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5.10 Leah Lindstrom


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5.10 Leah Lindstrom

  1. 1. Understanding Rural and Tribal Homelessness<br />Corporation for Supportive HousingJuly 2011<br /><br />
  2. 2. Presentation Overview<br />Rural and Tribal Homelessness Overview<br />AISHI & Permanent Supportive Housing Examples<br />Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe & Plan to End Homelessness<br />HPRP & Technology Examples from Rural Areas<br />
  3. 3. CSH’s Role & 20th Anniversary<br />No other organization links these activities in this way.<br />
  4. 4. Our Lines of Business<br />
  5. 5. Our Supportive Housing Partners<br />
  6. 6. Homelessness in Minnesota in 2009<br />
  7. 7. Homelessness Outside 7-County Metro <br />
  8. 8. Rural Homelessness<br />More children were in unsheltered situations (4% vs. less than 0.5%) and informal arrangements (24% vs. 4%) <br />42% of homeless adults had a chronic health condition (48% in the metro area) <br />32% of homeless women were fleeing abuse (27% in the metro area) <br />
  9. 9. Unique Challenges <br />Unique Challenges to creating PSH in Rural Areas<br />Fewer providers & potential partners<br />Large geographic service areas<br />Fewer foundations for gap financing & service funding<br />Lack of understanding of the need <br />Smaller developments, more expensive per unit<br />Quantifiable problem<br />One development/program makes a visible different<br />
  10. 10. MN Reservation Homeless Survey – An Original<br />
  11. 11. Reservation Homeless Survey <br />1,239 people who were homeless or near-homeless<br />on the six reservations participating in the study (2006)<br /> Includes:<br />447 children (age 17 or younger) with their parents<br />146 youth/young adults (age 21 or younger) on their own<br />1 in 10 were literally homeless<br />2 in 10 spent at least one night in the previous month sleeping in a place not meant for habitation<br />
  12. 12. Prefer Own Housing if Available<br />“Disproves stereotype that overcrowding<br />occurs because American Indians prefer to<br />live with extended family: 98 percent of<br />doubled-up respondents would prefer to be in<br />their own housing if they could find or afford it.”<br />2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian<br />reservations, Wilder Research<br />
  13. 13. Doubled-Up and Moving Often<br />“Nearly two-thirds of doubled-up people had been staying “temporarily” with others for over a year. Of this group, few had been in the same place for 12 consecutive months, and over one third had been in four or more places in the past 12 months.”<br />2006 Study: Homeless and near-homeless people on northern Minnesota Indian<br />reservations, Wilder Research<br />
  14. 14. Reservation Homelessness<br />Doubled up for so long, people don’t consider themselves homeless. Houseless better describes experience on reservations.<br />“Homeless and near-homeless people on<br />northern Minnesota Indian reservations”<br />Report available at<br />
  15. 15. American Indian Supportive Housing Initiative<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. AISHI Goals<br />Provide training and technical support to tribes and American Indian organizations to create more PSH.<br />Build the capacity of tribes and American Indian organizations to develop, manage and provide services. <br />Bring new federal and state resources to tribes and American Indian organizations for PSH.<br />Offer low-cost loans and grants to jumpstart projects. <br />
  18. 18. AISHI Developments<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. American Indian CDC – Minneapolis, MN<br />
  21. 21. Anishinabe Wakiagun – People’s Home<br />
  22. 22. Dream Catcher Homes - White Earth Reservation<br />
  23. 23. Fond du Lac Supportive Housing<br />
  24. 24. Gimmaajii-Mino-Bimaadiziyaan - Duluth, MN<br />
  25. 25. American Indian Community Housing Organization – owner/developer<br />
  26. 26. Conifer Estates - Bemidji, MN<br />Partners<br />Red Lake Reservation<br />Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe <br />Beltrami HRA<br />Headwaters Regional Development<br /> Bi-Cap<br />
  27. 27. Red Lake Duplexes & Scattered Site<br />