The Renaissance


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The Renaissance

  1. 1. The Renaissance
  2. 2. • Masaccio (ma-saht-chee-oh) • Fra Angelico (frah ann-jay-lee-coe) • Lorenzo Ghiberti (loh-ren-zo gee-bair-tee) • Filippo Brunelleschi (fee-leep-poh brew-nell-less-key) • Paolo Uccelo (pah-oh-lo oo-chell-loh) • Pierro della Francesca (pee-air–oh dell-ah Fran-chess-kah)
  3. 3. • Donatello (doh-nah-tell-oh) • Sandro Boticelli (sand-roe bought-tee-chel-lee) • Leonardo da Vinci (lay-oh-nar-doe da vinn-chee) • Michaelangelo Buonarroti (my-kel-an-jay-loe bwon-nar-roe-ti) • Raphael Sanzio (rah-fa-yell sahn-zee-oh) • Sofonisba Anguissola (so-foe-niss-bah ahn-gue-iss-sole-ah)
  4. 4. The Return to Humanism • If in the Middle Ages, people did not see themselves as important, or at the center of things, the Renaissance brought about a refocusing on humanity by the beginning of the 15th century • Florence became the capital of cloth trade and had the richest bank • Their was a revival of the classical aesthetics of ancient of Greek and Rome
  5. 5. • Gutenberg invented the printing press • The Ancient works of the Greeks and Romans were made available in great numbers
  6. 6. Masaccio • Regarded as the first important artist of the Renaissance • Was also known as ‘Clumsy Thomas’ because he did not pay attention to his appearance despite his skill with the brush
  7. 7. Masaccio The Holy Trinity. Fresco c.1428
  8. 8. The Holy Trinity • One of Masaccio’s greatest works in Santa Maria Novella in Florence • Painted when he was just 21 years old • Like Giotto, M ignored unnecessary detail and focused his attention on mass and depth • Figures overlapping and modeled in light and shadow to look real • Illusion of a small chapel makes the work more lifelike
  9. 9. • Inside the chapel is the Holy Trinity, St.John, and the Virgin Mary. • The two figures who commissioned the work are found on each side • Made good use of Filippo Brunelleschi discovery of linear perspective
  10. 10. Linear Perspective • geometric system that showed artists how to create the illusion of depth on a flat surface • Using this system, an artist is able to paint figures and objects so that they seem to move deeper into a work rather than across it. • Slanting the lines of buildings and other objects in the picture inward makes them appear to extend back into space • If these lines are lengthened they would eventually meet at a point along an imaginary horizontal line representing the eye level. • The point at which these lines meet is called a vanishing point
  11. 11. Masaccio.The Tribute Money. Fresco. C.1427
  12. 12. The Tribute Money • Shows 3 scenes; Jesus telling St. Peter about a coin, St. Peter finding the coin in the mouth of a fish, and St. Peter paying a tax collector • Makes use of aerial or atmospheric perspective. • This involves making distant objects bluer, lighter, and duller • Hue, value and intensity are used to create depth
  13. 13. Blending ideas of Early Renaissance and Gothic • Blend of progressive ideas of the early Renaissance and conservative ideas of the Gothic Period • Fra Angelico and Lorenzo Ghiberti worked in this styles
  14. 14. Fra Angelico.The Annunciation. Fresco. C. 1440-45
  15. 15. Fra Angelico • Paintings shows familiarity with Masaccio’s work • However, unlike Masaccio, he was not greatly interested in creating depth and deep space
  16. 16. Lorenzo Ghiberti. The Sacrifice of Isaac. C.1401-02
  17. 17. Filippo Brunelleschi. The Sacrifice of Isaac. 1401-1402
  18. 18. • Designed the Baptistry doors for the cathedral in Florence • His works form a unified whole in contrast with his competitor Brunelleschi, whose work could be divided into three panels
  19. 19. Leonardo da Vinci • Had gracious manners, a fine sense of humor, and great physical strength • Possessed a curiosity that drove him to explore everything • Studied architecture, mathematics, sculpture, painting , anatomy, poetry, literature, music, geology, b otany, and hydraulics
  20. 20. Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper, c.1495-98
  21. 21. Mona Lisa
  22. 22. The Last Supper • One of Leonardo’s greatest ‘failures’ • The painting began to flake off the wall shortly after he finished it • Shows an unusual composition which includes Judas among the apostles
  23. 23. Michaelangelo • Ranked alongside Leonardo as one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance • Gifted in many fields including sculpture, painting, and poetry
  24. 24. Pieta
  25. 25. • Depicts the Virgin holding the lifeless form of Christ • Body is much larger than that of Christ
  26. 26. Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
  27. 27. The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel • Commissioned by Pope Julius the II • Finished in four years • Toiled day and night and lay on his back on top of very high scaffolding just to finish the piece • Food sent up to him and he only went down to sleep • Claimed that he was never able to walk upright again after painting this ceiling
  28. 28. Raphael Sanzio • Successful, wealthy, and admired in comparison to Michaelangelo • Considered to be the artist that would best represent the Renaissance
  29. 29. Raphael. The Alba Madonna, c.1510
  30. 30. The Alba Madonna • Shows the Virgin, Christ, and John the Baptist staring at the cross • Gradual change from light to dark values add a feeling of roundness and mass to the shapes • Makes use of a trapezoidal composition
  31. 31. Sofonisba Anguissola Double Portrait of a Boy and a Girl of the Attavanti Family
  32. 32. Sofonisba Anguissola • The first Italian woman to gain a world-wide reputation as an artist • Painted portraits for the royal family at the court of Philip II of Spain