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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
PAGE 
1 OF 23 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
OPERATING PROCEDURE 
ULTRASONIC TESTING 
DATE 
REF DOC. 
ATS-UT-001 
REVISION 
0.0 
PREPARED BY APPROVED 
Name: 
Signature: 
Date : 
Name: J. AFFANDI 
Signature: 
Date : 
REVISION STATUS: 
S.NO REVISION No. DATE DESCRIPTION 
1 FIRST ISSUE 
STANDARD PRACTICE INSTRUCTIONS/OPERATING PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN 
THE COMPANY QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ARE CONTROLLED BY THE 
QUALITY ASSURANCE MANAGER AND MAY NOT BE IN ANY WAY REVISED OR 
AMENDED WITHOUT HIS AUTHORITY. 
The signatures above indicate Review and Authorization of all the numbered pages in this Standard 
Document. 
Page 1 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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ATS-UT-001 
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CONTENTS 
1. SCOPE 
2. REFERENCE DOCUMENT 
3. QUALIFICATIONS 
4. RESPONSIBILITIES 
5. PROCEDURES 
6. REPORTING 
7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 
8. ATTACHMENTS 
9. DOCUMENTS 
Page 2 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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ATS-UT-001 
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ABBREVIATION 
API - AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE 
AWS - AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY 
ASME - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS 
ASTM - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING MATERIALS 
ASNT - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING 
MHz - MEGA HERTZ 
IOW - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF WELDING 
IIW - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF WELDING 
DAC - DISTANCE AMPLITUDE CORRECTION 
FSH - FULL SCREEN HEIGHT 
dB - DECIBELL 
CRT - CATHODE RAY TUBE 
HAZ - HEAT AFFECTED ZONE 
Page 3 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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1.0 SCOPE 
This procedure is prepared to inspect base metal and fusion welded butt joints in ferritic 
steel by Manual Ultrasonic Method. 
2.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS 
2.1 ASME Section V- Article-4, 5 & 23 (2007 Edition ) – 
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code 
2.2 ASME /ANSI B31.3 (2008 edition) – 
Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping 
2.3 AWS-D 1.1 (2008 edition) – Structural Welding Code 
3.0 QUALIFICATIONS 
3.1 The Personnel who carry out Ultrasonic Testing shall be qualified Level-II as per 
SNT-TC-1A (2006). 
3.2 Alternately a level-1 qualification is acceptable, provided the work is carried out 
under the direct supervision of a qualified Level-2 Technician. 
him. 
4.0 RESPONSIBILITIES 
An Ultrasonic Operator / UT Technician shall be responsible for performing ultrasonic 
examination according to this procedure. 
5.0 PROCEDURES 
5.1 EQUIPMENT 
5.1.1 Ultrasonic Flaw Detector shall be Portable; Pulse echo unit with rectified 
A – Scan display. (E.g. Krautkramer–USK6, USK7, USK7D or equivalent). 
Page 4 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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5.1.2 Straight Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin 
or single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than 
50 mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm job 
thickness, crystal diameter of 10 – 25mm. 
5.1.3 Angle Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin or 
single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than 50 
mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm, crystal 
dimensions of 8x9mm or 10mmØ. 
5.2 REFERENCE BLOCKS 
5.2.1 Reference blocks used for equipment calibration shall be as follows 
5.2.2 IIW or V1 Block 
5.2.3 V2 (Din 54122) Block 
5.2.4 IOW Beam Profile Block 
5.2.5 Basic Calibration Block of ASME Section-V, Article-5 
5.3 COUPLANT 
5.3.1 A suitable coupling medium for acoustic transmission is required. 
5.3.2 Glycerin, light machine oil, cellulose paste, non-corrosive gel or 
equivalent may be used. 
5.3.3 Suitable high temperature grease shall be used as a couplant when doing 
high temperature testing. 
5.4 CALIBRATION OF EQUIPMENT 
5.4.1 Manufacturers certificate of calibration shall be available with each new 
flaw detection unit. Annual re-calibration and certification shall be carried 
out by manufacturers agent or recommended third parties. 
5.4.2. In addition to the above, the ultrasonic operator shall carry out following 
equipment checks prior to conducting any test. 
Time base linearity Equipment Performance checks as per 
Screen Height Attachment-I 
Linearity 
Amplifier linearity 
Probe resolution 
Probe Index Probe characteristics check as per 
Attachment-II 
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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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5.4.3 A record for all equipment checks shall be maintained in the standard 
format. 
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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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5.5 SURFACE CONDITION 
5.5.1 Scanning surface shall be smooth, clean and free of scale, spatter, pitting, 
paint or any imperfection that might impair the coupling between the 
probe and the work piece. 
5.5.2 Dressing of weld profile may be carried out to eliminate or resolve 
confusing surface echoes/mode conversions. 
5.5.3 Where it is otherwise impossible for the ultrasonic beam to interrogate the 
full cross-section of the weld, the weld profile shall be dressed smooth. 
5.6 TRANSFER CORRECTION 
5.6.1 Transfer correction shall be carried out to compensate for differences in 
surface condition and material composition between calibration block and 
test component. It is a requirement to determine a transfer correction 
factor and adjust basic sensitivity prior to any test. It shall be carried out as 
follows: 
5.6.2 Connect two – shear wave probes of same angle, type to the UFD in 
transmitter & Receiver mode. 
5.6.3 Position the probes on the basic calibration block facing each other. 
5.6.4 Maximize the Full skip distance echo and keep it at 80% of full screen 
height (Refer Fig.5.1). Mark the signal on the UFD screen. 
5.6.5 Reposition the probes in order to get the double skip distance echo and 
maximize it (Refer Fig.5.2). Mark the signal on the screen. 
5.6.6 Join the two points together in a straight line marked across the screen 
(Refer Fig.5.3). 
5.6.7 Without altering the gain control setting, transfer the probes to the surface 
of the test piece. Using the same method described above, obtain peaked 
signals at full and double skip distances. Join the peaks together in a 
straight line on the flaw detector screen. 
