Pre-Conference Session: HEARTH Implications for Youth (Alliance)


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The reauthorization of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Program offers homeless youth providers a greater opportunity to access housing support. Changes in statutory language also allow greater flexibility to design housing programs that meet the needs of homeless youth. This session will focus on how the HEARTH Act benefits homeless youth.

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Pre-Conference Session: HEARTH Implications for Youth (Alliance)

  1. 1. REAPPROACHING HUD FUNDING: YOUTH HOUSING! National Alliance to End Homelessness
  2. 2. WHY CONSIDER HUD? <ul><li>More Money – potential of $400 million more </li></ul><ul><li>Definition expanded in HEARTH </li></ul><ul><li>New funding flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Moves from Crisis Intervention to Prevention </li></ul>
  3. 3. INEQUITY OF FEDERAL FUNDING Youth Housing <ul><li>Federal spending on affordable housing? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$3.7 billion –special population $42.2 b. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$31.5 billion – Section 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$7 billion – public housing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal spending on youth housing? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$68.3 million – RHY and FUP $1.84 b. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$1.77 billion – YouthBuild & Job Corp </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. INEQUITY IN FEDERAL FUNDING Homelessness Housing and Services <ul><li>$4.175 billion (HUD & HHS – all programs), including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants (HUD) $1,667 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samaritan Initiative (HUD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOME Investment Partnership Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEMA Emergency Food and Shelter Program (DHS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Health Care for the Homeless Program (HHS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness (HHS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAMHSA Homelessness Prevention (HHS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runaway and Homeless Youth Program (HHS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education for Homeless Children and Youth (ED) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transitional Housing Assistance Sex. Assault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeless Veteran’s Reintegration Program (DOL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HUD-VASH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$195 million (RHY, FUP, McKinney Educ.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Federal Funding Sources for Youth Housing Programs <ul><li>Housing and Urban Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Unification Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOME </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDGB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HPRP – ARRA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinney-Vento Homelessness Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Department of Health and Human Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runaway and Homeless Youth Programs (TLP and Basic Center Host Homes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Department of Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouthBuild </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. WHAT ARE THE BARRIERS TO GETTING HUD FUNDING? <ul><li>Lack of new appropriations </li></ul><ul><li>Providers wanting to offer transitional housing, but HUD supports permanent supportive housing </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple data base systems (HMIS & RHYMIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Local, political barriers in the Continuum of Care </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Should We Also Focus on Prevention and Early Intervention? Because Housing is Expensive! <ul><li>Quilt Work of Funding (Minneapolis Example – 42 units) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Credit equity $2,600,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City HOME loan $520,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Housing Finance Trust Loan $440,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County Capital fund $400,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McKinney Supp. Housing $400,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Housing Fund $200,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private Funder $160,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Donation $40,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Charities $32,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TOTAL $4,800,000 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. HUD – McKinney-Vento Homelessness Assistance Program <ul><li>McKinney-Vento Homelessness Assistance Programs – Federal Appropriation Levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FY2009 - $1.677 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FY2010 - $1.865 billion ($188 million increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FY2011 - $2.065 billion ($200 million increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appropriations applied to HUD’s McKinney-Vento Homelessness Assistance programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive Housing Program (SHP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter Plus Care Program (S+C) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 8 Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy (SRO) Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Shelter Grant (ESG) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. HEARTH ACT – Positive Changes to Federal Law! <ul><li>Increases flexibility in the use of grant funds : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidates the Supportive Housing, Shelter Plus Care, and SRO Moderate Rehabilitation Programs – single program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows rural areas more flexibility - use funding for capacity building through the creation of the Rural Housing Stability Assistance Program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifies matching requirements – across the board - 25 percent match (either cash or, if certain requirements are met, in-kind). