WHAT IS THE COGNITIVIST THEORY? “Using thinking to learn” Learning is a result of through evaluation of present experience versus the past Thinking and remembering seem like a behavior, providing an avenue to use behavior analysis to measure the ef fect on learning
KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH THIS THEORY Allan Paivio : Proposed that presenting information in both visual and verbal form enhances recall and recognition Developed a considerable amount of research to support the “dual coding theory” Placed equal importance on verbal and non-verbal processing Robert Gagne: Developed his theories based partially on the behaviorist’s and information processing point of view Known for contributions in the area of cognitive learning hierarchies Howard Gardner : Developed the theory of multiple intelligences Believes intelligences are influenced by biological predispositions and learning opportunities
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS Teachers using a cognitivist approach to learning would view learning as internal mental process (including insight, information processing, memory, perception) Teachers base learning of f of structured lessons. Content of learning activities focuses on building intelligence Students roles are emphasized, where they are forced to reflect on their experiences
FOR MY OWN TEACHING.. I believe the cognitive theory would be a great guideline. Cognitive tools I could use in the classroom include databases, spreadsheets, word processing, computer-based conferencing, discussion boards, and many many more. I believe structure is very important for students as well as teachers to have, in order to be successful in the task at hand.
CREDITS Mae Sincero, Sarah (2011). Cognitive Learning Theory - Using Thinking to Learn. Retrieved [Date of Retrieval] from Experiment Resources: http://www.experiment- resources.com/cognitive-learning-theory.html Integrating Technology and Digitial Media in the Classroom. Sixth Edition. Shelly, Gunter, Gunter Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Cognitive theories of learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 19 November 2011 from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/ cognitive.html Pictures are from Microsoft Of fice Clip Art Gallery