1. Търсене на работа в ИТ индустрията: процесът


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Семинар "Стартиране на ИТ кариера" - http://academy.telerik.com/seminars/it-career
Процесът на търсене на работа в ИТ индустрията: формиране на цели, проучване на пазара, намиране на оферти, подготовка на мотивационно писмо и CV (професионална автобиография), подготовка за интервю и явяване на интервю.
Лектор: Светлин Наков, софтуерна академия на Телерик.

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1. Търсене на работа в ИТ индустрията: процесът

  1. 1. Finding a Job in the IT Industry Good and Bad Practices for Job SeekersSvetlin NakovTechnical Trainerwww.nakov.comTelerik Software Academyacademy.telerik.com
  2. 2. Table of Contents1. Where to Search for a Job?  Define Your Goals  Prepare for Starting a Job  Search Channels: Job Sites, Career Centers, …2. The Job Application Process  Research the Employer  Prepare CV, Cover Letter, Endorsements, …  Preparation for an Interview  Go to an Interview 2
  3. 3. The Job Search &Application Process Typical Steps
  4. 4. Steps in the Job Search Process The job search process follows these steps:  Define your goals – what kind of job you want?  Prepare for starting a job – increase your skills  Research the job market  Research the employers and offered positions  Apply for a job  Prepare and send your CV and cover letter  Prepare for the interview  Go to the Interview 4
  5. 5. Define Your Goals What kind of job you want?  What position?  In Bulgaria or abroad?  What are the requirements for this position?  Who are the potential employers? For software engineers / IT specialists:  What technologies I want to use at work (e.g. PHP / Java / .NET / front-end / QA / mobile / …)? Are my goals achievable / realistic? 5
  6. 6. The First Job is Hardest to Get! Starting your first job is very hard  Start with lower goals and expectations  Once you get experience you could easily move to a better job / position / employer  Companies need experienced people  Be unpretentious!  You don’t need a big salary at your first working day – it will come later  Just start working somewhere, later you could move to a better position or company 6
  7. 7. Job PreparationGather Enough Skills to Match the Requirements!
  8. 8. Prepare for Starting a Job Once you know what position you want, prepare yourself for it  Do you have the required skills?  Your university education is not enough!  How you could increase your knowledge / skills?  Self-study (books, tutorials, video-tutorials, …)  Training courses (e.g. Telerik Academy)  Practical projects – very, very important!  What non-technical skills you need? 8
  9. 9. Prepare for Starting a Job (2) The everyday development of your IT skills during your life is your preparation for finding a job  At school – trainings, courses, practical projects  At the university – courses, practice and projects  Alternative education: courses, training centers, …  Telerik Academy / School Academy, elective courses at FMI, programming schools, training companies  Self-education – study at home by books / videos  Internships / real-world experience / trial jobs  Practical projects – learn by doing and practicing 9
  10. 10. Prepare for Starting a Job (3) Ask yourself: how am I different than the other 50 candidates for the same job position?  Do I have better skills than them?  If not, how could I improve my skills?  Do I have any experience?  If not, how could I gain some?  Can I start some project to gain experience?  Have I prepared my job application carefully?  Do I have awards, certificates, endorsements? 10
  11. 11. Prepare for Starting a Job (4) Create your own developer profile  E.g. in GitHub / CodePlex / Google Code  Upload your projects online  Ensure your projects look well (code quality) Start your own web site and blog  Show your expertise to the world  Ensure your site looks well  Examples: totaloff.com, pavelkolev.com, todormitev.wordpress.com, itgeorge.net, veselinaraykova.wordpress.com 11
  12. 12. Where and How toSearch for a Job? Guidelines for Job Seekers
  13. 13. Research the Job Market Researching the job market is important  Research the employers  Review the job offers from the last 3 months  Who are the most active employers?  Research these employers – what skills thy need?  Research the job positions  What are the most searched job positions?  Did you find job offers for the position you want?  E.g. you may want to become game developer but does the industry need game developers? 13