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COC can use up to 10 percent of competitive funds to serve families or unaccompanied youth who don’t meet HUD definition (McKinney Education or RHY definition) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. HEARTH ACT – Positive Changes to Federal Law! <ul><li>DEFINITION OF HOMELESS CHANGE – can now serve doubled-up youth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public spaces, shelters, transitional housing, hotels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth about to lose their housing (highly mobile) – need case worker statement or youth statement as credible evidence - 14 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unaccompanied youth and homeless families with children who— </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>have experienced a long term period without living independently in permanent housing, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Persistent instability through frequent moves; and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>can be expected to continue in such status for an extended period of time because of chronic disabilities, chronic physical health or mental health conditions, substance addiction, histories of domestic violence or childhood abuse, the presence of a child or youth with a disability, or multiple barriers to employment. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. HEARTH ACT – New Definition <ul><li>NEW REGULATIONS – PROPOSED (not final) </li></ul><ul><li>Coming from institution – temporary resident must be 90 days or less (used to be 30) </li></ul><ul><li>Imminently lose primary residence – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>court order to vacate, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lacks cash for hotel, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no longer being allowed to stay by owner/renter (up to 14 days) Written or oral statement, self-certification is ok with case notes that they tried to reach landlord/roommate – but not required with Domestic Violence!) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term unaccompanied youth – 91 or more days, three or more moves, </li></ul>
  13. 13. CHANGE IN DEFINITION - HEARTH <ul><li>Long-term unaccompanied youth meeting other federal definitions (DOE, RHY), but: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term period - 91 or more days, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persistent instability = three or more moves, AND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to continue in homeless status – multiple barriers to employment = 2 or more of - lack of high school degree, illiteracy, low English proficiency, history of incarceration, or history of unstable employment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fleeing Domestic Violence, dating violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other dangerous or life threatening conditions taking place in residence or afraid to return. </li></ul>
  14. 14. HEARTH ACT – Positive Changes to Federal Law! <ul><li>Allocates millions more to homelessness prevention, rapid re-housing, and permanent housing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides communities with more resources for re-housing and prevention targeted to those who are at risk of homelessness, including homeless youth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes the current Emergency Shelter Grant program to the Emergency Solutions Grants (ESG) - roughly doubles the amount for ESG from 10 to 20 percent of the total federal grant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires that at least 40 percent of ESG funds are dedicated to prevention and re-housing activities. There is a hold-harmless provision that ensures that ESG grantees do not have to reduce funding for traditional shelter and outreach activities. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. HEARTH ACT – Positive Changes to Federal Law! <ul><li>Keeps focus on permanent supportive housing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designates 30 percent of total funds for new permanent housing for families and individuals with a disability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires that 10 percent of funds be used for permanent housing activities for families with children. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. HEARTH ACT – Positive Changes to Federal Law! <ul><li>Improves flexibility of rural communities : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates the Rural Housing Stability Assistance Program. This program will allow rural areas more flexibility to identify and address the needs of homeless people and those at-risk of becoming homeless. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows rural communities to use more funding for capacity building. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Teenagers Can’t be Denied Shelter/Housing – Separate from Family <ul><li>In two years- </li></ul><ul><li>McKinney-Vento-funded shelters, transitional housing, and permanent supportive housing programs that serve homeless families are not allowed to deny admission to families based on the age of their children </li></ul><ul><li>Eviction of teenage boys from shelters… </li></ul>
  18. 18. NEW FUNDING FLEXIBILITY – Collapsed COC application (SHP, S+C, Sec. 8 SRO) <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Renovation/rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>New construction </li></ul><ul><li>Leasing </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional or permanent housing operations </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive services </li></ul><ul><li>Tenant-based rental assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor-based rental assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Project-based rental assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid re-housing </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative costs </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness Management Information Systems (HMIS) </li></ul>
  19. 19. New Emergency Solutions Grant – More Money – Key to YOUTH <ul><li>WHAT WILL MONEY COVER? </li></ul><ul><li>Renovation/rehabilitation or conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Social services </li></ul><ul><li>Operating costs </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid re-housing </li></ul><ul><li>Grant administration. </li></ul>
  20. 20. EXAMPLES – Funding Services <ul><li>SEE EXAMPLES IN PAPER…. </li></ul>
  21. 21. How can YOUTH be served with Prevention and Re-housing activities? <ul><li>What’s covered under prevention and re-housing activities? </li></ul><ul><li>Short or medium term rental assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Housing relocation or stabilization services such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach to property owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit repair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security or utility deposits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final month’s rental assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention assistance must be targeted to people below 30 percent of the area median income (AMI). (YOUTH PRIORITY) </li></ul>
  22. 22. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Questions – Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Rich Hooks Wayman </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>LaKesha Pope </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>