MEANING & DEFINITION• According to FLIPPO, “Management development includes the process by which managers & executives acquire not only skills & competency in their present jobs but also capacities for future managerial tasks”.• According to DALE S.BEACH, “Management development is a systematic process of training & growth by which individual gain & apply knowledge,skills,insights & attitudes to manage orientation effectively”.
NEED FOR MGT DEVELOPMENT• SOCIETY IS FACING A RAPID RATE OF TECHNOLOGICAL & SOCIAL CHANGE.• TO TACKLE PROBLEMS LIKE:- 1)INCREASE MARKET COMPETITION 2)GROWTH OF NEW MARKETS 3)ENLARGED LABOR PARCIPATION• MGT HAS TO BE DEVELOPED FOR HANDLING PROBLEMS ARISING OUT OF INCREASING SIZE & COMPLEXITY OF ORG.• FOR CONTROLLING ALL THE FUNCTIONS OF MGT.• SMOOTH FUNTIONING OF OVERALL ACTIVITIES.
OBJECTIVES OF MGT DEVELOPMENT• To encourage managers to grow as persons & in their capacity to handle greater responsibilty.• To improve the performance of managers at all levels in the jobs that they hold now.• To sustain good performance of managers throughout their careers.• To assure the org of availability of required no.of managers with the required skills to meet the present and future needs of business.
SOME OTHER OBJ OF DEVELOPMENT OFMANAGERIAL PERSONNEL FOR VARIOUS LEVELS OF MGT ARE GIVEN BELOW :-• TOP MANAGEMENT• MIDDLE LINE MANAGEMENT• MIDDLE FUNCTIONAL EXECUTIVE & SPECIALISTS
TOP MANAGEMENT• To improve thought processes• To examine problems & takes decision in the betterment of the organization.• To think on present problems as well as future problems.• To understand economic, technical & institutional forces in order to solve business problems.• To acquire knowledge about the problems of human relations.
MIDDLE LINE MANAGEMENT• To established a clear picture of executive functions & responsibilties.• To develop the ability to analyze problems & to take appropriate action• To develop responsible leadership
MIDDLE FUNCTION EXECUTIVE & SPECIALISTS• TO Increase knowledge of business functions and operations in the specific fields in marketing,productions,finance,personnel.• To understand the functions performed in a company.• To understand human relations problem.• To stimulate creative thinking in order to improve methods and procedures.• To increase proficiency in inventory control,operations research & quality control.
Management development techniques OrganizationalIndividual techniques Group techniques development techniquesOn Off Brain storming Survey feedbackthe thejob job Multiple mgt Process consultation Goal setting & coaching Mgt game syndicate planning mentoring Case study Seminars Roleplay Mbo understudy participation Job Job rotation In-basket enrichment Specific projects incident conferences Behavior Committee modelling assignment