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# الرقمنة في المكتبات العربية. التقنيات والمتطلبات والمراحل

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نجلاء أحمد يس. الرقمنة في المكتبات العربية. التقنيات والمتطلبات والمراحل. مجلة المكتبات والمعلومات. ع20 (يونيو2018)

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6. 6. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )10( ==Ô·›–àÿ=_ÂƒËàê‹=m_–È≈‹=Ÿƒ=hŸ…kŸÿ=_Âƒ_gjd=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ=≤≈kÍ=;ÿ^=⁄Û^Ñgÿ^=}àùË=Ôgã_·ª^ =I≤||||åv=⁄‹`F=Ô||||ã^áÉË=Xm_Õÿ¯ª^=ŒŸk©=‚‹=_ÂkƒÈ›ß2010E )1( =lÿË_·j=;ÿ^===Ô·›–àÿ^=∆–^Ë Ô|||||||ì_¶^=ÔÎ≈‹_§^=m_gk’ª^=ΩI=Ë‰`=Íà|||||||êgÿ^=øËà|||||||êÿ^=ﬁÔ===àÃ^Èkj=„`=h≠=;ÿ^=ÔÎ·—kÿ^Ë Ô·›–àÿ^=ÔÎ·—j=“ÎgðkÿI=ÉÈrË=ÒÑ‹Ë====m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=ÔÎ·—j=á_›okã_f=ﬁkÂj=ÔÎ∑É_‘`=ÔÎ›ÎŸ≈j=Ô‹È¡·‹ Ô|||||||ì_¶^=ÔÎ≈‹_§^=m_gk’ª^=ΩF=Ô|||||||ã^áÉË=XÔ–_·ƒË=É_≈|||||||ãI2010==‚‹=ÉÑ≈ÿ=lvàù=;ÿ^=E =ÔŸÙ||||||ã˚^==m_ƒËà||||||ê¥=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=Ÿƒ=ÔÎfà≈ÿ^=Ôgk’ª^=ÓáÑ–=€Èv==W_Â·‹=IÔ·›–àÿ^=⁄‰===∆Îðk||||||åj =ÔÎfà≈ÿ^=Ôgk’ª^É_≠^===i_Î»=⁄¿=Ω=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=ÔÎ·—kf=Ô‡_≈k|||ã˘_f=_Âj_ÍÈk®=Ô·›–á=≥d=_Â—Íàù ==================È‰=_º=“Ÿð·j=„`=Ñf˘=àÍÈðj=Ë`=pÍÑ¢=Ô‘àv=Ì`=„`=á_gkƒ˘^=≤≈f=Ü~aj=ÔŸ‹_’k‹=Ôð~ ﬁÛ_–==⁄‰=u_k¢==Èkÿ=m_ÎsÎj^3||ãdË=m_||ã_Î||ã=ÓáÈŸf=≥d=ÔÎfà≈ÿ^=Ôgk’ª^==m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=ÔÎ·—j=ŒÎ¿ ===à||||||||||||||||ê‡Ë=I_Âj˘_ß=Ω=ÔÍàÍÈðkÿ^Ë=ÔÎowgÿ^=ÉÈÂ§^=∆ÃÑÿ=m_ƒËà||||||||||||||||êª^Ë=æð¶^=Ô‹_–dË ÔÍÈÕ≈ÿ^Ë=ÔÎÛ_—ŸkŸÿ=ÁÜ‰=ŒÎ¿Èkÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=◊àj=âÈ≠=⁄‰Ë=_Â‹^ÑÄk||||||||||ã^=Ë==Ω=á^à—ÿ^=Ö_£^=⁄‰ ==========`=ÔÎfà≈ÿ^=Ôgk’ª^=Ôã_Îã=Ë`=ÔÕåŸÃ=ÊÎŸ›kã=Ïfà≈ÿ^=ÒÈk-^=Ô·›–àÿ=ÔÎsÎj^3ãd=∆óË=€_ß==Ë m^Ñ≈‹Ë=‚‘_‹`Ë=à||||||||êf=‚‹=Ôv_kª^=m_Î‡_’‹ˇ^Ë=Éá^Èª^=Ê›’¢F=Ô||||||||ã^áÉË=Xﬂ_‰È||||||||ã==I 2009E )2( ==;ÿ^ÃÑ‰=lkÿ^=ŒÎ¿Èj=ÔÎ›‰`=Ÿƒ=ÚÈ|||||òÿ^=Ú_—ÿd=≥dÔÎ·—=====m_|||||å|||||ã¯‹=Ω=ÔÎ›–àÿ^ ====¿_Õ•^Ë=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=m_‹Ñ~=ﬁÍÑ—j=Ω=ÓÉÈ§^=“Î—¢=Ÿƒ=_Âj_||ã_’≈‡^Ë=Áä‘^à‹Ë=ŒÎ||èá˚^ ˚=â^àfd=∆‹=Ô‹˚^=Óà‘^Ö=Ÿƒ====€_.^=^Ü‰=Ω=_Âƒ_gj^=‚’∑=;ÿ^=m_ÎsÎj^3ã˘^Ë=⁄Û_ãÈÿ^=ﬁ‰ ===ÔÎŸg—kåª^=Êj_Îƒ^ÑjË=ÏrÈÿÈ·’kÿ^=Œ–Èª^=“Û_—v=„_gå•_f=Ü~˚^=∆‹===Ïª_≈ÿ^=ÑÎ≈îÿ^=ŸƒË=X ==m2‹˘=Ô|||||ã^áÉ=Ñ™)2018,Lampert()3( =ÿ^=l|||||ê–_‡=;ÿ^==øÈ…|||||òª^=ÓÑÍ^äk==_ÂÂr^ÈÍ=;ÿ^ =È´=ÔÎ›–àÿ^=m_gk’ª^=‚ÍàÍÑ‹=Ô·›–á›ßﬁÂj_gk’‹=m_ƒÈ==”_ð‡=Ÿƒ=ÓÚ_Õ’f==‚‹=∆||||||||||ã^Ë Ÿƒ=œà≈kÿ^=€˙~==Éá^Èª^==m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÉ_||||||||î‹Ë=ÔÍà||||||||êgÿ^Ô‹â˙ÿ^==tj_‡=ÓÉ_Íäÿÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ==Ô·›–à jËÑ—Í=›Ÿÿ=ÔŸ›k-^=m_‰ÈÍá_·Î|||åÿ^=‚‹=ÑÍÑ≈ÿ^=ﬁm_gk’==á_Îk~˘===h||||ã_·j=Ô—Íàðf=_‹Ñ–=Ï|||òª^ )1(‫ﺍﻟﺣﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺗﻣﺭ‬ .‫ﺗﻘﺑﻠﻳﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﻣﺳ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻳﺔ‬ :‫ﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺟﺎﻣﻌﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻣﻧﺔ‬ .‫ﻋﺑﺩﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻥ‬ѧѧ‫ﺣﺳ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺗﺣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻥ‬ѧѧ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺷ‬ ( ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﺣﺩﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺿﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ :‫ﺃﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺑﻲ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬.، ‫ﻟﺑﻧﺎﻥ‬2010.‫ﻣﺞ‬2. )2(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺗﺣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻥ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺗﻣﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻣﺎﻝ‬ .‫ﻳﻔﻲ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺷ‬ ‫ﻳﺩ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺻ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻣﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻧﻳﺎﺕ‬ .‫ﻭﻫﺎﻡ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺩﻱ‬)‫ﻧﺣﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻧﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺩﻳﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻳﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺗﺧﺻﺻﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬-‫ﻣﺳﺗﻘﺑﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻳﺔ‬.(، ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻐﺭﺏ‬2009‫ﻣﺞ‬ .2. )3( Cory Lampert. "Ramping up: Evaluating large-scale digitization potential with small-scale resources", Digital Library Perspectives, 34 , no 1, (2018):45-59,
7. 7. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )11( _ÂÃ^Ñ‰`=Ô|||||||ã^áÉË=X====⁄fËáË=_’|||||||ãÈŸÎ6)2013,lWróbe,and,Chmielewska()1( ==;ÿ^ màÂ¿`=ÎŸ›ƒ=áÈðjË=m_Í^ÑfÔ=Ô·›–àÿ^===∆‹=Ô‡á_—ª^=€˙~=‚‹=È||||||||||||||||||||||||||ãá^Ë=Ô≈‹_r=Ôgk’‹=Ω ˇ^=m^Ú^àrª^ÔŸn_›=^Ñ·ÿÈf=⁄~^ÉI==lÿË_·j=_›‘=hÎÿ_||||||||||ã˚=_ôÕ||||||||||ìË===ÔÎ›–á=m_ƒÈ›ß=ﬁÍÑ—j Ë=X‚ÍÑÎÕk|||||å›ŸÿÔ|||||ã^áÉ==ÈÎÿ )Liu,2004()2( =;ÿ^ðŸ|||||ãl=====m_|||||ãá_›ª^=⁄|||||òÃ`=Ÿƒ=ÚÈ|||||òÿ^ ˘^Ë=m_‰_°˘^Ë‰m_‹_›k==m_ÍÑwkÿ^=∆‹=⁄‹_≈kŸÿ=_‰àÍÈðj=#=;ÿ^=Óâá_gÿ^==ﬁ‰`=⁄’||||||||||êj=;ÿ^ =Ôg||å·ÿ_f=œË_Äª^=Ë`=m˙’||êª^ÿ=Ô·›–à=IÔÎ’Íà‹˝^=m_gk’ª_f=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÉ_||î‹==€˙~=‚‹ ö≈f=‚‹=“—wkÿ^====€Èv=á_|||||êk‡˘^=Ô≈|||||ã^Ë=_Í_|||||ò–m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÉ_|||||î‹===_æÎ›–á=_ÂŸÍÈ¢=#=;ÿ^ kÿ^Ë=4Í_≈ª^Ëm_Î·—==_Âf=Ôðgjàª^=€_ß=Ωÿ^=Ô·›–à_‰4najË=K<—kÿ^Ë=Ï—ÍÈåkÿ^=‚ÍÑÎ≈îÿ^=Ÿƒ= = 1/7<Ìâ]ÖÇ÷]<l^v◊îí⁄V< < J==m_ÕŸª^=4Õ|||||êjCryptographic )3( =ÔÎŸ›ƒ=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=⁄ÍÈ¢==ÔÎ‹âá^È~=ﬂ^ÑÄk|||||ã_f 