Water Conservation Pakistan


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A comprehensive look at the savings and benefits of water conservation and leak detection.

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Water Conservation Pakistan

  1. 1. WATER SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH CONSERVATION <ul><li>Naeem Qureshi </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Consulting Engineers, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>www.pce.com </li></ul>Save Water Every Drop Counts
  2. 2. Presentation Outline <ul><li>Water Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Typical Household Water Use </li></ul><ul><li>Why Conservation is Important </li></ul><ul><li>Water Conservation Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some Water Facts <ul><li>One billion people lack access to safe water </li></ul><ul><li>The average person consumes a gallon of water in a day </li></ul><ul><li>Residential daily water use in the U.S. averages 70 -100 gallons </li></ul><ul><li>Daily water use in developing countries(Pakistan) is 20-30 gallons </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some More Water Facts <ul><li>Most of the higher U.S. water use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawn watering, washing vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy availability of water </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 40% of water used in an average home is for irrigating landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Toilets accounts for nearly 30% of an average homes indoor water consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water services are energy intensive </li></ul><ul><li>The population of Southern California increased by 4 million without any increase in water consumption </li></ul>
  5. 5. Industrial And Other Water Consumption Is High <ul><li>125 liter of water to produce one kilogram (kg) of steel </li></ul><ul><li>1,665 liter to make one kg of synthetic rubber </li></ul><ul><li>766 liter for a kg of high quality book paper </li></ul><ul><li>The average daily water usage is as follows: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33,600 liters to raise one kg of beef </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,935 liters to grown on kg of cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4,200 liter to grow one kg of rice </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Typical Household Water Use
  7. 7. Water Supply and Conservation <ul><li>State of the Industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children below the age of 5 in Asia, Africa and Latin America having diarrhea – 500 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diarrhea cases in Pakistan -100 million annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital Beds – 20-40% water related diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Related Diseases – 80% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deaths caused by water borne diseases – 33% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water is vital for life </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Why Conservation is Important? <ul><li>Fresh water is a limited resource </li></ul><ul><li>Demands are increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Only a small percent of total water on earth is usable without advanced technology treatment </li></ul><ul><li>We have less drinkable water every year due to contamination and increased demand </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces 60-75% leakage </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi added 20 million gallons by conservation </li></ul>
  9. 9. It is Important to Take Steps Now <ul><li>Many Areas in Pakistan are currently facing serious water shortage  drought conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Population increase results in higher water demand </li></ul><ul><li>It takes long time to change the habits and attitudes of people </li></ul><ul><li>50% of Karachi water is lost due to leakage and illegal connections </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why Utilities Should Focus on Water Conservation? <ul><li>Water Conservation Saves Water – Reduces Energy Use </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Capital/Operational Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Stability and Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Protection of the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Foster Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Community Pride </li></ul>
  11. 11. Average Monthly Water Loss from Leaking Faucets 50 Drops Per Minute 184 Drops Per Minute 80 Drops Per Minute 1” Stream 326 Liters 1,143 Liters 606 Liters 3,278 Liters Small, continuous leaks will waste large amounts of water. In addition, leaks in hot-water lines will waste heat. Keep all valves and faucets tight. When a leak develops, replace faucet washers. If valves or faucets are damaged, replace faucet or valve assembly
  12. 12. How to Identify Leaks? <ul><li>Leaks can be identified by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leak Detection Survey of the distribution system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Leak Detection Monitor/Meter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Injecting Dye in Toilet tank </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Educate The Public <ul><li>A robust education and outreach program for water provider employees, school children and adults </li></ul><ul><li>Public Educational Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed material – bill stuffers, brochures, ordinances, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Block leader program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beat the peak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displaying conservation strategies on city’s website, city hall, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School Educational Program </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ground Water Is Deteriorating <ul><li>Groundwater withdrawal exceeds recharge water table in major cities is decreasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional water sources require expensive treatment – desalination. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of 560,000 wells of Indus Basin – Sodic Water </li></ul>
  15. 15. Public Awareness of Conservation Involves: <ul><li>Dissemination information </li></ul><ul><li>Installing meters </li></ul><ul><li>Leak detection </li></ul><ul><li>Meter reading, billing and collection </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal planning and operator training </li></ul>
  16. 16. Public Education Is Critical <ul><li>Prepare printed material regarding water loss </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare public service announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange lectures and talk in classrooms to educate the children </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange for events such as dramas to show the effect of clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Share films on saving water </li></ul>
  17. 17. Water Metering Is Critical <ul><li>Lack of meters reduces accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Impede incentive to conserve water </li></ul><ul><li>Customer does not relate to amount of water being used </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to irresponsible behavior </li></ul>
  18. 18. Leak Detection In The House Is Important <ul><li>Reduces 60-70% leakage to less than 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Costs are minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Shutting off supply to overhead tank at night and checking the drop in tank level </li></ul>
  19. 19. Utility Meter Reading, Billing and Collection Is the Cash Register <ul><li>Meter reading monthly – electronically </li></ul><ul><li>Bills generated electronically and emailed/mailed </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to sign up for electronic payment </li></ul><ul><li>Delinquent bills – service shut off after 60 days </li></ul>
  20. 20. Fiscal Planning and Operator Training <ul><li>Budget/Rates to fund maintenance and capital improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Operator training to improve skills </li></ul><ul><li>Regular water tests </li></ul><ul><li>Record keeping </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cost Estimate (500 House Development) <ul><li>Water Meters 500 @ 6,000 Rs. 3,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Meter Chamber 500@1,000 500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Billing and Collection 50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Capital Rs. 3,550,000 </li></ul><ul><li>O&M (Annual) </li></ul><ul><li>Plumber Salary 10,000 @ 12 mo. 120,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory Parts Lumpsum 20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Operator – Billing Clerk 8,000 mo 96,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Education Brochure 5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinator (honorarium volunteer) 15,000 </li></ul><ul><li>School Presentation Incentives 5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Service Announcement 50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Rs. 311,000 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conservation Really Works <ul><li>Over 15 states have conservation programs </li></ul><ul><li>EPA estimates that 100 million kWh of electricity per year could be saved if one in every 100 American houses were retrofitted with water efficient fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Water Sense - If 1 percent of American homes replaced their older, inefficient toilets with WaterSense labeled models, the country would save more than 38 million kWh of electricity—enough to supply more than 43,000 households electricity for one month. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>` </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Conservation is a positive program </li></ul><ul><li>Every rupee spent on water efficiency yields multiple benefits to the utility, customers and statewide </li></ul><ul><li>Often water conservation is less costly than providing new water supply </li></ul>
  24. 24. Conclusion (Cont.) <ul><li>To realize full effect of water conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a multi-faceted management approach including voluntary, incentive and regulatory mechanisms to address both demand and supply side conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor water use during summer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor water usage during winter </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Source: Natural Resource Canada
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Questions ????? Naeem Qureshi [email_address] (763) 560-9133 View entire presentation online through LinkedIn by visiting my profile: www.linkedin.com/in/naeemqureshi