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2012100608102620111014181047 kuliah2kpt6043

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2012100608102620111014181047 kuliah2kpt6043

  1. 1. Teaching and Learning with Technology Designing and Planning Technology Enhanced Instruction Chapter 2Teaching and Learning with Technology
  2. 2. What is the Learning Environment? • The learning environment includes all conditions that impact the learner • Physical space and its characteristics can impact learning • Dunn and Dunn’s research suggests different aspects of the physical space appeal to different learning stylesTeaching and Learning with Technology
  3. 3. What is the Learning Environment? • Non physical aspects of the learning environment include: • Teaching strategies selected by teachers • Technologies selected to support instruction • Plan for interaction among students • Assessment strategies • Attitude and role of the teacher in the learning processTeaching and Learning with Technology
  4. 4. Why Is Planning Important? • To build the best possible learning environment, all aspects of it must be planned • A systems approach to planning calls for a step-by-step process that designs, creates, evaluates and revises all aspects of instruction • The Design-Plan-Act! (D-P-A) system ensures all necessary steps are addressedTeaching and Learning with Technology
  5. 5. Instructional Planning The DESIGN Phase • The Design phase allows the teacher to take a strategic look at the delivery of instruction • In this phase, the broad steps necessary are considered and refined • An instructional design model is often used in this phase to ensure no steps are missed • The Dynamic Instructional Design (DID) model will assist you in creating your designTeaching and Learning with Technology
  7. 7. The DID Model Know the Learner • To identify the instruction necessary, you must first know the people you are teaching • You should consider: • Physical and cognitive developmental stage • Cultural and language differences • Incoming skills and current knowledge base • Personal characteristics (learning styles, dominant intelligences, etc) • Group characteristics and dynamicsTeaching and Learning with Technology
  8. 8. The DID Model Articulate your Objectives • Performance objectives state what the student will be able to DO at the conclusion of instruction • Performance objectives have 4 components: • The Stem • The Target Performance • The Measurement Conditions • The Criterion for Success • Example: The student will be able to identify the subject and verb in a sentence written on the board with 95% accuracy.Teaching and Learning with Technology
  9. 9. The DID Model• Objectives should address different levels of thinking• Blooms Taxonomy offers a guide for six levels of cognition • Knowledge – Recall of facts • Comprehension – Interpreting facts • Application – Apply information to new situations • Analysis – Recognizing components within data • Synthesis – Creating new ideas for the data provided • Evaluation – Making thoughtful value judgmentsTeaching and Learning with Technology
  10. 10. The DID Model Establish the Learning Environment • Adjust the physical space to support learners • Encourage and support a positive climate that includes a feeling of safety, confidence, and positive attitude • Prepare to keep learners active and engaged • Prepare well organized and articulated lesson plansTeaching and Learning with Technology
  11. 11. The DID Model Identify Teaching and Learning Strategies • Decide upon the methods that are most likely to help the stated objectives • Utilize the steps of the Pedagogical Cycle to help determine strategies • The steps of the Pedagogical Cycle include • Providing pre-organizers • Using motivators • Bridging to past knowledge • Sharing objectives and expectationsTeaching and Learning with Technology
  12. 12. The DID Model Identify Teaching and Learning Strategies • The steps of the Pedagogical Cycle also include • Introducing new knowledge via varied teaching methods • Reinforcing knowledge • Providing practice experiences • Offering a culminating reviewTeaching and Learning with Technology
  13. 13. The DID Model Identify and Select Support Technologies • Determine which technology tools will build the desired learning environment • Examine technology options • Evaluate appropriateness of the technologies under consideration • Experiment with the technologies selectedTeaching and Learning with Technology
  14. 14. The DID Model Evaluate and Revise the Design • You have already adjusted continually throughout the DID model in response to formative feedback • Summative feedback is the evaluation that occurs at the end of the process • Using the feedback from this final evaluation, revise the design to make it even betterTeaching and Learning with Technology
  15. 15. Instructional Planning The PLAN Phase • Once you have completed your design, it is now time to PLAN your lessons • Lesson Plans provide day-to-day snapshot of what will happen in the classroom • Each component of the lesson plan grows out from a component of the design so they will parallel each otherTeaching and Learning with Technology
  16. 16. Instructional Planning The PLAN Phase The essential components of the Lesson Plan include • Readying the Learners • Target specific daily objectives • Prepare the lesson Prepare the classroom Detail the steps of the Pedagogical Cycle Identify technologies and materials Check for successTeaching and Learning with Technology
  17. 17. Instructional Planning The ACT Phase • Once you have completed your lesson plan, it is now time to take ACT to get ready to teach • The Instructional Action Plan (IAP) is your lesson’s To-Do list • The IAP will detail everything you need to do in order to carry out your planned lesson successfullyTeaching and Learning with Technology
  18. 18. Instructional Planning The ACT Phase • The Instructional Action Plan includes • Identifying learner preparation activities • Getting the classroom ready • Preparing all teaching and learning materials • Creating your personal prompts • Practice with your support technologies • Preparing your formative and summative feedback tools • Preparing follow-up activitiesTeaching and Learning with Technology
  19. 19. Planning for Technology in Teaching and Learning Remember… • Technology is a tool that supports your design and your plans • Technology should make it possible to something done before better or make it possible to do something that wasn’t previously possible • Many technologies are available, choose wisely and wellTeaching and Learning with Technology