  14. 14. Good Employers What is a good employer and how to identify it?  The best reference are insiders in the company!  Several insiders are even better  Generally companies from West Europe, USA and Canada are more reliable  Best employers demonstrate professionalism in all possible respects  Carefully written job description, emails, positive attitude in phone calls, clear expectations, etc.  Have good reputation – positive comments in public sites, forums, and message boards 14
  15. 15. Bad Employers What is a bad employer and how to identify it?  Beware of amateur / garage companies  "Garage company" is not a "small company"  Beware of high employee turnover  Beware of state / government companies and companies working on government projects  Beware of Greeks and Israeli employers  Beware of companies managed by incompetent people – you could notice this at the interview  Beware of organizational anarchy 15
  16. 16. Employers Rankings Use carefully sites like www.bgrabotodatel.com and www.karieri.bg/forum  Traditionally most comments come from haters  These sites can be easily tricked / manipulated!  Employees fired due to incompetence, always put negative comments against their former employer Trust more to established consulting companies  E.g. Hewitt does a "Best Employer" ranking by industries, every year, worldwide  JOBS.BGs employer ranking may be a bit tricky 16
  17. 17. Top Employers in Bulgaria (2010)Source: http://dariknews.bg/view_article.php?article_id=618009 17
  18. 18. Job Search Channels Job searching in the software / IT industry runs through many channels  Public job Web sites  Network of friends / colleagues  University career centers  Career events (job fairs)  Recruitment agencies  Direct contact with the employer 18
  19. 19. Public Job Sites Jobs sites (targeting the Bulgarian IT industry)  www.jobs.bg  www.jobtiger.bg  The list is not complete and not exhaustive  www.itjobs.bg  Job sites constantly  www.rabota.bg change  www.jobspace.bg  Search in Google  www.bestjobs.bg  E.g. try "работа Java  www.orjo.com developer"  www.buljobs.bg 19
  20. 20. You Friends Network Ask your friends / colleagues / fellows  Many job offers are offered privately only  Send email to all your friends / colleagues  Use your contacts in Facebook  Use all your acquaintances by any channel  Explain them what kind of job you need and what skills you have  Send them your CV, portfolio, etc.  They will spend just one click to forward it 20
  21. 21. University Career Centers The career centers at the universities:  At some universities there are well-working career centers  contact them  Many internship and junior job positions are offered at the universities Some career centers for the IT industry:  FMI of SU – http://career.fmi.uni-sofia.bg  TU-Sofia – http://career.tu-sofia.bg  NBU – http://www.nbu.bg/index.php?l=264 21
  22. 22. Career Events (Job Fairs) Career events (job fairs) are great place to learn about the employers and find job offers How to learn about upcoming career events?  Career centers put invitations at their Web sites  The students councils at each University  NBU – www.studentskisavet.com  TU-Sofia – www.studsavet.com  FMI of SU – fss.fmi.uni-sofia.bg  Largest job portals put invitations in Facebook 22
  23. 23. Recruitment Agencies Generally in Bulgaria the IT recruitment agencies (HR agencies) do not work well  Most of them consider you as a commodity  They want to sell you to earn money  Your interests are usually ignored  They will ask you start a job which you do not want (e.g. an operator in a call center) Some employers use only HR agencies to hire new employees  This is mostly for executive positions 23
  24. 24. Recruitment Agencies in Bulgaria Generally the recruitment agencies are incompetent in the IT industry  However you can still post them a CV Bulwork – http://www.bulwork.net  The most popular, but has bad reputation + unfair attitude to applicants and employers Adecco Bulgaria – http://www.adeccobulgaria.com Manpower Bulgaria – http://wwwmanpower.bg Talent Hunter – http://www.talenthunter-bg.com ITJobs.bg (HRCR) – http://www.hrcr.bg 24
  25. 25. Directly Contact the Employers Sometimes best employers do not post public job offers  Candidates scramble to apply for them  Usually companies with very strong reputation (like Microsoft, Google and Facebook)  If you want to work in such company, you need to be the active side Make a list of the best employers in your industry and find their job offers  Be prepared to show significant achievements 25
  26. 26. The Job Application ProcessHow to Prepare a CV, Cover Letter and Send a JobApplication, How to Prepare and Go to Interview?