5.6.8 The difference in dB between the two lines at comparable time base range 
represents the transfer correction factor. 
5.6.9 The transfer correction factor shall be added to the primary reference level 
prior to the commencement of examination. 
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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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Sketches for Transfer Correction Factor 
Transmit Receive 
Page 8 of 23 
Transmit Receive 
Full skip distance 
Figure 5.1 
Double skip distance 
Figure 5.2 
80%FSH 
Line 1 
Line 2 
Test piece at 
Full Skip 
Basic Cal. Block 
at Full Skip 
Basic Cal. Block 
at Double Skip 
Test piece at 
Double Skip 
TCF 
Figure 5.3
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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5.7 BEAM PATH CALIBRATION, SENSITIVITY SETTING AND DAC 
5.7.1 Beam path Calibration and sensitivity setting shall be made by the 
ultrasonic operator at the work location, immediately prior to he 
commencement of test. 
5.7.2 Straight beam calibration shall be made to display at least two back wall 
echoes on the CRT screen. 
5.7.3 Straight beam sensitivity shall be adjusted such that the first back wall 
echo is set at 80% FSH. 
5.7.4 Angle beam calibration shall be made for the beam path length that is 
sufficient to ensure complete coverage of weld. This may vary from 0-0.5 
Skip Beam Path to 1.5 Skip Beam Path depends up on accessibility for 
scanning. 
5.7.5 Angle beam sensitivity shall be set using a DAC curve in accordance with 
the requirements of the applicable code as described in the attachment-III. 
Scanning sensitivity shall be 6 dB above the primary sensitivity. 
5.7.6 The flaw detector unit shall have minimum 20dB gain in reserve above 
basic sensitivity. 
5.7.7 Recalibration of beam path shall be made every 30 minutes during testing, 
after any change of probe, coaxial cable or battery, or after any change of 
work location. 
5.7.8 Suppression control shall be off during calibration. 
5.8 TEST PROCEDURE 
5.8.1 Straight beam examination shall be carried out on the base metal to ensure 
that the angle beam scanning area is free of lamination or any 
imperfections that might interfere with the angle beam test. 
5.8.2 Any area of base metal with indications excess or equal to back wall echo 
or any area in which the back wall echo is completely lost shall be 
reported. 
5.8.3 Straight beam examination of attachment welds shall be carried out where 
access is possible. 
5.8.4 Scanning patterns for angle beam probes shall be established in 
accordance with size and geometry of the test joint. Selection of probe 
angles and scanning surface shall be designed to achieve optimum 
coverage of weld metal volume. 
5.8.5 Scanning patterns for each joint type shall be specified in a technique 
sheet appended to this procedure. 
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5.8.6 Probe movement during scans shall be a combination of lateral and 
traversing actions. Each scan shall overlap by at least 10%. Rotational and 
orbital probe movements shall be used for assessment of indications. 
5.8.7 Transverse scanning shall be carried out from weld cap if possible. 
Alternately scanning shall be done on the parent metal adjacent to weld at 
an angle of <15° to the weld axis. 
5.8.8 The rate of search unit movement (scanning speed) shall not exceed 150 
mm per second 
5.9 EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS 
5.9.1 All assessment and evaluation of indications shall be carried out with 
primary reference level after deducting 6dB scanning sensitivity. 
5.9.2 Care should be taken to ensure only relevant indications are reported as 
discontinuities. 
5.9.3 Cross-sectional size of discontinuities shall be determined using 20dB 
drop technique or maximum amplitude drop technique. 
5.9.4 Length of discontinuities shall be determined using 6dB drop method. 
5.9.5 The type of discontinuity (i.e., Planar/Cylindrical /Spherical /Linear) shall 
be evaluated by noting signal response to various scans and various 
angles. 
5.9.6 A reference zero datum mark shall be made on the work piece surface. All 
rejectable discontinuities shall be marked relative to zero datum. 
5.10 EXAMINATION OF REPAIRS 
5.10.1 Repairs shall be re-examined using the same procedure used for the 
original examination. 
5.10.2 The extent of examination shall include the repaired area plus 100mm at 
either end. 
5.10.3 A new report, with relevant repair number, shall be written for all repaired 
welds retested. 
5.11 POST INSPECTION CLEANING 
5.11.1 When required, post inspection cleaning shall be accomplished to remove 
residual inspection materials (couplant) by flushing with a solvent based 
cleaner then finally wiping with rags. 
5.12 SAFETY 
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5.12.1 Care shall be exercised during inspection with due regard to safety and the 
fact that the standard Ultrasonic Flaw Detectors used by the company are 
NOT considered intrinsically safe and also Permits shall be required for 
hazardous areas. 
6.0 REPORTING 
6.1 Reporting requirements shall be as specified by the Client or the Contract 
Document. 
6.2 All examination results shall be reported in standard format. 
6.3 A sketch depicting cross-sectional area and circumferential location shall be made 
for all rejectable discontinuities. 
6.4 All restricted areas that are not scanned with complete coverage shall be reported 
with full explanation of restriction. 
7.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 
7.1 The acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with client’s requirements. 
7.2 However, unless otherwise specified the minimum acceptance criteria shall be in 
accordance with the latest editions of the following documents: 
i) AWS D1.1 (2008 Edition) - For Structural Steel Work 
ii) ASME B31.3 (2008 Edition) - For Process Piping 
iii) ASME Section-VIII Div.1 & 2 (2007 Edition) – 
For Pressure Vessels 
iv) API 1104(2005) - For Pipelines 
8.0 ATTACHMENTS 
I - Equipment Performance Check 
II - Probe Characteristics Check 
III - Construction of DAC Curve 
9.0 DOCUMENTS 
9.1 Technique sheet UT-T 001 
Technique sheet UT-T 002 
Technique sheet - UT-T 003 
Ultrasonic Examination Report 
Page 11 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
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REVISION 
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Sketch Format for Ultrasonic Examination Report 
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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD 
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ATTACHMENT-I 
ULTRASONIC FLAW DETECTOR PERFORMANCE CHECK 
1.0 INTRODUCTION 
This is intended to provide detailed methods and techniques for assessment and calibration of 
Ultrasonic Flaw Detector, as required by UT-01 Section 8.2. 
