Wool Australia


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Wool Australia

  1. 1. Ainiatul FadiahErina Rusdyansari
  2. 2. The country of wool Sheep came to Australia with the First Fleet in 1788. They were brought by Governor Phillip from the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. They had fat, long tails and their wool was like hair. Sheep are not native to Australia. The first white people wanted sheep for their meat and not their wool. Some of the sheep died on the voyage, but the others were brought to Sydney.
  3. 3. Process Of Making Wool•SheepAustralian Merino wool production first with theweeding and Merino sheep with fine fleece.This sheep breed in accordance with a variety ofclimate and pasture available.They can eat the grass is hard and coarse saltbush species in areas that are hot and dry.Crossbred sheep of England and Scotland arekept in place a lot of rainfall, for example in theagricultural regions of wheat.Sheep do not develop in moist areas. AustralianMerino sheep wool known for its good quality.Almost all wool produced is exported.Wool from Merino sheep used as an official suitJapanese, Italian clothes, carpets UK and woolyarn manufacture France
  4. 4. •ShearingShearers clip the wool fleece from the sheep.A Professional shearer can remove the entire fleece inunder five minutes. Any vegetation is removed from thefleece and the wool is graded according to its quality.Australian produced wool in between 700 to 1,000 millionpounds per year. Fine wool used to make clothing. Coarsewool used to make blankets and rugs.Each year Australia produces mutton and lamb meatmore than 350,000 tons in food in Australia andexported 220,800 tons.
  5. 5. Scouring Fleeces are washed to remove dirt, dust, sweat and wool grease is recovered and from this, Lanolin is extracted which can be used for cosmetic and skin care products. Top Making When we wool fiber comes out of the scour, the fibers are in randomizedScouring order to spin the fibers, the formation in must be straightened and laid relativelyFleeces are another. to remove parallel to one washeddirt, dust, sweat and wool The processes of carding, combing andgrease isused to arrange the fibers in an gulling are recovered and from organized and parallel from they are alsothis,to remove remaining vegetables used Lanolin is extracted whichcan be used for cosmetic and matter and short fibers. The processesskin care products. the wool at conducted between cleaning the scour and spinning are collectively known as top making. Top making produced slivers of wool in packages called tops.
  6. 6. SPINNING Is the process of interest6ing twist into assemblies of fibers to form yams. There are three common types of yarn are hairy. Contain more short fibers, and are used for example for sweaters andSpinning blankets worsted yarns use longer fibers to produce smoother yarns which are used in product like suits. Semi worsted yarns are “half way between “ woolen and worsted spinning on worsted spinning equipment they can be used for finer smoother knitwear.
  7. 7. WeavingThis is process of interlacingyarns usually at right angles toeach other woven fabrics areconstructed using a set of warpyarns which run down thelength of the fabrics and weftyarns which run across thewhich of the fabric.
  8. 8. KnittingThis is process of interlopingyarns across the width of thefabric knitted fabric may beproduced by flat panels of fabric,or circular knitting to produce atute of fabrics which dependingon the end use is subsequentlycut open to be that. Somegarments may be circularknitted as a tube to create aseamless product. A familiarexample of such product aresocks.
  9. 9. Making UpIndividual panels of garments arecut from flat fabrics and are sewntogether to form the garmentknitwear panels can be shaped onknitting machine and therefore don’tread cutting, such panels arenormally “ Limited” together, ratherthan traditional sewing
  10. 10. Fabric FinishingWoven fabric and auricular knitted fabricsgo through many processes following fabricformation to make them suitable foe end use.Many fabrics are almost completelyunrecognizable between the finished fabricand the fabric that comes off the weavingloom or knitting machine. Processes arecarried out to wash, flatten, reduce,hairiness, increase, hairiness, stretch,consolidate and stabilize fabrics for and use.These process will both improve theappearance, feel and performance of thefabrics.
  11. 11. DyeingIs the process of coloring the wool. This can bedone as loose fiber, yarn, fabrics or garments.Different finished effects are achieved bydyeing at the different stage of processing.Dyes may be natural, such as plant materials orsynthetic colorations effects may also beintroduced through.
  12. 12. Ready for saleAfter pressing the garments are ticketed and labeled soconsumers know how to care for their new extra fine Merinowool garments