1. 14 years of experience serving homeless people on the streets of Portland
1. 280 total Households, 530 total Individuals
Nothing supports successful engagement (of any subpopulation) like knowing and being known on the streetsFocus on building individual relationships with patrol officers.
They know the street and people on it wellSupport those relationships by making yourself aware of department politics. This is about building trust, if officers realize you understanding their context and that you have allies in the department, they’ll step out and take some heat to work with you from others that don’t believe in the same approach. Police Departments are not monolithic structuresShow them you care about what they care about. Recognize publicly officers that are making a difference Help them help you.
Often families self refer to churches, but neighbors do too.They know their neighborhoods and are often a contact of first resort for concerned neighbors on issues like campingUsually very attuned to what is happening in their districtsThey have a mandate and resources
Cars of all types – not just vans-Deferred maintenance-Packed with personal items-Parked in same neighborhood, different streets2.Families don’t camp in the same places that singles and couples do, more often they tend to be on residential streets. In many cases, in front of housing of somebody they know (friend or family)3. Families use Parks as their own front yards -Play near car, from the outside in -Parent may be in car with door open
1. In Portland, it is not uncommon to find families in church parking lots because Police do not patrol them as strictly and in many cases there is direct or tacit permission2. In Portland, Wal-Mart gave permission for RVs to overnight in their lots. This has morphed into more than just RV’s traveling across the country3.
1. Waiting lists tend to be long, and unsheltered families deteriorate or move-on before their name comes up.2. In a world of finite resources, this means committing more resources to fewer people
1. Leverage the efforts and hopes of the families themselves to spread the same resources over more families in flexible term shallower subsidies
Motel vouchers provide Safety for vulnerable families and ensures we can keep in touch with themOvercome previous evictions, legal histories, bad credit, and poor income ratios
JOIN Snapshot<br />Portland’s leading Street Outreach program <br />Over 6,000 people transitioned off the streets into permanent housing since 1998<br />Began seeing a significant number of families physically sleeping on the street in 2003<br />
Service Snapshot 7/1/10 – 6/30/11<br />70 families housed - 25% of all households JOIN housed<br />118 dependent children - 22% of all people JOIN housed<br />People in families represent 45% of all people JOIN housed<br />Of homeless families, 62% are unsheltered<br />
Outreach – to unsheltered families<br />Create a street outreach team<br />Create formal collaborations with Police Department<br />Practice routine outreach to community groups<br />
Street Outreach <br />Hire personality and commitment<br />Create a compensation structure that supports and rewards longevity<br />Give them the freedom, flexibility, and resources to do the job <br />Cut bureaucracy, devolve the power to make service decisions to the line worker<br />Deliver on what you promise <br />
Public Safety Allies<br />Reach out to and form relationships with Patrol Officers<br />Invite rising Department decision makers to join your Board<br />Pursue project funding that can address Police concerns and allow you to grant some level of priority to their referrals on your terms<br />
Other Community Allies<br />Churches<br />Neighborhood Associations<br />Local Business Districts<br />Schools<br />
Identification & Engagement Strategies<br />Learn to recognize car camping<br />Neighborhood streets<br />Neighborhood parks<br />
Supporting Transitions - Traditional Approach<br />A traditional approach would use a deep long-term (in most cases public sector) subsidy to ensure success. While highly successful, this approach has its downsides<br />Waiting lists<br />Finite Resources<br />
Supporting Transitions – An Alternative View<br />Instead of seeking to ensure success, commit to providing the opportunity to succeed<br />No waiting lists<br />Accept not everyone will succeed, but help more people<br />Target 80% housing retention<br />
Supporting Transitions – An Alternative ViewLeveraged Resources: Family Income @ Placement<br />Food Stamps – 100%<br />TANF – 50%<br />Earned Income – 22%<br />Other – 17% (family support, unemployment, student loans)<br />SSI/SSDI – 11%<br />Zero Income – 11% (having only food stamps)<br />
Supporting Transitions – An Alternative View Housing Placement and Retention<br />Use Motel Vouchers in the Interim (Days not weeks)<br />Work with Private Market – Housing First<br />Pay deposits, housing debt, short-term subsidy<br />Regardless of subsidy period, stay engaged for at least 12 months.<br />
Supporting Transitions – An Alternative ViewDirect Service Expense<br />6 month support model/$5,000 in direct services<br />Flexibly spent on<br />Deposit, rent, utilities, bus pass<br />3-4 month full subsidy/2 months split share<br />Actual avg. subsidy period - 2.5 months<br />Actual avg. Monthly Subsidy Cost - $3,000<br />
An Alternative ViewMore with Less<br />Does not pit subpopulations against each other for reallocation of scarce dollars<br />Does not call for new resources<br />Does create opportunity for currently unserved/underserved unsheltered families<br />70 to100 families/yr – 80% remain housed for at least 12 months<br />
JOINconnecting the street to a home<br />Check out our webpage – www.joinpdx.com<br />Search for us on Facebook – JOIN: connecting the street to a home<br />Visit us in Portland – 1435 NE 81st Avenue Portland, OR 97213<br />Will Harris – Associate Director<br />(503) 232-7052 X202<br />firstname.lastname@example.org<br />