Ideology Of Pakistanclass

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Ideology Of Pakistanclass

  1. 1. Ideology of Pakistan& Two Nation Theory By: Mrs. Najmunnisa Siddiqui
  2. 2. What is ideology <ul><li>Ideology is a French word. </li></ul><ul><li>An ideology is a set of aims and ideas that directs one's goals, expectations, and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology is a product of great and influential minds or divine guidance. </li></ul><ul><li>The term ‘ideology’ means science of ideas. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Here's what Webster's dictionary gives us for ideology: </li></ul><ul><li>1 : visionary theorizing </li></ul><ul><li>2 (a) : a systematic body of concepts esp. about human life or culture </li></ul><ul><li>b : a manner or the content of thinking characteristic of an individual, group, or culture </li></ul><ul><li>c : the integrated assertions, theories, and aims that constitute a sociopolitical program </li></ul>
  4. 4. Components of ideology <ul><li>1.Common Religion </li></ul><ul><li>2. Common Culture </li></ul><ul><li>3. Common Causes </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sincere Dedication and Pledges </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common Religion <ul><li>The effects of religion produce a certain way of thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>The traditions and the social behaviour of all the individuals become same due to the teachings of religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus religion constitutes a collection of certain thoughts which later appears in the form of an ideology. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Common Culture <ul><li>The way of life of the people belonging to a certain region or geographical environment has some special values on the basis of common religion; </li></ul><ul><li>the way of life constitutes the social life in the form of a civilized culture . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common Causes <ul><li>The people belonging to a certain religion or geographical environment constitute common social and economical causes for the solution of their problems, due to this their social behavior becomes same in this respect, and hence an ideology is formed among them. </li></ul><ul><li>For example the achievement of Pakistan was a common cause under the influence of ideology. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sincere Dedication and Pledges <ul><li>The pledges and sincere dedication are also necessary for an ideology because an ideology becomes successful only when all the people accept it completely. Thus a dedication is developed with the ideology, hence the power of the ideology increases. For example the Muslims of South Asia are highly dedicated to their common causes for seeking freedom and establishment of a Muslim State. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ideology <ul><li>Importance of Ideology </li></ul><ul><li>It is not only a thought but it is also a feeling which awakens humans to progress </li></ul><ul><li>To move forward & to fulfilments of desires </li></ul><ul><li>Initially, we face difficulties, hurdles & problems </li></ul><ul><li>At the end everlasting happiness </li></ul><ul><li>It sets the mutual duties & rights of the humans </li></ul>
  10. 10. Islamic Ideology <ul><li>It is an ideology through a society is formed in accordance with the teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Four guiding principles of Islamic way of life <ul><li>The four important guiding Islamic principles are : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Unity of Allah: It means the belief in oneness of Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Prophet Hood: Finality of the prophet hood of Hazrat Mohammad (P.B.U.H). </li></ul><ul><li>3. Life Hereafter: It means all the mankind will be reborn after death. They wil be rewarded or punished according to their deeds in the worldly life. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fundamentals of Islam: It includes Kalma, Salat, Fasting, Hajj and Zakaat. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>The creation of Pakistan was unique in the sense that it was based on the ideological commitments in the light of the religion Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith and creed based on the Islamic principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers the political, social, economical and religious aspects of human life </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology of Islam is the ideology of Pakistan </li></ul>
  13. 13. Definition: Nation <ul><li>A nation is a territory or country as political entity or a grouping of people who share real or imagined common history, culture, language or ethnic origin, often possessing or seeking its own government. (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Two Nation Theory <ul><li>The phenomenon of Two-Nation theory originated with the advent of Islam in the Sub-Continent (712AD). Quaid-e-Azam once said: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national entered the field of Islam.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>From the above statement, it is clear that ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic one. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Two Nation Theory <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi, speaking in the second session of the Round table conference in London in 1931, said that the quarrel between Hindus and Muslims was ‘core view with the British advent’ in India. It would be difficult to maintain such a position historically because the conflict between Hindus and Muslims had started long before the emergence of the British power in India. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Two Nation Theory <ul><li>. In an interview with Beverlay Nicholas, the founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah said in 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>“ You must remember that Islam is not merely a religious doctrine but a realistic and practical code of conduct. I am thinking in terms of everything important in life. I am thinking in terms of our history, our heroes, our art, our architecture, out music, our laws, our jurisprudence”. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Two Nation Theory <ul><li>It means the cultural,political,religious,economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities.Hindus and Muslims of the Sub Continent. </li></ul><ul><li>These difference of out look ,in fact,were greatly instrumental in giving rise to two distinct political ideologies which were responsible for the partition of India into two independent states. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Two-Nation theory <ul><li>It states that Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations from every definition; therefore Muslims should have a separate homeland in the Muslim majority areas of India, where they can spend their lives according to the glorious teachings of Islam. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Factors Creating the Idea of Separate Homeland <ul><ul><li>Religious Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindu Nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Differences </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><ul><li>Hindi Urdu Controversy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress Attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partition of Bengal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti Muslim Campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Acceptance of British Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindus Betrayed Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refusal of Muslim Identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War of 1857 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Sir Syed's Idea </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the first Muslim leader who presented the idea of ‘Two Nation Theory’; he was the pioneer of the ‘Two Nation Theory’. </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Syed Ahmed Khan first used the word ‘Two Nations’ for Hindus and Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was convinced by the hatred of Congress and Hindus towards the Muslims that both nations cannot stay unite in the single country and the future of the Muslims will safe only if they have their own separate country. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Ideology of Pakistan & importance of two nation theory </li></ul><ul><li>As per above definition, It is clear that ideology of Pakistan & Ideology of Islam are one and the same thing </li></ul><ul><li>There values are common, so Pakistan is an ideological state </li></ul><ul><li>India was a continent in which many followers of different religions were living, among them Muslims & Hindus were two big nations </li></ul><ul><li>There lives based on two different ideologies </li></ul>