4Õêkÿ^=ÿ=_ÂŸ—·2ƒ=m_’gêÿ^4»KÔÎv˙îÿ^=÷Ÿ∑=‚ª=˘d=ÓÚ^à—Ÿÿ=ÔŸf_–=4»=_ÂŸ≈rË=Ô·‹˝^= = ==J== Ô||||·›–àÿ^DigitizationW==ðª^=É^Èª^= ⁄||||ÍÈ¢= Ô||||ÎŸ›ƒ=Ô||||‡äÄª^=Ë`LË=IÔ||||ƒÈg===Ÿƒ ’êÿ^=m^Ö=É^Èª^Ë=XëÎÃËà’Îª^=Ë`=ﬁŸÎÃËà’Îª^IÌà||||||¿_·kÿ^=⁄=^=_ÂrÖ_∂=‚‹=;ÿ^Ë==Ôùàè˚ ÔÎÛàª^=ÈÍÑÎÕÿ^=Ôùà||è`Ë=IÔÎjÈ||îÿ^||åª^=“Íàù=‚ƒLË=XÏÛÈ||òÿ^=y€_~Éˇ^=ÓÉ_ƒd=Ë`≥d=I===É^È‹ Ï›–á=⁄’||è=m^Ö==∆Îðk||åÍ=ÌÜÿ^=⁄’||êÿ^=È‰Ë||ã_•^iÈ=ÿ^==≥d=_Â›Î¡·kf=÷ÿÖË=IÊ≈‹=⁄‹_≈k =_ÂÎŸƒ=“ŸðÍ=m_‡_Îgÿ^=‚‹=ÔŸ|||||||||îÕ·‹=m^ÑvËBytesÔÎŸ~^É=‚Íä£=æÛ_|||||||||ãË=Ÿƒ=_Â·Íä£Ë=I== =ÎŸª^=ñ^à–˚_‘=ÔÎrá_~=Ë`LË=XÔgŸîÿ^=ñ^à–˚_‘IÓáä=^à–`Ë=ÈÍÑÎÕÿ^=Î›–àÿ^Ô=XËLË`===_Âkv_jd ==Kl‡3‡ˇ^=Ô’gè=2ƒ= = J=^yåª=ÏÛÈòÿ^="Scanning")4( =ÎŸ›ƒ=====|||ì=“Ÿ~=Ô==‚ƒ=ÔÎŸì˚^=ÓáÈîÿ^=Ë`=Ô—ÎnÈÿ^=⁄oμ=ÓáÈ ≥d=_Â·‹=p≈g·ª^=Ë`=ç’≈·ª^=ÚÈ||||òÿ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=“Íàù===ÓÉ_ƒdË=_Âof=Ë`=_Â·Íä£=‚’∑=ÔÎ›–á=m^á_||||èd )1( Barbara Chmielewska,and, Agnieszka Wróbel. "Providing access to historical documents through digitization", Library Management, 34 no 4/5, (2013):324- 334. (2) Yan Quan Liu. "Best practices, standards and techniques for digitizing library materials: a snapshot of library digitization practices in the USA", Online Information Review, 28 no 5, (2004):338-345. (3) Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. Cryptographic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptographic (4) Library, Information and Archival Terminology. http://www.elshami.com/
8. 8. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )12( ÔÎ‡Ë3’ÿd=ÓáÈî‘=Ôè_êÿ^=Ÿƒ=úà≈Ÿÿ=_Â·ÍÈ’jK= = J=_j^É_kÎª^ )1( Metadata===_‹=„_Î’f=Ôðgjàª^=Ë`=_‹=„_Î‘=Ω=Ô·›||||||||||||||òkª^=m_‡_Îgÿ^ „_Î’ÿ^=^Ü‰=ŒîjË===KÊƒ_r3ã^=Ÿƒ=Ñƒ_åjË 2.<ÌÌﬂ€ŒÜ÷]íπ]Ê<›Á„Àπ]<HVx◊î<< < lÿË_v==ÏsÂ·‹=ŒÍà≈j=≥d=€È||ìÈÿ^=Óà—Õÿ^=ÁÜ‰ª=Ô·›–àÿ^=yŸð||î=pÎvÑ≈Í===yŸð||î‹ Ïfà≈ÿ^=_·≈›kß=Ÿƒ=_Îgå‡=ÑÍÑr=^=Ôg‘^Èª=àÂ¿kÿm_Î·—=ÔÎ›–àÿ^=ÔoÍÑ•^K=== = 2/1<]<x◊îí⁄Íπ^√÷]<ÎÜ”À÷]<t^jﬂ÷]<ª<Ìﬂ€ŒÜ÷V< < J=ÔÿË_®=Ω=ÿÂ¿=∆gkk=Ô·›–àÿ^=yŸð|||||î‹=áÈDigitization‫ﺑﻐﺭﺽ‬==Ÿƒ=œà≈kÿ^==m_Í^Ñf ======IÊ≈‹=Ô‹ÑÄkåª^=Òà~˚^=m_wŸðîª_fË=IÊf=Ïª_≈ÿ^=Ìà’Õÿ^=u_k·ÿ^=ﬂ_›k‰^=ÒÑ‹Ë=Ê‹^ÑÄkã^ =à||è_gª^=æ¶^=Ÿƒ=ÉáÈÕ||å‘`=ﬁs≈‹=Ω=Êk≈r^à‹=€˙~=‚‹=÷ÿÖËI)2( ==Ê‡`=mÑrÈÃ^===ﬂÑÄk||ã =m_wŸð|||î‹Digitise, Digitize, Digitalize==⁄f_—›‘==yŸð|||î‹=‚‹=“k|||êª^=E‚›–àÍF=⁄≈ÕŸÿ =Ï›–áDigit=====Êk§_≈‹=‚’∑=Ï›–á=⁄’|||||||è=≥d=EmÈ|||||||îÿ^=Ë`=áÈ|||||||îÿ^F=⁄ÍÈ¢=Ê‡af=ÊÃàƒË =||ã_•^=â_Âr=Ôð||ã^ÈfiÈ=_è‹`=Im_wŸð||îª^====ÏÂÃ=Ô·›–àÿ^=yŸð||îª=⁄f_—›‘=_Â‹ÑÄk||ã^=;ÿ^ Digitization, Digitalization, Digitizer==K= = J==≥d=ÔÃ_|||||||óˇ_f=^Ü‰‹=≤wŸð|||||||î¥3|||||||åfË=ﬁs≈à|||||||è_gª^=æ¶^=Ÿƒ=)3( _›‰Ë== Digitizing,DigitizedK= = v=Ω=“g||||||ã=_›ƒ=ŒŸk£=Òà~`=m_wŸð||||||î‹=mÑrË=_›‘==ÔÎÛ_sÂŸÿ=_≈gj=Ú_s7^=œËà =Ô||Î‡_||ðÍ2ÿ^‫ﻣﺛﻝ‬Digitisation, Digitalisation, Digitised, Digitising=||ÍÑ|¢=Ñ||≈fË=I===ÁÜ|‰=Ñ ÿ^=Ñì^à‹=‚‹=ÉÑƒ=Ω=pwgÿ^=Ú^àrd=#=m_wŸðîª^ÔÎª_≈ÿ^=m_‡_Îg=ÔÕŸkÄª^I=W_Â·‹Ë= = `J==Ñ|||ìà‹‫ﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬Proquest )4( ==ÔÎ·‹äÿ^=Ó3Õÿ^=Ïð»=ÌÜÿ^=IÔÎ∑É_‘˚^=m_vËàù¸ÿ =‚‹1777==≥d2018Ë=I=Ñ–=ﬂ_ƒ=≥d=ÉÈ≈j=Êf=Ô|||||ã^áÉ=€Ë`=„`=Ñr1970===Á^áÈk‘ÑŸÿ=ÔvËàù`=Ω (1) ISO 8459-5-2002 (E) Information and Documentation – Bibliographic Data Element Dictionary. Part 5. Data Elements for Exchange of Cataloguing and Metadata .- 1st ed. Geneva, 3. (2) Oxford University Press. Oxford: Free Online Dictionary. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/digitization (3) Merriam-Webster. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/digitizing. (4) ProQuest. http://www.proquest.com/
9. 9. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )13( _Î‡_ÕŸ||å·f=Ô≈‹_r=‚‹)1( ==yŸð||îª=l‡_‘Digitizing==Ω=_||òÍ`=ÉáË=ÌÜÿ^1320=Òà~`=ÔŸÎs||åj== Ñ|||ìàª_f=m_wŸð|||î‹=Ñ|||ìàª^=ÑvË=Ñ–Ë=^Ü‰=XDigtisation, Digitization===ÉÑƒ=_›7=⁄s|||ãË 988==XÔvËàù`‫ﻭ‬Digitalization, Digitalisation=ÃΩ=^Ú_s=ÉÑƒ=121====⁄‘=ÉáË=_›‘=XÔŸÎsåj =‚‹Digitizer, Digitiser=Ω=ÉÑƒ=545======yŸðî‹=_è‹`==XÔŸÎsåjDigitized==ào≈ÃÊÿ==Ÿƒ7676== =yŸð||||||î‹=àÂ¿Ë=XÔŸÎs||||||åjDigitised==Ω75==yŸð||||||î‹=ÉáËË=XÔŸÎs||||||åjDigitising==Ω156== =XÔŸÎsåj‫ﻭ‬565==Ω=ÔŸÎsåjDigitize=lŸésäãË=X70=ÔvËàù`==||||ÿDigitise^4~`Ë=X=58=ÔvËàù`====|ÿ Digitalize==K= = =iJ==Ñ|||||||ìà‹=ΩËm_‡_ÎfLibraryOnlineWiley )2( ===Ìà’Õÿ^=u_k·ÿ^=Ïð…Í=ÌÜÿ^Ë =ﬂ_ƒ=‚‹=m_ƒÈ›s›Ÿÿ1799-=2018I=€Ë`=àÂ¿=Äk|||||ã^ﬂ^Ñ==m_wŸð|||||îªDigitized,=Digitize,== Digitizing, Digitization==ﬂ_ƒ1965=X=_wŸð|||||||î‹=Ú_rËDigitalization, Digitalize==Ω676== =yŸð|||||||î‹=ﬂÑÄk|||||||ã^Ë=XÔŸÎs|||||||åj=Digitizer==Ω897=XÔŸÎs|||||||åj=‫ﻛﺫﻟﻙ‬Digitise,Digitised, Digitising, Digtisation==Ω58989=ÔŸÎs||||||||åjX=ËÉáËDigitiserΩ134=ŸÎs||||||||åjÔ==àoƒË=X =m_wŸðîªDigitalisation,Digitalise==Ÿƒ1356===KÔŸÎsåj= = u=J==Ñ|||||||||||ìà‹=_è‹`‫ﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬DirectScience )3( ===‚‹=ÓÑk›ª^=ÔÎ·‹äÿ^=Ó3Õÿ^=Ïð…Í=ÌÜÿ^Ë =ﬂ_ƒ1823==kvË2018=ﬂ^ÑÄk||ã^=€Ë`=„_‘=Iª=yŸð||îDigitization‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬=1952=f=ÉÑ≈35370== ÔŸÎs|||||||åjyŸð|||||||î‹=_è‹`=X=Digitized==ÉÑƒ=Ω=⁄s|||||||åÃ125677====|ÿ=ÑrË=÷ÿÜ‘=XÔŸÎs|||||||åj Digitizing==ÉÑƒ56489==Ë=XÔŸÎs||||||||åjѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﻟـ‬Digitalization=9878====yŸð||||||||î‹=_è‹`=XÔŸÎs||||||||åj Digtisation===Ω=⁄s|||||åÃ8765==XÔŸÎs|||||åj‫ﻭ‬Digitising==Ω6576==mÑrËË=XÔŸÎs|||||åj19876== =ÔŸÎsåjyŸðîªDigitised=X‫ﻭ‬74787=Ÿðîª=ÔŸÎsåj===||||||||||||=yDigitizer=X‫ﻭ‬9898==|||ÿDigitiserX=== Ë9864=|ÿDigitize=Ë==X1234==|ÿDigitiseI==^4~`Ë1234==|ÿ=ÔŸÎsåjDigitalisation==K= = ÉJ==m_‡_Îf=Ñ||||||||||||||||||||||ìà‹=ΩËLibrary, Information Science & Technology (1) Bishnu Das Pradhan. Automatic Digitizing and Processing of Spatial Data Using the Hough Powell Flying Spot Scanner. (Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania, 1970). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. (2) Wiley Online Library https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ (3) Science Direct. http://www.sciencedirect.com
