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Tier 1, 2 and 3 Capital based on        the Basel II accord                     Presented by-                     Nahid An...
Agenda• Basel II accord  – Core capital (basic equity or Tier 1)  – Supplementary capital (Tier 2)  – Short-term subordina...
Basel II accord• From the Basel ii Compliance Professionals  Association (BCPA) the largest association of  Basel ii Profe...
Core capital (basic equity or tier 1)• The Committee considers that the key element of  capital on which the main emphasis...
Supplementary capital (tier 2)• Undisclosed reserves  – Unpublished or hidden reserves may be    constituted in various wa...
Supplementary capital (tier 2)• Revaluation reserves   – Some countries, under their national regulatory or     accounting...
Supplementary capital (tier 2)• General provisions/general loan-loss reserves• Hybrid debt capital instruments• Subordinat...
Short term subordinated debt covering          market risk (Tier 3)• consists of shareholders’ equity and retained  earnin...
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Tier 1, 2 and 3 Capital based on the Basel II accord

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Tier 1, 2 and 3 Capital based on the Basel II accord

  1. 1. Tier 1, 2 and 3 Capital based on the Basel II accord Presented by- Nahid Anjum
  2. 2. Agenda• Basel II accord – Core capital (basic equity or Tier 1) – Supplementary capital (Tier 2) – Short-term subordinated debt covering market risk (Tier 3)
  3. 3. Basel II accord• From the Basel ii Compliance Professionals Association (BCPA) the largest association of Basel ii Professionals in the world• The constituents of capital – Core capital (basic equity or Tier 1) – Supplementary capital (Tier 2) – Short-term subordinated debt covering market risk (Tier 3)
  4. 4. Core capital (basic equity or tier 1)• The Committee considers that the key element of capital on which the main emphasis should be placed is equity capital and disclosed reserves.• Notwithstanding this emphasis, the member countries of the Committee also consider that there are a number of other important and legitimate constituents of a banks capital base which may be included within the system of measurement• The Committee has therefore concluded that capital, for supervisory purposes, should be defined in two tiers in a way which will have the effect of requiring at least 50% of a banks capital base to consist of a core element comprised of equity capital and published reserves from post-tax retained earnings (Tier 1)
  5. 5. Supplementary capital (tier 2)• Undisclosed reserves – Unpublished or hidden reserves may be constituted in various ways according to differing legal and accounting regimes in member countries – Under this heading are included only reserves which, though unpublished, have been passed through the profit and loss account and which are accepted by the banks supervisory authorities
  6. 6. Supplementary capital (tier 2)• Revaluation reserves – Some countries, under their national regulatory or accounting arrangements, allow certain assets to be revalued to reflect their current value, or something closer to their current value than historic cost, and the resultant revaluation reserves to be included in the capital base – these "latent" revaluation reserves can be included among supplementary elements of capital since they can be used to absorb losses on a going-concern basis, provided they are subject to a substantial discount in order to reflect concerns both about market volatility and about the tax charge which would arise were such cases to be realised
  7. 7. Supplementary capital (tier 2)• General provisions/general loan-loss reserves• Hybrid debt capital instruments• Subordinated term debt
  8. 8. Short term subordinated debt covering market risk (Tier 3)• consists of shareholders’ equity and retained earnings and supplementary capital• Tier 3 capital will be limited to 250% of a bank’s Tier 1 capital that is required to support market risks• a minimum of about 28½% of market risks needs to be supported by Tier 1
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