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Conservation of natural resources

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1. “What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another.” ― MAHATMA GANDHI ―
2. “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's needs, but not every man's greed.” ― Mahatma Gandhi
3. The term “resource” means any thing that we use from our environment to achieve our objective. For example, we require bricks, cement, iron, wood etc. to construct a building. All these items are called the resources for construction of building. A resource can be defined as „any natural or artificial substance, energy or organism, which is used by human being for its welfare. These resources are of two types: Natural Resources Artificial Resources
4. “Nature is not a place to visit. It is home.” ― Gary Snyder
5. CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES As the human population is continuously growing the consumption of natural resources is also increasing. With the increasing industrialization and urbanization of the modern human society, the use of all the resources is rising. If they are not properly used and well managed, a serious scarcity will result. Therefore we need to conserve the natural resources. This will also upset the ecological balance. Conservation is the proper management of a natural resource to prevent its exploitation, destruction or degradation. Conservation is the sum total of activities, which can derive benefits from natural resources but at the same time prevent excessive use leading to destruction or degradation.
6. Need for Conservation of Natural Resources We know that nature provides us all our basic needs but we tend to overexploit it. If we go on exploiting the nature, there will be no more resources available in future. There is an urgent need to conserve the nature. Some of the needs are : to maintain ecological balance for supporting life. to preserve different kinds of species (biodiversity). to make the resources available for present and future generation. to ensure the survival of human race.
7. Conservation of Natural Resources and Traditions of India The need for conservation of natural resources was felt by our predecessors and in India, there was a tradition of respecting and preserving the nature and natural resources. Natural resources were conserved in the form of sacred groves/forests, sacred pools and lakes, sacred species etc. In our country the conservation of natural forests is known from the time of Lord Asoka. Sacred forests are forest patches of different dimensions dedicated by the tribal to their deities and ancestral spirits. Cutting down trees, hunting and other human interferences were strictly prohibited in these forests.
8. This practice is wide spread particularly in peninsular, central and eastern India and has resulted in the protection of a large number of plants and animals. Similarly, several water bodies, e.g., Khecheopalri lake in Sikkim was declared sacred by people, thus, protecting aquati

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Conservation of natural resources

