3 ewaste programghananetherlandsnov2010 john pwamang epa

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3 ewaste programghananetherlandsnov2010 john pwamang epa

  1. 1. E-waste Programmes in Ghana Presented at the International E-waste Collaboration (Ghana – Netherlands) By: John A. Pwamang, Director, Chemicals Control and Management Centre, EPA- Ghana Cindy Badoe, Deputy Director, Built Environment Department EPA-Ghana 01/30/15 1
  2. 2. Presentation outline Introduction The e-waste situation in Ghana Programmes aimed at addressing the problem Draft Strategy for Control and Management of E-Waste in Ghana 01/30/15 2
  3. 3. Introduction The international trade in second hand goods has led to massive imports of near end-of –life electrical and electronic equipment into Ghana and other developing countries in Africa and Asia These near end-of-life equipment become waste within a short time  E-waste has therefore become one of the major waste management challenges in Ghana 01/30/15 3
  4. 4. E-waste situation in Ghana (1) The legal framework on importation of second hand goods is incapable of controlling the influx of end-of-life and near-end-life electrical and electronic equipment A lot of E-waste are generated locally by various institutions, repair shops, industries and households due power fluctuations in the country and other factors, reducing the lifespan equipment. There are no formal E-waste collection systems and the informal sector use “push cart boys” who move long distances within the city to collect E-waste 01/30/15 4
  5. 5. E-waste situation in Ghana (2) Recycling is done predominantly by the informal sector using crude methods leading serious adverse health and environmental effects Some E-wastes are also indiscriminately disposed leading to pollution of water bodies and contamination of soil. 01/30/15 5
  6. 6. Statement of the Problem (1) Lack of coordinated approach for collection, transport, storage and disposal of e-waste. Difficulty in establishing the key players engaged in the informal trade and recovery of materials from e-waste. Data on the adverse impacts of e-waste on human health and the environment is limited 01/30/15 6
  7. 7. Statement of the Problem (2) Lack of controls of imports of used electrical and electronic equipment Education and awareness creation programmes are inadequate Inadequate facilities for final disposal of the hazardous portions of E-waste 01/30/15 7
  8. 8. Statement of the Problem (3) Lack of knowledge and skills in proper sorting and collection of E-waste No guidance manuals to provide a framework or basis for national plans to address e-waste Lack of policies and legislative framework to address current e-waste problems. No comprehensive collection and recycling services for e-waste 01/30/15 8
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  14. 14. Recovered wires 01/30/15 14
  15. 15. Dumping on the banks of Korle Lagoon, Accra 01/30/15 15
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  17. 17. The Ghana E-Waste Programme To conduct an assessment of the country situation of e-waste, develop national policies for re-use, repair, refurbishment and recycling and capacity building to implement these policies. To support national and local initiatives to divert end- of-life electrical and electronic equipment from dumping towards sustainable re-use and recycling operations to protect human health and the environment. To raise public awareness on the environmentally sound management of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment. 01/30/15 17
  18. 18. Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (1) The VROM-Inspectorate (VI-Netherlands), EPA- Ghana, CEPS-Ghana, GPHA-Ghana signed a Joint Work Programme on 2nd April 2009 to collaborate to improve and facilitate enforcement and compliance and to prevent import and dumping of e-waste into Ghana. Provides for a structure for information exchange between EPA, CEPS, GPHA and VI to guarantee the mutual understanding of Ghanaian and Dutch legislation and working procedures. The cooperation also seeks to improve collection and recycling of E-waste in Ghana 01/30/15 18
  19. 19. Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (2) Conducted a feasibility study on the possibilities for setting up recycling of e-waste (through private- public partnership) and reducing environmental harm of E-waste in Ghana. A delegation of Ghanaian officials from EPA, CEPS and GPHA visited the Netherlands from 26-30 May 2009 The delegation visited Mirec at Eindhoven (an e-waste processing company), offices of Dutch Customs, the Ministry of VROM and the ports of Amsterdam and Rotterdam 01/30/15 19
  20. 20. Ghana Netherlands Cooperation (3) The delegation also met the President of the NVMP - the Dutch Association for the Disposal of Metal and Electrical Products, and discussed a visit to Ghana and the intention of the NVMP to finance a study on e-waste management in Ghana The visit facilitated exchange of information on procedures and practices concerning the enforcement of transboundary waste trade. The Ghanaian Minister also visited the Netherlands and held discussions with her Dutch counterpart on assistance of the Dutch Ministry to the Ghanaian Ministry. 01/30/15 20
