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Exploring Self and the Other
Ramna Mir and Naima Minhas
SelfandOtherBinary
Opposition
Nature of the Self
Y Self?Evolution ...
Self and Other
The three psychoanalytic on The Self
and Other
• Freud
• Lacan
• Jung
Jung on Self
Self Vs. Other
Self Other
The disease in Xinjiun; a part of his being The healthy people around him
Self Other
The Soul and the imagination that has not
been diseased
The corruption of the body
• Self is the Writer:"literary creation to be a kind of
challenge against society waged by an individual's
existence, even...
Self Vs. Other in China Mao Period
• Mao presented the concept of Self as the
State
Vs.
Other as the Rebellious intellectu...
• Self representation Vs. Self Sacrifice to Other
(in name of Patriotism, Communism)
• Culture is self, creation (Art) is ...
The Significance of the topic
• Soul Mountain is a literary response to the
devastation of the self of the individual by
t...
Self Fused with
Others
Chinese sensibility
Fused with Western
Concepts
• Jean Starobinski writes that "the discovery of
the self coincides with the discovery of the
imagination; the two discove...
Friction
• Friction is the force that disallows to move
forward. (Tundee aey Bad e Mukhalif “Iqbal”)
Dissension or conflic...
Nature of SELF
• Encyclopedic
• Inherently EVIL or ANGELIC?
• SELF is a rationalist half of the whole
personality.
• The s...
Nature of Self
• GAO seems to be splitting himself
a schizophrenic experience of
splitting himself into different
personas...
The Constituents of the Self
Spiritual
Self
Social
Self
Material
Self
Material Self
• Two categories
– The bodily self
• The parts of our body
– Extracorporeal self
• Any material possession w...
Material Self
• Name Letter Effect (Nuttin, 1985)
– Individuals have a tendency that they like the
letters which constitut...
The Social Self
• How we are regarded and recognized by
others (social identities)
• “... a man has as many social selves ...
The Five Types of Social Identities
– Personal Relationships (e.g.; son,
daughter)
– Ethnic/Religious (e.g.; Turkish, Musl...
Spiritual Self
• Self is the stream of consciousness
Collective Self
• Refers to an individual’s
identification with a group
Exploring Self and the Other
Ramna Mir and Naima Minhas
SelfandOtherBinary
Opposition
Nature of the Self
Y Self?Evolution ...
Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature
Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature
Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature
Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature
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Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature

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Self and Other in The Soul Mountain

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Self and Other in The Soul Mountain, Chinese Literature

  1. 1. Exploring Self and the Other Ramna Mir and Naima Minhas SelfandOtherBinary Opposition Nature of the Self Y Self?Evolution of Self Jung on Self Lacan on Self Freud on Self Existentialist on Self Religion on Self
  2. 2. Self and Other
  3. 3. The three psychoanalytic on The Self and Other • Freud • Lacan • Jung
  4. 4. Jung on Self
  5. 5. Self Vs. Other Self Other The disease in Xinjiun; a part of his being The healthy people around him
  6. 6. Self Other The Soul and the imagination that has not been diseased The corruption of the body
  7. 7. • Self is the Writer:"literary creation to be a kind of challenge against society waged by an individual's existence, even though this challenge may be insignificant, it is at least a gesture." • Other the American Theatre companies demanding Gao to make changes in the plot of the plays. Self the Playwright • Other is the Audience within himself for whom Xing wrote • Self is the Writer Other is His wife, ashamed of his socially dangerous status as an intellectual—scorned him, and reported the political nature of his writing to the authorities, as was expected of her by custom. Other is the Society that fails to confirm the individuality of Xinjiun.
  8. 8. Self Vs. Other in China Mao Period • Mao presented the concept of Self as the State Vs. Other as the Rebellious intellectuals
  9. 9. • Self representation Vs. Self Sacrifice to Other (in name of Patriotism, Communism) • Culture is self, creation (Art) is other Vs.
  10. 10. The Significance of the topic • Soul Mountain is a literary response to the devastation of the self of the individual by the primitive human urge for the warmth and security of an other (Lee 2000, vi) • Goran Malmqvist of the Swedish Nobel Academy notes that Soul Mountain deals with an existential dilemma: "man's urge to find the absolute independence granted by solitude conflicts with a longing for the warmth and fellowship which can be given by 'the other'"
  11. 11. Self Fused with Others Chinese sensibility Fused with Western Concepts
  12. 12. • Jean Starobinski writes that "the discovery of the self coincides with the discovery of the imagination; the two discoveries are in fact the same"
  13. 13. Friction • Friction is the force that disallows to move forward. (Tundee aey Bad e Mukhalif “Iqbal”) Dissension or conflict between persons, nations, etc., because of differing ideas, wishes, etc.
  14. 14. Nature of SELF • Encyclopedic • Inherently EVIL or ANGELIC? • SELF is a rationalist half of the whole personality. • The self may be egotistical. Self imprisonment. • I, is so self conscious, and self obsessed with oneself then he cannot cross to the mystical world yet. CH 3
  15. 15. Nature of Self • GAO seems to be splitting himself a schizophrenic experience of splitting himself into different personas, multiple identities. And each identity has a different journey to follow. • Interestingly, I SELF is a central figure of all the multiple narratives. • The Self travels to You, She, He and then I
  16. 16. The Constituents of the Self Spiritual Self Social Self Material Self
  17. 17. Material Self • Two categories – The bodily self • The parts of our body – Extracorporeal self • Any material possession which extends our body • It is our psychological ownership of these materials which constitute the material self
  18. 18. Material Self • Name Letter Effect (Nuttin, 1985) – Individuals have a tendency that they like the letters which constitute their names more than the rest of the letters in the alphabet
  19. 19. The Social Self • How we are regarded and recognized by others (social identities) • “... a man has as many social selves as there are individuals who recognize him and and carry an image of him in their mind.” (James, 1890, p. 294)
  20. 20. The Five Types of Social Identities – Personal Relationships (e.g.; son, daughter) – Ethnic/Religious (e.g.; Turkish, Muslim) – Political Affiliation (e.g.; nationalist, social democrat) – Stigmatized Groups (e.g.; criminal, addict) – Vocation/Avocation (e.g.; psychologist, anchorperson, writer)
  21. 21. Spiritual Self • Self is the stream of consciousness
  22. 22. Collective Self • Refers to an individual’s identification with a group
  23. 23. Exploring Self and the Other Ramna Mir and Naima Minhas SelfandOtherBinary Opposition Nature of the Self Y Self?Evolution of Self Jung on Self Lacan on Self Freud on Self Existentialist on Self Religion on Self

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