Computer Assisted Instruction


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Computer Assisted Instruction

  1. 1. Computer Assisted Instruction<br />Project “A” HRD 860<br />Nancy D. Dowdle<br />
  2. 2. Computer Assisted Instruction<br />Referred to as CAI<br />Term often used interchangeably with Computer-Based Instruction (CBI), Web Based Instruction (WBI), Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL), Computer-Enriched Instruction (CEI), and Web Based Training (WBT)<br />
  3. 3. Computer Assisted Instruction<br />Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is an interactive instructional technique whereby a computer is used to present the instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place.<br />
  4. 4. Methods of Delivery<br />Drill-and-Practice<br />Tutorial<br />Simulation Activities<br />Games<br />Discovery <br />Problem Solving<br />
  5. 5. Drill-and-Practice <br />Opportunity for the learner to practice material an unlimited number of times<br />Material being practiced often presented before the training session<br />Best method for material that requires repeated practice to master (ex: multiplication tables)<br />
  6. 6. Tutorial<br />Combines presentation of material with drill-and-practice, games, or a simulation to emphasize material and assist in learning<br />Most popular method of Computer Assisted Instruction<br />
  7. 7. Games<br />Games use the instructional material to create a contest for the learner<br />The learner can compete against his own personal best, the computer, or other learners while mastering the material<br />
  8. 8. Simulation<br />Provides a real-life scenario with the material to be learned being applied as it would in the real world<br />Simulation provides safety of learning environment <br />
  9. 9. Discovery<br />Provides the learner with an opportunity to draw his own conclusions<br />Presents learner with a wealth of material on a topic and allows the learner to seek answers on his own<br />
  10. 10. Problem Solving<br />Problem solving presents material in such a way as to develop problem solving rationale <br />Mainly used in children to develop problem solving skills<br />
  11. 11. Tools for Designing CAI<br />Text<br />Audio<br />Video<br />Multiple-choice <br />Problems<br />Immediate Feedback<br />Exercises<br />Tests<br />Chat sessions<br />Webcams<br />
  12. 12. Pros of Computer Assisted Instruction<br />One-on-one interaction<br />Freedom to experiment with learning options<br />Immediate Feedback<br />Self-pacing<br />Privacy for shy/slow learners<br />Learners have been found to learn more and more rapidly<br />Multimedia provides a variety of formats to present difficult material<br />Self-directed learning allows learners to decide when, where and what to learn<br />
  13. 13. Cons of Computer Assisted Instruction<br />Learner may feel overwhelmed at the volume of material presented<br />Overuse of multimedia can detract from intended learning objectives<br />Inability to ask a “person” a question when material is not understood<br />Equipment can malfunction<br />Lack of good CAI packages or lack of infrastructure to deliver CAI<br />
  14. 14. What Kind of Learners Benefit?<br />Independent<br />Self-motivated<br />Enjoy receiving frequent feedback<br />
  15. 15. What Kind of Learners Need Tailored CAI Tools?<br />Less motivated learners<br />Those who require a lot of human interaction<br />Learners who are distracted easily<br />
  16. 16. Computer Assisted Instruction<br />Some CAI sites for you to check out:<br /><br /><br /><br />
  17. 17. Nancy D Dowdle<br />HRD 860 Dr. Bronack<br />Project A<br /><br />