SUSTAINABLE FISHERIESSUSTAINABLE FISHERIESPOLICY AND COASTALPOLICY AND COASTALRESOURCES MANAGEMENTRESOURCES MANAGEMENTMay ...
FISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTANPRESENTATIONBYSalman rasheedMudassir shoukatRizwan randhawa
SEA AS A SOURCE OF FOODImportance of sea food increasing dayby day because of shortage oftraditional grain food on the 1/...
SEA AS A SOURCE OF FOODWisdom of nature: 1/4th land & 3/4thwater.Many benefits & uses of seas and oceans:Most important ...
PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESFisheries sector of Pakistan represents animportant source of employment, incomeand foreign ...
PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESThe major source of fish in Pakistan arethe Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) ofPakistan which e...
PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESGovernment of Pakistan is takingkeen interest in the development offisheries sector.Enhance...
ROLE OF FISHERY INDUSTRY INROLE OF FISHERY INDUSTRY INTHE ECONOMY OF PAKISTANTHE ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN Fisheries play an im...
ROLE OF FISHERIESROLE OF FISHERIESINDUSTRY IN THE ECONOMYINDUSTRY IN THE ECONOMYOF PAKISTANOF PAKISTAN GNP in fishery ind...
FISH HARBOURS OFFISH HARBOURS OFPAKISTANPAKISTANKarachi Fisheries HarbourKorangi Fish HarbourPasni Fish HarbourGawadar...
EXPORT OF FISHERIESEXPORT OF FISHERIESPRODUCTSPRODUCTSFish and fishery products areprocessed and Exported to over 50count...
EXPORT OF FISHERIESEXPORT OF FISHERIESPRODUCTSPRODUCTS Canada USA Denmark Japan Holland Norway Iceland Korea Hong...
NUMBER OF FISH WORKERSNUMBER OF FISH WORKERSENGAGED IN FISHERIESENGAGED IN FISHERIESSECTORSECTORFisheries sector in Pakis...
MAJOR FISHERFOLKMAJOR FISHERFOLKSETTLEMENTS/TOWN INSETTLEMENTS/TOWN INSINDHSINDH Mubarak village Mauripur Hawks Bay Ib...
Fishery production consumptionFishery production consumption Exports: 151830tonnes Totalsupply:326921 Per capitasupply:...
SOCIAL STATUS OF FISHERSOCIAL STATUS OF FISHERIN PAKISTANIN PAKISTANthey don’t get their basic rightsAll resources endowe...
WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTANAbout 10,000 Women Workers areassoc...
WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTAN27 Processing Plants and more than5...
WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTAN 23 Plants : Fish Harbor,West Wharf...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTHealth of employees depends uponthe environment of working placewhere they work. If...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTWomen Workers peel/clean the icecovered shrimps, fish and crabs withtheir bare hand...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTIn Warrahs there in no protectionfrom heat. At one hand these womenworkers are work...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThere is no proper Toilet facilitiesavailable in Warrahs. If a womanworker who star...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThe floors of Warrahs always remainwet. Due to falling of shrimp’swastage the floor...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTNo Dispensary or First-Aid facilitiesare found in these Warrahs.No hand washing fa...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENT In some of the Warrah there is onetoilet for 100 women workers andthe condition of...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTNo changing room to change intoworking cloth, thus forcing workingwomen to work in ...
WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThere is no proper drainage system inwarrah, to drain out the filthy waterof ice co...
WORKING HOURS / WORKINGWORKING HOURS / WORKINGDAYDAYNo fixed working hours are observedin these “Warrahs” and WomenWorker...
WORKING HOURS / WORKINGWORKING HOURS / WORKINGDAYDAYDuring the season when maximumcatch of sea food is brought in the“War...
OTHER ACTIVITIES OFOTHER ACTIVITIES OFWORKERS IN FISHERYWORKERS IN FISHERYSECTORSECTOR• Drying of fish• Cleaning of fish• ...
LOW WAGESLOW WAGESOne of the examples of poor wages forWomen Workers is that 12-16 kilogramspeeled shrimp a day fetches t...