2.0 TYPE OF EQUIPMENT: 
As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 
3.0 CALIBRATION PROCEDURE: 
The instrument calibration shall be performed every 40 hours as per Asme Sec V 
3.1 Horizontal Linearity 
Calibrate the screen for the test range of 125mm using Single Crystal Transducer and IIW Block. 
Place the probe on 25mm thickness side and read the back wall echoes. The Percentage of error 
is calculated based on actual reading and the expected reading. The error should not exceed ±2% 
of Test Range. 
3.2 Screen Height Linearity 
A straight beam probe is coupled with the IIW (V1) block to get multiple echoes from 25mm 
back wall. Select any two echoes whose amplitudes are in the ratio of 2:1 with larger echo set at 
80% of full screen height. Adjust the gain successively without moving search unit and set the 
larger indication from 100% to 20% of full screen height in 10% increments or 2dB steps if a 
fine control is not available. Read the smaller indication at each setting. The settings and 
readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen height. Deviation should not exceed 
±5% of Full Screen Height. 
Alternately, a straight beam search unit shall be used on any calibration block, which will 
provide amplitude differences with sufficient signal separation to prevent overlapping of the two 
signals. 
3.3 Amplitude Control Linearity 
Couple the angle beam search unit to IIW (V1) block and get multiple echoes from 25 mm 
thickness side. Select any echo and note its amplitude. Reduce the gain by 6dB and read the 
Page 13 of 23
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amplitude of the same indication. It must be 50% of the initial amplitude within ±10% of the 
nominal amplitude ratio. Perform this exercise for full range of Gain. 
The settings and readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen and the readings 
should fall within the limits of following table. 
Other convenient reflectors from any calibration block shall be used with straight or angle beam 
search units. 
Indication Set at % of 
Full Screen Height 
dB Control Change Indication Limits % of 
Full Screen Height 
80 -6 dB 36 to 44 
80 -12 dB 18 to 22 
40 +6 dB 72 to 88 
20 +12 dB 72 to 88 
4.0 RECORDS: 
All calibration readings shall be recorded and documented till next calibration period and 
calibration block identity shall be included in the ultrasonic calibration records. 
Page 14 of 23
NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL 
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ATTACHMENT – II 
PROBE CHARACTERISTICS CHECK 
1.0 INTRODUCTION 
This has been written in order to provide detailed methods and techniques to evaluate the 
Probe’s characteristics. 
2.0 TYPE OF PROBES & EQUIPMENT 
As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 
3.0 PROBE CHARACTERISTICS 
3.1 Probe Resolution 
3.1.1 Place 0° compression probe on the V1 (IIW) Block as shown in the figure 1. The 
echoes from the bottom of the milled slot at 85mm and from the steps at 91mm and 
100mm shall be clearly discernible on the screen. 
3.1.2 Place shear wave probes on the IOW Beam Profile Block with the beam directed 
towards the series of 5 side drilled holes. Al least 3 of the series shall be clearly 
discernible. 
3.2 Probe Index 
Place shear wave probe on the V1 (IIW) block’s 100mm quadrant side as shown in the figure 2 
and maximize the eco from the quadrant. Hold the probe and measure the distance (d) from 
block edge to probe edge. 
The probe index = (100 – d) mm. 
For example, if ‘d’ is 86mm, then 
Probe index = 100-86=14mm. 
This distance shall be transferred to the probe. 
Page 16 of 23 
Figure1 
100mm Radius 
V1 (IIW) Block 
Figure 2 
100mm 
d 
V1 (IIW) Block
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3.3 Probe Angle 
Place the shear wave probe on the V1 Block as shown in the figure 3 and maximize the echo 
from 1.6mm hole. 
Note the beam path and Probe angle is calculated using formula: 
Probe Angle = Cos-1(15/Beam Path) 
3.4 20dB Beam Profile 
3.4.1 Position the shear wave probe on the IOW block with the beam directed at a selected 
1.6mm hole and maximize the signal by moving probe backwards and forwards. Hold 
the probe in the maximized position and adjust gain control to give 100% FSH. Make a 
mark1 on the block, which corresponds with the probe index point (see Fig. 4) 
Prob e movement 
to maximize s ignal 
3.4.2 Move the probe gently forward until the signal height form the target hole has dropped 
to 10% FSH (i.e. 20dB). Hold the probe in this position and mark2 the probe index 
position on the block. (See Fig. 5) 
Page 18 of 23 
Figure 3 
1.6mm hole 
V1 (IIW Block) – Probe Angle 
Figure 4 
Leading ed ge 
Beam Centre Trailing Ed ge 
Mark at maximized pos itio n 
Ho rizontal 
stand-off 
IOW Block
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Mo ve pro be forward until 
Signal height drop s to 1 0% 
3.4.3 Move the probe gently backward such that the signal goes back to maximum then falls 
away again to 10% FSH. Hold the probe in this position and mark3 the probe index 
position on the block. (See Fig.6) 
Move p ro b e b ackward until 
Sig nal heig ht d ro p s to 1 0% 
3.4.4 Transfer the measurements of hole depth and probe stand off for each of three marks 
onto a flaw location slide or suitable plotting system. 
