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Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
Do Your Projects With Domain Experts…
[Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved
LeMeni...
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Analysis and design of single switch forward-flyback two-channel led driver with resonant-blocking capacitor

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Analysis and design of single switch forward-flyback two-channel led driver with resonant-blocking capacitor


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Analysis and design of single switch forward-flyback two-channel led driver with resonant-blocking capacitor

  1. 1. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com Analysis and Design of Single-Switch Forward-Flyback Two-Channel LED Driver with Resonant-Blocking Capacitor Abstract Introduction: In the mid-power applications, a two-stage structure, which is composed of a boost power factor correction (PFC) and an isolated DC/DC converter stage, is widely used. The boost PFC provides a high power factor and a low total harmonic distortion, and the DC/DC stage regulates the LED current to control the luminance. Because the current of LED determines its luminance, a series-connected LED string is widely used in the mid-power applications. However, too many LEDs in series result in a high output voltage of the DC/DC converter, which burdens the output capacitor. Furthermore, the reliability of the driver also can be reduced because the light will be turned off when only one module is broken. For these reasons, LED strings are connected in parallel, and a two-channel structure is widely used in near 100W applications as shown in Fig 1. In the two- channel structure, the current in each channel must be balanced because the LED has the negative temperature coefficient of the
  2. 2. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com forward voltage drop. Therefore, it is required for the two channel LED driver to have not only current balancing characteristic, also the wide output voltage range capability. Existing method: The flyback converter is used in both AC/DC and DC/DC conversion with galvanic isolation between the input and any outputs. The flyback converter is a buck-boost converter with the inductor split to form a transformer, so that the voltage ratios are multiplied with an additional advantage of isolation. The flyback converter is an isolated power converter. The two prevailing control schemes are voltage mode control and current mode control (in the majority of cases current mode control needs to be dominant for stability during operation). Both require a signal related to the output voltage. There are three common ways to generate this voltage. The first is to use an optocoupler on the secondary circuitry to send a signal to the controller. The second is to wind a separate winding on the coil and rely on the cross regulation of the design. The third consists on sampling the voltage amplitude on the primary side, during the discharge, referenced to the standing primary DC voltage.
  3. 3. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com Proposed system: In this paper, a single-switch isolated driver for two- channel LED strings is proposed. First, by using on-time controlled forward-flyback inverter in the primary side, the proposed driver obtains a wide output voltage range. Because the proposed driver can use a small leakage inductor as the resonant component, the additional external inductor can be eliminated. Second, the proposed driver has clamped voltage stress on the rectifier diodes, so that the low-voltage-rated rectifier diodes can be used. The proposed driver is controlled by the on time of the main switch. In order to reduce the switching loss of the primary side inverter, the proposed driver operates with the valley switching technique, and the magnetizing inductor of the main transformer operates in the boundary conduction mode.
  4. 4. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com Advantages:  Cost-effectiveness.  Reduced conduction loss.  Increases the power density with a high efficiency.  Smaller voltage stress on the secondary rectifier diodes. Applications:  Light-emitting-diode (LED).
  5. 5. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com Block diagram: BUFFER circuit 5VDC PIC controller circuit OPTO coupler circuit 12 V DC INPUT DC supply Single switch converter with snubber circuit High frequency Isolation transformer Rectifier and filter Rectifier and filter LED strip
  6. 6. Do Your Projects With Domain Experts… [Type the company name]Copyright © 2015 LeMeniz Infotech. All rights reserved LeMeniz Infotech 36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue, Pondicherry-605 005. Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976. Web : www.lemenizinfotech.com / www.ieeemaster.com Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com Tools and software used:  MPLAB – microcontroller programming.  ORCAD – circuit layout.  MATLAB/Simulink – Simulation.

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