LOW WAGESLOW WAGES.HUNTING AND FISHING GUIDES MINIMUMWAGES.MARCH 31,2008 2009 2010$43.75 rate for $47.50 $ 51.25working...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTmaking policies, inter-provincial coordination, planning & resear...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTBut in the case of Women Workers inFisheries Industry of Pakistan, ...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTWell organized policiesExport should be increase.There should be ...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONS On the supply side increasing fishproducts for human consumption in asustainable manner an...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSTRTA II need to provide thoroughAssistance in Fisheries Trade policydevelopment and Revision...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSThe only and ever lasting solution toall the problem of Women Workers isthe implementation ...
LOW WAGESLOW WAGESOne of the examples of poor wages forWomen Workers is that 12-16 kilogramspeeled shrimp a day fetches t...
LOW WAGESLOW WAGESAbout 1 kg of shrimp is being peeled by awomen worker in an hour, more expertwomen peel even 1¼ to 1½ k...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTGovernment is responsible for makingpolicies, inter-provincial coor...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTBut in the case of Women Workers inFisheries Industry of Pakistan, ...
RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTThe Handbook of Fisheries Statistics ofPakistan—the annual publicat...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSThe only and ever lasting solution toall the problem of Women Workers isthe implementation ...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSImplementation of labour law could onlybe made by having a Committee whichmay comprises of:...
RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONS It should be clearly brought into the noticeof all exporters, Warrah Contractor thatviolat...
THANK YOUTHANK YOU
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Sustainable fisheries policy and coastal resources management

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Sustainable fisheries policy and coastal resources management

  1. 1. SUSTAINABLE FISHERIESSUSTAINABLE FISHERIESPOLICY AND COASTALPOLICY AND COASTALRESOURCES MANAGEMENTRESOURCES MANAGEMENTMay 16, 2013 IUB bwn campus
  2. 2. FISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTANPRESENTATIONBYSalman rasheedMudassir shoukatRizwan randhawa
  3. 3. SEA AS A SOURCE OF FOODImportance of sea food increasing dayby day because of shortage oftraditional grain food on the 1/4th partof the land on earth.Those nation and countries of theworld who have realized its importanceare in the process of R&D to gainmaximum benefit of the sea.
  4. 4. SEA AS A SOURCE OF FOODWisdom of nature: 1/4th land & 3/4thwater.Many benefits & uses of seas and oceans:Most important being a source of food forhumans.
  5. 5. PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESFisheries sector of Pakistan represents animportant source of employment, incomeand foreign exchange earnings.It contributes only 0.8% of total nation GDPand 3.7% of agriculture.
  6. 6. PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESThe major source of fish in Pakistan arethe Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) ofPakistan which extends upto 200 N.M and8.5 million Hectares of Inland water.About 26% of total production consumedlocally, the rest in either exported ofresources as fish meal, the supply of fishper capita is estimated to be 1.1kg/year.
  7. 7. PRESENT SITUATION OFFISHERIESGovernment of Pakistan is takingkeen interest in the development offisheries sector.Enhancement of fish production,measures in exports earnings as wellas domestic consumption of fishdiversification of fishing efforts,utilization of the fishermencommunities.
  8. 8. ROLE OF FISHERY INDUSTRY INROLE OF FISHERY INDUSTRY INTHE ECONOMY OF PAKISTANTHE ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN Fisheries play an important role in nationaleconomy. Provides employment to about 300,000 fishermendirectly and 400,000 people in ancillary industries.
  9. 9. ROLE OF FISHERIESROLE OF FISHERIESINDUSTRY IN THE ECONOMYINDUSTRY IN THE ECONOMYOF PAKISTANOF PAKISTAN GNP in fishery industryGross nationalproduction2008-09 2009-1053731 million 56182 million
  10. 10. FISH HARBOURS OFFISH HARBOURS OFPAKISTANPAKISTANKarachi Fisheries HarbourKorangi Fish HarbourPasni Fish HarbourGawadar Fish Harbour
  11. 11. EXPORT OF FISHERIESEXPORT OF FISHERIESPRODUCTSPRODUCTSFish and fishery products areprocessed and Exported to over 50countries.50% of Fishery Products are exportedto European Union Countries.20% to USA, & remaining 30% to otherCountries.
