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Fire service day


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Fire service day

  2. 2. Definitions: Fire Triangle • To burn a fire needs fuel, an ignition source (like a spark) and oxygen. • Remove any of these and the fire will go out
  3. 3. Definition: Flashpoint • Flashpoint is the temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapor to ignite if an ignition source is present. • Typically the lower the flash point, the greater the fire hazard. Any substance with a flashpoint near or below room temperature should be handled as posing a real fire hazard.
  4. 4. Definitions: Flammable and Combustible • Combustible liquids have flashpoints above 37.77º C. • Flammable liquids have flashpoints below 37.77º C
  5. 5. Classes of Fires Ordinary Combustibles: paper, cloth,Ordinary Combustibles: paper, cloth, upholstery, trash, most plastic, wood...upholstery, trash, most plastic, wood... Flammable liquids and greases;Flammable liquids and greases; petrol, diesel, kerosene, oil, paint,petrol, diesel, kerosene, oil, paint, cleaning fluids, cooking fluids, cooking oil... Energized electrical components:Energized electrical components: appliances, wiring...appliances, wiring... Combustible metals: potassium,Combustible metals: potassium, magnesium...magnesium...
  6. 6. “PASS” Method (Other types require slightly(Other types require slightly different techniques.)different techniques.) P Pull the pin. Hold the extinguisher with nozzle pointing away from you and release the locking mechanism A Aim low. Point the extinguisher at the base of the fire S Squeeze / Strike the lever S Sweep the nozzle from side to side.
  7. 7. Fire Extinguisher Training • Take fire extinguisher training • Never attempt to fight fire unless you have complete confidence you can put it out
  8. 8. Monthly Inspections • Fire Services inspects fire extinguishers on a monthly basis • If you come across an extinguisher that has not been checked recently, please notify Fire Services
  9. 9. Firefighting Decision Criteria • KnowKnow locations of extinguishers in your area and how to use them. • AlwaysAlways sound the alarm regardlessregardless of fire size. • AvoidAvoid smoky conditions.
  10. 10. Decision Tree • Don’tDon’t attempt to fight unless: – Alarm is sounded. – Area is being evacuated. – Someone has called for help. – Fire is small and contained. – You have safe egress route (can be reached without exposure to fire). • If in doubt, evacuate!evacuate!
  11. 11. REACT upon discovery of fire or smokefire or smoke Remove persons in immediate danger! Ensure doors are closed! (confine fire/smoke) Activate the building alarm ! Call for help ! Treat ALL fires as DANGEROUS! – Continue a complete building evacuation – Do not attempt to fight a fire UNLESS you are trained and confident in use of a fire extinguisher #
  12. 12. Be Cautious !!!! for • FIRE IS NOT SPREADING (small and contained) • EXIT IS CLEAR (fight fire with your back to an exit ) • HAVE SOMEONE BACK YOU UP! • GET ASSISTANCE BEFORE TRYING TO FIGHT A FIRE! • SMOKE – dangerous gases #
  13. 13. OK, It’s out… Now What? • WATCH the fire area – If the fire flares up again repeat! – If you can’t control the fire, LEAVE immediately! – Evacuate building and go on closing the door. • Recharge or replace any used fire extinguisher!
  15. 15. When do we use SCBA? • Oxygen deficient atmospheres / confined spaces. • Gas incidents. • Chemical incidents. • Salvage and clean-up operations. • True unknowns. • Whenever in doubt.
  16. 16. S.C.B.A. can’t protect you from: • Gases absorbed through skin • Intense heat • Empty air supply • Radiation
  17. 17. How much time do you have with the SCBA? • It’s never enough, but you have about 30 minutes if: • You’re in good cardiovascular health. • Not stressed out. • Good fit on mask
  18. 18. Factors that affect fit of mask • Weight gain/loss • Facial hair • Shape of face • Good seal
  19. 19. Safety Check • Cylinder pressure • Low air alarm (Warning Whistle) • High pressure line • Regulator • Mainline valve
  20. 20. Safety Check cont. • Low pressure hose • Damaged Visor • Face piece straps • Face piece seal
  21. 21. CASE STUDY: LEARN BEFORE IT BURNS YOULEARN BEFORE IT BURNS YOU THANK YOU Learn before you need it •Powerful Explosion – Petrol Pump Back Draft B.P.Texas Buncefield Blast wave