10. 10. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )14( )LISTA()1( Abstracts==‚‹=Ó3Õÿ^=Ïð…Í=ÌÜÿ^1974==kvË8201=ÉÑƒ=à|||||||||îv=#=I4323= =ÔŸÎs||åj‫ﻟﻣﺻﻁﻠﺣﻲ‬Digitization,=Digtisation===ﬂ_ƒ=_‰˘Ë`=màÂ¿1987=X‫ﻭ‬1234===∆‹=ÔŸÎs||åj Digitize=X‫ﻭ‬2343===|||||||||||||||||||ÿ=ÔŸÎsåjDigitized=yŸðî‹=Ú_r=_›‘=XDigitizing==ÉÑƒ=Ω1876== =XÔŸÎsåj‫ﻭ‬Digitizer==Ω134=ŸÎsåjÔ=Ÿƒ=àoƒ=÷ÿÜ‘=X65==|||||||||||||ÿ=ÔŸÎsåjDigitised=Ë=X87===|ÿ Digitise=Ë=X98==|ÿDigitising=_òÍ`Ë=X83==ÏwŸðîª=ÔŸÎsåjDigitalisation, DigitalizationK= = WWÏj˝^=Ñ™=“gã=_‹=≥d=à¡·ÿ_fË= = ô^à¡‡=äÍ=Ñv^Ë=yŸð|||||||||||î‹=Ÿƒ=m_goÿ^=ﬂÑ≈ÿèg≈ƒ=àÃ=IÔÍäÎŸ™ˇ^=Ô…Ÿÿ_f=Ô·›–àÿ^=‚==Ñ— _‹=Ê·ƒ=4g≈kŸÿ=Ô‹ÑÄk||||åª^=m_wŸð||||îª^=mÉÑ≈j=≤fDigitization, Digitize, Digitized,Digitizer,Digitizing, Digitalization, Digitise, Digitised, Digitiser, Digitising, Digitalisation, Digitisation=_‡_Îgÿ^=Ñ||||ìà‹=Ω==m =|||||ò≈fË=ÔÕŸkÄª^=m_‡_Îgÿ^=Ñ|||||ì^à‹=≤fË=Ñv^Èÿ^tÛ_k·ÿ^=lk|||||êj=Ïÿ_kÿ_fË=ö≈gÿ^=_Â== =m_wŸðîª^=ÁÜ‰=≤f=Ô·›–àÿ^=«ÈóÈ¥=Ôì_¶^^KÔÕŸkÄª= = ˇ^=Ô·›–àÿ^=m_wŸð||||||||î‹=≤f=m_Ã˙k~˘^=lŸoμ“||||||||êÿ^=Ω=ÔÍäÎŸ™===Iæ—Ã=Ï‡_oÿ^ =È‰Ë=yŸð||||||||||îª^=‚‹=€Ë˚^=∆ð—ª^=lgn=_›·ÎfDigit==ÌÜÿ^=m_k||||||||||êÿ^=‚‹=⁄Ÿ–=_º=I ÿ=Ñ|||||||ì^àª^=ö≈f=∆ÃÉË=IyŸð|||||||î›Ÿÿ=qÑÆ=„`=‚’∑==m_wŸð|||||||îª^=≤f=Ôÿ_vâ =⁄o‹=_Âò≈fË=ÔÕŸkÄª^Proquest, Wiley Online Library, LISTAK= = =ÑÂƒ=Ôn^Ñv=≥d=Ô·›–àÿ^=m_wŸð|||||||î‹=ÉÑ≈j=∆ràÍ^—j=ﬂÑƒË=yŸð|||||||îª==I_ÎÿËÉ=Ê·Î· ÿ=Ñv^Ë=yŸð||||î‹=≤·—kf=^Ü‰=Ÿƒ=hŸ…kÿ^=‚’∑Ë===◊àj=∆‹=ÏŸg—k||||åª^=ﬂ^ÑÄk||||ã˙ ===ËÜj=kv=_Îÿ_v=Ô‹ÑÄkåª^=Òà~˚^=m_wŸðîª^=IÔÿË^Ñk‹=4»=ygîjË=l–Èÿ^=∆‹=Ì== Ñ—Ã=≥d=ÌÉ¯Í=Ñ–=yŸð|||||||îª^=ÑÎvÈj=ﬂÑƒ=„d=pÎv=Êf=ægjàª^=ÒÈk-^=‚‹=4o’ÿ^== ÿ=ÔÎ≈Îgù=ÔsÎk·‘=Ipwgÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=Ú^àrd=Ñ·ƒﬂÑ≈=_’f=ﬂ_ªˇ^==m_wŸð|||||||||||||||||îª^=ÔÃ Ë`LË=Ê·‹=Ô—kêª^=Òà~˚^==Ω=Ê≈‹=ÔÕŸkÄª^vKÚ_s7^=œËà= = ====m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª^=€_ß=Ÿƒ=Ê‹^ÑÄk||||ã^=Ω=à||||îk—Í=%=Ô·›–àÿ^=yŸð||||î‹=„d (1) Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA). http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/search/basic?vid=1&sid=883a68e8-cdec- 4489-9cf1-f95afe4fe7dc%40sessionmgr120
11. 11. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )15( „d=⁄f=Iæ—ÃKÓÉÑ≈k‹Ë=Ó4o‘=ÔÎƒÈóÈ‹=m˘_s¥=ægjá^=ÁáÈÂ¿= = ====_Îgÿ^=Ñì^à‹=Ω=yŸðîª^=ﬂ^ÑÄkã^=m_Í^Ñf=„dj=ÔÕŸkÄª^=m_‡=·Îå›¶^=≥d=∆rà==m_Î K‚Íàê≈ÿ^=„à—ÿ^=‚‹= = ===áÈŸÎj=ŒÍà≈kÿ=ô_≈gjË=^Ü‰=)2007,Taylor( )1( =======⁄oμ=Ô·›–àÿ_Ã=m_kgÿ^=≤f=”àÕÿ^ Bits‫ﻭﻳﻌﺪ‬ ،‫ﻮء‬ѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻀ‬ ‫ﺮﻋﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻔﺮ‬ѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬ѧѧ‫ﻭﻳﺴ‬ ،‫ﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻔﺮ‬ѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﻼﺳ‬ѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺑﺴ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺾ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﻋﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻐﺮ‬ѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺃﺻ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺬﺭﺍﺕ‬Atoms‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ѧ‫ﻣﺜ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧ‫ﻠﺒ‬ѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﺓ‬ѧ‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺎﻝ‬ѧ‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧ‫ﺑﻄﺒﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ѧ‫ﻜ‬ѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺗﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺬﺍﻥ‬ѧ‫ﺍﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﻄﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎ‬ ِ‫ﻌﺎﻥ‬َ‫ﺿ‬ ْ‫ُﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬==ﬂ_¡‡ ==Ô…Ÿf==_Âkv_jdË=ÔƒÈgðª^=É^È›Ÿÿ=áÈîÿ^=ø_—kÿ^=‚‹=ÓäÂr˚^=ö≈f=‚’›äÍ=Ï‡Ë3’ÿd £=ﬁn=‚‹Ë=ÓàÕê‹==K_‰4Î…j=kvË=_ÂÄå‡Ë=_Âƒ_r3ã^Ë=_ÂŸ—‡Ë=_Â·Íä =à||||è_gª^=æ¶^=Ÿƒ=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª^=ﬁŸƒ=éÈ‹_–=h||||åvËODLISI)2( ===„eÃ ===Ï›–á=⁄’|||||||||||||è=≥d=m_‡_Îgÿ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=_‰_|||||||||||||òk—¥=ﬁkÍ=;ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=Ï‰=Ô·›–àÿ^ iÈã_•^=Ô||||||||ðã^Èf=_Âk§_≈ª==K====ﬁ¡‡=Ω=Ô·›–àÿ^=y||||Ÿðî‹=ﬂÑ||||||||||||ÄkåÍ=_||||‹=ÓÉ_ƒË ‹ÈŸ≈ª^gðª^=ï·ÿ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=≥d=Óá_||||||||èâÿ=m_ÔÎÛ_·n=m^á_||||||||èd=≥d=áÈ||||||||îÿ^=Ë`=«È=J= ã_f=ÏÛÈòÿ^=yåª^=ÓäÂr`=Ñv`=ﬂ^ÑÄkJ=KiÈã_•^=Ÿƒ=_Âóàƒ=‚’∑= = =Ô||||å||||ã¯‹=l‹ÑÄk||||ã^=Ñ–Ë=^Ü‰DPC) Digital Preservation Coalition،( =Ï‰Ë=Ïÿ^Èv=‚‹=Œÿckj=yfàŸÿ=ÔÃÉ_‰=4»=ÔÎ‡_ðÍàf=Ô||å||ã¯‹20===_Â·›||ó=‚‹=ñÔ›¡·‹ gk’ª^=ﬂ_ƒ=lñŸö’|||è=IñÔÎ‡_ðÍ2ÿ^=ñÔ2001===_Í_|||ò—ÿ^=∆|||óË=Ω=⁄|||òÕÿ^=_7=„_‘Ë=I =ÔéÎ|||ã_Î|||åÿ^=€_›ƒ˚^=÷€ËÑr=‚›|||ó=éÔÎ›–àÿ^I )3( ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻠﺢ‬=Digitisation‫ﺑﺄﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻅﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻀﻮﺋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺢ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍء‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ (1) Larry Shane Taylor. New Media Migration: Digitization and Computer Networking Technology Use in Three Community Newspapers. (Ph.D. Knoxville:The University of Tennessee, 2007). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses. 13-14. (2) Joan M. Reitz. ODLIS — Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. https://www.dpconline.org/pages/handbook/docs/DPCHandbookIntro.pdf (3) Ray Prytherch Harrod’s. Librarians. Glossary and Reference Book.10th ed. (England:Ashgate Publishing Limited,2005), 229.
