6.1 The HEARTH Act: Implications for Rural Communities (Myers)

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Last year Congress passed the HEARTH Act, the first major reforms of HUD’s homeless assistance programs in nearly two decades. This workshop will address HEARTH implementation for rural, statewide, and Balance of State CoC’s.

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6.1 The HEARTH Act: Implications for Rural Communities (Myers)

  1. 1. HEARTH Implementation in Rural Communities: Challenges and Opportunities NAEH Conference July 14, 2010 Diana T. Myers Diana T. Myers & Associates, Inc. [email_address]
  2. 2. FACTS <ul><li>Council for Affordable and Rural Housing: </li></ul><ul><li>Most people in rural areas who would otherwise be homeless live in cars, doubled up or in grossly substandard housing </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas have fewer shelters or emergency resources </li></ul><ul><li>Rural households have larger family and friend networks </li></ul>
  3. 3. FACTS <ul><li>Most rural households experience homelessness for one time and remain homeless for shorter periods of time </li></ul><ul><li>Most are married, white, working females and often with families </li></ul><ul><li>NAEH </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of unsheltered families in rural areas is twice that of urban areas </li></ul>
  4. 4. BACKGROUND ON PA <ul><li>17 Continuums of Care (for all 67 counties) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Rural “Balance of State” Regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13 Urban CoCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local coalitions and consortiums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>PA Homelessness Steering Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key state agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Regional Homeless Advisory Boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entitlement Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PA Housing Advisory Committee as Interagency Council on Homelessness </li></ul>
  5. 5. KEY ISSUES IN HEARTH IMPLEMENTATION <ul><li>PLANNING </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET POPULATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING </li></ul><ul><li>PROGRAM EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT </li></ul>
  6. 6. PLANNING <ul><li>OPPORTUNITY: To assess what is working and what is not, with flexibility to add, eliminate or modify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allocation of Resources among Prevention, Rapid Re-housing, and other programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGES: Lack of experience/capacity for comprehensive assessment and planning; need to work across county borders </li></ul>
  7. 7. PLANNING <ul><li>MODELS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Leadership is key to success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. PA Steering Committee on Homelessness Retreat on HEARTH Planning- To ensure coordination of state resources & identify state role in supporting local CoCs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CoCs Partnering with Colleges and Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Cumberland County, PA “Home for Good” Ten Year Plan to End Homelessness </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. STRUCTURE <ul><li>OPPORTUNITIES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More local control and responsibility with Collaborative Applicant and Unified Funding Agency (UFA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increased funds available for administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chance to reorganize homeless delivery system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determining the right entity and ensuring capacity to take on fiscal, monitoring and reporting roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools to evaluate and reallocate resources </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. STRUCTURE <ul><li>MODELS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State as Collaborative Applicant and UFA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Homeless Advisory Boards (RHABs) or other regional group sharing in data collection, project monitoring and evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical assistance in program design and implementation from HUDHRE, NAEH </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. TARGET POPULATIONS <ul><li>OPPORTUNITY: Expanded HEARTH definition of homelessness includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>families as chronic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At risk and doubled-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stepped-up emphasis on veterans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGE: This may demand outreach to families and individuals with no previous involvement in homeless services </li></ul>
  11. 11. TARGET POPULATIONS <ul><li>MODELS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with/through community action agencies and other organizations that have contact with low income households with a history of instability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> eg. Lawrence County CAA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop new outreach techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Contact managers of subsidized housing and public housing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><li>OPPORTUNITY: To shift resources to increase PSH and permanent housing for families </li></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful Housing First Rapid Re-housing requires a range of housing options which may be difficult in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Construction/Rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NIMBYism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Local development capacity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><ul><li>MORE CHALLENGES: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rental Assistance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Few rental units in rural areas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of affordable habitable housing within FMRs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Schuylkill County </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Victims of Marcellus Shale </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to “replicate” intensive supports for Housing First models without resources for ACT/PACT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><li>MODELS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of Technical Assistance to counties in expanding non-profit ownership and control of rental housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. PA Office of Long Term Living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Housing Option Teams (LHOTs)- consortium of local housing and human service agencies to expand housing for people with disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Lebanon Co SHP- PHA as applicant with MH service provider </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><li>MODELS: NEW CONSTRUCTION/ REHABILITATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State HFA Supportive Housing Set Aside in Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program (PA and Michigan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HFA requirement that 10% of all units be affordable to 20% of AMI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of Transportation to ensure access to services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Perry County Fairweather Lodge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><li>MODELS: RENTAL ASSISTANCE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawrence County Community Action Agency administers an SHP rental assistance for a consortium of 5 counties with separate MOUs for services; services in-kind with part time case managers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dubois PHA in Clearfield Co administers 57 Shelter Plus Care vouchers in 5 counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State HFA as administrator of housing programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Michigan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING <ul><li>MODELS: SUPPORTIVE SERVICES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Time Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Montgomery County, PA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require strong partnerships between housing providers and service providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Cumberland Co PHA partners with MH/MR, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LHOT, Perry Housing Options, and New Visions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Butler County Prepared Renters Certification Program </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Lackawanna County Eviction Prevention Program </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. PROGRAM EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT <ul><li>OPPORTUNITY: HEARTH emphasizes program performance and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGE: Rural CoCs may have less experience with measuring program performance and with HMIS </li></ul>
  19. 19. PROGRAM EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT <ul><li>MODELS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect and Share Information on Best Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eg. Digest of Model Programs for the Homeless in Rural Communities throughout the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* To access this document, visit www.pahousingchoices.org </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. PROGRAM EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT <ul><li>Free Technical Assistance Available: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1- National Alliance to End Homelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.endhomeleeness.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2- NAEH and Housing Assistance Council </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.ruralhome.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- HUD: SHP TA available through </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> your HUD Area Office </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.HUDHRE.info/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4- Projects to Assist in the Transition for </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homelessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> www.pathprogram.samhsa.gov </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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