Maria Mika Olivares,Gabriela Guapache, and Sara Medina
Before We Start: Key terms to keep in mind Yes, you might want to write these down
Bottom Trawler Photograph by Brian J. Skerry Bottom trawling—a form of net fishing that scrapes the ocean floor—often damages habitats by ripping up coral reefs. Now banned in many countries, bottom trawlers also collect large amounts of bycatch that is simply thrown back to sea or left to die.
Cod Caught in a Net, Gulf of Maine Photograph by Bill Curtsinger Cod and other commercial ground fish are caught in a net in the Gulf of Maine. Our appetite for fish is wreaking havoc on aquatic populations worldwide. The conservation group World Wildlife Fund predicts that if cod fisheries continue to be fished at current rates, there will be no cod left by 2022. "Seventy-five percent of fisheries are overfished," says marine biologist Enric Sala. "If nothing changes, all fisheries will have collapsed by 2050." The solution, says Sala—a National Geographic Society fellow— is involving all levels of society, from consumers to policy makers. "The solutions exist, we just need the political will to implement them at [a] large scale," he adds.
Oil-Coated Crab, Lebanon Photograph by Patrick Baz/AFP/Getty Images With the areas preponderance of fossil fuel-related commerce, the semi-enclosed Mediterranean Sea is particularly susceptible to oil spills. International animosities in the region aggravate the problem. This crab is negotiating an oil-fouled beach polluted when Israeli planes bombed a power station in Beirut, Lebanon, in 2006.
Not a Painting Photographer unknown This blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) is the result of agricultural fertilizer seeping into a small lake in Finland. Blue-green algae forms a thick mat near the surface of the water, suffocating life underneath it.
Beach Trash, Equatorial Guinea Photograph by Joel Sartore The worlds oceans and beaches are strewn with manmade flotsam, much of it plastics, like this dolls leg on a black-sand beach on Equatorial Guineas Bioko Island. Plastics are extremely durable and can drift on ocean currents for decades, leaching potentially toxic chemicals as they slowly decompose.
Facts "The Army now admits that it secretly dumped 64 million pounds of nerve and mustard agents into the sea, along with 400,000 chemical-filled bombs, land mines and rockets and more than 500 tons of radioactive waste - either tossed overboard or packed into the holds of scuttled vessels.“ "Mustard gas can be fatal. When exposed to seawater, it forms a concentrated, encrusted gel that lasts for at least five years, rolling around on the ocean floor, killing or contaminating sea life."
Now the Real Deal: PMS Not that, silly! What are you thinking? We naturally mean Pollution and Maritime Safety
We Will Talk About… Origin of the Issue Current State of the problem Solutions: What do people think? The Future if Nothing changes… Where is it Happening?- Japan, Trinidad and Tobago, Seychelles, Latin America How do Politics and Culture Affect the problem?- IMO Regulations- TED Talk video
Reflection Time “Capt. Charles Moore first discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch -- an endless floating waste of plastic trash. Now hes drawing attention to the growing, choking problem of plastic debris in our sea” In GoogleDocs, you will find a document named “PMS - TED Talk Reflection Prompt” It will guide you on your quest to write an illuminated reflection on all you’ve learned today. http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/capt_charles_moor e_on_the_seas_of_plastic.html Good luck!