12. 12. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )16( ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻥ‬‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻒ‬. )1( 2/2Ìﬂ€ŒÜ÷]<x◊îí⁄eÜ√÷]<ÎÜ”À÷]<t^jﬂ÷]<ª<<VÍ< < Îfà≈ÿ^=ÔÍÈ…Ÿÿ^=çÎ‹^È—ÿ^=ﬂ_›k‰^=ﬂÑ≈ÿ=^à¡‡=yŸð|||||î‹=ÑÍÑwkf=_ÂÎŸƒ=≤›Û_—ÿ^Ë=Ôn==lf_ ====yŸðîª=⁄f_—›‘=ﬂ^ÑÄkã˙ÿDigitizationΩ=fà≈ÿ^=Ô…Ÿÿ^=f_—ª^=m_wŸðîª^=mÉÑ≈j=Ñ—Ã=ÔÎ==ÔŸ ÏŸÍ=_›‘=IÊÿW= = =ÿ^=Ö_k|||ã˚^=ﬂÑÄk|||ã^=áÈk‘ÑFÏ|||ãàs7^I2000E )2( ====:Î|||åwkÿ^=ﬂ_¡·ÿ^=yŸð|||î‹ ÏÛ_·oÿ^==yŸð||||||îª=⁄f_—›‘Digital=J===€È–=h||||||åv=ÔÎfà≈ÿ_f=Ï›–á=Ô›Ÿ‘=„d=pÎv ==ÏŸ||||||||||ì˚^=·≈ª^=Ÿƒ=_7˙¡f=Ï—Ÿj=„`=‚’›ª^=‚‹=Òà~`=m˘ÈÿÑ‹=_7=ÊjÉ_Î||||||||||ã =======«_r3ã˘^=Ñ·ƒ=Ï—Ÿk›Ÿÿ=Ôgå·ÿ_f=”É˚^Ë=yì˚^=Ê‡`=_›‘=IÌäÎŸ™ˇ^=yŸðî›Ÿÿ=J= ÷ÿÖË==m_—Îgðj=ﬂ^ÑÄkã^=Ÿƒ=Ôÿ˘ÑŸÿiÈã_•^========⁄ÍÈ¢=_|||ÂÎÃ=_¥=m_gk’ª^=⁄~^É ====:Îåwkÿ^=Ω_óˇ^=⁄’êÿ^=ÊÎŸƒ=“Ÿù`=ÌÜÿ^Ë=Ï||||||||||||›–àÿ^=⁄||||’êÿ^=≥d=m_Î·k—ª^ áäÎŸª^I)3( ==hÎ||||||åwkÿ^=œàƒ=_›‘Computation==ﬂ_ƒ2002==Ÿƒ=É_›kƒ˘^=Ê‡af=I •^=iÈ|||ã__ÂjÚ^à–Ë=ñÈ|||î·ÿ^=⁄Îs|||åj=Ω)4( =Ÿð|||î‹=€È¢=Ñ–Ë==Ñ≈f=hÎ|||åwkÿ^=y =ﬂ^ÑÄkã^=Ÿƒ=Ôÿ˘ÑŸÿ=÷ÿÖiÈã_•^=Km_gk’ª^=Ω= = u^àÃF=_è‹`I=2004E )5( ==⁄f_—›‘=Ï›–àÿ^=⁄ÍÈwkÿ^Ë=Ô·›–àÿ^=ÏwŸð||î‹=ﬂÑÄk||ã_Ã==I =ÌäÎŸ™ˇ^=yŸð||||||||||||||î›ŸÿDigitization===≥d=m_‡_Îgÿ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=_›Â‡af=_›ÂÃàƒË =Ôðã^Èf=_Âk§_≈‹=⁄r˚=÷ÿÖË=Ï›–á=⁄’èiÈã_•^==K= = =F=ﬂÑÄk|ã^=_›‘ﬁÂ·ÍâI=2006E )6( ====;ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=Ê‡af=ÊÃàƒË=“Û_nÈÿ^=ﬁÎ–àj=yŸð|î‹ =========_ÂÎÃ=ﬁkÍ=;ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=Ì`=IÔƒÈgð‹=ÓÉ_‹=‚‹=Ï‡Ë3’ÿd=⁄Îoμ=“Ÿ~=ﬁkÍ=_Â—Íàù=‚ƒ (1) Digital Préservation Coalition. Preservation Management of Digital Materials: The Handbook, 25. https://www.dpconline.org/pages/handbook/docs/DPCHandbookIntro.pdf )2(،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ :‫ﻛﻧﺩﺭﻳﺔ‬ѧѧѧ‫)ﺍﻹﺳ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺗﻛﻧﻭﻟﻭﺟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻁﺑﻳﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻻﺕ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺻ‬ .‫ﻲ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺟﺭﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﻣﺩ‬ ‫ﻌﺩ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬2000،( 158. )3("‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭ‬،‫ﻧﻔﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻊ‬149." )4(‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬ѧѧ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺛﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ .‫ﻲ‬ѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺟﺭﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﻣﺩ‬ ‫ﻌﺩ‬ѧѧ‫ﺳ‬7‫ﻉ‬ ،2،‫)ﻣﺎﻳﻭ‬ 2002:(13. )5(‫ﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺗﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺟﻠﺔ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻳﻡ‬ .‫ﻓﺭﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺣﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬10،‫)ﻳﻭﻧﻳﻭ‬2004.( )6(‫ﺍ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺟﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﻋﺑ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻧﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺎﻣﺢ‬ѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺎء‬ѧѧѧ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺑﻧ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺧﻁﻳﻁ‬ :‫ﺔ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﻳﻔ‬ѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺭﺷ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﻟﻑ‬ :‫ﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻘ‬ 2006/2007‫ﺝ‬ .(2،38‫ــ‬39.
13. 13. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )17( =Ìà¿_·jF=Ë`=Ï‡Ë3’ÿd=4»=áÑ|||||||||î‹=⁄ÍÈ¢Analog===ÓÚ^à—Ÿÿ=⁄f_–=⁄’|||||||||è=≥d=E ===_wÕ|||ì=áÈ|||ì=ø_—kÿ^=_è‹`=W≥d=4|||êÍ=_‹=ÓÉ_ƒ=È‰Ë=KiÈ|||ã_•^=Ôð|||ã^Èf=mPage Images==⁄‹_‘=ï‡=Óá^Ñ||||||||ìd=ø_—kÿ^=Ë`=IÔ—ÎnÈÿ^=‚‹=áÈ||||||||ì=_gÍà—j=Ï‰ËFull Text Version=KÔÎî‡=œËàw‘=Ô—ÎnÈÿ^=„ä£=_Â—Íàù=‚ƒ=;ÿ^= = ›–àÿ^=yŸð|||||||||||||îª=ÔÎÿÈ6=ào‘`=ŒÍà≈j=Ú˙sk|||||||||||||ã˘Ë==‚‹=Òà~`=ÔÕÛ_ðÿ=úà≈‡=Ô· Ë`=Im_wŸðîª^=çÎ‹^È–=Ω=mÉáË=;ÿ^=m_ÕÍà≈kÿ^=ÔîîÄkª^=œá_≈ª^=àÛ^ËÉ=Ω‘=Ë`=I==m_f_k ÏŸÍ=_›‘=I≤îîÄkª^=q_ü`ËW= = ÏŸƒF=œàƒI=2003E )1( ==Ô·›–àÿ^=Digitization============∆Î∏=lÿ_v`=;ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^==_Â‡af =====⁄||ã˙||ã=≥d=Ô‘àwk‹Ë=Ôkf_n=áÈ||ì=€_’||è`Ë=ñÈ||î‡Ë=É^Ñƒ`=‚‹=âÈ‹àÿ^=”_||å‡` ==ÁÜ‰=àÂ||||||||||î·kÿ=ÏÛ_·oÿ^=É^Ñƒ˚^=ﬂ_¡·ÿ=_—ÃË=Ñv^Èÿ^Ë=àÕ||||||||||îÿ^=_Â‹^È–=ﬂ_–á˚^=‚‹ j=Ω=”_||å‡˚^j=⁄¿=Ω=Ó4o‹=m_ÕÎÿÈm_Î·—==ÓÉÑ≈kª^=æÛ_||ãÈÿ^Multi-Media==_›‘=I =ÌäÎŸ™ˇ^=⁄f_—ª^=œàƒDigitalization )2( ===ñÈ||||||||||||||||||î·ÿ^=€È¢=;ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=Ê‡af ======⁄ã˙ã=≥d=m^Èì˚^Ë=€_’è˚^Ë=‚‹=====Ô§_≈›Ÿÿ=ÔŸf_–=ygîj=kv=Ñv^Èÿ^Ë=àÕîÿ^ ÓÉÑ≈kª^=æÛ_ãÈÿ^=Ô’Îgã=Ω=á_Âî‡˘^Ë=ÔÎÿ˝^K= = ^=á_||è`=≤v=Ω=ŒÎ||èá˚^Ë=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª^=m_wŸð||îª=ÏƒÈ||ãÈª^=ﬁs≈ªI)3( == ÔÍà¿_·kÿ^=É^Èª^=⁄ÍÈ¢=Ô|||||||ÎŸ›ƒ=_Â‡`=Ÿƒ=Ô·›–àŸÿAnalog Material===⁄|||||||’è=≥d =EÏ›–áFÏ‡Ë3’ÿdElectronic (Digital)K= = ÌÉ_7^=ÑgƒF=á_è`ËI=1999E )4( =d==“Û_nÈŸÿ=ﬁkj=;ÿ^=⁄ÍÈwkÿ^=m_ÎŸ›ƒ=_Â‡af=Ô·›–àÿ^=≥ ^=€_’|||||||||è˚^=‚‹==_ÂÎÃ=_¥=Ï›–àÿ^=Ï‡Ë3’ÿˇ^=⁄’|||||||||êÿ^=≥d=ÔƒÈgðª^=ÔÍÑÎŸ—kÿ KÏ‡Ë3’ÿˇ^=àê·ÿ^=m_ÎŸ›ƒ= = EÔÎfà≈ÿ^=ÔÄ|||||å·ÿ^F=_ÍÑÎgÎ’ÍË=Óà•^=ÔƒÈ|||||ãÈª^=l‹_–Ë)5( ===yŸð|||||î‹=ﬂ^ÑÄk|||||ã_f )1(‫ﻧﺑﻳﻝ‬،‫ﻟﻠﻧﺷﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ :‫)ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺻﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺩﻳﺎﺕ‬ .‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬2003،(12‫ـــ‬13. )2(‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺑﻳﻝ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺗﺻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺟﻧﺔ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻋﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺯﻳﺯ‬ .‫ﻣﺑﺭ‬ѧѧ‫ﺩﻳﺳ‬ .(‫ﻛﻭﺍ‬ѧѧ‫)ﺍﻹﺳ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ‬ѧѧ‫ﺳ‬2006، 39. (3) Library, Information and Archival Terminology. http://www.elshami.com/ )4(:‫ﺍﻹﻟﻛﺗﺭﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺷﺭ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻥ‬“.‫ﺍﻹﻟﻛﺗﺭﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺭﻛﻳﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﺭﺏ‬’‫ﺍﻻﺗﺟﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺩﻳﺛﺔ‬6‫ﻉ‬ ،12،‫)ﻳﻭﻟﻳﻭ‬1999:(39. )5(‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺣﻭﻳﻝ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺣﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺳﻭﻋﺔ‬ .‫ﻭﻳﻛﻳﺑﺩﻳﺎ‬.
