5.4 The Role of Permanent Supportive Housing in Ending Family Homelessness

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5.4 The Role of Permanent Supportive Housing in Ending Family Homelessness

Speaker: Jacquelyn Anderson

To remain stable, some families with disabling physical and behavioral health challenges need the services linked to housing provided by permanent supportive housing (PSH). With limited PSH capacity and increased family homelessness, communities have to be strategic in deciding PSH placements and designing appropriate service plans. This workshop will look at successful PSH programs for families and suggest targeting strategies under the overall goal of ending family homelessness.

Published in: Self Improvement
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5.4 The Role of Permanent Supportive Housing in Ending Family Homelessness

  1. 1. Role of Supportive Housing in Ending Family Homelessness:Summary of What We Know from the Research February 10, 2012
  2. 2. Family Supportive Housing:What Is the Intervention?  Affordable housing with deep subsidies  Care management  Evidence-based service models  Intended to be targeted to high- need families
  3. 3. Characteristics of High-NeedFamilies in Supportive Housing  Significant housing instability  Mental health and substance abuse issues  Significant health problems  Involvement with multiple systems
  4. 4. Overlap Between Child WelfareInvolvement and Homelessness  24-26% foster care placements among homeless children (34x general US children)  18% newly homeless children Child Welfare Homelessness/ enter child welfare services in Involvement Housing Crises 5 years  48.7% of foster care children in CA county had parents experiencing housing crises
  5. 5. Common Characteristics andProfile of Shared Population “Chronic Neglect” Families Episodically Homeless Families Small subset that fail to meet basic Small subset that experience needs of children over time repeated episodes of homelessness Extreme and persistent poverty Extreme and persistent poverty Involved in multiple public services Involved in multiple public services Caregiver history of foster care as Parental history of foster care as child child Caregiver has history of trauma, Parent has history of trauma, childhood abuse, and interpersonal childhood abuse, and interpersonal violence violence Caregiver has complex behavioral Caregiver has complex behavioral health problems (MH, SA) health problems (MH, SA) Large families with many children Large families with many children
  6. 6. Keeping Families Together Pilot  Targeted 29 families in NYC who were homeless and child welfare involved  Extensive substance use  Complex trauma histories  Significant child welfare histories  Significant homeless histories
  7. 7. Supportive Housing: A Highly PromisingSolution  Housing retention rates of 95% (Bassuk et. al., 2006)  Improved connection to primary and behavioral health services (NCFH, 2009)  Child reunification rates of 67 - 73% (NCFH, 2009)  60% reduction in open child welfare cases (Swann-Jackson et. al., 2010)  Improved child school attendance (Swann-Jackson et. al., 2010)
  8. 8. What We Still Need to Learn  How to best target the highest need families  What configuration of services and service models work best for which populations  How to best integrate/coordinate the multiple systems that serve these high- need families

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