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Brownfields Redevelopment Journey: Nolan

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This presentation was delivered at NADO's 2018 Annual Training Conference, held in Charlotte, NC on October 13-16. For more information, visit: https://www.nado.org/events/2018-annual-training-conference/

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Brownfields Redevelopment Journey: Nolan

  1. 1. Brownfields A Diamond in the Rough
  2. 2. What are Brownfields? “…real property, the expansion, redevelopment or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.” 10/25/20182  Blighted, abandoned, derelict property  Contaminated property  Property that everyone believes is contaminated  Fear of environmental liability ■ An economic engine ■ A jobs magnet ■ A new community gateway ■ A public gathering spot Bush’s Recycling Florence, SC before and now: health clinic
  3. 3. Perception: If it looks blighted, it’s going to be expensive to cleanup and redevelop.
  4. 4. Perception: If it looks blighted, it’s going to be expensive to cleanup and redevelop. Reality: About 30% of the properties our grantees assess do not require cleanup.
  5. 5. Perception: If it looks blighted, it’s going to be expensive to cleanup and redevelop. Reality: About 30% of the properties our grantees assess do not require cleanup. Reality: Not all cleanups are as expensive as you might think.
  6. 6. 0 0-300 300-1000 1K-5000 5K-10000 10K-50000 50K-100000 100000+ Tons Remediated Source: Georgia Department of Natural Resources How Big is a Typical Soil Cleanup? 63%18% 6% 4% 3% 2% 2% 2%
  7. 7. Brownfield Grant Types (3 years unless otherwise noted) • Assessment ($400k max or $600k for coalitions) • Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) ($800k-1M, 5-15 years) • Cleanup (now up to $500k per parcel) • Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training ($200k) • Multi-Purpose ($800,000, 5 years) Also Available: Targeted Brownfields Assessments (not a grant) Some States/Tribes offer assistance through their EPA 128a grant
  8. 8. This Year’s Grant Rotations • Multi-Purpose Grant • Now: “MAC” grants (Multi-purpose, Assessment, Cleanup – for FY19, no RLF until 2020); open in early November, 2018 • Job Training: solicitation in 2019, funded with 2020 funds (going to every other year) • RLF: every other year; next in 2020
  9. 9. • Hazardous Substances • Petroleum Contamination • Asbestos & Lead Based Paint are eligible • Controlled Substances (e.g., Meth labs) • Mine-Scarred Lands • Other environmental contaminants
  10. 10. • Community-wide • Site-specific (single site) • Assessment Coalition Grants To inventory, characterize, assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfields sites.
  11. 11. • Up to $200K per property (parceling is an option) • Must own site at time of application • Hazardous substances or petroleum contamination • May apply for up to 3 properties: Separate proposals for each property • Non-profits may apply • Cost share requirement of 20% (May request a hardship waiver) • Phase II must be completed (Threshold Criteria) • Analysis of Brownfields Cleanup Alternatives (ABCA) must be included To carry out cleanup activities at brownfield sites
  12. 12. • Up to $1M per eligible entity • Coalitions may apply • (Maximum) 50/50% loan to subgrant ratio (may request a waiver) • Cost share requirement of 20% • Nonprofit organizations are not eligible to apply To make low interest loans to carry out cleanup activities at brownfields properties
  13. 13. • Targets unemployed and underemployed individuals • 3 Year Grants • $200,000 To provide full-time, sustainable employment in various aspects of hazardous and solid waste management
  14. 14. Multi-Purpose • Assessment & Cleanup in one grant • Does not need to be the same sites • 5 year, $500,000 max; $200,000 must be spent on cleanup New for FY19!
  15. 15. • Local Governments • Land Clearance Authorities/Quasi-Governmental Entities Under Local Governmental Control • State Legislated Government Entities • Regional Councils of Government or Group of Local Governments • Redevelopment Agency (State Chartered/Sanctioned) • States • Tribes • Nonprofits
  16. 16. EPA Grantee Accomplishments Accomplishment EPA Region 4 FY18 EPA Region 4 Since 1995 National Cumulative Assessment complete 329 3,987 28,629 Cleanups complete 14 120 Dollars Leveraged $291 Million $5.9 Billion $26.4 Billion Jobs Leveraged 1,687 21,434 138,643 Acres Ready for Reuse 1031 23,627 Properties Ready for Reuse 150 939 76,119 ● $17 leveraged for each grant dollar spent ● 9 jobs created for every $100,000 grant dollar spent A 2017 study concluded that cleaning up brownfield properties led to residential property value increases of 5 - 15.2% within 1.29 miles of the sites.1 Analyzing data near 48 of those brownfields, another study found an estimated $29 to $97 million in additional tax revenue for local governments in a single year after cleanup—2 to 7 times more than the $12.4 million EPA contributed to the cleanup of those brownfields.2 2. Sullivan, K. 2017. Brownfields Remediation: Impact of Local Residential Property Tax Revenue1 Haninger, K., L. Ma, and C. Timmins. 2017. The Value of Brownfield Remediation. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists 4(1): 197-241.
