European Systems Overview


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Overview of the European Homelessness System by Freek Spinnewijn of FEANTSA

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European Systems Overview

  1. 1. CONTRIBUTION FEANTSA<br />Freek Spinnewijn<br />International seminar on Homelessness Washington – 15 - 17 March 2011 <br />
  2. 2. European NGO <br />Exclusive focus on homelessness<br />Members are national/regional networks of services for the homeless<br />Members in all EU member states exc. Cyprus<br />75% of the organized voluntary homelessness sector<br />Large diversity <br />Enlargement of the EU <br />Activities <br />Lobbying<br />EU, Council of Europe, UNECE, OECD & Member States<br />Research <br />European Journal on homelessness<br />2X<br />Annual conference <br />16 Sept 2011 – Pisa <br />Mutual learning<br />2011 - Quality of homelessness services <br />Communications <br /><br />Funding <br />EU (& members) <br />FEANTSA<br />
  3. 3. Up till 2009<br />“Shouting for attention”<br />No real interest of the EU … <br />Since 2010<br />Moving towards Ideal policy context for important progress on homelessness <br />Council of Ministers<br />All member states should develop integrated homelessness strategies <br />European Parliament <br />EU should develop homeless strategy to support member states to <br />End street homelessness <br />Nobody longer in emergency accommodation then his/her situation is emergency<br />Nobody longer in transitional accommodation then required for successful reintegration<br />Nobody homeless after leaving institution <br />No youngster homeless in transition to independent life <br />Committee of the Regions <br />EU should develop homelessness strategy and promote role of local and regional authorities <br />Economic and Social Committee <br />EU needs homeless strategy and mobilise Structural Funds?! (Autumn 2011) <br />European Commission<br />Homelessness should be priority for future <br />EU context <br />
  4. 4. European Platform against poverty <br />EU framework for anti-poverty policies during next 10 years <br />EU priorities <br />Direct relevance for homelessness <br />EU will follow up the outcome of the European Consensus Conference on Homelessness 2010<br />EU will develop voluntary quality framework for homeless services <br />EU will bring together on regular basis different stakeholders in fight against homelessness<br />EU will mobilise member states to use housing facility of the ERDF<br />Indirect relevance to homelessness<br /> EU will promote social innovation<br />Possibly also in the area of housing <br />EU will promote social economy <br />EU Context (2)<br />
  5. 5. Consensual basis precondition for progress on homelessness at EU level <br />Diversity of position on homelessness huge <br />Demand from European Commission <br />Consensus conferencing methodology<br />PrepCom & 6 questions & Jury <br />Outcome <br />Wide definition of homelessness <br />ETHOS typology<br />Ending homelessness is possible<br />New paradigm for policy making<br />Housing-led approaches to homelessness more effective<br />Supported housing as the solution to homelessness<br />Homelessness sector should not be responsibilised for failing migration policy <br />Participation of homeless people in policy making desirable but lack of effective methods <br />EU homelessness strategy necessary<br />EU Steering group <br />Report & Research report on FEANTSA homepage<br />Consensus Conference <br />
  6. 6. Policy <br />Increasing nr of homelessness strategies <br />National/regional and/or local<br />Increasing interest in Housing First <br />More cost-effective than StraircaseModel which remains dominant model<br />Profile<br />Age<br />More young and old <br />Feminisation <br />Single mothers <br />Impact of migration !! <br />Intra and extra EU <br />Working homeless<br />Housing/economic crisis <br />Services <br />More holistic approach to homelessness<br />More centered on users’ needs<br />Increasing professionalization<br />Huge impact of the crisis on financial resources <br />Some recent trends in homelessness<br />
  7. 7. Goal: ending long-term homelessness<br />Housing-First <br />Closing shelters by 2015<br />Much investment in<br />Retraining hostel staff / social work <br />Supported housing <br />Strong cooperation national – local levels <br />Focus on prevention <br />But mainly housing <br />Social housing for homeless people!<br />Consensus <br />BUT <br />Long tradition<br />Small homeless population <br />< 10000<br />Limited impact of migration<br />Important financial means <br />Homelessness in EU Finland <br />
  8. 8. No measurable objective but ambition to change/strengthen policy intervention <br />Growing costs of shelter system – > 2 billion€ / year<br />Basis: Justiciable right to housing <br />Housing-led approach to homelessness <br />Important principle: unconditional access to shelter <br />Also for undocumented migrants<br />Emphasis on improving quality of homeless services <br />More fluidity in the homeless system<br />Very strong position of NGO sector <br />As advocates AND as service providers <br />No consensus!!<br />Social economy<br />Homelessness in EU France<br />
  9. 9. Objective: all homeless have individually-tailored integration plan<br />Focus on 4 big cities <br />State budget allocations<br />Interesting dynamic between small and big cities <br />Very strict interpretation of local connection <br />Homeless people disappear<br />Strong evidence-base<br />Data collection and research <br />Abundant social housing <br />40% of housing stock <br />Excellent cooperation shelter system – social housing <br />Important political and financial State support <br />Focus on nuisance reduction…<br />Homeless in EU The Netherlands <br />
  10. 10. Non-issue for policy makers <br />No national/regional strategy <br />Little data & research <br />Traditional approach to homelessness <br />Hostel as the main solution <br />Dynamic at local level <br />Creative <br />Role of railway company…<br />Very strong role of the Church <br />Caritas<br />Huge impact of migration <br />Strong focus on integration/involvement of community <br />Positive impact of EU cooperation <br />Homeless in the European Union Italy<br />
  11. 11. Very big problem<br />No numbers <br />Huge impact of migration <br />No policy issue <br />No funding<br />Only entry is health funding <br />No strategy<br />Too few and inadequate hostel spaces <br />NGO sector powerless<br />Crisis made situation worse <br />Social economy as a instrument for services to generate funding <br />Homelessness in the EU Greece <br />
  12. 12. Mixed developments <br />Strategy being prepared<br />Strong focus on quality of services <br />Hostel as the central means of intervention <br />Strong influence of the Church <br />Too many saints <br />Relatively big social housing stock <br />Difficult access for homeless people <br />Importance of work <br />Strong work ethic <br />Little funding available <br />Highly dependent on EU funding <br />Homeless in EuPoland<br />
  13. 13. Role of social housing sector<br />How to facilitate / sustain access to social housing for homeless <br />Supported housing <br />More variety of supported housing solutions required <br />Migration<br />Intra and extra European <br />Data collection<br />How to develop data collection system that serves policy making and service development<br />Cost-effectiveness<br />Better understanding of what is cost-effectiveness in homelessness <br />Social work <br />New trends in social work – especially in housing-led approaches to homelessness <br />Specific groups <br />Ex-prisoners, people leaving psychiatry…<br />… <br />Some issues of COMMON concern for EU<br />
  14. 14. Thank you for listening <br />