4.7 mark kroner


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4.7 mark kroner

  1. 1. ~Transitional Living Programs~ What Works?<br />
  2. 2. Presented by:<br />Mark J Kroner LISW<br />Director, Lighthouse Training Institute<br />Lighthouse Youth Services Inc.<br />401 East McMillan St. <br />Cincinnati, Ohio 45206<br />513-487-7130<br />mkroner@lys.org<br />
  3. 3. Lighthouse Youth Services (1969)<br /><ul><li>Foster Care
  4. 4. Group Homes
  5. 5. Youth Crisis Shelter
  6. 6. Youth Outreach Services
  7. 7. Independent Living
  8. 8. Transitional Living
  9. 9. In-home/Wraparound services
  10. 10. Correctional Services
  11. 11. Help Me Grow for high-risk infants and toddlers
  12. 12. Charter school</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Preventing youth,16-19, in the child welfare system from becoming homeless (started in 1981) </li></ul>=Independent Living<br /><ul><li>Preventing young “non-systems” adults 18-24 from remaining homeless (started in 1990) </li></ul>=Transitional Living<br />
  13. 13. Why the Need for Housing & Support Services?<br />The number of youth aging out of foster care is going up. Older youth are making up a larger percentage of child welfare rolls than in the past. Many will soon be on their own.<br />Many youth enter the system for first time at a later age (15-17.5). There is not always enough time (or assigned staff) to find foster or adoptive homes. <br />The pressure is on communities to get youth out of the system asap, ready or not.<br />Communities are finding it harder to find adoptive/foster parents for older youth. When they do, these situations don’t always work out. Youth who return home often return for help.<br />
  14. 14. Why the need for Housing? cont’d<br /><ul><li>Older youth are being pushed out of various systems, ready or not, due to budget problems: Mental health, Developmental Disabilities, Juvenile Justice, Chemical dependency, Families.
  15. 15. Some older youth do not want to be adopted or stay in a foster or other home. They already have families but can’t live with them--often due to their parent’s chronic problems.
  16. 16. Many well-adjusted youth just want to live independently.</li></li></ul><li>Why the need for housing? -cont’d<br />A significant number of youth have chronic mental health, attachment and criminality issues and have difficulty living with others.<br />Some youth have already been adopted and it didn’t work out when they became teens.<br />“Forever families” aren’t always forever. However, separate housing can often help sustain permanent connections with caring adults.<br />
  17. 17. Why the need for housing? -cont’d<br /><ul><li>Youth who have housing options often realize that they can still have relationships with family but don’t have to get caught up in the family’s dysfunction.
  18. 18. Some youth who get experience living independently soon realize that they can’t do it on their own and know that will have to change their behaviors in order to get people to take them in.
  19. 19. New legislation will hopefully extend foster care to 21. Many youth will not want to stay in their current group/foster homes.</li></li></ul><li>Special needs can lead to need for temporary or long term housing<br />Youth with mental health issues/attachment problems<br />Youth with MRDD issues<br />Teen moms<br />Sex-offenders<br />Youth with criminal records<br />Youth from different cultural backgrounds<br />LGBTQQI2S youth<br />Chemically dependent youth<br />Youth with chronic medical problems<br />Youth involved in gangs<br />Native American Youth<br />Youth with physical disabilities<br />
  20. 20. The Transitional Landscape in America<br />1. More “youth” in their 20s and 30s are still at home than at any other time since the Great Depression.<br />2. Average age of total financial independence was 26 in 2000.<br />3. 80% of current college seniors are planning on moving back <br /> home after graduation.<br />4. Youth employment rate the lowest since 1940s.<br />5. Many traditional entry-level jobs are now overseas. Many entry-level jobs have no health insurance.<br />
  21. 21. 6. A full-time minimum wage job ($7.25) in many major cities will not cover rent for a typical one-bedroom apartment. ($7.25 x 160 =$1160 before taxes).<br />7. Americans, 25-26, still get an average of $2,323 a year from parents. <br />8. One out of 8 Americans is getting food stamps.<br />9. Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice, MRDD and Mental Health Systems are dropping 18 year olds due to budget deficits.<br />
  22. 22. The Lighthouse Youth Services Transition System <br />Self-sufficiency training Youth Crisis Center<br />Youth Outreach Program Independent Living<br />Transitional Youth Program Emancipated Youth Program<br />Transitional Living Program Shelter Plus Care<br />Re-Entry Program In-home Services<br />Community-management JOURNEY: SAMHSA Grant <br /> New Shelter for ages 18-24!<br />
  23. 23. $ources of Funding for IL/TLPs<br /><ul><li>Per diem/purchase of service contracts
  24. 24. State, Federal or City grants or subsidies
  25. 25. Federal Runaway and Homeless Youth Act grants
  26. 26. Chafee Independent Living Funds
  27. 27. Grants from Foundations
  28. 28. Private donations of cash, property, gifts
  29. 29. Contributions of Civic/Faith based groups
  30. 30. Fundraising events
  31. 31. HUD/FUP=Family Unification Program Vouchers
  32. 32. United Way
  33. 33. Client contributions
  34. 34. Business donations of needed supplies
  35. 35. Medicaid</li></li></ul><li>The Continuum of IL/TL Housing Options<br />Institutions Residential treatment<br />Group homes Foster Homes<br />Family home Relative homes<br />Shelters Boarding homes<br />Host homes Adult roommates<br />Shared homes Supervised Apts. <br />Dormitories Scattered-site Apts.<br />Subsidized housing Trailers<br />
  36. 36. Needed Policies<br />
  37. 37. What works?<br /><ul><li>Youth involvement in planning
  38. 38. Focus on “normalcy”
  39. 39. Connections with shelters/CoC providers
  40. 40. Clarity of services for RHY/Aging out youth
  41. 41. Scattered-sites
  42. 42. Flexibility/individualized planning
  43. 43. Housing options
  44. 44. Case-management/stable staff
  45. 45. Connections to other agencies/programs
  46. 46. Second chances/ability to return to program
  47. 47. Multiple sources of funding and support</li></li></ul><li>What Works? cont’d<br />Providing a safe/reasonably nice environment<br />Employment connections<br />Many resources in one agency<br />IL/TL synergy<br />Creating a climate of respect<br />A focus on realistic outcomes<br />Harm reduction vs. Zero tolerance<br />
  48. 48. Useful Publications<br />“Housing Options for Independent Living Programs”<br /> Available at or 202-662-4278 or www.CWLA.org<br />“Moving In: Ten Successful IL/TL Program Models”<br /> Available at Northwest Media 800-777-6636 or www.northwestmedia.com<br />“Transition to Adulthood: A Resource for Assisting Young People with Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties”<br /> Brookes Publishing Co.<br />“Uncertain Futures: Foster Youth in Transaction to Adulthood”www.CWLA.org<br />CWLA “Standards of Excellence” – CWLA Standards of excellence for transition, independent living and self-sufficiency services. www.CWLA.org<br />