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2012100607103520111014181028 kulliah1 kpt6043

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2012100607103520111014181028 kulliah1 kpt6043

  1. 1. Teaching and Learning with Technology Theoretical Foundations Chapter 1Teaching and Learning with Technology
  2. 2. What is Educational Technology? • Educational technology is any technology used by educators in support of the teaching and learning process • Educators study educational technology in order to have a sound foundation in the technologies needed to teach • NETS-T standards articulate what teachers and students should know about technologyTeaching and Learning with Technology
  3. 3. Educational Technology & Instruction • Educational technologies are the tools teachers use to create an effective instructional event • An instructional event includes all activities that promote the transfer of knowledge and/or skills in the learning environment • The learning environment includes the physical and non-physical aspects of the area in which the instructional event takes placeTeaching and Learning with Technology
  4. 4. About Learning • A variety of theories explain how people learn • Each theory offers a different perspective on learning • Some theories may be contradictory • Each teacher must personally decide which theory he or she agrees withTeaching and Learning with Technology
  5. 5. Learning Theories Learning as Communication • Knowledge is transferred by sending a message from sender to receiver • Receiver then returns feedback to sender • Sender receives feedback • All messages are impacted by variables that may alter the pure meaning of the intended messageTeaching and Learning with Technology
  6. 6. Learning Theories Factors Affecting Learning Psychological Factors Personal Environmental Filters FactorsTeaching and Learning with Technology
  7. 7. Learning Theories Environmental Factors • Any factor in the environment that may cause a learner to lose focus • Environmental conditions can block communications • Lighting, movement, temperature may all interfere with communicationsTeaching and Learning with Technology
  8. 8. Learning Theories Psychological Factors • Unique individual differences that define and impact reception of communicated information • Emotional state may interfere with message reception • Learning styles (preferred sensory gateways) may interfere with transmissionTeaching and Learning with Technology
  9. 9. Learning Theories Personal Filters • Individual’s values, heritage, and belief system that may alter intended messages • May include attitudes, cultural differences, and opinions • Filters are present in both sender and receiverTeaching and Learning with Technology
  10. 10. Learning Theories Behaviorists • All behavior is a response to external stimuli • Students learn (acquire behaviors, skills and knowledge) in response to rewards and punishments • Learning is a passive response to the environmentTeaching and Learning with Technology
  11. 11. Learning Theories Cognitivists • Focus is on learning as a mental operation • Information enters through senses, is mentally manipulated, stored and used • Learning is explained in terms of how one thinks • Believe learning is more complex than simple behavioristic responsesTeaching and Learning with Technology
  12. 12. Learning Theory Constructivists • Knowledge is constructed as a result of the learning process and is unique to the person who constructs it • Learning happens when knowledge is assimilated or accommodated (Piaget) • Knowledge may be constructed best in a social contextTeaching and Learning with Technology
  13. 13. The Learner Cognitive Styles • The manner in which one thinks and interprets the environment • Myers-Briggs helps to determine cognitive preferences • Understanding cognitive styles helps teachers create a supportive instructional environmentTeaching and Learning with Technology
  14. 14. The Learner Learning Styles • Conditions under which one learns best • Relates to individual sensory dominance • Auditory learners learn best by listening • Visual learners learn best by seeing • Kinesthetic/Tactile learners learn best by doing and touchingTeaching and Learning with Technology
  15. 15. The Learner Intelligence • Inherent capabilities to learn and understand • Standford-Binet IQ tests emphasize verbal and mathematical abilities • Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence theory suggests everyone has some degree of each of nine types of intelligenceTeaching and Learning with Technology
  16. 16. The Learner Multiple Intelligences • Verbal-Linguistic • Interpersonal • Mathematical- • Intrapersonal Logical • Naturalistic • Musical • Existential • Visual-Spatial • Bodily-KinestheticTeaching and Learning with Technology
  17. 17. Teaching and Learning • Teaching is a systematic planned sequence of events • Teaching is a process that communication of ideas and skills • Teaching takes into account individual and environmental factors related to the learner • Skilled teachers are aware of learning theories and learner characteristics that impact the processTeaching and Learning with Technology
  18. 18. Teaching and Learning • Technology is a component of the teaching and learning process • Educational technology includes any resource used to facilitate teaching and learning • This view of technology has been an evolution consistent with the evolution of learning theoriesTeaching and Learning with Technology
  19. 19. Educational Technology An Historical Overview • The audio-visual movement began in the early 1900s with the advent of movies • Slides, radio, sound recordings were added in the 1920s-1930s to support the wars • Television drove audio-visuals in the 1950sTeaching and Learning with Technology
  20. 20. Educational Technology An Historical Overview • In the 1960s A-V was expanded to a broader systems view • By the 1970s educational technology was redefined to include all types of learning resources and systems • With the advent of the computer in the 1980s, educational technology entered the Digital AgeTeaching and Learning with Technology
  21. 21. Educational Technology Today • The systems view of educational technology embraces all media and systems that support the teaching and learning process • Each teacher must decide how to best utilize technology in support of his or her studentsTeaching and Learning with Technology