14. 14. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )18( =ÌäÎŸ™ˇ^=yŸð||||||||î›Ÿÿ=⁄f_—›‘=Ï›–àÿ^=⁄ÍÈwkÿ^Digitizing==ÔÎŸ›ƒ=Ê‡af=ÊkÃàƒË=I =Ë==Iﬂ_år˚^=⁄Îoμ=áÈîÿ^Ë=Im_ÕŸª^I==Ë`=m^á_èˇ^=FÔÎŸn_›kÿ^====ÔƒÈ›ß=ﬂ^ÑÄkã_f=E ====_ÂÎŸƒ=“ŸðÎÃ=Ï›–àÿ^=⁄ÍÈwkÿ^=ÔsÎk‡=_è‹`=KÔŸ||||||||||||||||||îÕ·‹=ø_—‡=‚‹=Ô‡È’‹=Ô≈ð—k‹ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴﻞ‬=‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ‬======4…j=∆‹=Óà›kå‹=Óá_èd=ÔÎŸn_›kÿ^=Óá_èˇ^=„È’j=pÎv‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬===„`=Ì`==I =_›·Îf=KÔ¡•=⁄‘=Ñ·ƒ=ÑrÈj=Óá_||èˇ^=Ô›Î–‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬===Ôg|||å·ÿ_f=Ô≈ð—k‹=„È’j =È‰=Ï›–àÿ^=⁄ÍÈwkÿ_Ã=Ïÿ_kÿ_fË=I‚‹äŸÿ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺐ‬=K_ÂŸo∑=;ÿ^=Óá_èâÿ= = ÌË^Ñ·7^F=Ñ·ƒËE)1( =====ÌÜÿ^=”_Î|||åÿ^=h|||åv=Ï‡_≈‹=ÓÑƒ=Ü~aÍ=Ô·›–àÿ^=yŸð|||î‹=„eÃ ==WÏŸÍ=_›‘=IÊÎÃ=ﬂÑÄkåÍ= = =`J==Ô·›–àÿ^•^=Ω=Ôg||ãÈd=m_‡_Îgÿ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=W===_Âk§_≈‹=‚’∑=pÎü=Ï›–á=⁄’||è=≥ KiÈã_•^=Ôðã^Èf= = ===iJ==Ô·›–àÿ^ﬁ¡‡=”_Î||||||||ã=Ω≈ª^⁄ÍÈ¢=Wm_‹ÈŸ====hk’ÿ^=⁄o‹=ÔƒÈgðª^=ñÈ||||||||î·ÿ^ KæÛ^à~=Ë`=m_v_|||||òÍd=Ë`=ÔÎÃ^à»ÈjÈÃ=áÈ|||||ìF=áÈ|||||îÿ^Ë4»Ë=E1^=KK==‚‹=ÔÍÑÎŸ—kÿ^=É^Èª^=‚‹=_‰ ;ÿ^=_7_’||è``F=„_||å‡ˇ^=Ôð||ã^Èf=`à—j=„`=‚’∑=ÔÍà¿_·j=Ìà—j=;ÿ^=€_’||è˚^=≥d=E==_ÂÎÃ=` =Ôð||ã^ÈfiÈ||ã_•^d=≥d=Ì`=I||è=ÔÎÛ_·n=m^á_Signals=BinaryÖË=I==ø«È‡=ﬂ^ÑÄk||ã^=“Íàù=‚ƒ=÷ÿ ÏÛÈòÿ^=yåª^=ÓäÂr`=‚‹=_‹=Scanningÿ^=“Íàù=‚ƒ=Ë`=Iƒ=tk·Í=;ÿ^Ë=IÔÎ›–àÿ^=m^4‹_’==_Â· ==KiÈã_•^=Ôè_è=Ÿƒ=_Âóàƒ=ﬁkÍ=€_’è`= = =uJ=Ñª^=ÓÑÎ≈f=m˘_||îj˘^=”_Î||ã=Ω=Ô·›–àÿ^m^á_||èˇ^=⁄ÍÈ¢=≥d=4||êj=WÒ¿_·kÿ^==ÔÍà Óà›kåª^Analog Continuous Signals=≥dKÔÎÛ_·n=ÔÎ›–á=m^á_èd= = J=_gåvË=||||||ÿ=F^ÌË_ÎwÎÿI=1997E)2( ==‚‹=m_kf=⁄’è=Ÿƒ=äÎ‹3ÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=_Â‡eÃ)1-0(=== =======mÈì=‚‹F=m^á_èˇ^=⁄‘=„`=·≈¥=KÔ’gêÿ^=2ƒ=_7_ãád=∆‹äª^=m^á_èˇ^Ë=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=⁄’ÿ =ÌÉÑƒ=‚‹=âÈ‹á=≥d=€Èwkj=E_‰4»Ë=ÓáÈ|||||ìË=ð≈‹Ë(0-1)=====_Â›|||||ò—j=„`=Ô’g|||||êŸÿ=‚’∑ =Ω=m^ÑvÈ‘K€ÈìÈÿ^=Ñ·ƒ=ÔÎŸì`=Ôÿ_ãà‘=_ÂŸg—kåjË=pgÿ^= = http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D8%AD%D9%88%D9%8A%D9%84_%D8% B1%D9%82%D9%85%D9%8A )1(،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻁﻭﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻛﺗﺭﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺷﺭ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻬﻧﺩﺍﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷﻡ‬1. )2(‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﺷﺭ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻳﺣﻳﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺣﻳﻰ‬‫ﻣﺣﺎﺿﺭﺓ‬ :‫ﺍﻻﺷﺗﺭﺍﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺭﻳﺩﺓ‬ .‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺩﺭﺳﺔ‬ )21‫ﺃﺑﺭﻳﻝ‬1997:(3.http://doc.abhatoo.net.ma/IMG/doc/yah1.doc
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21. 21. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )25( ÿ^’gê-^=m_=Ëñ`=ÔëÎŸ=Ô’gè=Ÿƒl‡3‡ˇ^K 8=J=====€È||||ìÈÿ^=Ÿƒ=ÓáÑ—ÿ^=≥d=ÔÃ_||||óˇ_f=IÚ_ƒÈÿ^=Ú^är`=≤f=à•^=⁄—·kÿ^=ÔÎ‡_’‹d Ô—Û_Õÿ^=æf^Ëàÿ^=“Íàù=‚ƒ=IÚ_ƒÈÿ^=«È||||óÈ¥=Ô–˙ƒ=m^Ö=áÉ_||||î‹=≥dHyper Links=ov_gÿ^=l||îŸ~=;ÿ^≤==Ÿ||åkÿ^=∆gkkÿ^=Ê||óàÕÍ=ÌÜÿ^=ÉÈ›§^=‚‹==Ñ·ƒ=ÏŸ||å ÔÍÑÎŸ—kÿ^=m_ƒÈ›.^=Ω=Ô·Î≈‹=m_‹ÈŸ≈‹=‚ƒ=pwgÿ^K)1( 3=J==hÎƒ=Ÿƒ=hŸ…kÿ^ÓÚ^à—ÿ^=ÔÍÉËÑ®=ÈrÈª^=Ω=É=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÑî‹=·ª^=Ï›–àÿ^====aê ÿ^=àÃÈÍ=pÎv=I«Ègð‹=4¡‡=Êÿ=áÑ||||||||||îÍ=%=ÌÜÿ^==Ω=Ê≈‹=⁄‹_≈kÿ^=‚›–àª^=Ú_ƒÈ KÔr_•^=håv=‚›–àª^=Ë`=«Ègðª^=ÊÎŸ’è 4=J=„_‹äÿ^=ÔŸ’|||||||ê‹=⁄v=^=Ÿƒ=€È|||||||îwŸÿ=„_’ª^Ëf=÷ÿÖË=Im_‹ÈŸ≈ª==‚‹=áàwkÿ_ ÔÍÑÎŸ—kÿ^=«˙ù˘^=”àù=ÔÍÉËÑ®ª^=Ú_ƒÈŸÿ==m^Ú^àrˇ^=⁄o‹=_Âk—|||||||||||||||ê‹Ë=«Ègð ==_|||åj=_Â‡`=_›‘=IÔ—‰àª^=ÔÎ|||îÄ|||êÿ^Ë=ÔÍá^Éˇ^Ÿƒ=Ñƒ==Ω=pv_gÿ^=l–Ë=4ÃÈj= ≥d=i_‰Üÿ^=wgÿ^=m^Ú^àrd=«_gjdË=IÔgk’ª^==Ñ–=ÌÜÿ^=àÍÈ||||||||||îkÿ^Ë=«˙ù˘^Ë=p =‚‹=hŸðkÍÔgk’ª^=ﬁsv=håv=ﬂ_Í`=≥d=m_ƒ_ãK= = 5=J==`=Ô›Ÿ‘=‚ƒ=ÏÿÈ›êÿ^=pwgÿ^=m^äÎº=Ôv_jd=Ω=yŸðî‹=Ë==É^Ñƒ`=Ë`=≤≈‹=ÉÑƒ ÍÑÎÕk|||||åª^=‚‹=ÉÑ≈ÿ=ÔÕŸk©=⁄~^Ñ¥Ë=IÓ4o‘IÊ|||||åÕ‡=l–Èÿ^=Ω=‚===⁄›≈Í=_º Ë=pwgÿ^=m_ÎŸ›ƒ=∆Íàåj=Ÿƒ˘^=«_r3ã-ÍÈkK_Âj_= = 6=J==ÓÑƒ_||||||||å‹ÈÎŸggÿ^=m˙Îs||||||||åkÿ^»ÔÎÃ^à=ov_gŸÿ≤==€Èv=à||||||||ê‡=_‹=Ô≈f_k‹=Ÿƒ =ÔÎƒË`=‚‹=à||||ê‡=_‹=ÔÃà≈‹Ë=ﬁÂj_‹_›k‰^_‹ÈŸ≈‹====€È—v=‚›||||ó=∆—j=ÔÍáÑ||||î‹=m =^=ÏÕÍà≈kÿ^=áËÑÿ^=≥d=ÔÃ_|||||óˇ_f=IﬁÂj_|||||î|||||î£Êg≈Ÿj=ÌÜÿ==‚ƒ=}_|||||îÃˇ^=Ω 4»Ë=ÔÿË^Ñkª^=4»=m_ƒÈóÈª^ÂÎÃ=qÈwgª^==K_ EáD<V±c<ÕÇ„ËÊ<Hl^fj”π]<∞e<·Ê^√j÷]< < 1=J==ﬁ|||||ã_—jÔ·›–àª^=m_ƒÈ›.^==≤f=_›ÎÃm_gk’ª^===ÑÂ§^=á^à’j=ﬂÑƒ=„_›|||||òÿ )1(.‫ﺣﻭﻱ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺿ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻧﺎء‬ ،‫ﺣﺎﻓﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻳﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺩ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺷ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬“‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﺩﺭ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﻣﺻ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻛﺔ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺷ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻳﺭ‬ : .‫ﻟﻠﺗﻘﻭﻳﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺗﺭﺣﺔ‬”Cybrarians Journal‫ﻉ‬ ،1،‫)ﺩﻳﺳﻣﺑﺭ‬2006.( http://journal.cybrarians.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1 05:-----------2-----------&catid=49:2010-06-29-05-08-25&Itemid=54