  12. 12. EXPORT OF FISHERIESEXPORT OF FISHERIESPRODUCTSPRODUCTS Canada USA Denmark Japan Holland Norway Iceland Korea Hong Kong Taiwan Singapore Malaysia
  13. 13. NUMBER OF FISH WORKERSNUMBER OF FISH WORKERSENGAGED IN FISHERIESENGAGED IN FISHERIESSECTORSECTORFisheries sector in Pakistan providesemployment to about 300,000fishermen directly.In addition, another 400,000 peopleare employed in fishery industries
  14. 14. MAJOR FISHERFOLKMAJOR FISHERFOLKSETTLEMENTS/TOWN INSETTLEMENTS/TOWN INSINDHSINDH Mubarak village Mauripur Hawks Bay Ibrahim Hyderi Rehri Village Salih Abad Bhit Island Baba Island Shamas Pir. Kakka Village Kiamari Chasma Village Lath Basti Shah Bandar Keti Bunder Jaati Badin, etc.
  15. 15. Fishery production consumptionFishery production consumption Exports: 151830tonnes Totalsupply:326921 Per capitasupply:kg/year 2.0
  16. 16. SOCIAL STATUS OF FISHERSOCIAL STATUS OF FISHERIN PAKISTANIN PAKISTANthey don’t get their basic rightsAll resources endowed by nature areconsidered community property.Education problemsHealth problemsClean water problemsNo medical facility
  17. 17. WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTANAbout 10,000 Women Workers areassociated with the Fisheries Industryand are employed in 30 RegisteredProcessing Plants in Pakistan andmore than 50 “Warrahs” ( being runby the contractors)
  18. 18. WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTAN27 Processing Plants and more than50 Warrahs are located in differentAreas of Karachi Coast.While 04 Processing Plants are inGwadar and Pasni.
  19. 19. WORKING WOMEN INWORKING WOMEN INFISHERY INDUSTRY OFFISHERY INDUSTRY OFPAKISTANPAKISTAN 23 Plants : Fish Harbor,West Wharf, Karachi. 02 Plants : S.I.T.E. AreaKarachi. 02 Plants : Korangi Industrial Area 04 Plants : Gwadar & Pasni.
  20. 20. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTHealth of employees depends uponthe environment of working placewhere they work. If environment ofworking place is clean and healthythen health of employees will also begood and if the working environmentis unhealthy then the health ofemployees will not be good.
  21. 21. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTWomen Workers peel/clean the icecovered shrimps, fish and crabs withtheir bare hands. Rubber boots,gloves or any such provisions areunheard of in there Processing Plantsor “Warrahs”.The fear of losing their job makesthem hide their cuts and woundsfrom the employer.
  22. 22. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTIn Warrahs there in no protectionfrom heat. At one hand these womenworkers are working in hot weatherwhile at another hand they arehandling with ice covered shrimps.Since these women aresimultaneously exposed to hot andcold conditions, they are earlysusceptible to disease.
  23. 23. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThere is no proper Toilet facilitiesavailable in Warrahs. If a womanworker who starts her work in themorning say at about 4:00 am andkeep sits peeling shrimps for 7-8hours, sitting in a same position,needs such facilities there.
  24. 24. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThe floors of Warrahs always remainwet. Due to falling of shrimp’swastage the floor looked like asgrease has been rubbed on it. Thusmaking the floor slippery for womenworkers to work.
  25. 25. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTNo Dispensary or First-Aid facilitiesare found in these Warrahs.No hand washing facilities areprovided at the work place in theseWarrahs.
  26. 26. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENT In some of the Warrah there is onetoilet for 100 women workers andthe condition of this toilets isdeplorable and unhygienic.There is no provision of glovesApron/coat for these working women.
  27. 27. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTNo changing room to change intoworking cloth, thus forcing workingwomen to work in their daily wear.Proper working tools are notprovided to working women, thushands and finger of these workingwomen are injured.No proper lighting system, whichmakes difficult to these womenworkers to work during night.
  28. 28. WORKING ENVIRONMENTWORKING ENVIRONMENTThere is no proper drainage system inwarrah, to drain out the filthy waterof ice covered shrimps and other Seafood products.There is no system of Garbagedisposal of fish, shrimp, shells andcrabs wastage.
  29. 29. WORKING HOURS / WORKINGWORKING HOURS / WORKINGDAYDAYNo fixed working hours are observedin these “Warrahs” and WomenWorkers are called in whenever thecatch arrives, even if it is in themiddle of the night, depriving themof a night’s break.
  30. 30. WORKING HOURS / WORKINGWORKING HOURS / WORKINGDAYDAYDuring the season when maximumcatch of sea food is brought in the“Warrahs” the women workers areforced to work for a continuousperiod of 14 to 15 hours.