3.4.5 Repeat the above steps for three other target holes at different depths. 
3.4.6 Complete the beam angle and profile plot by joining relevant points on the plotting 
system. (See Fig.7) 
4.0 CHECKLIST 
Page 19 of 23 
Figure 5 
20 dB Trailing Edge 
Mark the p rob e index 
at 10% s ig nal height 
Figure 6 
20 dB 
Lead ing Ed ge 
Mark the p ro b e ind ex 
at 10% s ignal heig ht 
Fig.7 
Hole 1 
Hole 2 
Hole 3 
Hole 4 
Hole depth 
Horizontal stand-off 
Mark2 Mark1 Mark3 
Index 
Point 
Beam Profile Plotting
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All probe characteristics shall be entered in to the Probe Characteristics Checklist format: -: 
FORMAT/UT/CAL-02 
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UFD Model : Date of Testing : 
Serial No : 
CHECKLIST FOR PROBE CHARACTERISTICS 
Item No Checklist Item Tolerance Result 
Accept Reject 
1 Resolution - 0° Probe 3 Clearly defined 
indications 
Resolution (Angle Probe) 3 Clearly defined 
indications 
2 Probe Index 25 mm maximum 
from the edge 
3 Probe Angle 
45° 
60° 
70° 
±2° 
4 Beam Profile 
(Leading/trailing edge) 
45° 
60° 
70° 
FORMAT/UT/CAL-02 
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SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING 
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x 
x 
x 
Point 1 
80% FSH 
Point 2 
Point 3 
Time Base 
Amplitude 
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ATTACHMENT-III 
1.0 INTRODUCTION 
This illustration is written to provide technical detail for the construction of Distance 
Amplitude Correction (DAC) Curves as required by this written procedure. 
2.0 EQUIPMENT 
As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 
3.0 BLOCKS 
3.1 IOW Block for structural steel work weldments 
3.2 ASME Section-V – Basic Calibration Block for Pressure Vessels/Process Piping 
4.0 METHODS 
4.1 Select a hole in the calibration block which falls out side of the Probe’s near zone. The 
near zone length is calculated using the formula: 
N = D2F /4V 
where, N = Length of near zone (mm) 
D = Crystal diameter (mm) 
F = Frequency (MHz) 
V = Velocity (103m/s) 
4.2 Position the probe on the block and pick up the signal from selected target hole. 
4.3 Maximize the signal by manipulation of probe. 
4.4 Adjust the gain and keep the maximized signal at 80% FSH and mark the signal peak 
on the screen. 
4.5 Without further alteration select two more holes at suitable beam path to cover the 
entire range/ thickness of the test material. Maximize the echoes by probe manipulation 
and mark the respective signal peaks on the screen. 
4.6 Join together all the three points plotted on the screen to generate a DAC curve. (See 
Fig.1) 
Figure 1 
Page 22 of 23
HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD 
ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE 
GENERAL PROCEDURE 
DOC No. : HT-UT-01 
REVISION : 9.0 
DATE : 03.07.2009 
TECHNIQUE SHEET – 1: 
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR BUTT WELDS 
a) Welds with single side access: 
] 
Angle Thickness Scan leg Surface Examination 
0° all n/a 1 & 2 Lamination check on Parent metal 
45° ³25mm half 1 & 2 Root and lower weld volume 
full skip 1 & 2 Upper weld volume and fusion faces 
60° 10-25mm half skip 1 & 2 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces 
>25mm full skip 1 & 2 Upper weld volume and fusion faces 
70° 10-25mm half skip 1 & 2 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces 
all half skip 1 & 2 Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to 
smooth, scanning may be carried out from the weld 
surface) 
2.0 Welds with double side access: 
half skip 
Surface 2 
Surface 4 
Surface 1 
Surface 3 
Angle Thickness Scan leg Surface Examination 
0° all n/a 1 & 2 Lamination check on Parent metal 
45° ³25mm half 1,2,3 &4 Root and lower weld volume 
60° ³10mm half skip 1,2,3 &4 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces 
full skip 1,2,3 &4 Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to 
smooth, scanning may be carried out from the 
weld surface) 
70° 10-25mm half skip 1,2,3 &4 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces 
Page 23 of 27 
half skip 
Full Skip 
+ 1/2 Cap 
Surface 1 Surface 2 
half skip 
half skip half skip
HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD 
ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE 
GENERAL PROCEDURE 
DOC No. : HT-UT-01 
REVISION : 9.0 
DATE : 03.07.2009 
TECHNIQUE SHEET – 2: 
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR FULL PENETRATION / NOZZLE WELDS 
a) Nozzle with ‘Set through’ or full penetration T-Joints: 
Scan 1 0° Lamination check on parent metal 
Scan 2/3 45°/60°/70° shear wave scanning for weld volume, root, HAZ and fusion faces 
at ½ skip 
Scan 3 - 0° scan for fusion at main member side and lamellar tearing in main member. 
b) Nozzle or branch attachment ‘set-on’ 
Scan 1 0° Lamination check on the parent metal. 
Scan 2 45°, 60° scan for weld volume, fusion faces & HAZ at half and full skip 
distance. 
Scan 3 60°, 70° scan for root at half skip. 
Scan 4 0° scan on main member to check main member side fusion, HAZ, Lamellar 
tearing (if surface is accessible). 
Scan 5 If scan 2 & 3 is restricted due to non accessibility, a 45° scan for weld and 
fusion at full skip shall be carried out. 
Page 24 of 27 
Scan 4 
Scan 1 - 0º 
Scan 2-45º/60º/70º 
Scan 3-45º/60º/70º 
Scan 4 
Scan 5 
Scan 1, 2, & 3 
Full skip 
half skip
HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD 
ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE 
GENERAL PROCEDURE 
DOC No. : HT-UT-01 
REVISION : 9.0 
DATE : 03.07.2009 
TECHNIQUE SHEET - 03: 
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR TKY JOINTS: 
Scanning detail 
1. All scans to be carried out from branch member surface. 
2. 0° scan for lamination check on scan surface. 
3. 45°, 60°, 70° angle beam scan of weld metal at half and full skip as permitted by material thickness and 
weld geometry. 
4. Local dihedral angle and weld geometry varies point to point. Therefore beam axis should be kept 
perpendicular to the weld during angle beam scanning. 