  21. 21. The E-Waste Africa Project (1) To improve the level of information available on flows of e-waste and e-products being imported to West African countries and other countries to improve decision-making. To increase the capacity of parties to the Basel Convention in West Africa to manage e-waste and end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment at the national level and prepare national environmentally sound management plans. 01/30/15 21
  22. 22. The E-Waste Africa Project (2) To study the feasibility of establishing environmentally sound materials recovery operations and promoting ESM in the context of the Basel Convention in a major informal e- waste recycling area in Africa (Ghana Netherlands collaboration) To enhance the capacity of Parties to the Basel Convention to monitor and control transboundary movements of e-waste and prevent illegal traffic. 01/30/15 22
  23. 23. Other E-waste Related Interventions Green Advocacy (Ghana) and Blacksmith Institute of the USA – Conducting studies on health and environmental impacts of e-waste recycling at Agbogbloshie-Accra Philips Electronics – Focusing on recycling of Scrap Lead Acid Batteries UNODC – Container Control Programme Raw Materials Group of Sweden – Looking at training of informal sector operators on improved E-waste recycling CHF International of Switzerland – Training on E-Waste recovery methods, health and safety and developing of E- waste Guidelines Interpol – Collaboration on control of exports of E-wastes 01/30/15 23
  24. 24. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (1) Policy & Legislation Domestication of Chemicals and Waste Related Conventions in National Law Technical Committee on Waste Shipment Prevention (TCWSP) Adoption of EU WEEE Guidelines Extended Producer Responsibility Mandatory Registration of E-Waste Recycling Companies/Scrap Dealers 01/30/15 24
  25. 25. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (2) Business & Financing Consult with major manufacturers and local dealers of electrical and electronic equipment on implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility in Ghana Establish e-waste fund to finance e-waste programmes. Adopt economic instruments including fees on new and used electrical and electronic equipment to feed the e-waste management fund. Mandatory registration and licensing of scrap dealers could facilitate their access to credit 01/30/15 25
  26. 26. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (3) Technology & Skills Design and build a demonstration centre to promote improved e-waste dismantling and refurbishment Develop facility for the temporary storage of hazardous components of e-waste (e.g. CRTs, etc.) and other hazardous wastes and arrange for final disposal in an environmentally sound manner. Develop section of an existing waste disposal site to receive some of the hazardous components of e-waste and other hazardous wastes. 01/30/15 26
  27. 27. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (4) Technology and Skills Continued Establish collection centres (to be managed by interested/qualified members of the scrap dealers/refurbishers associations) to be located at various vantage points in the country Promote establishment of community based recycling centres Train e-scrap recycling operators on health and safety Seek collaboration with E-waste recycling companies in the Netherlands and other developed countries to receive and process some E-Waste fractions from Ghana (e.g. Mother boards) 01/30/15 27
  28. 28. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (5) Marketing, Awareness and Education Hold consultations with of scrap dealers, refurbishers and key stakeholders on draft e-waste management strategy and prepare implementation plans for various components Continue to investigate the environmental and health impacts of current e-waste practices Hold sensitization programmes for policy-makers (e.g. Parliamentary Select Committee on Environment, Science and Technology), to promote the promulgation of legislation on control and management of e-waste and other hazardous waste. 01/30/15 28
  29. 29. Draft Ghana E-Waste Strategy (6) Marketing, Awareness and Education continued Design and implement public awareness/information campaigns Design and implement information and training programmes for informal e-waste operators on environmentally sound collection, transportation, storage and dismantling e-wastes. Use a train-the- trainer approach to ensure that many informal operators benefit from the training. Use the print and electronic media to increase public awareness on the e-waste challenge 01/30/15 29
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