  27. 27. Job Application Steps Recommended steps to follow during the job application process: 1. Research the employer 2. Research the job offer 3. Prepare CV, cover letter, endorsements, projects, portfolio, certificates, awards, etc. 4. Carefully send you job application 5. Prepare for an interview 6. Go to interview 27
  28. 28. Read the Requirements Very important rule: Read the Requirements! Follow the requirements exactly as requested  If a CV in English is required this means CV in English, not in Bulgarian  If a cover letter is required in Bulgarian, this means a cover letter in Bulgarian  If the deadline is March 31st, this is not April 2nd 28
  29. 29. What Language to Use? In the IT industry the official language is English  If anyone requests a CV in Bulgarian, this may be a suspicious garage-like company If the job offer does not specify a language  Use the same language like the in job offer  You can still use English for the IT positions If a cover letter is not requested, still send one  This will make you more-serious candidate 29
  30. 30. Research the Employer Obligatory research the employer!  Explore what is its business  You should know very well what the company does, its products, services, customers, etc.  Research which are the company value  What is important for the company?  Read articles / publications about the company  Read the forums and discussions  Beware: forum posts are not trustworthy source 30
  31. 31. Research the Job Position Research carefully the job position!  Any unknown words in the job description (e.g. BPMN, BPEL, ARIS, BPM, SOA)?  Learn about them, try these technologies!  Any unknown products in the job description?  Download the products and play with them!  Any requirement unmatched by your skills / competence / experience?  Improve your skills, take a quick course / tutorial! 31
  32. 32. Prepare CV and Cover Letter Prepare a CV that matches the job position and the requirements in the job description  Start with the most important for this specific job offer technologies / skills / experience / projects Carefully prepare a cover (motivation) letter  Write it specifically for the offered position  Never use a template Find endorsements from former employers, professors, colleagues, and so on Prepare diplomas, certificates, awards, portfolio 32
  33. 33. Sending Your Job Application Send carefullyyou job application and according to the requirements  The email sender should be polite:  Ivan Ivanov <ivan.k.ivanov@gmail.com>  An example of idiotic sender:  Asd Afds <yaka_ku4ka@abv.bg>  Email subject should be meaningful:  Job Application: Junior .NET Developer (Ref #481)  Bad examples: CV, Re:, rabota, <no subject> 33
  34. 34. Sending Your Job Application (2) The cover letter and CV should be sent as separate files (best in PDF format) named meaningfully:  Ivan-Ivanov-Cover-Letter-Mobiltel.pdf  Ivan-Ivanov-CV.pdf Examples of idiotic file names:  New Document (2).docx, ivan.doc, mobiltel.doc Don’t attach a photo, put it inside your CV  Dont send 8 MB photo named vankata_pich2.jpg! If you need to attach large files (more than 2 MB), something is wrong  find what 34
  35. 35. Sending Your Job Application (3) Write a meaningful text in the email body, e.g. Dear HR Manager, I would like to apply for the position "Junior .NET Developer" (Ref #481) in Mobiltel EAD published at Jobs.bg. Attached are my application documents: CV, cover letter, university diploma and English TOEFL certificate. Please feel free to contact me at any time by phone or e-mail. Obligatory put in the application email:  The exact name of the position (as in the job offer) and a reference number (if applicable)  The company name (not your company)  How did you learn about this position 35
  36. 36. Sending Your Job Application (4) Obligatory put a meaningful signature with your name and contacts at the end of the email: Kind regards, Ivan Ivanov Tel. 0888 12 34 56 Email: ivan.k.ivanov@gmail.com Send your entire application in English (CV, cover letter, endorsements, portfolio, email, signature)  Exception: if the job offer is in Bulgarian  Never mix the languages (BG text + EN signature) 36
  37. 37. Expect to Get Contacted If your job application is carefully prepared, expect to be contacted in few days  Good companies always answer to polite candidates by phone or by email  Positive or negative, you will get an answer  If you have sent CV2.doc in an empty e-mail without a subject, you will not get an answer! Read your e-mail constantly!  Bring your phone with fully charged battery and do not reject the incoming calls 37
  38. 38. Prepare for an Interview Prepare for eventual interview  Research the company  The interviewer will obligatory ask you about the company and "nothing" is catastrophic answer  Research carefully each of the requirements  You will be asked about your experience with the required products / platforms / technologies / etc.  Be prepared for classical (standard) questions:  Previous experience, expected salary, etc. 38
  39. 39. The Interview Half of the effort you put with your job application is to get invited to an interview  Most candidates do not know how to apply for a job and never get invited to an interview The other efforts are todemonstrate your skills and positive personality at the interview  Prepare for technical questions  Demonstrate knowledge and skills, positive attitude, thinking, readiness for teamwork  Avoid having high demands / pretentions 39
  40. 40. Homework1. Define your goals for your future job  Is there a demand in the industry for this job?2. Identify the typical requirements for your preferred job position  Identify the technologies you need to know3. Create a wish-list of potential employers  Research these employers4. Increase your skills for your preferred job position (pass tutorials, read books, take courses, …) 40
  41. 41. Finding a Job in the IT Industry Questions?
  42. 42. Thank You!
  43. 43. Free Trainings @ Telerik Academy "Web Design with HTML 5, CSS 3 and JavaScript" course @ Telerik Academy  html5course.telerik.com Telerik Software Academy  academy.telerik.com Telerik Academy @ Facebook  facebook.com/TelerikAcademy Telerik Software Academy Forums  forums.academy.telerik.com