Before You Begin This PowerPointNavigate through the PowerPoint by using the following buttons locatedin the bottom right ...
MODULE ONE: CHAPTER ONE                                    Subjects and Verbs                                          OBJ...
CHAPTER ONE VERBNOUN       To successfully            complete this             module, you          must understandPRONOU...
1. Verbs are the most important part of a sentencea) Verbs tell what something is , what something is doing,   or what has...
VERBS IN SENTENCES                            VERB                                                         Verbs Are      ...
2. Nouns always answer the question “Who?” or “What?”a) Most nouns are count nouns: They can be made plural.              ...
Single count nouns must have a determiner, a special class              of words that introduces them.  Other words may co...
3. Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns.a) Personal pronouns substitute for known people or things.Examples: my fa...
NOUNS & PRONOUNS IN SENTENCES                NOUN                 PRONOUN                                                 ...
4. A sentence is made with a noun phrase and a verb.   CHAPTER ONEa) The noun phrase comes first.b) The noun phrase can be...
Kinds of Noun Phrases Used to Make Sentences            CHAPTER ONENoun Phrases made from one word   Personal pronouns: h...
The first noun phrase (NP1) in a sentence is called a subject   CHAPTER ONE           NP1 = subject          NP1 = Noun Ph...
The Noun Phrase One (NP1) or subject is followed by the verb.   CHAPTER ONE     Subject     NP1=subject       Verb     VER...
Study the sentences below. What words are inside the subject?   CHAPTER ONE      Subject     NP1=subject     Verb       VE...
Study the sentences below.                                                                             CHAPTER ONE      Ho...
How many nouns and pronouns are in the whole sentence?                       CHAPTER ONE                  NP1 =Subject    ...
For each sentence below, find the verb first.                                                                            C...
For each sentence below, find the verb and the subject.                                                                   ...
The subject usually comes before the verb.     CHAPTER ONE    But sometimes the subject comes after the verb. Look at the ...
If these sentences were written in the “proper” order, they   CHAPTER ONE                    would look like this:        ...
Sometimes the verb of a sentence will “hide”       CHAPTER ONE                in the subject in a contraction.         A c...
CHAPTER ONE REVIEW                             Subjects and Verbs         As you complete Practice Sheet 1, pp. 5-6, and E...
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
Week 1 chapter 1
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Week 1 chapter 1

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Week 1 chapter 1

  1. 1. Before You Begin This PowerPointNavigate through the PowerPoint by using the following buttons locatedin the bottom right corner of every slide: Click to go back one slide Click to go to the beginning of the presentation Click to advance to the next slide Click to replay the slide you are on Make sure each slide is finished playing before advancing to the next slide. 
  2. 2. MODULE ONE: CHAPTER ONE Subjects and Verbs OBJECTIVES After completing this presentation and the assigned chapter practice sheets and exercises, you should be able to 1. Identify verbs, nouns, and pronouns in sentences 2. Understand that a noun phrase one and the subject of a sentence are the same thing 3. Understand that a noun phrase may be one word or many words 4. Find the subject and verb of any sentence 5. Understand that a group of words must have a subject and a verb to be a sentence© 2012 A Graves, ENGL 1033-60 College Reading & Writing
  3. 3. CHAPTER ONE VERBNOUN To successfully complete this module, you must understandPRONOUN these terms
  4. 4. 1. Verbs are the most important part of a sentencea) Verbs tell what something is , what something is doing, or what has happened to something Verbs Can Beb) Verbs can be combined to form verb phrases or they One Word or a may be a single word. All of these are verbs: Group of Words have been giving would have borrowed may start could be going didn’t mean were singing has danced am planning had been driving seemed marries thought returns came went study slept
  5. 5. VERBS IN SENTENCES VERB Verbs Are Usually in the1. The bumper on the front of that truck is rusty. Middle2. It has been rattling noisily.3. Somebody really needs a new bumper.4. My truck should have a new bumper. 