  31. 31. OTHER ACTIVITIES OFOTHER ACTIVITIES OFWORKERS IN FISHERYWORKERS IN FISHERYSECTORSECTOR• Drying of fish• Cleaning of fish• Fish mealplants• Fish meal• Powder solid topoultry form• Processing ofcrabs• Peeling shrimps• Grading• Sorting• Packing
  32. 32. LOW WAGESLOW WAGESOne of the examples of poor wages forWomen Workers is that 12-16 kilogramspeeled shrimp a day fetches them mereRs. 40 – 60.But despite all these harsh conditions,economic compulsions force them towork to support their families. Theireconomic condition has deteriorated andpoverty has become endemic.
  33. 33. LOW WAGESLOW WAGES.HUNTING AND FISHING GUIDES MINIMUMWAGES.MARCH 31,2008 2009 2010$43.75 rate for $47.50 $ 51.25working less then5 consecutive hoursIn a day.
  34. 34. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTmaking policies, inter-provincial coordination, planning & researchquality control &trainingexploratory fishing & stock assessment,fisheries managementfleet improvement & data collection andexport etc.
  35. 35. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTBut in the case of Women Workers inFisheries Industry of Pakistan, theGovernment has not persuaded anyPolicy or Programme to improve thesocio-economic condition of WomenWorkers of Fisheries Industry.
  36. 36. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTWell organized policiesExport should be increase.There should be a ministry of fisherysector.Special measures for protecting smallfish and the ecosystem
  37. 37. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONS On the supply side increasing fishproducts for human consumption in asustainable manner and keeping in view ofthe current state of fish resources .
  38. 38. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSTRTA II need to provide thoroughAssistance in Fisheries Trade policydevelopment and Revision of policyelements of Pakistan Fisheries Policy toaddress; open access fisheries policy;deep sea fishing policy; policy ondistribution and nature of resource usebetween fishermen of two provinces ofSindh and Balochistan; labour laws withregard to labour in fish processing.
  39. 39. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSThe only and ever lasting solution toall the problem of Women Workers isthe implementation of Labour Laws.Awareness in the women workersabout their right guaranted in LabourLaw.
  40. 40. LOW WAGESLOW WAGESOne of the examples of poor wages forWomen Workers is that 12-16 kilogramspeeled shrimp a day fetches them mereRs. 40 – 60.But despite all these harsh conditions,economic compulsions force them towork to support their families. Theireconomic condition has deteriorated andpoverty has become endemic.
  41. 41. LOW WAGESLOW WAGESAbout 1 kg of shrimp is being peeled by awomen worker in an hour, more expertwomen peel even 1¼ to 1½ kilos ofshrimp but this is not common.Report name the “Case of Home basedsub-contracted women in Pakistan”, if awoman or girl peels 11kgs of shrimp in aday then she earns Rs.88.
  42. 42. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTGovernment is responsible for makingpolicies, inter-provincial coordination,planning, research, quality control,training, exploratory fishing, stockassessment, fisheries management, fleetimprovement, data collection and exportetc.
  43. 43. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTBut in the case of Women Workers inFisheries Industry of Pakistan, theGovernment has not persuaded anyPolicy or Programme to improve thesocio-economic condition of WomenWorkers of Fisheries Industry.
  44. 44. RESPONSIBILITY OFRESPONSIBILITY OFGOVERNMENTGOVERNMENTThe Handbook of Fisheries Statistics ofPakistan—the annual publication ofPakistan’s Marine FisheriesDepartment last published in 1998—for example, has no mention ofwomen, even though it carries a fullchapter on the fishermen population
  45. 45. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSThe only and ever lasting solution toall the problem of Women Workers isthe implementation of Labour Laws.Awareness in the women workersabout their right guaranted in LabourLaw.
  46. 46. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONSImplementation of labour law could onlybe made by having a Committee whichmay comprises of: Local UC Councilors– Local Social Personality– Labour Inspector of the area– Member of NGO– Representative of area Police Station
  47. 47. RECOMMENDATIONSRECOMMENDATIONS It should be clearly brought into the noticeof all exporters, Warrah Contractor thatviolation of Labour Law could be fatal totheir business. The hygienic conditions of the Warrahs beimproved. Medical facilities be provided in Warrahsand other women working areas.
  48. 48. THANK YOUTHANK YOU

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