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1.6: Addressing Family Homelessness in Rural Communities


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1.6: Addressing Family Homelessness in Rural Communities

Presentation by Jonathan Hardy

Published in: Education
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1.6: Addressing Family Homelessness in Rural Communities

  1. 1. Addressing Family Homelessness in Rural Communities <ul><li>Jonathan Hardy </li></ul><ul><li>Director, State Community Services Office </li></ul><ul><li>State of Utah </li></ul><ul><li>NAEH Conference </li></ul><ul><li>February 10, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Oakland, CA </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 February 2011 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. 2 + 2 ≠ 4 <ul><li>Eviction Notice + Rental Assistance ≠ Homelessness Prevention </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prevention Strategies <ul><li>Eviction Prevention vs. Homelessness Prevention </li></ul>
  4. 4. Eviction Prevention <ul><li>Huge Target Market </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Outcomes (Keep people in their present housing situation) </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stability for Households, especially children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves costs associated with the cycle of moving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps more housing options available for household </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Eviction Prevention (cont.) <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not nearly enough resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts to supplant natural support systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibly prolonging the inevitable in an unsustainable housing option </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Homelessness Prevention <ul><li>Hard to define target market </li></ul><ul><li>Often times they don’t actively present prior to becoming homeless </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently require a greater number of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater housing failure than eviction prevention market </li></ul>
  7. 7. Utah’s Available Resources <ul><li>HPRP = Homelessness Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>TANF = Either HP or Eviction Prevention </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions to ask for Homeless Prevention <ul><li>How much does it cost to prevent homelessness in the eviction prevention market? </li></ul><ul><li>How much does it cost to do targeted intervention in the homelessness prevention market? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example <ul><li>Eviction Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 households served @ $1,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 households would have become homeless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total cost of homelessness prevention = $5,000 per household </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Example (cont.) <ul><li>Homelessness Prevention model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 families served who are precariously doubled up @ $3,000 per household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 of those families would have become homeless without assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total cost of preventing homelessness = $4,500 per household. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. How do we know we are effective at targeting homeless prevention efforts? <ul><li>Utah Study of Prevention efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Random Assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking unserved populations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do clients in the prevention programs look like the clients entering the shelter system? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Local Homeless Coordinating Committee (Model) End Chronic Homelessness and Reduce overall Homelessness by 2014 Faith Based Orgs. Sheriff Dept. of Human Services Police Chief Continuum of Care Housing Authorities Businesses Dept. Workforce Ser. Colleges/Tech. Schools MISSION Financial Institutions At Large Elected Official Chair Dept. of Corrections Dept. of Health Schools/PTA Local Government Leaders Domestic Violence Vice-Chair United Way Native America Housing Authority Service Agencies Community Clinics Formerly Homeless
  13. 15. Local Homeless Implementation Plan Local Homeless Coordinating Committee <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>State (PAHTF, CNH, ESG, OWLF,CIB) </li></ul><ul><li>Private </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Block Grants (HPRP, CSBG, CDBG, SAPTBG, MHBG). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entitlements (SSI,SSDI, DBA-Vets) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstream Programs (Food stamps, SCHIP, TANF, Section 8, Home, DVA, Public/Indian Housing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeless Targeted Programs (Cont. of Care, Health Care, PATH, Employment, etc.) * </li></ul></ul>State 10-Year Plan January 28, 2008 <ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce D V </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Income Support </li></ul><ul><li>Discharge Planning </li></ul><ul><li>HMIS/Outcome Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive Service </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>Political Leader Chair <ul><li>HUD REQUIREMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidated Housing Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Continuum of Care Annual Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>State Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Homeless Coordinating Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Discharge Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Supportive Services </li></ul><ul><li>Information Systems </li></ul>Local 10-Year Plan * Education (DOE), Homeless Vets – Transitional Housing (DVA), Treatment for the Homeless (SAMHSA), Runaway (ACF/DHHS)
  14. 16. Utah Dept. of Workforce Services <ul><li>Houses all of the mainstream benefit programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TANF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Stamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicaid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment Programs, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. DWS (cont.) <ul><li>Have local “one-stop” physical locations for benefits </li></ul><ul><li>90% of interactions can be completed without entering an office </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized policy and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in every Local Homeless Coordinating Committee </li></ul>
  16. 18. Utah HPRP/TANF Major Goals & Objectives <ul><li>Reduce Overall Shelter Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Make Systems Change (Virtual Centralized Intake Model) </li></ul><ul><li>Streamline and Simplify Process for Clients </li></ul>
  17. 19. Rural Implementation of Prevention Programs <ul><li>Basic Assumptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Case Management Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government organizations are the main service delivery system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few emergency shelters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly “precariously housed” </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Implementation (cont.) <ul><li>“Virtual Centralized Intake” </li></ul><ul><li>No wrong door to seek services </li></ul><ul><li>Cross Referral and Training on programs </li></ul><ul><li>One source for collecting documentation and interacting with client </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized approach to qualifying for benefit programs </li></ul>
  19. 21. Housing DWS Programs TANF GA Food Stamps UI Employment Services Medicaid WIC CHIP Landlord/Utility Company July 15, 2009 Client Entry & Assessment Case Mgmt Agency Housing Relocation and Stabilization Financial Assistance Client Placement in Services Lead HPRP/TANF Agency Rapid Re-housing Prevention HPRP & TANF Virtual Centralized Intake