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Cognitive theory by: Nicole


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Cognitive theory by: Nicole

  2. 2. WHAT IS THE COGNITIVIST THEORY? “Using thinking to learn” Learning is a result of through evaluation of present experience versus the past Thinking and remembering seem like a behavior, providing an avenue to use behavior analysis to measure the ef fect on learning
  3. 3. KEY PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH THIS THEORY Allan Paivio :  Proposed that presenting information in both visual and verbal form enhances recall and recognition  Developed a considerable amount of research to support the “dual coding theory”  Placed equal importance on verbal and non-verbal processing Robert Gagne:  Developed his theories based partially on the behaviorist’s and information processing point of view  Known for contributions in the area of cognitive learning hierarchies Howard Gardner :  Developed the theory of multiple intelligences  Believes intelligences are influenced by biological predispositions and learning opportunities
  4. 4. CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS Teachers using a cognitivist approach to learning would view learning as internal mental process (including insight, information processing, memory, perception) Teachers base learning of f of structured lessons. Content of learning activities focuses on building intelligence Students roles are emphasized, where they are forced to reflect on their experiences
  5. 5. FOR MY OWN TEACHING.. I believe the cognitive theory would be a great guideline. Cognitive tools I could use in the classroom include databases, spreadsheets, word processing, computer-based conferencing, discussion boards, and many many more. I believe structure is very important for students as well as teachers to have, in order to be successful in the task at hand.
  6. 6. CREDITS Mae Sincero, Sarah (2011). Cognitive Learning Theory - Using Thinking to Learn. Retrieved [Date of Retrieval] from Experiment Resources: http://www.experiment- Integrating Technology and Digitial Media in the Classroom. Sixth Edition. Shelly, Gunter, Gunter Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Cognitive theories of learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 19 November 2011 from cognitive.html Pictures are from Microsoft Of fice Clip Art Gallery