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24. 24. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )28( ==“Íàù=‚ƒ=÷ÿÖË=Êv_™Ë=Áá^à›k||ã^=„_›||òÿÔÎrá_¶^=y·ª^f=Ô||ì_¶^=ÉÈ—≈ÿ^=∆Î–ÈjË=I==ﬂ^äkÿ˘_ ==ÿ^=Ïåã¯ª^======ÔÎ·ùÈÿ^Ë=ÔÎŸ-^=m_ðŸåÿ^=‚‹=⁄‘=ÊÎÃ=◊3êj=⁄ÍÑf=áÑî‹=≤‹ajË=IÑ‹˚^=⁄ÍÈð Áâ_™ˇ=Ô≈–Èkª^=y·ª^=lÕ–Èj=_‹=€_v=Ω=ÔÎ‡Ë_≈kÿ^ËK )1( = = 3/1/1/7<Ü√÷]<l^¬Á€r€◊÷<ÌËÜ”À÷]<ÌÈ”◊π]Ê<ƒfî÷]<—Áœu]<ÌÈeÌﬂ€ŒÜπV< < ===ÿ^=m_||gk’ª^=_||ÂÂr^Èj=;ÿ^=m_||ÍÑ||wkÿ^=ﬁ‰`=‚‹=2k≈j=Ô||Íà’Õÿ^=Ô||Î’Ÿª^=Ô||Í_||π==; Ô·›–àÿ^=m_ƒËà|||ê¥=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=h»àjI====ﬁåÂñÕÿ=òÔÍáËà|||ó=Ï‰Ë=Ò2‘=ÔÎ|||ò–=∆gðÿ^=”È—v=„d=pÎv =Ôgk’ª^=“—¢=kwÃ=ñÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^=÷”È—v=_Í_||||ò–==”È—v=i_w||||ì`=≤f=h||||ã_·ª^=„â^Èkÿ^ ∆gðÿ^=≤≈Õk·ª^Ë=ÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^Ë=ƒÈ›.^=‚‹Ô===ÁÜ‰=_ÂÎŸƒ=Ìà||||||||||||åj=lÿ^â=˘=;ÿ^=Ô·›–àª^ I≤‡^È—ÿ^=`=h≠=WÈ‰Ë==ﬂ_‰=€^¯|||||ã=Ÿƒ=hÎ°=„==Ôÿa|||||å‹=_‰4oj=„`=‚’∑=;ÿ^=_Í_|||||ò—ÿ^=_‹ _Í_|||||||ò—ÿ^=ÁÜÂf=ÔÎ·≈ª^=œ^àù˚^=_‹Ë=Ô·›–àÿ^=%_ƒ=Ω=ŒÎÿakÿ^=”È—v )2( ====⁄›≈ÿ^=„`Ë=Ô|||||||ì_~ ==∆||||||òØ=€^äÍ=_‹=∆ràª=Ê·›||||||òj=„eÃ=IÊÿ=ÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^=”È—v=Ó3Ã=lÂk‡^=Èÿ=kv=ÏfÉ˚^ «Èò†=⁄ÎÕ‘=ÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^=”È—•=KÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^=”È—•=ÊŸ›‘af=⁄›≈ÿ^=== = =Ôgv_||||îª^=ÔÎgŸ||||åÿ^=ÓáÈ||||îÿ^=≥d=ÔÃ_||||óˇ_f=^Ü‰ÿÈj=;ÿ^Ë=IÔ—ÎnÈŸÿ=ÔÎ›–àÿ^=ÔÄ||||å·Ÿ==Ïv Íàðf=≤jÉËÑ-^=4»=Ô·||||||||||ìà—ÿ^Ë=Ô–à||||||||||åÿ^=ÔÎ‡_’‹ef`=Êÿ=úà≈kj=_‹=_‰É_≈f`=Ω=”ÈÕj=Ô—==ÔÎƒË ÿ^=m˘b=“Íàù=‚ƒ=â^äkf^=‚‹=ÔƒÈgðª^=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^====Åå·ÿ^Ë=àÍÈîkPhotocopy MachinesI===÷ÿÜÿ Ω=ÉÑ¢=„`=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ=Ô—Íàù=ÔÍ^Ñgÿ^=_ÂŸ‹_≈j‹∆=^=ÔÎ||ã_Î||åÿ^Ë=ÔÎ‡È‡_—ÿ^=m˙’||êª^==Ô—Ÿ≈kª Î·ùÈÿ^=ÉËÑ•^=2ƒ=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_‡_Îgÿ^=“ÃÑkf==KÔ= = 3/1/1/8<^e<ÿ€√÷]<–ËÜ‰◊u]Ü⁄<Ã◊jß<ª<≈ÊÜéπV< < ô^á^à–=Ô·›–àÿ^=m_ƒËà||||||ê¥=⁄›≈ÿ^=“ÍàÃ=⁄Î’||||||êkf=ñ_¶^=á^à—ÿ^=Ñ≈Í=ô_ÍÈÎv==^ÜÿË=I ===ﬂÈ—Î|||||||||||||||||||ã=ÌÜÿ^=⁄›≈ÿ^=“ÍàÃ=ÑÍÑwkf=ﬂÈ—j=pÎv=IÔgk’ª^=‚‹=_ÎŸ≈ÿ^=Óá^Éˇ^=ﬂ_›k‰^=hŸðkÍ =Ω=≤ÿÈÙ||||åª^=á_Îk~_f=ÔÍ^Ñf=I«Ëà||||êª_f====Ô||||óÈÕª^=ÔðŸ||||åÿ^=ÑÍÑ¢Ë=«Ëà||||êª^=⁄v^à‹=ŒŸk© Ñwkf=^áËà‹Ë=IﬁÂÎÿdÍ====ÔÕŸkÄª^=m_gr^Èÿ_f=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=ﬁ7=øÈ·ª^=É^àÃˇ^=m_ÎÿÈÙå‹Ë=m_ì_îk~^=Ñ== ====Ÿƒ=ﬁÂ≈ÍâÈkf=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^Ë=IﬁÂÍÑÿ=Ó2¶^=m_ÍÈk|||||å‹Ë=ﬁÂŸ›ƒ=m˘_ß=Ÿƒ=Ú_·f=÷ÿÖË=I«Ëà|||||êª_f (1) Laurie Lopatin. "Library Digitization Projects, Issues and Guidelines: A Survey of the Literature." Library Hi Tech 24, no. 2, (2006): 275. Retrieved from Emerald Group Publishing Limited. (2) Will Sherman. 33 Reasons Why Libraries and Librarians Are Still Extremely Important. http://www.trinityhistory.org/Crisis/Lbrary%20article.pdf
25. 25. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )29( =‚ƒ=„ÈÿÈÙåª^=⁄o‹=Ôgã_·ª^=€_›ƒ˚^d‚‹=Ñ‘akÿ^=‚ƒ=„ÈÿÈÙåª^Ë=yåª^=⁄g–=m_ƒÈ›.^=É^Ñƒ== ==IÔÎŸ||||ì˚^=Å||||å·ÿ^=Ô‹˙||||ãª^Ë===Ôg–^à‹Ë=Ú^É˚^=‚ƒ=„ÈÿÈÙ||||åª^Ë=IáÈ||||îÿ^=ø_—kÿ^=‚ƒ=„ÈÿÈÙ||||å ª^Ë=IÓÉÈ§^=≈ÿ^=“ÍàÃ=„È’kÍ=„`=‚’›ª^=‚‹Ë=K1^KKKŒÎ·||îkÿ^Ë=Ô||ãàÂÕÿ^=‚ƒ=„ÈÿÈÙ||å==‚‹=⁄› ÈÎŸgf=≤ÎÛ_|||||||î~`=„Ë_≈j=€˙~»====Ô‡_Î|||||||îÿ^Ë=Ô|||||||ãàÂÕÿ^Ë=àÍÈ|||||||îkÿ^=<ÃË=≤Îgk’‹Ë=≤ÎÃ^à Km_gã_vË=m_’gè=ÏÛ_î~`Ë=== = 3/1/1/9<—Üõ<Ìﬂ€ŒÜπ]<l^¬Á€.]<±c<ŸÁëÁ÷]V< < =Ô·›–àª^=m_ƒÈ›.^=≥d=€È||ìÈÿ^=”àù=ÑÍÑ¢‹=ﬁ‰`=‚ƒËà||ê‹=Ω=Óàn¯ª^=⁄‹^È≈ÿ^==m_ Â·‹=⁄‹^È≈ÿ^=‚‹=ÔƒÈ›ß=_‰ÉÑ¢=;ÿ^Ë=IÔ·›–àÿ^ƒ=_ÎŸ~^É=€È|||||||||ìÈÿ^=Ôv_jd=ﬁkÎ|||||||||ã=⁄‰=W_==‚ Ôùà|||||è˚^=Ë`=ÓáäÎŸª^=ñ^à–˚^=“Íàù=Ë`=Ôð·…›ª^=‹=“Íàù=‚ƒ=_Îrá_~=Ë`=ÔÎŸ~^É=Ô’g|||||è==∆–È ⁄‰Ë==l‡3‡ˇ^=2ƒ=ª_ƒ=Ë`=ÏŸ®=áÈÂ›§=}_kk||ã=ÉÑ≈ÿ=€È||ìÈÿ^=ÑÎÎ—j=ﬁkÎ||ã=⁄‰=Ï=≤≈‹==‚‹= ‡=_‹=Ô‹ÑÄkåª^=úà≈ÿ^=m_Âr^Ë=_‹=‚ÍÑÎÕkåª^==ﬂÑÄkåª^=ÒÈk-^=Óá^Éd=ﬂ_¡= = 3/1/1/10Ìﬂ€ŒÜ÷]<·^”⁄V< < ====Ô·›–á=Ω=Ôg»^àÿ^=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=Ô||å||ã¯‹=Ë`=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ=Ï…g·Í=;ÿ^=Ô‹_7^=à||ì_·≈ÿ^=‚‹ Âj_ƒÈ›ßÔgk’ª^=„^áÑr=⁄~^É=Ô·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=ﬁkk||||||||||ã=‚Í`=Ï‰=_Â·ƒ=á^à—ÿ^=ÜÄkj=„`=_=In- House====Ÿƒ=É_›kƒ˘_fË=Ô›Âª^=ÁÜÂf=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=ÓäÂßË=ô_—gå‹=ÓÑ≈‹=‚||||||||||||||||||||‘_‹`=⁄~^É=÷ÿÖË=I ==ÁÜ‰=⁄o¥=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=Ÿƒ=ÔÎŸg—k||||||åª^=ÓáÑ—ÿ^=_ÂÎð≈Í=_º=_Âf=ÓÉÈrÈª^=ÔÍà||||||êgÿ^=m^2¶^Ë=Éá^Èª^ fáÑª^=Ôÿ_›≈ÿ^Ë=m^äÎÂskÿ^=_7=àÃ^Èkj=pÎv=m_ƒËàêª^=|||||||||||||||=_Ârá_~=Ë`=XÔOut–Sourcing‫ﻋﻥ‬== j=“Íàù===àÃÈÍ=_º=Ô›Âª^=ÁÜÂf=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=«È||||||óÈª_f=Ô||||||î||||||îÄkª^=Ó4g¶^=m_Â§^=ÒÑvd=ŒÎŸ’ ==Ó2¶^=≥d=ÔÃ_|||óˇ_f=_Âk‡_Î|||ìË=ÓäÂr˚^Ë=É_k≈ÿ^W)1( =====Ôð|||ã^Èf=≤s7^=iÈŸ|||ã˚^=“Íàù=‚ƒ=Ë` K«Ëàêª^=Ω=ÓÉÑ-^=ﬂ_Âª^=ö≈gf=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=‚ÍÉáÈª^=Ÿƒ=É_›kƒ˘^= = `=⁄~^É=Ô·›–àÿ^=≤f=á_Îk~˘^=ÔÎÿ_’|||||||èd=Ñ›k≈jË==Ÿƒ=€Ë˚^=ﬂ_—ª^=Ω=Ôgk’ª^=uá_~=Ë ÓÑÍàÕÿ^=⁄‹^È≈ÿ^=‚‹=ÔƒÈ·k‹=ÔƒÈ›ß=_Â·‹=IÔÎsÎj^3|||||ã˘^====_‰_·gkj=;ÿ^=Ô‹_≈ÿ^=Ô|||||ã_Î|||||åÿ^=Ë` ==ÁÜÂf=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=ï|||||îÄª^=Ïÿ_ª^=É_›kƒ˘^Ë=ÔÎ‡^äÎª^=ﬁsvË=IÔ·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈f=ïkØ=_›ÎÃ=Ôgk’ª^ )1(‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ѧѧ‫"ﻣﺷ‬ .‫ﺎﻟﺢ‬ѧѧ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ѧѧ‫ﻋﻳﺳ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﺎﺩ‬‫ﺭﺍﻑ‬ѧѧ‫ﺇﺷ‬ ."‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻅﻳﻔﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻧﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﺗﻁﻠﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻁﺑﻳﻘﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧѧ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺳ‬ :‫ﺭ‬ѧѧ‫ﻣﺻ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﺭﻭﺣﺔ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺗﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﻣﺩ‬‫ﺩﻛﺗﻭﺭﺍﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ѧѧѧѧѧѧѧѧ‫ﻗﺳ‬ .‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻳﺔ‬ .‫ﺣﻠﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ :‫ﺣﻠﻭﺍﻥ‬ ، ،‫ﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺑﺔ‬ .‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬2004،186.