  17. 17. So, You want a Brownfield Grant? Good proposals begin with applicants who are well positioned for success. Some things to think about before you apply: Who will champion your project? Do you have a vision for your community? Have you involved your community? Do you have political support? Can you get access to properties you want to assess? 10/25/201817
  18. 18. Identify Your Project Manager  A dedicated energetic PM is often the difference between a successful or unsuccessful community.  Key Questions: • Clear decision-making authority • Retained for 3-5 yrs • Driven / high energy 10/25/201818
  19. 19. Put Together a Brownfields Team  Political Leaders  Local Government Planners  Community Leaders  Local Environmental Consultants  Developers  State/EPA 10/25/201819
  20. 20. Identify Your Project Area  Single site  Main street  City-wide  Catalyst properties 10/25/201820
  21. 21. Involve Your Targeted Community • Education • Identify concerns • Keep informed • Involve the Property Owners!! 10/25/201821
  22. 22. Develop Your Vision for Project Area 10/25/201822 • Begin building support • Identify financial interest • Motivate community groups • Develop funding proposals
  23. 23. Start Identifying Brownfields Develop an Inventory of Brownfields Sites and an Approach to Prioritize sites. Priorities may include:  Community Concerns  Health Hazards  Potential for Redevelopment 10/25/201823 Site Name Site Address Owner Former Plaza Cleaners 111 Market Lane John Doe ABC Oil 1 Main Street Bob Smith
  24. 24. EPA Grant Program Type of EPA Assistance/Grants Website Environmental Justice Support and empower communities as they develop and implement solutions that significantly address environmental and/or public health issues at the local level. https://www.epa.gov/grants/open- announcements-competitive-grant- opportunities Urban Waters Support to communities make water quality restoration relevant to public health, social, economic, and livability goals. https://www.epa.gov/urbanwaters/urban- waters-small-grants Brownfields • Assessment • Cleanup • Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) • Area Wide Planning (AWP) • Employment Workforce Development and Job Training Grant (EWDJTG) • Targeted Brownfield Assessment (TBA) • Technical Assistance through: Technical Assistance for Brownfields (TAB) - CCLR Groundwork USA Council of Development Finance Agencies (CDFA) https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/types- brownfields-grant-funding https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/brownfield s-technical-assistance http://www.cclr.org/technical-assistance http://groundworkusa.org/ http://www.cdfa.net/ Partnership for Sustainable Communities / Smart Growth Technical Assistance - Local Foods, Local Places, Building Blocks for Sustainable Communities https://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/smart- growth-technical-assistance-programs EPA Grant Funding and Technical Assistance
  25. 25. • The target audience is municipal officials interested in facilitating the cleanup and redevelopment of contaminated properties. • The workbook may also be useful to tribes, county and state governments, and quasi-governmental entities such as economic development corporations. • PREPARED (Process for Risk Evaluation, Property Analysis and Reuse Decisions) is a risk management based approach to help municipalities evaluate potential property recovery actions for specific properties. • https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015- 04/documents/munimanual.pdf PREPARED WORKBOOK Process for Risk Evaluation, Property Analysis and Reuse Decisions
  26. 26. • Document is designed to help local governments overcome obstacles and encourage infill development, particularly in distressed communities. • Document presents 30 strategies into two main categories: foundation and funding. • Strategies in the foundation category refer to critical steps a jurisdiction can take to make infill development more feasible, such as establishing priorities, policies, and partnerships, and changing public perceptions. they dedicate time, energy, and resources. • Strategies in the funding category include some common and innovative federal, state, and local programs and strategies that can fund infill and infrastructure. • https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015- 05/documents/fresno_final_report_042215_508_final.pdf ATTRACTING INFILL DEVELOPMENT IN DISTRESSED COMMUNITIES: 30 STRATEGIES
  27. 27. • Provides guidance and technical assistance to localities and brownfields practitioners on leveraging resources for brownfields revitalization. • This guide explores how communities can prepare to successfully leverage funding and other resources for brownfields revitalization. • It focuses primarily on what communities can do before they solicit funding to organize themselves and make the preparations necessary for mounting a successful leveraging effort. • https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016- 04/documents/final_leveraging_guide_document_4-19-16.pdf Setting the Stage for Leveraging Resources for Brownfields Revitalization

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