Page 25 of 27 
Toe zone 
Transition 
zone 
Heel zone 
MAIN MEMBER 
BRANCH 
MEMBER 
Scanning perpendicular 
to weld at all locations 
Section through Toe zone 
Main member 
Scan surface 
Full skip 
Half skip 
Section through 
Heel zone 
Section through Transition zone 
Scan surface
HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD 
ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE 
GENERAL PROCEDURE 
DOC No. : HT-UT-01 
REVISION : 9.0 
DATE : 03.07.2009 
ULTRASONIC TESTING REPORT FORMATE 
Page 26 of 27
HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD 
ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE 
GENERAL PROCEDURE 
DOC No. : HT-UT-01 
REVISION : 9.0 
DATE : 03.07.2009 
ULTRASONIC TEST SKETCH 
SKETCH 
PROJECT TITLE : REPORT NO : 
Joint Identification Length / mm Depth / mm Width / mm Defect Type Remarks 
Page 27 of 27

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Ut procedure general

  • 1. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 1 OF 23 AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD OPERATING PROCEDURE ULTRASONIC TESTING DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 PREPARED BY APPROVED Name: Signature: Date : Name: J. AFFANDI Signature: Date : REVISION STATUS: S.NO REVISION No. DATE DESCRIPTION 1 FIRST ISSUE STANDARD PRACTICE INSTRUCTIONS/OPERATING PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN THE COMPANY QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ARE CONTROLLED BY THE QUALITY ASSURANCE MANAGER AND MAY NOT BE IN ANY WAY REVISED OR AMENDED WITHOUT HIS AUTHORITY. The signatures above indicate Review and Authorization of all the numbered pages in this Standard Document. Page 1 of 23
  • 2. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 2 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 CONTENTS 1. SCOPE 2. REFERENCE DOCUMENT 3. QUALIFICATIONS 4. RESPONSIBILITIES 5. PROCEDURES 6. REPORTING 7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 8. ATTACHMENTS 9. DOCUMENTS Page 2 of 23
  • 3. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 3 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 ABBREVIATION API - AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE AWS - AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY ASME - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS ASTM - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING MATERIALS ASNT - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING MHz - MEGA HERTZ IOW - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF WELDING IIW - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF WELDING DAC - DISTANCE AMPLITUDE CORRECTION FSH - FULL SCREEN HEIGHT dB - DECIBELL CRT - CATHODE RAY TUBE HAZ - HEAT AFFECTED ZONE Page 3 of 23
  • 4. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 4 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 1.0 SCOPE This procedure is prepared to inspect base metal and fusion welded butt joints in ferritic steel by Manual Ultrasonic Method. 2.0 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS 2.1 ASME Section V- Article-4, 5 & 23 (2007 Edition ) – Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code 2.2 ASME /ANSI B31.3 (2008 edition) – Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping 2.3 AWS-D 1.1 (2008 edition) – Structural Welding Code 3.0 QUALIFICATIONS 3.1 The Personnel who carry out Ultrasonic Testing shall be qualified Level-II as per SNT-TC-1A (2006). 3.2 Alternately a level-1 qualification is acceptable, provided the work is carried out under the direct supervision of a qualified Level-2 Technician. him. 4.0 RESPONSIBILITIES An Ultrasonic Operator / UT Technician shall be responsible for performing ultrasonic examination according to this procedure. 5.0 PROCEDURES 5.1 EQUIPMENT 5.1.1 Ultrasonic Flaw Detector shall be Portable; Pulse echo unit with rectified A – Scan display. (E.g. Krautkramer–USK6, USK7, USK7D or equivalent). Page 4 of 23
  • 5. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 5 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.1.2 Straight Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin or single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than 50 mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm job thickness, crystal diameter of 10 – 25mm. 5.1.3 Angle Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin or single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than 50 mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm, crystal dimensions of 8x9mm or 10mmØ. 5.2 REFERENCE BLOCKS 5.2.1 Reference blocks used for equipment calibration shall be as follows 5.2.2 IIW or V1 Block 5.2.3 V2 (Din 54122) Block 5.2.4 IOW Beam Profile Block 5.2.5 Basic Calibration Block of ASME Section-V, Article-5 5.3 COUPLANT 5.3.1 A suitable coupling medium for acoustic transmission is required. 5.3.2 Glycerin, light machine oil, cellulose paste, non-corrosive gel or equivalent may be used. 5.3.3 Suitable high temperature grease shall be used as a couplant when doing high temperature testing. 5.4 CALIBRATION OF EQUIPMENT 5.4.1 Manufacturers certificate of calibration shall be available with each new flaw detection unit. Annual re-calibration and certification shall be carried out by manufacturers agent or recommended third parties. 5.4.2. In addition to the above, the ultrasonic operator shall carry out following equipment checks prior to conducting any test. Time base linearity Equipment Performance checks as per Screen Height Attachment-I Linearity Amplifier linearity Probe resolution Probe Index Probe characteristics check as per Attachment-II Page 5 of 23
  • 6. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 6 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.4.3 A record for all equipment checks shall be maintained in the standard format. Page 6 of 23
