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Multiplication 1

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'Lilavati' was one of the mathematical texts written by Bhaskaracharya-II (1114 - 1193 CE), a well-known Indian mathematician. In this presentation we have shared one of the techniques of multiplying numbers which has been explained in Lilavati.

To learn more techniques of Lilavati, join Vedic Mathematics Home Study Course. For details, visit vedicmaths.chinfo.org

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Multiplication 1

  1. 1. Multiplication – 1 (from Bhaskara’s Lilavati) Vinay Nair SCHOOL OF VEDIC MATHS
  2. 2. Splitting a number (i) 14 x 21 21  21 = 20 + 1 20 + 1  Hence, 14 x 21 = 14 x 20 + 14 x 1 14 x 20 = 280 +14 x 1 = 14 Answer = 294
  3. 3. The same calculation can be done by splitting 14 (i) 14 x 21 14  14 = 10 + 4 10 + 4  Hence, 21 x 14 = 21 x 10 + 21 x 4 21 x 10 = 210 +21 x 4 = 84 Answer = 294
  4. 4. Another example (ii) 32 x 12 12  12 = 10 + 2 10 + 2  32 x 12 = 32 x 10 + 32 x 2 32 x 10 = 320 +32 x 2 = 64 Answer = 384
  5. 5. Try splitting 32 (ii) 32 x 12 32  32 = 30 + 2 30 + 2  12 x 32 = 12 x 30 + 12 x 2 12 x 30 = 360 +12 x 2 = 24 Answer = 384
  6. 6. (iii) 23 x 15  15 = 10 + 5 15  23 x 15 = 23 x 10 + 23 x 5 10 + 5 23 x 10 = 230 +23 x 5 = 115 Answer = 345
  7. 7. (iii) 23 x 15 by splitting 23  23 = 20 + 3  15 x 23 = 15 x 20 + 15 x 3 15 x 20 = 300 +15 x 3 = 45 Answer = 345
  8. 8.  In this way, we can do multiplication in a faster way. But what if we have numbers like 78 x 97? Splitting numbers in the above said way and calculating would still consume time.  For such type of numbers, we have some other techniques to get the answers faster.
  9. 9. Thank you!

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