  6. 6. 2. Nouns always answer the question “Who?” or “What?”a) Most nouns are count nouns: They can be made plural. You can count jobs (one job, two jobs)b) Some nouns are noncount nouns. They cannot be plural. but you cannot count courage (onec) Some nouns are proper nouns. They are names. courage, two courages) or music COUNT NOUNS NONCOUNT NOUNS PROPER NOUNS (one music, two job gratitude Dr. Graves musics) university education Jonathan White application courage Lakeland, Florida mortgage butter Southeastern University risk music Department of English
  7. 7. Single count nouns must have a determiner, a special class of words that introduces them. Other words may come between the determiner and the single count noun, but the determiner must be present to introduce the count noun Nouns DETERMINER DETERMINER + COUNT NOUN my my favorite uncle that that miserable dog some some office job one one more textbook the the last class a a very pretty girl an an odd little person
  8. 8. 3. Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns.a) Personal pronouns substitute for known people or things.Examples: my favorite uncle = he that miserable dog = itb) Demonstrative pronouns substitute for nouns being pointed out. PronounsExamples: the gloves over there = those the flowers over here = thesec) Indefinite pronouns substitute for unknown people or things.Examples: the person who did something = somebody one of several possible people = anyonea) Possessive pronouns substitute for things owned by someone.Examples: your slice of cake = yours my slice of cake = mine
  9. 9. NOUNS & PRONOUNS IN SENTENCES NOUN PRONOUN Nouns Have1. The bumper on the front of that truck is rusty. Determiners, Pronouns Do Not2. It has been rattling noisily.3. Somebody really needs a new bumper.4. My truck should have a new bumper. 
  10. 10. 4. A sentence is made with a noun phrase and a verb. CHAPTER ONEa) The noun phrase comes first.b) The noun phrase can be a noun or a pronoun. If It Does Not Have a Noun Phrasec) The noun phrase can be one word or a group of words. Followed by a Verb, It Cannotd) The noun phrase must be followed by a verb. Be a Sentencee) The verb can be one word or a group of words.
  11. 11. Kinds of Noun Phrases Used to Make Sentences CHAPTER ONENoun Phrases made from one word Personal pronouns: he, she, it Indefinite pronouns: somebody Demonstrative pronouns: that, this The Subject is Possessive pronouns: mine, theirs, his the first Noun Plural count nouns: applications, days, guesses Phrase that Noncount nouns: steel, education, sugar Starts the Proper nouns: Tom, England, Tallahassee SentenceNoun Phrases made from a group of words Single count nouns with determiners: my favorite uncle Plural count nouns with determiners: those miserable dogs Proper nouns: the Department of English & Foreign Languages
  12. 12. The first noun phrase (NP1) in a sentence is called a subject CHAPTER ONE NP1 = subject NP1 = Noun Phrase One1. Gentlemen prefer blondes.2. Theirs is the best response to the problem. The Subject Comes First,3. Nobody wanted to come with me. Then the Verb4. Ten soldiers make a squadron.5. His last offer was the best.6. Music should be the language of peace. 
  13. 13. The Noun Phrase One (NP1) or subject is followed by the verb. CHAPTER ONE Subject NP1=subject Verb VERB1. Gentlemen prefer blondes.2. Theirs is the best response to the problem. The Subject Comes First,3. Nobody wanted to come with me. Then the Verb4. Ten soldiers make a squadron.5. His last offer was the best.6. Music should be the language of peace. 
  14. 14. Study the sentences below. What words are inside the subject? CHAPTER ONE Subject NP1=subject Verb VERB1. Each of the students in my classes were nervous.2. No one ever laughs at my jokes. Look for the Group of3. James tripped on that rock in the middle of the road. Words that is the Subject4. My brother, with a little help from me, bought a new car.5. The mouth of the river opens into beautiful lake.6. The effects of the storm appear everywhere on campus. 