  23. 23. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Ideology of Pakistan & importance of two nation theory </li></ul><ul><li>So it was not possible for them to live together </li></ul><ul><li>That’s why Muslims of India wanted a separate homeland where they can live as per the principles of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Where they can develop their culture & civilization in order to make an Islamic society </li></ul><ul><li>That time slogan of Pakistan was…….. </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is the meaning of Pakistan, there is one God and Muhammad (PBUH) is the last Prophet of God” </li></ul>
  24. 24. Quaid e Azam and Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>On March 22, 1940 in his presidential address to the All-India Muslim League Lahore session, the founder of Pakistan M A Jinnah made it plain that “The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, and literature. They neither intermarry, nor interdine together, and indeed they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. He further said ,Musalmans are a nation according to any definition of a nation, and they must have their homeland, their territory and their State “ </li></ul>
  25. 25. Ideology of Pakistan & importance of two nation theory <ul><li>Today the world community comprises of more than 180 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan appeared on the world map in August 1947, and became the first Islamic ideological state of the modern times. Unlike the non-ideological states, it was not established due to any geographical conflict or territorial domination by a group of people. </li></ul><ul><li>If the ideology of such a state like Pakistan is dead then its existence can be questioned. Therefore, Pakistan can’t exist if there is no more ideology of Pakistan. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Allama Iqbal & Ideology of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Allama Iqbal never used the word Pakistan in his speeches but in all his speeches he demanded separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent. </li></ul><ul><li>His sayings are considered as the ideology of Pakistan </li></ul>
  27. 27. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Islam is complete code of life </li></ul><ul><li>Annual meeting of Muslim league on December 29, 1930 at Allahabad, he said: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Islam is not the name some beliefs and customs but it is a complete code of life. In, Europe, religion is very one’s personal matter which divides the human oneness into two opposite parts i.e. body and soul. In contrast to that in Islam, God, Universe, soul, matter, state and religious places are bound to each other or in other words Muslims are one nation.” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Islam is a lively power </li></ul><ul><li>In his Allahabad address: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Islam is a lively power which frees human mind from country and race’s thoughts. If we understand this thing then we can be the leaders of prominent Indian civilization” </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is the way to success </li></ul><ul><li>“ The lesson which I learnt from history is that Islam always helped the Muslims at the time of difficulty but Muslims did not save Islam. Even today, Ideology of Islam can save you being from destruction by uniting you divided powers” </li></ul>
  29. 29. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Demand for separate Muslim Homeland </li></ul><ul><li>“ I desire that by joining Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, N.W.F.P, a separate state should be made which is under the British rule or outside the British rule. This is necessary because in North West, a separate Muslim State has become the fate of Muslims. I demand for the benefit of Islam and of the subcontinent, a strong Islamic state is created” </li></ul>
  30. 30. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>The Quaid-i-Azam & Ideology of Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of Islamic democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Said on August 14, 1947 at a press conference: </li></ul><ul><li>“ In reality we had learnt democracy 1300 years ago. So when you talk about democracy, I doubt that you have not studied Islam” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Opposition of Racism & prejudices </li></ul><ul><li>In Dhaka on March 21, 1948 he said, </li></ul><ul><li>“ You do not talk in term of Bengali, Sindhi, Balochi or Pathan rather you remember the lesson of 1300 years ago that we are not Sindhi, Balochi or Pathan but we are Muslims and only Muslims” </li></ul>
  32. 32. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Difference between Islam & Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Islam & Hinduism are not only two religions but they are also two different social systems. These two nations are related to two different civilizations that base on such thoughts which are cons to each other. These ideologies are different to each other. Hindus and Muslims cannot create a common nationhood. So Muslims are in need of a separate homeland where they can spend their lives socially, economically and politically according to their faith.” </li></ul>
  33. 33. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>No need of any “ISM“except Islam </li></ul><ul><li>In March 1944, while addressing the students, Quaid said, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Islam is our guide and a complete code of life. We neither need any red or yellow flag nor we need any socialism, communism, Nationalism or any other ism” </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Islamic civilization </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our aim is the creation of such a state which flourish in the light of our civilization & where Islamic ideologies of social justice can completely bloom” </li></ul>
  34. 34. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Need of testing the Islamic Education </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing to the students of Islamic College of Peshawar on January 13, 1948, said, </li></ul><ul><li>“ We demanded Pakistan not for a piece of land but we wanted such a laboratory where Islamic principles could be tested” </li></ul>
  35. 35. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>As in the beginning of the 11th century, Al-Biruni observed that Hindus differed from the Muslims in all matters and habits. He further elaborated his argument by writing that the Hindus considered Muslims &quot; Mlachha &quot;, or impure. And they forbid having any connection with them, be it intermarriage or any other bond of relationship. They even avoid sitting, eating and drinking with them, because they feel &quot;polluted&quot;. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Quaid stated…. </li></ul><ul><li>That Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, with different social customs and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>They neither intermarry, nor eat together, and indeed belong to two different civilizations whose very foundations are based on conflicting ideas and concepts. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Ideology of Pakistan <ul><li>Their outlook on life and of life is different. </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of the passage of about 1,000 years the relations between the Hindus and Muslims could not attain the level of cordiality. </li></ul><ul><li>The only difference between the writing of Al-Biruni and the speech of Quaid-i-Azam was that Al-Biruni made calculated predictions, while Quaid-i-Azam had history behind him to support his argument. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Thank You !

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