  • 7. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 7 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.5 SURFACE CONDITION 5.5.1 Scanning surface shall be smooth, clean and free of scale, spatter, pitting, paint or any imperfection that might impair the coupling between the probe and the work piece. 5.5.2 Dressing of weld profile may be carried out to eliminate or resolve confusing surface echoes/mode conversions. 5.5.3 Where it is otherwise impossible for the ultrasonic beam to interrogate the full cross-section of the weld, the weld profile shall be dressed smooth. 5.6 TRANSFER CORRECTION 5.6.1 Transfer correction shall be carried out to compensate for differences in surface condition and material composition between calibration block and test component. It is a requirement to determine a transfer correction factor and adjust basic sensitivity prior to any test. It shall be carried out as follows: 5.6.2 Connect two – shear wave probes of same angle, type to the UFD in transmitter & Receiver mode. 5.6.3 Position the probes on the basic calibration block facing each other. 5.6.4 Maximize the Full skip distance echo and keep it at 80% of full screen height (Refer Fig.5.1). Mark the signal on the UFD screen. 5.6.5 Reposition the probes in order to get the double skip distance echo and maximize it (Refer Fig.5.2). Mark the signal on the screen. 5.6.6 Join the two points together in a straight line marked across the screen (Refer Fig.5.3). 5.6.7 Without altering the gain control setting, transfer the probes to the surface of the test piece. Using the same method described above, obtain peaked signals at full and double skip distances. Join the peaks together in a straight line on the flaw detector screen. 5.6.8 The difference in dB between the two lines at comparable time base range represents the transfer correction factor. 5.6.9 The transfer correction factor shall be added to the primary reference level prior to the commencement of examination. Page 7 of 23
  • 8. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 8 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 Sketches for Transfer Correction Factor Transmit Receive Page 8 of 23 Transmit Receive Full skip distance Figure 5.1 Double skip distance Figure 5.2 80%FSH Line 1 Line 2 Test piece at Full Skip Basic Cal. Block at Full Skip Basic Cal. Block at Double Skip Test piece at Double Skip TCF Figure 5.3
  • 9. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 9 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.7 BEAM PATH CALIBRATION, SENSITIVITY SETTING AND DAC 5.7.1 Beam path Calibration and sensitivity setting shall be made by the ultrasonic operator at the work location, immediately prior to he commencement of test. 5.7.2 Straight beam calibration shall be made to display at least two back wall echoes on the CRT screen. 5.7.3 Straight beam sensitivity shall be adjusted such that the first back wall echo is set at 80% FSH. 5.7.4 Angle beam calibration shall be made for the beam path length that is sufficient to ensure complete coverage of weld. This may vary from 0-0.5 Skip Beam Path to 1.5 Skip Beam Path depends up on accessibility for scanning. 5.7.5 Angle beam sensitivity shall be set using a DAC curve in accordance with the requirements of the applicable code as described in the attachment-III. Scanning sensitivity shall be 6 dB above the primary sensitivity. 5.7.6 The flaw detector unit shall have minimum 20dB gain in reserve above basic sensitivity. 5.7.7 Recalibration of beam path shall be made every 30 minutes during testing, after any change of probe, coaxial cable or battery, or after any change of work location. 5.7.8 Suppression control shall be off during calibration. 5.8 TEST PROCEDURE 5.8.1 Straight beam examination shall be carried out on the base metal to ensure that the angle beam scanning area is free of lamination or any imperfections that might interfere with the angle beam test. 5.8.2 Any area of base metal with indications excess or equal to back wall echo or any area in which the back wall echo is completely lost shall be reported. 5.8.3 Straight beam examination of attachment welds shall be carried out where access is possible. 5.8.4 Scanning patterns for angle beam probes shall be established in accordance with size and geometry of the test joint. Selection of probe angles and scanning surface shall be designed to achieve optimum coverage of weld metal volume. 5.8.5 Scanning patterns for each joint type shall be specified in a technique sheet appended to this procedure. Page 9 of 23
  • 10. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 10 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.8.6 Probe movement during scans shall be a combination of lateral and traversing actions. Each scan shall overlap by at least 10%. Rotational and orbital probe movements shall be used for assessment of indications. 5.8.7 Transverse scanning shall be carried out from weld cap if possible. Alternately scanning shall be done on the parent metal adjacent to weld at an angle of <15° to the weld axis. 5.8.8 The rate of search unit movement (scanning speed) shall not exceed 150 mm per second 5.9 EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS 5.9.1 All assessment and evaluation of indications shall be carried out with primary reference level after deducting 6dB scanning sensitivity. 5.9.2 Care should be taken to ensure only relevant indications are reported as discontinuities. 5.9.3 Cross-sectional size of discontinuities shall be determined using 20dB drop technique or maximum amplitude drop technique. 5.9.4 Length of discontinuities shall be determined using 6dB drop method. 5.9.5 The type of discontinuity (i.e., Planar/Cylindrical /Spherical /Linear) shall be evaluated by noting signal response to various scans and various angles. 5.9.6 A reference zero datum mark shall be made on the work piece surface. All rejectable discontinuities shall be marked relative to zero datum. 5.10 EXAMINATION OF REPAIRS 5.10.1 Repairs shall be re-examined using the same procedure used for the original examination. 5.10.2 The extent of examination shall include the repaired area plus 100mm at either end. 5.10.3 A new report, with relevant repair number, shall be written for all repaired welds retested. 5.11 POST INSPECTION CLEANING 5.11.1 When required, post inspection cleaning shall be accomplished to remove residual inspection materials (couplant) by flushing with a solvent based cleaner then finally wiping with rags. 5.12 SAFETY Page 10 of 23
  • 11. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 11 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 5.12.1 Care shall be exercised during inspection with due regard to safety and the fact that the standard Ultrasonic Flaw Detectors used by the company are NOT considered intrinsically safe and also Permits shall be required for hazardous areas. 6.0 REPORTING 6.1 Reporting requirements shall be as specified by the Client or the Contract Document. 6.2 All examination results shall be reported in standard format. 6.3 A sketch depicting cross-sectional area and circumferential location shall be made for all rejectable discontinuities. 6.4 All restricted areas that are not scanned with complete coverage shall be reported with full explanation of restriction. 7.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 7.1 The acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with client’s requirements. 7.2 However, unless otherwise specified the minimum acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with the latest editions of the following documents: i) AWS D1.1 (2008 Edition) - For Structural Steel Work ii) ASME B31.3 (2008 Edition) - For Process Piping iii) ASME Section-VIII Div.1 & 2 (2007 Edition) – For Pressure Vessels iv) API 1104(2005) - For Pipelines 8.0 ATTACHMENTS I - Equipment Performance Check II - Probe Characteristics Check III - Construction of DAC Curve 9.0 DOCUMENTS 9.1 Technique sheet UT-T 001 Technique sheet UT-T 002 Technique sheet - UT-T 003 Ultrasonic Examination Report Page 11 of 23