26. 26. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )30( Ó4g¶^=ÔŸ‹_≈ÿ^=ÒÈ—ÿ^=àÃ^Èj=ÒÑ‹Ë=IÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^I)1( =j=÷ÿÜ‘Ë==ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ=ÔÎ||||||||||ã_||||||||||ã˚^=ÔÎ·gÿ^=àÃ^È ==ÓáÑ—ÿ^Ë=IÔŸÍÈù=Ó3Ã=≤ÎŸ~^Ñÿ^=≤Ÿ‹_≈ÿ^=hÍáÑj=”à…k|||||||||||||||||||||åÍ=pÎv=l–Èÿ^=⁄‹_ƒË=IÔ·›–àÿ^ Ë=ÓÑÍàÕÿ^=É^Èª^=∆‹=œ^3v_f=⁄‹_≈kÿ^Ë=IÔÎ·—kÿ^Ô||||||||||||||||||||||ê7^=Ë`=ÓáÉ_·ÿ^=É^Èª^==IÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=ﬁsvË=I àª^=É^Èª^=ÔÎƒÈ‡Ë=Im_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÑî‹=Ô≈Îgðf=Ôðgjàª^=m_Î·—kÿ^=m^ÑÎ—‹Ë==^Öd=Ôì_~Ë=_Âk·›–á=É^ =l‡_‘=Ô|||ê‰=Ë`=ÓáÉ_‡==Ë`==ÎŸ|||ì`=Å|||å‡Ô==ÔÕŸ’j=≥d=u_k¢=Ñ–=ﬁs•^=ÔÍÉàÃ=Ë=ÔÎÃ_|||ód==m^Ñ≈‹ =====m^2¶^Ë=Ô‹ÑÄk|||||åª^=ÔÍÉ_ª^=m^äÎÂskÿ^Ë=m_Î·—kÿ^Ë=IñÈ|||||î·ÿ^=m_ƒÈ›ß=⁄—‡Ë=IÔ|||||ì_~ =======ÔÎrá_¶^=Ô||å||ã¯ª^=⁄›ƒ=íáË=‚‘_‹`=≤f=ÔŸ||ì_Õÿ^=ÔÃ_||åª^Ë=Ô||å||ã¯›Ÿÿ=Ô—f_||åÿ^=iá_skÿ^Ë Ô›Û_—ÿ^====h‡_r=≥d=IÔgk’ª^=⁄~^É=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÉ_|||||||||||||||||||||î‹=Ñr^Èj=‚‘_‹`=≤fË=Ô·›–àÿ^=Ÿƒ ==≥d=Ôgk’ª^=uá_~=_Âk·›–á=ﬁkÍ=;ÿ^=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=áÉ_||||||||||î‹=ÓÉÈr=ÒÑ‹=Ω=ﬁ’wkÿ^Ë=ŒÎÿ_’kÿ^ K÷ÿÖ=4»=Ô·›–àŸÿ=Ôgk’ª^=á_Îk~^=€_v=ΩË=_Îrá_~=Out-Sourcing===Ÿƒ=≤›Û_—ÿ^=Ÿƒ=hsÎÃ ^=Ö_£_f=^È‹È—Í=„`=«Ëà||||||||êª^==IÔ·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=m_rà©=„_›||||||||ó=‚‹=Ñ‘akŸÿ=Ô‹â˙ÿ^=4f^Ñkÿ WÏ‰Ë= = ==F`E=K€Èì˚^=¬Õv=ÓáËàó=Ÿƒ=Ñ‘akÿ^= = FiE===m_Õ|||||||||||||ì^Èª^Ë=€_’|||||||||||||èˇ^Ë=4Í_≈ª_f=Ô·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈f=ﬂÈ—j=;ÿ^=ÔÂ§^=ﬂ^äkÿ^ ====„ËÉ=÷ÿÜÿ=_ÂkÕÿ_Äª=ÔsÎk‡=Ú_ð~`=‚‹=tk·Í=_‹=yÎwîj=_ÂŸ›¢Ë=IÊÎŸƒ=“Õkª^=<‹äÿ^=€ËÑ§^Ë d=ŒÎÿ_’jÔÎÃ_óK )2( = = 3/1/1/11Í€ŒÜ÷]<¿À£]V< < kƒÈ›ß=¬Õv=”àù=ÉÑ¢=„`=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ=^4~`äÂr˚^=⁄|||||||êÃ=€_v=Ω=Ô·›–àª^=_Â==Ó I⁄ÍÈðÿ^=ÒÑª^=Ÿƒ=_ÂÍÑÿ=ÓÉÈrÈª^=m_Îß2ÿ^Ë=ð~=∆|||||||||||||óË=÷ÿÜ‘==⁄ÍÈ›kÿ^=Éá^È‹=≤‹akÿ=Ô Ô·›–àª^=m_ƒÈ›.^=Ô‡_Îîÿ=Ô‹â˙ÿ^=˙~=‚‹=÷ÿÖËÔÎÿ_kÿ^=ÔŸÙã˚^=Ÿƒ=Ôf_rˇ^=€W= = 1=J==“Î—wkÿ=_Âj_ƒ^à‹=Ï…g·Í=;ÿ^=h‡^È§^=_‹^«Ëàê›Ÿÿ=Ï›–àÿ^=¬Õ• 2=J==Ô·›–àÿ^=«Ëàê‹=∆òÍ=⁄‰m_ÎsÎj^3ã^=ÔÍá^Éd=Ï›–àÿ^=¬ÕwŸÿ=Ôwó^Ë=ÔÎ·ÃË )1(‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬‫ﻣﺅ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻝ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻧﺔ‬ .‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻌﻳﺩ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺣﻣﺩ‬ ،‫ﻓﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﻣﺩ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻬﺎ؟‬‫ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻳﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻳﺎﺕ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻹﺷ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺎﺋﻳﻲ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﻷﺧﺻ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﻋﺷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺗﻣﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺗﻳﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬)‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﻳﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﺛﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻔﺑﺎﺋﻳﺔ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺛﻘﺎﻓﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻳﺔ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺗﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻳﺔ‬(.،‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ :‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬26–28‫ﻳﻭﻧﻳﻭ‬2007. )2(‫ﻣﺣﻣﺩ‬،‫ﺗﻙ‬ѧ‫ﺳ‬ѧ‫ﻣﺅﺳ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻧﻔﺫﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ѧ‫ﻭﺭﺷ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺧﺗﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻧﺔ‬ .‫ﺇﺑﺭﺍﻫﻳﻡ‬ ‫ﻳﺣﻳﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺗﻧﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﻅﻣﺔ‬15‫ـ‬17‫ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‬2007،4. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/arado/unpan024086.pdf
27. 27. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )31( 3=J==Î≈‹=æÛ_||ãËË= Î||ì=á_Îk~^=«Ëà||êª^=Ïƒ^àÍ=⁄‰Î—¢=Ÿƒ=ÓÑƒ_||å›Ÿÿ=Ô›Û˙‹=ÔÍá_==“ Ï›–àÿ^=¬Õ•^ 4=J=àêª^=_Â≈gkÍ=;ÿ^=hÎÿ_ã˚^=_‹_ÂkÍ_Õ‘=ÒÑ‹=_‹Ë=Ï›–àÿ^=¬ÕwŸÿ=«Ë )1( = = 3/1/2≈ÊÜé€◊÷<ÔÊÇ¢]<Ìâ]ÖÅ<Å]Ç¬cV< < Îgÿ^Ë=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=∆›û=Ôgk’ª^=l‹_–=„`=Ñ≈f==Ú_·f=ﬁkÎ||||ã=;ÿ^Ë=ÔÎƒÈ||||óÈª^=m_‡_ƒ==_ÂÎŸ ^=Óá^Éˇ^=ÒÑÿ=yg|||||||||||||||||||||ì`Ë=IÔ·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ=æÎðÄkÿ^ÎŸ›≈ÿ^=œ^Ñ‰˚=⁄‹_’ÿ^=ﬁÂÕÿ^=_ÎŸ≈ÿ==IÔ ||||ê·ÿ^Ë=€_›ƒ˚_f=Ô‹_kÿ^=ÔÃà≈ª^Ë¯Î||||ã=;ÿ^=m_ù_f=ﬂ_ªˇ^Ë=I“ÍàÕÿ^=‚‹=ÉàÃ=⁄‘=_ÂÍÉ===ø_||||ê·ÿ_ =ÔŸvà‹=kvË=ÔÍ^Ñgÿ^=ÔŸvà‹=‚‹=«Ëà|||||||ê›Ÿÿ=⁄‹_’ÿ^jÿ_kÿ^=ÓÈð¶^=Ïjaj=IÊj_rà©=ﬁÎŸ|||||||å==ÔÎ ==KÒËÑ§^=Ôã^áÉ=É^Ñƒd=Ï‰Ë= = 1=J==ÒËÑ§^=m_||||||||||||ã^áÉ=œà≈jËFeasibility Study==_Â‡af==ÑÍÑwkÿ=ÔÎÿË`=Ô||||||||||||ã^áÉ «Ëà||||êª^=Ω=_‹Ñ–=Ï||||òª^=ÔÎ‡_’‹djË=I=_ÂsÛ_k‡=ﬂÑÄk||||åá^à–=Ö_£˘=_è‹d==Ë`=I_‹==‚‹=Ñ‘akŸÿ =I⁄êÕÿ^Ë=}_s·ÿ^=m˘_›kv^==ﬁÍÑ—kÿ=Ë`====‚‹=;ÿ^=⁄‘_ê›Ÿÿ=Ô·’›ª^=m_ÎìÈkÿ^Ë=ÔŸÍÑgÿ^=€ÈŸ•^ «Ëàêª^=^Ü‰=Êr^Èj=„`=‚’›ª^K)2( = = =áÑÿ^=_Â‡af=œà≈j=Ô·›–àÿ^=m_ƒËàê‹=Ôÿ_v=ΩË=Ôã^==⁄o‹=‚ƒ=≤ÿÈÙå›Ÿÿ=ﬂÑ—j=;ÿ^===ÁÜ‰ k·k||||åjË=Im_ƒËà||||êª^·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ=l‡_‘=^Öd=_‹=tÍá^à›k||||ã^=„_›||||òÿ=ÏÕ’Í=_¥=ÔÍÑß=Ô==Ô à|||||||||êª^=„_‘=^Öd=_‹=ÑÍÑ¢=≥d=œÑÂjË=I_Âf=⁄›≈ÿ^Ë=I˘=ﬂ`=“›ƒ`=Ô|||||||||ã^áÉ=≥d=u_kÆ=«Ë==ﬁkÍ n`=l≈∏=;ÿ^=“Û_—•_f=m_r_k·k||||||||ã˘^=ÁÜ‰=ﬁÎƒÑj;ÿ^Ë=Im_||||||||ã^áÑÿ^=ÁÜ7=É^Ñƒˇ^=Ú_·==‚‹= Î‡È‡_—ÿ^=⁄‘_êª^Ë=IÔÕŸ’kÿ^=Wàì_·ƒ=_Â›‰`^Ë=IÔ==K“ÍÈåkÿ= = Ñwkf=ÒËÑ§^=Ô||||||||||||||||ã^áÉ=Ω=≥Ë˚^=ÓÈð¶^=`ÑgjË==„`=‚’›ª^=‚‹=;ÿ^Ë=œ^Ñ‰˚^=ÑÍ =_ÎÛ_Â‡=_‰á_Îk~^=⁄g–=_‰Üg‡=Ë`=_7^Ñgkã^=Òà≠===ÿ^=uàÄª^=Ω=ÌáÜr=⁄’êf=àn¯kã=pÎv==ÏÛ_Â· =_Âj^äÎº=ÑÍÑ¢=hr^Èÿ^=‚‹=÷ÿÜÿ=IÔ||||||||||ã^áÑÿ^=ÁÜ7=œ^Ñ‰˚^=ÑÍÑ¢=2k≈Í=pÎv=_ÂfÈÎƒË===^Ö Ó4g‘=ÓÑÛ_Ã=Km_ƒËàêª^=ÁÜ‰=⁄o‹=Ω= = =====m_||gk’ª^=∆·—j=Ô||··—‹=Ô||Îð∂=œ^Ñ||‰`=Ñ||ÍÑ||¢=‚’›ª^=‚‹Ë=^Ü||‰Ô||Îfà≈ÿ^====Ô||·›–àf )1(.‫ﺑﺎﻣﻔﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻌﻳﺩ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺗﻥ‬"‫ﺍ‬.‫ﻌﻭﺩﻳﺔ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﺳ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺭﻳﻊ‬ѧѧѧѧ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺷ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻁﺑﻳﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺣﻔﻅ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺟﻠﺔ‬ 29‫ﻉ‬ ،1،‫)ﻳﻧﺎﻳﺭ‬2009:(6. (2) Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. Feasibility_study. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feasibility_study
28. 28. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )32( ==WÏ‰Ë=I_Âj_Î·k—‹= = 1=J===KÔ‡_Îîÿ^Ë=¬Õ•^=Ú_gƒ`=‚‹=ïŸÄkÿ^ 2=J===KÌÉ_ª^=‚ÍäÄkÿ^=m_gŸðk‹=öÎÕ£ 3=J=ÔoÍÑ•^=m_Î·—kÿ^=hÎÿ_ã`=ﬂ^ÑÄkã^=Ôv_jd==K 4=J=È›.^=Óá^Éˇ=Ïÿb=ﬂ_¡‡=4ÃÈj›–àª^=m_ƒKÔ· 5=J=KÓÑÍÑr=ÔÎ—ÍÈåj=m˘_ß=“Ÿ~== ==_ÂÎÃ=ä‘àÍË=ÔŸ||||îÕ‹=„È’j=„`=h≠=ÒËÑ§^=Ô||||ã^áÑÿ=ÔÎ||||ã_||||ã˚^=œ^Ñ‰˚^=„`=Ì` ==============Ô·›–á=„d=pÎv=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ=ÔÍÉ_ª^=Ú_gƒ˚^=öÎÕ£=Ÿƒ=⁄›≈ÿ^=“ÍàÃ=====Ô|gk’ª^=m_ƒÈ›ß …g·Í=÷ÿÜ‘=IŒŸkÿ^=‚‹=_7=ÔÍ_›•^=4ÃÈjË=_Â·Íä£=ŒÎÿ_’j=öÕ~=≥d=ÌÉ¯Î|||||||||||||ã==ﬁÂÎŸƒ=Ï ==ﬂ_Î–=≤f=ÔÍÉ_îk–˘^=ÔŸó_Õª^=“Íàù=‚ƒ=Ô·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈f=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=Ô·’›ª^=ŒÎÿ_’kÿ^=⁄–^=úàƒ =•^Ë=ÏÛÈ||||òÿ^=y||||åª^=ÓäÂr`=Ú_·k–_f=Ôgk’ª^hÎ||||ã^È==Ô·›–àÿ_f=ñ_¶^=É_k≈ÿ^Ë=m_Îß2ÿ^Ë=I ==ÔÂr=≥d=Êk‹àf=à‹˚^=É_·|||||||||||||||||||||||||||ãd=Ë`=I_ÎŸ~^É=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=ÁÜÂf=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=Ÿƒ=_Âf=≤Ÿ‹_≈ÿ^=hÍáÑjË Äk‹=Ôîîÿ==KÔ·›–àÿ^=m_ÎŸ›≈f=ﬂ_Î—Ÿ= = =======I_Â—Îgðj=€_ßË=Ôã^áÑÿ^=ÔŸ’ê‹=ÑÍÑwkf=ÒËÑ§^=Ôã^áÉ=Ω=ÔÎ‡_oÿ^=ÓÈð¶^=ÏjajË ===Ï‰=m_ƒÈ›.^=Ô·›–á=«Ëà||||ê‹=ÔŸ’||||ê›Ã=I_ÂŸv=‚’∑=kv=_Âk||||ê–_·¥=⁄›≈ÿ^=“ÍàÃ=ﬂ_Î–Ë ÏÛ_Â·ÿ^=uàÄª^=“ÍÈåj=ﬁn=I_ÂŸ›¢=Ÿƒ=Ôgk’ª^=ÓáÑ–Ë=⁄ÍÈwkÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ=ÔÎŸ≈Õÿ^=ÔÕŸ’kÿ^===ÒÑ‹Ë ==KÔgk’›Ÿÿ=ÌÉ_ª^=yfàÿ^=ö≈f=“Î—wkÿË=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=ŒÎÿ_’kÿ=ÊkÎð…j= = ===Ω=_ÂÎŸƒ=É_›kƒ˘^=ﬁkÎ|||||ã=;ÿ^=ÔÍà|||||êgÿ^=Éá^Èª^=Ï‰=Ô|||||ã^áÑÿ^=ÁÜÂf=m^Èð¶^=pÿ_nË ==ﬁ‰=‚‹=_ÂÍÑÿ=≤Ÿ‹_≈ÿ^=‚‹=Ôgk’ª^=÷Ÿμ=⁄‰=È‰Ë=ﬂ_‰=€^¯||ã=}àù=ﬁkÎ||ã=_·‰Ë=IÔ·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›ƒ ›ƒ=≤Ÿ‰¯‹ŸjË=_Îô_Î·—=^=ÔÎŸ›≈f=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ==É^àÃ˚^=‚‹=ÔƒÈ›ß=∆‹=Ñ–_≈kÿ_f=ﬂÈ—k|||||||ã=_Â‡`=ﬂ`=Ô·›–àÿ ===l¢=⁄›≈ÿ^=Ÿƒ=Ôgk’ª_f=≤Ÿ‹_≈ÿ^=hÍáÑjË=«Ëà||||êª^=Ÿƒ=œ^à||||èˇ^=“v=ﬁ7=„È’Í=≤Ÿ‰¯ª^ K_Âf=ﬂ_Î—Ÿÿ=Ïrá_~=⁄›ƒ=“ÍàÃ=≥d=_ÂŸ‘=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ^=É_·ãef=ﬂÈ—kã=ﬂ`=IﬁÂÃ^àèd= = =Ñ§^=Ô|||||||ã^áÉ=ﬁÍÑ—j=ÔŸvà‹=Ïjaj=Ô—f_|||||||åÿ^=m^Èð¶^=ﬁkj=„`=Ñ≈fË===_ÂŸ’|||||||è=Ω=ÒË ====Ô|||||||||ã^áÑÿ^=œ^Ñ‰`=_ÂÎÃ=_¥=IÔ·›–àÿ^=ÔÎŸ›≈ÿ=Ô‹_≈ÿ^=ﬁÎ‹_|||||||||îkÿ^=Ÿƒ=ÌÈk¢=;ÿ^Ë=IÏÛ_Â·ÿ^ ====ÑÛ^ÈÕÿ^Ë=IÔv_kª^=Éá^Èª^Ë=I«Ëà||||ê›Ÿÿ=Ô‹_≈ÿ^=ÔÕŸ’kÿ^=i_||||åvË=I_7=ÔÎÛÑgª^=àÍá_—kÿ^=∆Î∏Ë
29. 29. = = = = = = = = = = = = =ÉÑ≈ÿ^ÿ^àê≈„Ë<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{^=ÔŸßm_‹ÈŸ≈ª^Ë=m_gk’ª<{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ÔÎ‡ÈÍ=2018 )33( =====K_Âf=lrà~=;ÿ^=Ô‹_7^=m_ÎìÈkÿ^Ë=⁄g—kåª^=æð~Ë=IÊ—ÍÈåjË=Ê·‹=ÉÈ≈kã=;ÿ^= = 3/1/3<hÖ^rj÷^e<Å^ç3â˜]]π]<4Ë^√π^e<Ñ}˘]Ê<Ìœe^ä÷ÌﬂﬂœV<<< < ==á_gkƒ˘^=Ω=Ü~˚^=Ô·›–àÿ^=«Ëà||||||||||||||||ê¥=ﬂ_Î—ÿ^=Ñ·ƒ=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=“Ãà‹=Ë`=Ôgk’ª^=Ÿƒ ======‚ƒ=Ñ≈gÿ^Ë=ÓÈ—ÿ^=ø_—·f=É_è3ã˙ÿ=IÒà~˚^=m_Â§^=_Âf=l‹_–=;ÿ^=ÔŸÎoª^Ë=Ô—f_åÿ^=iá_skÿ^ ª^=4Í_≈ª_f=ÑÎ—kÿ^=÷ÿÜ‘=I_Âf=Œ≈||||||||òÿ^=ø_—‡==ÑÎr=⁄›≈f=uËàÄŸÿ=Ô·›–àÿ^=m_ƒËà||||||||êª=Ô··— K_Îª_ƒ=^á_êk‡^=“—Æ=„`=∆ÎðkåÍ= = 3/2Ö^Èj}˜]<Ì◊uÜ⁄V< < ===_‹=IÔ·›–àÿ^=m_ƒËà||||||||ê¥=ÚÑgÿ^=⁄g–=_ÂÎŸƒ=Ôf_rˇ^=h≠=;ÿ^=ÔÎÛÑgª^=ÔŸÙ||||||||ã˚^=‚‹ ==ÉÑwkjË=_Âk·›–á=ﬁkÎ||||||ã=;ÿ^=m_ƒÈ›.^=á_Îk~^=_ÂÎŸƒ=Ú_·f=ﬁkÎ||||||ã=;ÿ^=ç||||||ã˚^Ë=m_ÍÈÿË˚^ ÉÑ≈f=Ôf_rˇ^===ŒŸk£=;ÿ^Ë=Êj_ÍÈÿË`Ë=á_Îk~˘^=ç||||||||||||||||ã`=ÑÍÑ¢=Ω=ﬁ’wkj=;ÿ^=⁄‹^È≈ÿ^=‚‹ ==WÏÿ_kÿ_‘=Ï‰Ë=I_Â≈›kßË=Ôgk’ª^=«È‡=håv= = 3/2/1Ö^Èj}˜]<l^ËÁ÷Ê_V< < F`E=====m_ƒÈ›s›Ÿÿ=ÔÍà’Õÿ^=ÔÎ’Ÿª^=”È—•=m_‹ÈŸ≈ª^=Ô||||||å||||||ã¯‹=Ë`=Ôgk’ª^=◊˙k‹^ ==àê‡=”È—•=Ôgk’ª^=◊˙k‹^=Ñ≈Í=pÎv=WÔ·›–àŸÿ=Ó_—k·ª^-^======‚‹=yÍàîj=Ÿƒ=_7Èîv=Ë`=ÒÈk ======Ô—Ã^Èª_f=àê·ÿ^=m_åã¯‹=Ÿƒ==Ω=«È–ÈŸÿ=_ÍÉ_Õj=_‰á_Îk~^=m_ÍÈÿË`=‚‹=Êk·›–áË=ÒÈk-^=Ôv_jd KÔÎ‡È‡_—ÿ^=⁄‘_êª^= = FiE=KÔ·›–àŸÿ=Ó_—k·ª^=m_ƒÈ›.^=‚ƒ=àê·ÿ^Ë=ŒÎÿakÿ^=”È—v=øÈ—ã= = FuE=K«Ëàêª^=ÔÎ‡^äÎ‹= = FÉE=Ÿƒ=Ú_·f=Ú_ƒÈÿ^=ÔÎ›‰`==ÔÎØá_kÿ^=Ô›Î—ÿ^KÊÿ= = F|‰E=KÊÿ=ÏƒÈóÈª^=ÒÈk-^=Ÿƒ=Ú_·f=Ú_ƒÈÿ^=ÔÎ›‰`= = FËE=KÊÎŸƒ=‚ÍÑÎÕkåª^=hŸù=ÔÃ_o’ÿ=_—ÃË=Ú_ƒÈÿ^=ÔÎ›‰`= = FâE=KÚ_ƒÈŸÿ=EÔÎÛ_ÍäÎÕÿ^F=ÔÍÉ_ª^=Ôÿ_•^= = F}E==„ËÑÎÕk|||||||åª^==«Ëà|||||||êª^=‚‹=„ÈŸ›k-^Ë=„ÈÎÿ_•^===Ô≈Îgðÿ^Ë=IΩ^à…§^=ﬁÂ≈ÍâÈjË Kﬂ^ÑÄkã˙ÿ=Ô≈ö–ãÈãkòª^Ë=ÔÎŸ≈Õÿ^= = FøE=ÎgùK⁄›k-^Ë=Ïÿ_•^=ﬂ^ÑÄkã˘^=Ô≈= = FÌE=K_Â‡^äk~^Ë=_Âkv_jdË=_ÂÕìË=ÔÎÕÎ‘Ë=Ú_ƒÈŸÿ=}3—ª^=Ï›–àÿ^=⁄’êÿ^= =
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