>We partner with EPA to Reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Over a 10-year period: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased production by 41% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced water use by 28% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saving 26 billion gallons of water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced energy use by 14% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saving 16 trillion BTU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced carbon footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15% reduction of CO 2 emissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced pollutants discharged to waste stream by 43% </li></ul></ul>
  98. 100. Textile Services Industry Green Messages <ul><li>We offer a green product — reusable textiles — which is a more environmentally friendly option to disposable products.* </li></ul><ul><li>*Life Cycle Assessment of Surgical Gowns, Anders Schmidt, Ph.D, dk-TEKNIK Energy & Environment, April, 2000 </li></ul>
  99. 101. Life Cycle Comparison* <ul><li>Reusable -Polyester/FC </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 8.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 11.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 1.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable - Pulp/PET/FC </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 30.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 43.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 13.6 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.8 </li></ul>*Life Cycle Assessment of Surgical Gowns, Anders Schmidt, Ph.D, dk-TEKNIK Energy & Environment, April, 2000
  100. 102. Life Cycle Comparison* <ul><li>Reusable –Polyester/Laminate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 13.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 17.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable – Pulp/PE/PES/Laminate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy 31.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Water 22.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming 0.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Acidification 13.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication 0.8 </li></ul>* Life Cycle Assessment of Surgical Gowns, Anders Schmidt, Ph.D, dk-TEKNIK Energy & Environment, April, 2000
  101. 103. Green Textiles Cost Less Than Disposables <ul><li>When operations and inventory are well managed, reusable textiles are not only greener than disposable…. Reusables cost less than disposables! </li></ul>
  102. 104. Green Textiles Cost Less Than Disposables <ul><li> Reusable Disposable </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Cost $60.00 $4.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Cost per Use 1.20* 4.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Admin Costs 0.15 0.15 </li></ul><ul><li>Laundering 0.50 - </li></ul><ul><li>Pack Making & Sterilization 0.40 - </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Disposal - 0.25 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Cost Per Use $ 2.25 $4.90 </li></ul><ul><li>*50 processings </li></ul>
  103. 105. Conclusion
  104. 106. Now is the Time to Sell Green <ul><li>Our industry is innately green </li></ul><ul><li>We have a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to leverage the Green story in marketing to customers </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable textiles are the responsible choice, because the future is NOT disposable! </li></ul>
  105. 107. ARTA’s Response <ul><li>ARTA was founded 26 years ago with the mission to create greater awareness and appreciation for reusable textiles </li></ul><ul><li>We are offering new materials to help you market the Green message </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, ARTA can work with your team to create customized marketing programs. </li></ul>
  106. 108. ARTA’s Response <ul><li>We invite all industry associations to join together in funding a new Life Cycle Assessment Survey for 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ETSA survey was conducted in 2000 in Europe </li></ul></ul>
  107. 109. Thanks for Your Time!
  108. 110. How to Reach Us and Booth #1658 at Clean <ul><li>Steve Tinker , Gurtler Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brad Bushman , Standard Textile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mike Dineen , Pellerin Milnor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ed McCauley , United Hospital Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brendan O’Neill , London Hospital Linen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Howard Zins , Howard Zins & Associates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nancy Jenkins , ARTA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>