  • 12. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 12 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 Sketch Format for Ultrasonic Examination Report Page 12 of 23
  • 13. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 13 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 ATTACHMENT-I ULTRASONIC FLAW DETECTOR PERFORMANCE CHECK 1.0 INTRODUCTION This is intended to provide detailed methods and techniques for assessment and calibration of Ultrasonic Flaw Detector, as required by UT-01 Section 8.2. 2.0 TYPE OF EQUIPMENT: As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 3.0 CALIBRATION PROCEDURE: The instrument calibration shall be performed every 40 hours as per Asme Sec V 3.1 Horizontal Linearity Calibrate the screen for the test range of 125mm using Single Crystal Transducer and IIW Block. Place the probe on 25mm thickness side and read the back wall echoes. The Percentage of error is calculated based on actual reading and the expected reading. The error should not exceed ±2% of Test Range. 3.2 Screen Height Linearity A straight beam probe is coupled with the IIW (V1) block to get multiple echoes from 25mm back wall. Select any two echoes whose amplitudes are in the ratio of 2:1 with larger echo set at 80% of full screen height. Adjust the gain successively without moving search unit and set the larger indication from 100% to 20% of full screen height in 10% increments or 2dB steps if a fine control is not available. Read the smaller indication at each setting. The settings and readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen height. Deviation should not exceed ±5% of Full Screen Height. Alternately, a straight beam search unit shall be used on any calibration block, which will provide amplitude differences with sufficient signal separation to prevent overlapping of the two signals. 3.3 Amplitude Control Linearity Couple the angle beam search unit to IIW (V1) block and get multiple echoes from 25 mm thickness side. Select any echo and note its amplitude. Reduce the gain by 6dB and read the Page 13 of 23
  • 14. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 14 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 amplitude of the same indication. It must be 50% of the initial amplitude within ±10% of the nominal amplitude ratio. Perform this exercise for full range of Gain. The settings and readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen and the readings should fall within the limits of following table. Other convenient reflectors from any calibration block shall be used with straight or angle beam search units. Indication Set at % of Full Screen Height dB Control Change Indication Limits % of Full Screen Height 80 -6 dB 36 to 44 80 -12 dB 18 to 22 40 +6 dB 72 to 88 20 +12 dB 72 to 88 4.0 RECORDS: All calibration readings shall be recorded and documented till next calibration period and calibration block identity shall be included in the ultrasonic calibration records. Page 14 of 23
  • 15. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 15 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 Page 15 of 23
  • 16. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 16 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 ATTACHMENT – II PROBE CHARACTERISTICS CHECK 1.0 INTRODUCTION This has been written in order to provide detailed methods and techniques to evaluate the Probe’s characteristics. 2.0 TYPE OF PROBES & EQUIPMENT As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 3.0 PROBE CHARACTERISTICS 3.1 Probe Resolution 3.1.1 Place 0° compression probe on the V1 (IIW) Block as shown in the figure 1. The echoes from the bottom of the milled slot at 85mm and from the steps at 91mm and 100mm shall be clearly discernible on the screen. 3.1.2 Place shear wave probes on the IOW Beam Profile Block with the beam directed towards the series of 5 side drilled holes. Al least 3 of the series shall be clearly discernible. 3.2 Probe Index Place shear wave probe on the V1 (IIW) block’s 100mm quadrant side as shown in the figure 2 and maximize the eco from the quadrant. Hold the probe and measure the distance (d) from block edge to probe edge. The probe index = (100 – d) mm. For example, if ‘d’ is 86mm, then Probe index = 100-86=14mm. This distance shall be transferred to the probe. Page 16 of 23 Figure1 100mm Radius V1 (IIW) Block Figure 2 100mm d V1 (IIW) Block
  • 17. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 17 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 Page 17 of 23
  • 18. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 18 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 3.3 Probe Angle Place the shear wave probe on the V1 Block as shown in the figure 3 and maximize the echo from 1.6mm hole. Note the beam path and Probe angle is calculated using formula: Probe Angle = Cos-1(15/Beam Path) 3.4 20dB Beam Profile 3.4.1 Position the shear wave probe on the IOW block with the beam directed at a selected 1.6mm hole and maximize the signal by moving probe backwards and forwards. Hold the probe in the maximized position and adjust gain control to give 100% FSH. Make a mark1 on the block, which corresponds with the probe index point (see Fig. 4) Prob e movement to maximize s ignal 3.4.2 Move the probe gently forward until the signal height form the target hole has dropped to 10% FSH (i.e. 20dB). Hold the probe in this position and mark2 the probe index position on the block. (See Fig. 5) Page 18 of 23 Figure 3 1.6mm hole V1 (IIW Block) – Probe Angle Figure 4 Leading ed ge Beam Centre Trailing Ed ge Mark at maximized pos itio n Ho rizontal stand-off IOW Block