  1. 1. What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another… -MAHATMA GANDHI
  2. 2. NATURAL RESOURCES
  3. 3. NATURAL RESOURCES Natural resources are the material which is gifted by nature,and we use them as resources in our day to day life . Thus mining,petroleum,extraction,fishing,hunting,a nd forestry are generally considered as natural-resource industries
  4. 4. IMPORTANCEOFNATURALRESOURCES Natural resources play a significant role in our lives.It will be really difficult to imagine the world without natural resources.The globe without natural resources will be as the globe without nature.The resource not only add to our lives,they serve the realm of progress
  5. 5. Management Of Natural Resources All the things we use and consume are obtained from natural resources.Due to increase in population,industrialisation and urbanization the demand for natural resources is increasing and their avialability is limited.So there is a need for proper management of natural resources. The proper management of natural resources consists of- 1.Judicious use of natural resources and avoiding wastage of natural resources 2.Long term planning for the use of natural resource so that it last only for the present but also for future generations. 3.the exploitation of natural resources should not be for the benefit of a few people but should be disturbed equally for all.
  6. 6. Conservation Of Natural Resources As the human population is continuously growing the consumption of natural resources is also increasing.With the increasing industrialization and urbanization of the modern human society,the use of all the resources is rising.If they are not properly used and well managed,a serious scarcity will result.Therefore we need to conserve the natural resources.This will also upset the ecological balance. Conservation is the proper management of a natural resource to prevent its exploitation,destruction or degradation. Conservation is the sum of total of activities,which can derive benefits from natural resources but at the same time prevent excessive use leading to destruction or degradation.
  7. 7. Judicious Uses Of Natural Resources Using water resources requires a permit if there is any chance of the use causing damage. Wastewater, for example, may cause waters to become eutrophied. Ground waters can be spoiled by hazardous substances or the removal of soil, for example. Soil and rock aggregates are non-renewable natural resources, used mostly in roads and buildings. The Land Extraction Act provides the framework for the sustainable use of geological resources. There is a good deal of commercial forest in Finland, where trees are harvested for the needs of the pulp, paper and sawmill industries. Forests are also important for recreation. A rich variety of berries, plants and mushrooms can be gathered from the forests for food.
  8. 8. A forest is a large area of land covered with trees or other woody vegetation.Hundreds of more precise definitions of forest are used throughout the world, incorporating factors such as tree density, tree height, land use, legal standing and ecological function. According to the widely-used United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization definition, forests covered an area of four billion hectares (15 million square miles) or approximately 30 percent of the world's land area in 2006. Forests are the dominant terrestrial ecosystem on Earth, and are distributed across the globe.Forests account for 75% of the gross primary productivity of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. Forests at different latitudes form distinctly different  ecozones: boreal forests near the poles tend to consist of evergreens, while tropical forests near the equator tend to be distinct from the temperate forests at mid-latitude. The amount FOREST
  9. 9. Conservation Of Forests Forests is an important part of the environment,because trees clean the air and keep the atmosphere cool.We cannot live without plants,because the oxygen need for breathing is produced by plants. Trees absorbs sunlight and reduce the heat.Plants provide food for animals,firewood,timber,medicines,honey,wax,gum and food for us.Tree roots penetrate deep into the soil and from cavities in the ground.The dry leaves which fall on the ground,cover the soil and absorb more rain water,which slowly percolates through the soil.Thus,a large portion of the rain water can be the rain water can be retained in the field,by planting more trees.Flooding of rivers can be protected by protecting trees
  10. 10. WILDLIFE The wildlife in India comprisesamix of speciesof different typesof organisms. Apart from ahandful of themajor farm animalssuch ascows, buffaloes, goats, poultry, pigsand sheep, Indiahasan amazingly widevariety of animalsnativeto thecountry. It ishometo Bengal tigers, Indian lions, deer , pythons, wolves, foxes, bears, crocodiles, camels, wild dogs, monkeys,  snakes, antelope species, varietiesof bisonand the Asian elephant. The region'srich and diversewildlifeispreserved in 89 national parks, 18 Bio- reserves and 400+ wildlifesanctuariesacrossthecountry. Indiahassomeof themost biodiverseregionsof theworld and hoststhreeof theworld’s34 biodiversity hotspots– or treasure-houses– that istheWestern Ghats, the Eastern Himalayasand Indo- Burma. SinceIndiaishometo anumber of rare and threatened animal species, wildlifemanagement in thecountry isessential to preservethesespecies.Indiaisoneof theseventeenmegadiversecountries. According to onestudy, Indiaalong with other 16 megadiversecountriesis hometo about 60-70 % of theworld'sbiodiversity.
  11. 11. Conservation Of Wildlife •DEFINED Wildlife protection act started in 1972 j*Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habits of animals. *The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species. WILDLIFE *According to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972,wildlife includes any animal,bees,butterfly,crustacean,fish and coth; and aquatic or land vegetation, which form part of any habitat. Therefore,wildlife refers to living
  12. 12. CONSERVATION OF COAL ANDPETROLEUM
  13. 13. COAL  Coal is a sedimentary,combustible,organic rock, formed from vegetation.In other words coal is a fossil fuel created from the remains of plants that lived millions of years ago.It is considered as a non renewable source of energy because it takes too much time to form.  Coal is mainly consists of carbon.  It also consists some metal compound and some other impurities.
  14. 14. CONSERVATION OF CAOL In the case of irreplaceable or wasting assets like minerals it can only mean the avoidance of waste in all phases of handling, and the careful and wise utilisation of the deposits. The conservation of caol will therefore necessitate careful control of mining, proseccing, benefication, transport, distribution, and industrial use. True conservation will not be attained unless everyone connected with any phase of winning, trade and utilisation of the mineral takes steps to see that no waste takes place.
  15. 15. PETROLEUM Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to- black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels. It consists of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other organic compounds.[4]  The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that are made up ofn large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to intense heat and pressure. PETROLEUM
  16. 16. CONSERVATION OF PETROLEUM 1.Oil and gas conservation means their better and more efficient use with regard to economic,social or environmental costs and benefits,resulting in attainment of higher energy use efficiencies, minimization of wasteful practices and wastage and protection of the environment. 2.Despite discovery of new sources of unconventional energy and due to existing inadequacies in supply of other forms of commercial energy relative to demand, petroleum remains the primary energy source in India and a preferred swing fuel.
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  18. 18. THANK YOU…
  19. 19. MADE BY- NAMAN GOYAL

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