Autism<br />By<br />Morgan Ginter<br />
Symptoms of Autism<br />They have trouble communicating both verbally and nonverbally. Their speech may be delayed or none...
Is Autism Genetic?<br />     Studies have been done on several different genes to see if they cause autism, but nothing ha...
Chromosome X<br />     Autism is more common in males than females, so scientists think that this disorder may be X linked...
Chromosome 15<br />     Some people with autism have a mutation in a part of their chromosome 15, 15q11-q13. These individ...
Neurexin 1<br />One study found a correlation<br /> between autism and a deletion in<br /> the Neurexin 1 gene. In one fam...
Autism Treatment Options<br />     Although there is no cure for Autism, people with the disease can still be helped immen...
Impact on “Normal Life”<br />People with autism can lead fairly normal lives, although to what extent depends on the sever...
Research Outlook<br />     Autism is very widely researched and it will continue to be that way. Since there is no cure fo...
For More Information<br />http://www.autismspeaks.org/: The United States largest autism organization.<br />http://www.nin...
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Autism

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Autism

  1. 1. Autism<br />By<br />Morgan Ginter<br />
  2. 2. Symptoms of Autism<br />They have trouble communicating both verbally and nonverbally. Their speech may be delayed or nonexistent and their body language (i.e eye contact) is poor.<br />They have trouble interacting with others and like to be alone.<br />They may throw tantrums and be aggressive. <br />Some have seizures<br />They like repetition, whether it be in routines or body movement (i.e hand flapping).<br />
  3. 3. Is Autism Genetic?<br /> Studies have been done on several different genes to see if they cause autism, but nothing has been proven. These are a few genes that scientists have studied.<br />Chromosome X<br />Chromosome 15<br />Neurexin 1<br />
  4. 4. Chromosome X<br /> Autism is more common in males than females, so scientists think that this disorder may be X linked. If a female inherits an affected gene, her other, healthy, X chromosome can cover it up. Males cannot do this because they only have one X chromosome. Mutations in the NLGN genes (pictured below) may cause Autism in some cases.<br />
  5. 5. Chromosome 15<br /> Some people with autism have a mutation in a part of their chromosome 15, 15q11-q13. These individuals have extra copies of these segments.<br /> Scientists have also discovered markers on this chromosome that are seen more often in people with autism than those without the disorder.<br />
  6. 6. Neurexin 1<br />One study found a correlation<br /> between autism and a deletion in<br /> the Neurexin 1 gene. In one family included in<br />the study, the two girls who had this deletion<br />were both Autistic. Problems with this gene<br />have also been reported in other<br />neurodevelopmental disorders.<br />
  7. 7. Autism Treatment Options<br /> Although there is no cure for Autism, people with the disease can still be helped immensely with the use of therapy.<br />Applied Behavioral Analysis: Teaches particular skills and rewards the patients. This method is widely used and researched.<br />Biomedical Therapies: Uses special diets and supplements. Keep in mind that they are not FDA approved.<br />Speech Therapy: Helps people with Autism with their speech, which can also help them socially.<br />
  8. 8. Impact on “Normal Life”<br />People with autism can lead fairly normal lives, although to what extent depends on the severity of their disease.They are able to go to school and some even graduate from college. Those with high functioning autism are usually still able to cook, get dressed, do chores, and handle money. Early intervention is the key to a normal life. The earlier that you can get help for your child the better.<br />
  9. 9. Research Outlook<br /> Autism is very widely researched and it will continue to be that way. Since there is no cure for autism, researchers are always looking for one. They are also researching ways to treat those with autism. Scientists are still researching the cause of autism. They have been performing studies on many different chromosomes. These studies include people from all over the world who have a family history of autism.<br />
  10. 10. For More Information<br />http://www.autismspeaks.org/: The United States largest autism organization.<br />http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm: A website that provides a lot of useful information about autism along with some helpful links to other websites.<br />http://www.asatonline.org/: An organization that works for the education, treatment, and care of people with autism.<br />http://www.hhs.gov/autism/A website that includes a lot of good information about the autism spectrum.<br />

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