  15. 15. Study the sentences below. CHAPTER ONE How many nouns or pronouns are inside each subject? NP1=subject VERB NOUN PRONOUNSubject Verb Noun Pronoun 1 2 31. Each of the students in my classes were nervous. 1 The Subject of2. No one ever laughs at my jokes. a Sentence 1 May Contain3. James tripped on that rock in the middle of the road. Many Nouns & Pronouns 1 2 34. My brother, with a little help from me, bought a new car. 1 25. The mouth of the river opens into a beautiful lake. 1 26. The effects of the storm appear everywhere on campus. 
  16. 16. How many nouns and pronouns are in the whole sentence? CHAPTER ONE NP1 =Subject subject Verb VERB Noun NOUN Pronoun PRONOUN 1 2 31. Each of the students in my classes were nervous. 1 22. No one ever laughs at my jokes. Noun Phrases 1 2 3 4 Don’t Appear3. James tripped on that rock in the middle of the road. Only in the 2 Subject 1 3 44. My brother, with a little help from me, bought a new car. 1 2 35. The mouth of the river opens into a beautiful lake. 1 2 36. The effects of the storm appear everywhere on campus. 
  17. 17. For each sentence below, find the verb first. CHAPTER ONE Then find the subject. Subject NP1=subject Verb VERB1. Finally, the occupants of the offices moved into the building.2. The rest of the family discussed our report around the table. Subject Comes Before Verb3. My little sister, all of eleven years old, paid attention to our talk.4. Sometimes our stories would carry into the late evening hours.5. My sister carefully recorded all the details from our discussions.6. On that day, the door to an entire career opened for her. 
  18. 18. For each sentence below, find the verb and the subject. CHAPTER ONE Then find the nouns & pronouns inside each subject.Subject NP1=subject Verb VERB Noun NOUN Pronoun PRONOUN 1 21. Finally, the occupants of the offices moved into the building. 1 22. The rest of the family discussed our report around the table. Subject First, 1 2 Then Verb 33. My little sister, all of eleven years old, paid attention to our talk. 14. Sometimes our stories would carry into the late evening hours. 15. My sister carefully recorded all the details from our discussions. 1 26. On that day, the door to an entire career opened for her. 
  19. 19. The subject usually comes before the verb. CHAPTER ONE But sometimes the subject comes after the verb. Look at the sentences below. Watch for the subjects. NP1=subject Subject Verb VERB When Verbs1. There was no movement outside the house. Come First2. Here comes the rest of our group.3. Behind our house stood an old garage.4. Under the table was sitting a large black cat. 
  20. 20. If these sentences were written in the “proper” order, they CHAPTER ONE would look like this: Subject NP1=subject Verb VERB1. No movement was outside the house.2. The rest of our group comes here. When Verbs Come First3. An old garage stood behind our house.4. A large black cat was sitting under the table.Writers change the order of subjects and verbs to make their sentences more interesting. Words like there and here help us do that. 
  21. 21. Sometimes the verb of a sentence will “hide” CHAPTER ONE in the subject in a contraction. A contraction combines the subject and verb. NP1=subject VERB Subject Verb1. I’m proud of my little sister. I am proud of my little sister. Hidden2. It’s a surprise for his favorite uncle. Verbs It is a surprise for his favorite uncle.3. They’re some old friends from high school. They are some old friends from high school.4. You’ve got a lot of nerve! You have got a lot of nerve! 
  22. 22. CHAPTER ONE REVIEW Subjects and Verbs As you complete Practice Sheet 1, pp. 5-6, and Exercise 1, pp. 7-8, in your textbook, English Fundamentals, you will need to remember these things: 1. English sentences begin with a noun phrase called a subject. 2. The subject can be one word or many words and have more than one noun and/or pronoun in it * 3. Other words can come before the subject, like “finally” or “sometimes” or “Then at dinner” 4. The verb almost always comes after the subject. 5. Sometimes writers put the verb first and the subject after the verb to make their sentences more interesting.* In Exercise 1, pp. 7-8, make sure you copy all of the words in the subject.Do not choose just the main word in the subject, even though the text does so.

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