2.5 A Rising Tide: How to Respond to Increased Family Homelessness


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The first of Ryan Macy Hurley's two-part presentation.

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2.5 A Rising Tide: How to Respond to Increased Family Homelessness

  1. 1. A Rising Tide:How to Respond to Increasing Family Homelessness National Alliance to End HomelessnessNational Conference on Ending Family Homelessness February 10, 2011, Oakland, CA Beyond Shelter 1200 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 600 Los Angeles, CA 90017 (213) 252-0772 www.beyondshelter.org 1
  2. 2. “Got Shelter?”Shelter programs full?Having to turn away families in need?Having to rely (more and more) upon motelsas overflow shelter?Thinking of building more shelters? 2
  3. 3. Alternative Response:Master-Leased, Scattered-Site Rental Units Beyond Shelter used this model for the Skid Row Families Demonstration Project (2007-2009) and leased nearly 150 units during program implementation. The agency currently uses this model for an emergency shelter program for homeless TANF/CalWORKs families. 3
  4. 4. Master-Leased Apartments Program Features Agency is leasing 15 scattered-site apartments as temporary housing. Beyond Shelter is the lease holder and families are guests (not a “sublease” situation). The agency furnishes the apartments through low-cost means and/or donations. Time limit of 120 days. 4
  5. 5. Units turn over so that one unit often servesmultiple families during a standard leasing period.Units are convertible to permanent housing(transition in-place).While in the master-leased units, a case managerdevelops and then implements a housing andservices plan in conjunction with the family. 5
  6. 6. Implementation ChallengesBudgeting appropriately due to paymentstructure being based on occupancy nights.Length of stay limit and job barriers ofhousehold heads.Lack of permanent housing options –subsidies and affordable market-rate units.Transitional housing programs are atcapacity and/or are increasingly selective. 6
  7. 7. Unit maintenance and property damage (amongsome families).“Get your free apartment at Beyond Shelter.”Some families getting a “little too comfortable” andlacking motivation.Very low functioning, high barrier families who are“perpetually in crisis.” 7
  8. 8. Program Refinements to Address Challenges Negotiated extra “grace nights” in contract renewal to account for unit turnover and setup time. Developed relationship with County Housing Authority for access to public housing units. Re-focused case management services: made staffing changes and intensified efforts. 8
  9. 9. Adaptations of ModelNew Orleans: transition-in-place with Section 8State of Michigan: rural implementationFairfax County, VA: alternative to motelsComing soon to a community near you? Maybeso with HEARTH’s new shelter regs prohibitingadmission denials based on child age 9
  10. 10. (Potential) Model BenefitsApartment setting offers a normalized, family-friendly living environment.Can shelter families in their communities oforigin, or within close proximity.Master-leased apartments can be an effectiveengagement tool. 10
  11. 11. Enables providers/CoCs to serve families whoare hard-to-place such as large families,households with teenage children, or pregnantmoms or those with newborn babies.Transition-in-place option avoids yet anotherhousing (and sometimes neighborhood/community) disruption for families.Enables communities to relatively easily expand(or shrink) system capacity based on need. 11
  12. 12. Better “overflow” shelter option than motels.Can facilitate the transition to independentliving.Economics: apartments may be cheaper, or atleast comparable in cost, to conventionaloptions, particularly motels. 12
  13. 13. Nightly Costs of Temporary Housing by Locality* $120 $110 $116 $100 $100 $94 $80 $54 $60 $40 $20 $0 Los Angeles Philadelphia New York City Massachusetts Columbus M-L Apt. Shelter Shelter Shelter Shelter*Non-LA Shelter Cost Estimates from Culhane et al. (2007). Testing a Typology of Family Homelessness Based on Patterns of Public Shelter Utilization in Four U.S. Jurisdictions: Implications for Policy and Program Planning. Housing Policy Debate 18(1): 1-28. 13
  14. 14. Nightly & Monthly Shelter CostsCompared to FMRs in Select Localities Monthly Per Per 2009 FMR Difference Percent Night Month 2-bedroom Shelter vs. Difference FMRPhiladelphia $94 $2827 $1005 -$1822 -64%New York City $100 $3000 $1313 -$1687 -56%Massachusetts $110 $3300 $1098 -$2202 -67%Columbus, OH $116 $3480 $740 -$2740 -79% 14