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3.10 Supporting Homeless Children (Moody)


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Children experiencing homelessness have development and educational needs that can sometimes be overlooked. This workshop will focus on helping programs form partnerships so that they can better meet the needs of children (living with their families) experiencing homelessness. Speakers will focus on partnerships that result in services that help prevent homeless children from falling behind in development and education.

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3.10 Supporting Homeless Children (Moody)

  1. 1. McKinney-Vento 101: The Education of Homeless Children and Youth Program Patricia A. Popp, Ph.D. State Coordinator Project HOPE – Virginia The College of William & Mary Presented by Arnecia Moody
  2. 2. Goals <ul><li>Highlight key McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia’s M-V implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Your questions </li></ul>
  3. 4. McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act   Title X, Part C 2001 Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
  4. 5. The child’s classroom may be the only place where the child can experience quiet, interact with children his/her age, and experience success… School is the most normal activity that most children experience collectively…For homeless children it is much more than a learning environment. It is a place of safety, personal space, friendships, and support. Oakley & King, 2000
  5. 6. Who is homeless? <ul><li>An individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, including children and youth : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sharing housing due to loss of housing or economic hardship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>living in motels, hotels, trailer parks , or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>living in emergency or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transitional housing </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Who is homeless? (cont’d) <ul><li>Including children and youth : </li></ul><ul><li>abandoned in hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>awaiting foster care </li></ul><ul><li>having a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, regular sleeping accommodations </li></ul><ul><li>living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations </li></ul><ul><li>migratory students meeting the description </li></ul><ul><li>unaccompanied youth meeting the description </li></ul>
  7. 8. McKinney-Vento Act <ul><li>Reauthorizes the Stewart B. McKinney Act, originally enacted in 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Provides states with funding to support local grants and statewide initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Requires educational access, attendance , and success for homeless children and youth </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines responsibilities for local liaisons </li></ul>
  8. 9. McKinney-Vento EHCY Requirements <ul><li>Appoint a local homeless education liaison in every LEA </li></ul><ul><li>Provide outreach and coordination to identify students </li></ul><ul><li>Enroll students immediately in local school OR </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain student enrollment in the school of origin when feasible and in the student’s best interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even across school division lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get the student enrolled and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>keep the student enrolled! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Ensuring Access to Educational Services <ul><li>Free and reduced price breakfast and lunch programs </li></ul><ul><li>Title I </li></ul><ul><li>Special education </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted programs </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>After school and summer programs </li></ul><ul><li>Head Start and (Even Start), VPI </li></ul>
  10. 11. McKinney-Vento EHCY <ul><li>National 2008 & 09 Allocation: $64 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia: $1,059,872 (2009: $1,015,099) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National ARRA Allocation: $70 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia: $1,100,421 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>32 LEAs received funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15/38 eligible nonsubgrants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>17/30 current subgrants </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Numbers <ul><li>2 million people experience homelessness annually </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately half are children </li></ul><ul><li>USED 2008-09 data (NCHE) : 956,914 students experiencing homelessness enrolled (41% increase over 2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia 2008-09 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PreK-12 – 12,768 (29% increase since 2006-07) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PreK – 408 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elementary – 6,998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle – 2,646 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High –2,716 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Young Children Experiencing Homelessness <ul><li>45% of children living in homeless shelters in Virginia are under the age of five. </li></ul><ul><li>2500 children under five were reported by VDHCD in emergency, domestic violence and transitional programs for FY 2008 </li></ul>
  13. 14. New for 2009-10 in VA: Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Flag Initial Primary Nighttime Residence Category Children and youth living in abandoned buildings, campgrounds and vehicles, space not meant for habitation, trailers or FEMA trailers, cars, bus and train stations, and abandoned in the hospital. Substandard or inadequate housing does not easily fit into any category as it is not governed by a specific definition and is judged on a case-by-case basis. An inadequate dwelling may shelter but it is not adequate housing. Unsheltered Children and youth living in shelters and transitional housing programs (homeless and domestic violence programs). Children and youth awaiting foster care placement. Shelter Children and youth (including runaway youth or unaccompanied youth) who live with relatives or friends due to being homeless. Doubled-Up Children and youth living in hotels/motels due to a lack of alternative adequate accommodations. Hotel/Motel
  14. 15. Primary Nighttime Residence Virginia 2008-09
  15. 16. Thanks for all you do! <ul><li>HMSE_PICS.mpg </li></ul>
  16. 17. Resources <ul><li>NAEHCY – </li></ul><ul><li>NCHE - </li></ul><ul><li>NLCHP - </li></ul><ul><li>NLIHC – </li></ul><ul><li>Project HOPE-VA: </li></ul><ul><li>USDE - </li></ul>
  17. 18. Contact Information <ul><li>Project HOPE-Virginia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The College of William & Mary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P. O. Box 8795 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Williamsburg, VA 23187 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>757-221-7776 877-455-3412 (toll free) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>757-221-5300 ( fax) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Context <ul><li>Poverty Tour VIDEO_TS.IFO </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Low Income Housing Coalition </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VDSS Self Sufficiency Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li> wide/self_sufficiency.cgi </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Causes and Impact of Homelessness <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental Illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordable Housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic crises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absenteeism is greater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developmental delays occur at 4 times the rate reported for other children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning disabilities identified at double the rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice as likely to repeat a grade </li></ul></ul>