  • 19. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 19 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 Mo ve pro be forward until Signal height drop s to 1 0% 3.4.3 Move the probe gently backward such that the signal goes back to maximum then falls away again to 10% FSH. Hold the probe in this position and mark3 the probe index position on the block. (See Fig.6) Move p ro b e b ackward until Sig nal heig ht d ro p s to 1 0% 3.4.4 Transfer the measurements of hole depth and probe stand off for each of three marks onto a flaw location slide or suitable plotting system. 3.4.5 Repeat the above steps for three other target holes at different depths. 3.4.6 Complete the beam angle and profile plot by joining relevant points on the plotting system. (See Fig.7) 4.0 CHECKLIST Page 19 of 23 Figure 5 20 dB Trailing Edge Mark the p rob e index at 10% s ig nal height Figure 6 20 dB Lead ing Ed ge Mark the p ro b e ind ex at 10% s ignal heig ht Fig.7 Hole 1 Hole 2 Hole 3 Hole 4 Hole depth Horizontal stand-off Mark2 Mark1 Mark3 Index Point Beam Profile Plotting
  • 20. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 20 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 All probe characteristics shall be entered in to the Probe Characteristics Checklist format: -: FORMAT/UT/CAL-02 Page 20 of 23
  • 21. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD PAGE 21 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 UFD Model : Date of Testing : Serial No : CHECKLIST FOR PROBE CHARACTERISTICS Item No Checklist Item Tolerance Result Accept Reject 1 Resolution - 0° Probe 3 Clearly defined indications Resolution (Angle Probe) 3 Clearly defined indications 2 Probe Index 25 mm maximum from the edge 3 Probe Angle 45° 60° 70° ±2° 4 Beam Profile (Leading/trailing edge) 45° 60° 70° FORMAT/UT/CAL-02 Page 21 of 23
  • 22. NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD x x x Point 1 80% FSH Point 2 Point 3 Time Base Amplitude PAGE 22 OF 23 DATE REF DOC. ATS-UT-001 REVISION 0.0 ATTACHMENT-III 1.0 INTRODUCTION This illustration is written to provide technical detail for the construction of Distance Amplitude Correction (DAC) Curves as required by this written procedure. 2.0 EQUIPMENT As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01. 3.0 BLOCKS 3.1 IOW Block for structural steel work weldments 3.2 ASME Section-V – Basic Calibration Block for Pressure Vessels/Process Piping 4.0 METHODS 4.1 Select a hole in the calibration block which falls out side of the Probe’s near zone. The near zone length is calculated using the formula: N = D2F /4V where, N = Length of near zone (mm) D = Crystal diameter (mm) F = Frequency (MHz) V = Velocity (103m/s) 4.2 Position the probe on the block and pick up the signal from selected target hole. 4.3 Maximize the signal by manipulation of probe. 4.4 Adjust the gain and keep the maximized signal at 80% FSH and mark the signal peak on the screen. 4.5 Without further alteration select two more holes at suitable beam path to cover the entire range/ thickness of the test material. Maximize the echoes by probe manipulation and mark the respective signal peaks on the screen. 4.6 Join together all the three points plotted on the screen to generate a DAC curve. (See Fig.1) Figure 1 Page 22 of 23
  • 23. HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE GENERAL PROCEDURE DOC No. : HT-UT-01 REVISION : 9.0 DATE : 03.07.2009 TECHNIQUE SHEET – 1: SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR BUTT WELDS a) Welds with single side access: ] Angle Thickness Scan leg Surface Examination 0° all n/a 1 & 2 Lamination check on Parent metal 45° ³25mm half 1 & 2 Root and lower weld volume full skip 1 & 2 Upper weld volume and fusion faces 60° 10-25mm half skip 1 & 2 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces >25mm full skip 1 & 2 Upper weld volume and fusion faces 70° 10-25mm half skip 1 & 2 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces all half skip 1 & 2 Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to smooth, scanning may be carried out from the weld surface) 2.0 Welds with double side access: half skip Surface 2 Surface 4 Surface 1 Surface 3 Angle Thickness Scan leg Surface Examination 0° all n/a 1 & 2 Lamination check on Parent metal 45° ³25mm half 1,2,3 &4 Root and lower weld volume 60° ³10mm half skip 1,2,3 &4 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces full skip 1,2,3 &4 Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to smooth, scanning may be carried out from the weld surface) 70° 10-25mm half skip 1,2,3 &4 Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces Page 23 of 27 half skip Full Skip + 1/2 Cap Surface 1 Surface 2 half skip half skip half skip
  • 24. HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE GENERAL PROCEDURE DOC No. : HT-UT-01 REVISION : 9.0 DATE : 03.07.2009 TECHNIQUE SHEET – 2: SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR FULL PENETRATION / NOZZLE WELDS a) Nozzle with ‘Set through’ or full penetration T-Joints: Scan 1 0° Lamination check on parent metal Scan 2/3 45°/60°/70° shear wave scanning for weld volume, root, HAZ and fusion faces at ½ skip Scan 3 - 0° scan for fusion at main member side and lamellar tearing in main member. b) Nozzle or branch attachment ‘set-on’ Scan 1 0° Lamination check on the parent metal. Scan 2 45°, 60° scan for weld volume, fusion faces & HAZ at half and full skip distance. Scan 3 60°, 70° scan for root at half skip. Scan 4 0° scan on main member to check main member side fusion, HAZ, Lamellar tearing (if surface is accessible). Scan 5 If scan 2 & 3 is restricted due to non accessibility, a 45° scan for weld and fusion at full skip shall be carried out. Page 24 of 27 Scan 4 Scan 1 - 0º Scan 2-45º/60º/70º Scan 3-45º/60º/70º Scan 4 Scan 5 Scan 1, 2, & 3 Full skip half skip
  • 25. HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE GENERAL PROCEDURE DOC No. : HT-UT-01 REVISION : 9.0 DATE : 03.07.2009 TECHNIQUE SHEET - 03: SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR TKY JOINTS: Scanning detail 1. All scans to be carried out from branch member surface. 2. 0° scan for lamination check on scan surface. 3. 45°, 60°, 70° angle beam scan of weld metal at half and full skip as permitted by material thickness and weld geometry. 4. Local dihedral angle and weld geometry varies point to point. Therefore beam axis should be kept perpendicular to the weld during angle beam scanning. Page 25 of 27 Toe zone Transition zone Heel zone MAIN MEMBER BRANCH MEMBER Scanning perpendicular to weld at all locations Section through Toe zone Main member Scan surface Full skip Half skip Section through Heel zone Section through Transition zone Scan surface
  • 26. HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE GENERAL PROCEDURE DOC No. : HT-UT-01 REVISION : 9.0 DATE : 03.07.2009 ULTRASONIC TESTING REPORT FORMATE Page 26 of 27
  • 27. HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE GENERAL PROCEDURE DOC No. : HT-UT-01 REVISION : 9.0 DATE : 03.07.2009 ULTRASONIC TEST SKETCH SKETCH PROJECT TITLE : REPORT NO : Joint Identification Length / mm Depth / mm Width / mm Defect Type Remarks Page 27 of 27